Humanitarian partners have stepped up response to the outbreak...Projections of 15,000 severe and 60,000 moderate cases over the coming months have led to plans for a significant and rapid scale up of the response. To help stabilize and contain the outbreak, the CERF rapid response grant of $2 million will strengthen and complement response activities already underway by WASH and Health partners. (OCHA, 30 May 2016)
Since the beginning of , a total of 14165 case of AWD and 497 deaths have been reported in different parts of Somalia. Of these 47.7% are female while 57.9% are children below 5 years. [...] there has been a gradual reduction in number of cases from the peak 1,853 cases and 187 deaths (CFR 10.0%) in week 15 to 194 cases and 0 death in week 46. (WHO, 20 Nov 2016)
Drought conditions have increased the spread of epidemic-prone diseases such as acute watery diarrhoea, cholera and measles. In the first 7 weeks of 2017, more than 6000 cases and 65 deaths by acute watery diarrhoea/ cholera were reported. (WHO, 27 Feb 2017)
The AWD/cholera epidemic in Hiraan, Nugal, Mudug and Bari and Banadir region has been controlled and the cholera treatment centre in Beletweyne has been closed. 2016's outbreak was one of the worst and longest in which the country has experienced in the last five years. (WHO, 5 Mar 2017)
On 15 March 2017, the Government of Somalia, together with humanitarian partners, launched an Oral Cholera Vaccination campaign, the first of its kind in Somalia, targeting over 450,000 people in seven high-risk areas around the country...WASH partners have furthermore scaled up response to AWD/Cholera, reaching 316,000 people in southern and central Somalia through distribution of hygiene kits, chlorination of water points and hygiene promotion campaigns as of end of February. In total, some 568,600 people were assisted with temporary and/or sustainable access to safe water, 36,000 people with safe sanitation and 498,000 people with hygiene promotion activities. (OCHA, 24 Mar 2017)
In 2017, a total of 53,015 AWD/Cholera cases have been reported across 52 districts in 16 regions, including 795 deaths (CFR 1.5 per cent). This represents the worst case scenario with an attack rate (AR) of 5.5 per 1,000 people. 41 per cent of the cases are among children below five years with a slightly higher CFR (1.8%) compared to children above five years (1.4 per cent). The number of AWD/Cholera cases in 2017 is more than three times the 2016 caseload, and 10 times the 2015 caseload. Whilst the cumulative CFR is declining from 2.3 per cent at the beginning of the outbreak to 1.5 per cent as of last week, the reported CFR from inaccessible areas is still four times higher. (UNICEF, 30 Jun 2017)
Since 2009, ACTED has been acting in Somalia and has focused on this region to improve access to food, water hygiene and sanitation. In December 2016, ACTED opened an office in Badhan (Sanaag region) and settled in Puntland following the worsening drought. Indeed, in March 2017, in Somalia, nearly 2.9 million people are in serious food insecurity. Sanaag is one of the areas most affected by the crisis.
Regarding this crisis situation, The Fonds SUEZ initiatives, once again, wished to engage with the ACTED teams to help the populations of this region.
The 2017 Gu (April – June) seasonal rains were poor and below normal across Somalia. Consequently, drought conditions are worsening and are now likely to continue into the coming Deyr season in October (Gu 2017 Rainfall Performance Report, FAO Somalia Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM), 28 June 2017).
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks 12,204,893 Swiss francs (increased from 3,308,035 Swiss francs) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) support the Somali Red Crescent Society (SRCS) in assisting 352,800 people for 27 months. The expanded operation, incorporating the Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) DREF operation (MDRSO006), will focus on the following sectors: health and nutrition; water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH); food security and livelihoods; and shelter (including household non-food items).
WASHINGTON D.C., 18 July 2017 – This is a summary of a prepared statement by Justin Forsyth, UNICEF Deputy Executive Director – to whom quoted text may be attributed – today to the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutional Economic, Energy and Environmental Policy.
The statement came as UNICEF released its annual Humanitarian Action Study, highlighting UNICEF’s global response in 2016. Last year, UNICEF responded to 344 humanitarian situations in 108 countries, more than ever before.
In Somalia there are unfavourable prospects for this year's main Gu crops, after the Gu rains were late and poorly distributed over most areas of the country. In the Lower Shabelle region, the main maize producing area, seasonal rainfall was about 50 per cent belowaverage with drought conditions currently affecting up to 85 per cent of the cropland.
In June 2017, an estimated 14 397 suspected cholera cases including 101 associated deaths (CFR- 0.7%) were recorded from 30 districts in Somalia.
During this reporting period, the overall trends of suspected cholera cases and deaths have slightly declined with less districts reporting suspected cases as compared to the previous months.
Since the beginning of 2017, the cumulative number of suspected cases of cholera reported stands at 71 663 including 1 098 deaths with a case fatality rate of 1.5%.
Somalia is on the brink of famine resulting primarily from severe drought. Half of the country’s population – an estimated 6.7 million people – are acutely food insecure and in urgent need of humanitarian assistance. This comes only six years after a famine led to the death of more than a quarter of a million people – half of them were children.
Health advisories for travelers to Saudi Arabia, Hajj, 1438 H
Hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, is one of the largest and most longstanding annual mass gathering event in the world. Saudi Arabia’s Ministry of Health has issued Health conditions for travelers to Saudi Arabia for the pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj) – health requirements and recommendations in connection with performing hajj in 2017 (1438 H)
To help people living in some of the world’s most dire emergency situations, WHO relies on funding from Member States. In 2017, WHO has asked for US$ 547 million to deliver health services to more than 66 million people in 28 countries. However, to date, WHO has received less than a quarter of the funds required. Without a significant increase in funding, the health of millions of people will be neglected and many will die needlessly.
Somalia has been hit by a prolonged drought and the humanitarian situation in the country has been rapidly deteriorating since late 2016. Malnutrition and drought-related disease outbreaks are on the rise as Acute Watery Diarrhoea/Cholera has spread to most regions. The number of people displaced by drought since November 2016 is over 250,000. Half of the population – 6.2 out of the 12.3 million people – are acutely food insecure and in need of humanitarian assistance (OCHA, 2017).
Worsening situation for children: The humanitarian situation in Somalia continues to deteriorate with an estimated 4 million children in urgent need of assistance (UNICEF, June 2017). A recent assessment from FSNAU-FEWSNET indicates an elevated risk of famine due to a combination of severe food insecurity, high acute malnutrition and high disease burden (FSNAU/ FEWS NET, 29th May 2017).
Number of Affected Expected to Grow: Below-average seasonal rains and a fall armyworm invasion have raised concern about a likely increase in the number of people in need. Currently, 25.5 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. However, with low rainfalls and the destruction of crops due to fall armyworm, harvest are likely to be low and the number of people who are food insecure is expected to grow.
FEWS NET expects persistent food security crisis through early 2018
USAID/OFDA staff assess health, nutrition, and WASH needs in northern Kenya
USG announces nearly $126 million in new humanitarian assistance for Somalia and Somali refugees in the Horn of Africa region
10 July 2017 – With increasing numbers of people in some countries of the World Health Organization’s Eastern Mediterranean Region affected by acute watery diarrhoea and cholera, WHO in the Region is working with partners, including UNICEF, to save lives in areas where outbreaks are active, and reduce the risk of these diseases crossing into unaffected areas and neighbouring countries.
Gender Based Violence cases continue to increase with close to a 50 per cent rise in the reported cases when compared to the previous reporting period.
Woman and girls remain the most vulnerable to gender-based violence as they represent 88.6 per of new GBV cases registered by the end of June. The trend requires more robust preventive as well as response interventions in IDP sites which is where the majority of cases are reported from.