Humanitarian partners have stepped up response to the outbreak...Projections of 15,000 severe and 60,000 moderate cases over the coming months have led to plans for a significant and rapid scale up of the response. To help stabilize and contain the outbreak, the CERF rapid response grant of $2 million will strengthen and complement response activities already underway by WASH and Health partners. (OCHA, 30 May 2016)
Since the beginning of , a total of 14165 case of AWD and 497 deaths have been reported in different parts of Somalia. Of these 47.7% are female while 57.9% are children below 5 years. [...] there has been a gradual reduction in number of cases from the peak 1,853 cases and 187 deaths (CFR 10.0%) in week 15 to 194 cases and 0 death in week 46. (WHO, 20 Nov 2016)
Drought conditions have increased the spread of epidemic-prone diseases such as acute watery diarrhoea, cholera and measles. In the first 7 weeks of 2017, over 6000 cases and 65 deaths by acute watery diarrhoea/ cholera have been reported. (WHO, 27 Feb 2017)
A cumulative 13,126 suspected AWD/cholera cases and 302 deaths (CFR–2.4%) were recorded in 46 districts across 12 regions since the beginning of the year. However, the trend of cholera cases recorded in the last ten weeks has increased significantly as compared to the cases reported in the same period in 2016...The AWD/cholera epidemic in Hiraan, Nugal, Mudug and Bari and Banadir region has been controlled and the cholera treatment centre in Beletweyne has been closed. The current AWD/cholera outbreak affecting 46 districts in 11 regions were a spill-over from last year’s major cholera outbreak, which recorded 15,619 cases and 548 deaths. Last year’s outbreak was one of the worst and longest in which the country has experienced in the last five years. (WHO, 5 Mar 2017)
On 15 March 2017, the Government of Somalia, together with humanitarian partners, launched an Oral Cholera Vaccination campaign, the first of its kind in Somalia, targeting over 450,000 people in seven high-risk areas around the country...WASH partners have furthermore scaled up response to AWD/Cholera, reaching 316,000 people in southern and central Somalia through distribution of hygiene kits, chlorination of water points and hygiene promotion campaigns as of end of February. In total, some 568,600 people were assisted with temporary and/or sustainable access to safe water, 36,000 people with safe sanitation and 498,000 people with hygiene promotion activities. (OCHA, 24 Mar 2017)
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
During the reporting period, 1,836 refugees were supported to return to their homes in Somalia. As of 15th April 2017, 61,665 Somali refugees have returned home since 8th December 2014, when UNHCR started supporting voluntary return of Somali refugees in Kenya, out of which 22,351 were supported in 2017 alone. Currently, 20,991 refugees are registered for voluntary repatriation.
April 24, 2017 – WHO Representative for Somalia Dr Ghulam Popal and Somalia’s Minister of Health and Social Services H.E. Dr Fawziya Abikar conducted a visit to Baidoa, along with national, regional and local health officials, to assess the cholera situation and outbreak response in South West State. The high-level mission aimed to demonstrate the commitment of WHO and the Ministry of Health to outbreak and drought response activities in the state, and included visits to cholera treatment centres (CTCs) in Baidoa and Bayhow hospitals.
A total of 2,984 AWD/ cholera cases and 34 deaths (CFR– 1.1%) were reported during week 15 (10 – 16 April 2017) in 50 districts in 13 regions. Of these, 175 cases were reported from Iidale village(in-accessible) district Baidoa in Bay region, which represents 5.9% of the total cases.
There is a slight decrease in the number of new AWD/ cholera cases and deaths reported – 2984 cases/ 34 deaths were recorded in week 15 compared to 3128 cases/ 32 deaths in week 14.
SHARJAH, 23rd April, 2017 (WAM) -- Sharjah Charity International donated AED4 million for the relief campaign targeting vulnerable people in Somalia, under the slogan "For You Somalia", which aims to eliminate suffering caused by the drought crisis affecting large areas of the country.
The campaign is an implementation of the directives of President His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, in co-operation with the Emirates Red Crescent, ERC, and all UAE charity organisations and foundations.
The humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate and the possibility of famine in 2017 persists. There is also a possibility of El Nino occurring towards the end of the year.
Rains have started in Somaliland, western parts of Puntland, Bari and Nugaal regions, while Lower Juba, Lower Shabelle and the coastal areas of Galgaduud and Mudug have remained dry.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 16-22 April 2017 and includes updates on influenza, cholera, poliomyelitis, measles, legionnaires' disease and yellow fever.
Operation Golden arrow in Yemen, led by President Hadi’s forces supported by the Saudi-led coalition, is continuing along the western coast. The city al Hudaydah is the next strategic target.
Increased conflict in the area is likely to disrupt the flow of food and aid from the critical port, increasing the risk of the country falling into famine.
Additionally, an estimated 200,000 - 500,000 people could be displaced or secondarily displaced from the area which hosts a significant number of IDPs.
18 April 2017 – Millions of people are facing the peril of famine in Somalia and South Sudan, and the situation is expected to worsen as the drought and violence fuelling the crises widen, cautioned senior United Nations officials who have just returned from the area.
Speaking to journalists in New York, John Ging, from the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), said that situation in Somalia was “very fast moving” with more than 6.2 million people in need of food and water, and at risk for cholera and measles.
A total of 3128 AWD/ cholera cases and 32 deaths (CFR–1.0%) were reported during week 14 (3 – 9 April 2017) in 50 districts in 11 regions. Of these, 223 cases were reported from Walaweyn in Lower Shebelle, which represents 7.1% of the total cases.
There is a slight decrease in the number of new AWD/ cholera cases and deaths reported – 3128 cases/ 32 deaths were recorded in week 14 compared to 3292 cases/ 67 deaths in week 13.
Humanitarian partners involved in efforts to address the current drought crisis in Somalia, held a meeting Tuesday to discuss ways of strengthening partnerships to better deliver assistance to affected communities.
The roundtable meeting organised by the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). the Humanitarian Forum and the Muslim Charities Forum, focused on the prevention of famine in Somalia which threatens to affect millions of vulnerable people.
• The humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate and the possibility of famine in 2017 persists. While the Gu rains have started in parts of Somalia, much of the damage to crops and livestock has already been done and the humanitarian situation is expected to continue to deteriorate through June.
Nairobi/Geneva, 12 April 2017—An outbreak of cholera/acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Somaliland has killed 28 people in the last ten days and hospitalized a further 167 people. The outbreak has devastated remote communities in the drought-ravaged region. More than 411 cases of cholera/AWD have been reported in Somaliland since the beginning of April.
The ongoing drought and its consequences such as water shortages, food insecurity and malnutrition are fueling the rapid spread of the AWD/ Cholera outbreak. 22,296 suspected AWD/Cholera cases and 492 deaths were recorded from 48 districts across 13 regions since January 2017. Cases recorded in the last 13 weeks are significantly higher when compared to 15,619 cases reported in the whole of last year.
WHO, UNICEF and Ministry of Health (MoH) deployed 15 emergency technical teams to support the AWD/Cholera response in Bay and Bakool regions.
Rainfall performance: March 2017
Disease, hunger and drought are forcing families in southern Somalia’s Bay region to leave their homes in search of help. Since March 2017, more than 100,000 drought-displaced people have arrived in the region’s capital, Baidoa, from neighbouring areas, according to the Protection and Return Monitoring Network.
BACKGROUND Somalia has been hit by a prolonged drought and the humanitarian situation in the country has been rapidly deteriorating since late 2016. Malnutrition and drought-related disease outbreaks are on the rise as Acute Watery Diarrhoea/Cholera has spread to most regions. The number of people displaced by drought since November 2016 is over 250,000. Half of the population – 6.2 out of the 12.3 million people – are acutely food insecure and in need of humanitarian assistance (OCHA, 2017).