On 21 January 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of Angola notified WHO of an outbreak of yellow fever. The first cases were identified in the district of Viana (Luanda province) on 5 December 2015.
As of 8 February, a total of 164 suspected cases and 37 deaths had been reported in Angola. The majority of cases (n=138) had been reported in the province of Luanda. Other affected provinces include Cabinda, Cuanza Sul, Huambo, Huila and Uige. Suspected cases are undergoing laboratory testing in order to rule out other aetiologies and cross reactions with yellow fever. (WHO, 12 Feb 2016)
On 22 March 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) notified WHO of cases of yellow fever (YF) in connection with the outbreak currently occurring in Angola.
From early January to 22 March 2016, a total of 151 suspected cases of YF, including 21 deaths (CFR: 14%), were reported by the national surveillance system. Of the 151 suspected cases, 9 were confirmed by serology (IgM) at the Institute National Biomedical Research (INRB) in Kinshasa. Given possible cross-reactions with other arboviruses, IgM positive samples were sent to the Pasteur Institute of Dakar for confirmation where 4 tested positive for the infection. Of the 4 cases confirmed in Dakar, 3 were imported from Angola and were detected in the areas of Nsona-Pangu, Kimpese and Kitona in Kongo Central province (formerly, Bas-Congo), DRC. This province shares borders with Angola. (WHO, 12 Apr 2016)
As of 15 July 2016 a total of 3682 suspected cases have been reported, of which 877 are confirmed. The total number of reported deaths is 361, of which 117 were reported among confirmed cases. Suspected cases have been reported in all 18 provinces and confirmed cases have been reported in 16 of 18 provinces and 79 of 125 reporting districts.(WHO, 21 July 2016)
Four months have passed without a single case of yellow fever related to the outbreak in Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, thanks to the joint response activities of national health authorities, local health workers, WHO and partners.
The outbreak, which was first detected in Angola in December 2015, had caused 962 confirmed cases of yellow fever across the two countries (884 in Angola 78 in DRC) by 16 November 2016, with more than 7300 suspected cases. The last confirmed case reported in Angola was on 23 June and DRC’s last case was on 12 July. (WHO, 25 Nov 2016)
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) declared the end of the yellow fever outbreak in that country today following a similar announcement in Angola on 23 December 2016 (WHO, 14 Feb 2017)
Appeals & Funding
Democratic Republic of the Congo - The Government of Japan has provided additional funding to IOM’s Migrant Health Assistance for Crisis-Affected Populations project, which seeks to strengthen and improve the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) government’s capacity to prevent, detect and respond to diseases outbreaks and other public health occurrences along the country’s border with Angola.
Brazzaville, 14 February 2017 – The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) declared the end of the yellow fever outbreak in that country today following a similar announcement in Angola on 23 December 2016, bringing an end to the outbreak in both countries after no new confirmed cases were reported from both countries for the past six months.
POPULATION TOTALE RDC 2017
PERSONNES DANS LE BESOIN
• 2017 : 7,3M
• 2018 : 7,5M
• 2019 : 7,7M
• 2017 : 6,7M
• 2018 : 7,1M
• 2019 : 7,2M
FINANCEMENTS REQUIS (US$)
• 2017 : 748,0M
• 2018 : 780,5M
• 2019 : 776,6M
Total : 2,3 milliards
# PARTENAIRES HUMANITAIRES
LE COORDONNATEUR HUMANITAIRE
Luanda - The epidemics of yellow fever and malaria that plagued the country in 2016 have dramatized the country, judging by the death toll, said Wednesday in Luanda the health minister, Luís Gomes Sambo, in a press conference.
Malaria, according to the minister, was dramatic with 4.2 million cases of malaria, claiming 15,000 lives, coupled with a yellow fever that infected 4,159 people, with 384 deaths, resulting in a mortality rate of 8.3 per cent.
In anticipation of potential unrest linked to the end of President Kabila’s second term on 19 December 2016, there were large deployments of security forces in several cities. Clashes between the security forces and demonstrators resulted in at least 40 deaths in Kinshasa and Lubumbashi.
On 31 December 2016 the political parties, alongside main opposition groups, signed an agreement for a transition period with elections planned before the end of 2017.
HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR CHILDREN – Depuis plus de deux décennies, la République Démocratique du Congo est en proie à de multiples conflits complexes, avec des conséquences humanitaires graves. Les enfants sont souvent les premières victimes. Découvrez la réponse humanitaire en RDC en 2017!
Un pays marqué par deux décennies de conflits
In this issue
US$2.66 billion required for the Sahel P.1
Lake Chad Basin: 11 million need assistance P.3
Unrest, funding shortfalls impede CAR response P.4
Regional update on epidemics P.5
Regional humanitarian news P.7
Sahel funding update P.8
Humanitarian partners require US$2.66 billion to assist 15 million in the Sahel in 2017.
by YVES WILLEMOT
PRESS RELEASE – _48 million children are living through some of the world’s worst conflicts and other humanitarian emergencies will benefit from UNICEF’s 2017 appeal, which was launched today. UNICEF seeks $3.3 billion in emergency assistance for children caught up in conflict and other crises. Malnutrition poses “silent threat” to children, agency’s 2017 appeal says_.
Children caught up in conflict and crises
par YVES WILLEMOT
COMMUNIQUE DE PRESSE – Quelque 48 millions d’enfants pris dans les pires conflits et urgences humanitaires dans le monde bénéficieront des fonds que l’UNICEF va lever grâce à l’appel qu’il lance ce jour pour 2017. 3,3 milliards de dollars d’aide d’urgence sont nécessaires et, d’après l’appel de l’organisation pour l’année 2017, la malnutrition constitue une « menace silencieuse » pour les enfants
Les enfants face aux conflits et urgences à travers le monde
En 2016, la situation humanitaire dans les provinces du Haut-Lomami, HautKatanga et Lualaba, dans le sud-est de la République Démocratique du Congo, est restée critique malgré les efforts consentis par les acteurs humanitaires pour répondre aux besoins croissants de dizaines de milliers de personnes. Comme en a témoigné la situation dans le sudouest du Territoire Mitwaba, dans la Province du Haut-Katanga, la protection des personnes est restée le défi majeur, notamment face aux incursions d’hommes/bandes armés.
27 January 2017 - With the number and scale of humanitarian crises around the world, some countries have fallen off the global radar. That is the case for countries like the Central African Republic, Libya and Sudan, where pressing needs don’t seem to garner the world’s attention. This can make it difficult to raise the funding necessary to carry out humanitarian response plans.
BESOINS HUMANITAIRES ET CHIFFRES CLÉS
An estimated 1.42 million people (756,000 children) are affected by the drought, including 800,000 people food insecure in the provinces of Cunene, Namibe and Huila.
17,762 children under five with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have been treated through therapeutic treatment programmes assisted by UNICEF in 2016.
UNICEF has provided 52,500 people with access to safe water through the rehabilitation of 105 water pumps in 2016.
Situation summary in the Americas
In 2016, Brazil, Colombia, and Peru reported confirmed cases of yellow fever.
Brazil confirmed six human yellow fever cases in 2016 and the number of epizootics, especially in the state of São Paulo, increased considerably during 2016 in comparison to previous years.
Total affected population: 7.3 million
Total affected children: 4.4 million
Total people to be reached in 2017: 3 million
Total children to be reached in 2017: 1.8 million
More than 15 million Angolans and 10 million Congolese were vaccinated under a campaign coordinated by the WHO
LUANDA, Dec 23 (Reuters) - Angola declared the end of the world's worst yellow fever epidemic in a generation on Friday after a U.N.-backed vaccination campaign of 25 million people that resulted in no new cases in six months.
The outbreak began a year ago in a slum in the capital, Luanda, before spreading throughout Angola, a war-scarred southeast African nation, and into neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo. In all, more than 400 people died.
Situation summary in the Americas
In 2016, up to epidemiological week (EW) 47, three countries reported cases of jungle yellow fever: Brazil, Colombia, and Peru.
Since the publication of the Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) Yellow Fever Epidemiological Update of 9 November 2016 up to EW 47 of 2016, Brazil confirmed two epizootics in nonhuman primates (NHP) in the state of Sao Paulo, one in the municipality of Severínia and another in Cajobi.