Angola/DR Congo: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Jan 2016
On 21 January 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of Angola notified WHO of an outbreak of yellow fever. The first cases were identified in the district of Viana (Luanda province) on 5 December 2015.
As of 8 February, a total of 164 suspected cases and 37 deaths had been reported in Angola. The majority of cases (n=138) had been reported in the province of Luanda. Other affected provinces include Cabinda, Cuanza Sul, Huambo, Huila and Uige. Suspected cases are undergoing laboratory testing in order to rule out other aetiologies and cross reactions with yellow fever. (WHO, 12 Feb 2016)
On 22 March 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) notified WHO of cases of yellow fever (YF) in connection with the outbreak currently occurring in Angola.
From early January to 22 March 2016, a total of 151 suspected cases of YF, including 21 deaths (CFR: 14%), were reported by the national surveillance system. Of the 151 suspected cases, 9 were confirmed by serology (IgM) at the Institute National Biomedical Research (INRB) in Kinshasa. Given possible cross-reactions with other arboviruses, IgM positive samples were sent to the Pasteur Institute of Dakar for confirmation where 4 tested positive for the infection. Of the 4 cases confirmed in Dakar, 3 were imported from Angola and were detected in the areas of Nsona-Pangu, Kimpese and Kitona in Kongo Central province (formerly, Bas-Congo), DRC. This province shares borders with Angola. (WHO, 12 Apr 2016)
As of 15 July 2016 a total of 3682 suspected cases have been reported, of which 877 are confirmed. The total number of reported deaths is 361, of which 117 were reported among confirmed cases. Suspected cases have been reported in all 18 provinces and confirmed cases have been reported in 16 of 18 provinces and 79 of 125 reporting districts.(WHO, 21 July 2016)
Four months have passed without a single case of yellow fever related to the outbreak in Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, thanks to the joint response activities of national health authorities, local health workers, WHO and partners.
The outbreak, which was first detected in Angola in December 2015, had caused 962 confirmed cases of yellow fever across the two countries (884 in Angola 78 in DRC) by 16 November 2016, with more than 7300 suspected cases. The last confirmed case reported in Angola was on 23 June and DRC’s last case was on 12 July. (WHO, 25 Nov 2016)
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) declared the end of the yellow fever outbreak in that country today following a similar announcement in Angola on 23 December 2016 (WHO, 14 Feb 2017)
Appeals & Funding
437 Deployments from the oral cholera vaccine stockpile, 2013–2017
442 Yellow fever in Africa and the Americas, 2016
437 Déploiements à partir du stock de vaccins anticholériques oraux (VCO), 2013-2017
442 Fièvre jaune en Afrique et dans les Amériques, 2016
The Regional Director is pleased to present this report on the work of WHO in the African Region for the period January 2016 to June 2017. The report outlines the significant achievements made under the six categories in the 12th General Programme of Work in supporting health development in Member States in the African Region. It reflects contributions from WHO country offices and the Regional Office, including the Intercountry Support Teams.
Matala - Over 8000 people were vaccinated against yellow fever during a campaign held in the last fifteen days in Mulondo commune, Matala Municipality of the southern Huila Province. According to the chief nurse of the Mulondo health centre, João Pintal Gonçalves, the vaccination campaign covered adults and children, representing 82 per cent of the predicted target.
Yellow fever is a dangerous infectious disease caused by a virus transmitted by mosquitoes.
70 YEARS AND COUNTING
Seven decades ago, the world was recovering from a devastating world war. For millions of child survivors of that war, peace still encompassed a landscape of significant challenges and damaged futures. UNICEF was created to help those children – no matter who they were, no matter where they were from. The only thing that mattered for the nascent organization was achieving results for children in need.
The Regional Director is pleased to present this report on the work of WHO in the African Region for the period October 2015 to June 2016. The report outlines the significant achievements made under the six categories in the 12th General Programme of Work in supporting Member States in the African Region in health development. It reflects contributions from WHO country offices and the Regional Office, including the three Intercountry Support Teams.
The information was released Thursday by the head of the Department of Public Health of the Provincial Health Department, Messias Simão, noting that for the success of the round 149,000 doses of vaccine are available.
According to the official, the objective of the campaign is to eradicate the disease that has already caused the death of many people and will phase out the other municipalities according to the national vaccination schedule.
This Operational update seeks to support exceptional reopening of IFRC DRC Epidemics Emergency Appeal for the next six months (20 July 2017). This will enable the DRC RC meet humanitarian needs resulting from an outbreak of cholera (ongoing), dating back from December 2016. Primarily through social mobilization activities linked to vaccination campaigns, in addition to emergency health, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion and to support National Society capacity building.
A. Situation analysis
A. Appeal History
This Emergency Appeal (EA) was launched on 23 February 2016 for CHF 1,443,961 to enable the IFRC to support Cruz Vermelha de Angola (CVA) to reach 9 million people with Social Mobilization, health, and hygiene promotion (4 million to be assisted directly and a further 5 million through Social Mobilization) to address the devastating effects of the Yellow Fever outbreak.
• Conflict-related displacement continues in central and eastern DRC
• USAID staff assess humanitarian situation in Tanganyika Province
• UN releases HRP calling for $748 million in 2017
An estimated 1.42 million people are affected by the drought crisis, including 756,000 children. Of this estimation, 800,000 people are located in the provinces of Cunene, Namibe and Huila.
As of February 2017, the total number of cumulative suspected cases in the ongoing cholera outbreaks stands at 306. Soyo – 184; Cabinda – 100 and Luanda – 22. A total of 11 deaths have been reported: Soyo – 8; Cabinda – 3 and Luanda – 0. Four of the five confirmed cases in Luanda had links to the outbreak in Soyo.
Democratic Republic of the Congo - The Government of Japan has provided additional funding to IOM’s Migrant Health Assistance for Crisis-Affected Populations project, which seeks to strengthen and improve the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) government’s capacity to prevent, detect and respond to diseases outbreaks and other public health occurrences along the country’s border with Angola.
Brazzaville, 14 February 2017 – The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) declared the end of the yellow fever outbreak in that country today following a similar announcement in Angola on 23 December 2016, bringing an end to the outbreak in both countries after no new confirmed cases were reported from both countries for the past six months.
POPULATION TOTALE RDC 2017
PERSONNES DANS LE BESOIN
• 2017 : 7,3M
• 2018 : 7,5M
• 2019 : 7,7M
• 2017 : 6,7M
• 2018 : 7,1M
• 2019 : 7,2M
FINANCEMENTS REQUIS (US$)
• 2017 : 748,0M
• 2018 : 780,5M
• 2019 : 776,6M
Total : 2,3 milliards
# PARTENAIRES HUMANITAIRES
LE COORDONNATEUR HUMANITAIRE
Luanda - The epidemics of yellow fever and malaria that plagued the country in 2016 have dramatized the country, judging by the death toll, said Wednesday in Luanda the health minister, Luís Gomes Sambo, in a press conference.
Malaria, according to the minister, was dramatic with 4.2 million cases of malaria, claiming 15,000 lives, coupled with a yellow fever that infected 4,159 people, with 384 deaths, resulting in a mortality rate of 8.3 per cent.
In anticipation of potential unrest linked to the end of President Kabila’s second term on 19 December 2016, there were large deployments of security forces in several cities. Clashes between the security forces and demonstrators resulted in at least 40 deaths in Kinshasa and Lubumbashi.
On 31 December 2016 the political parties, alongside main opposition groups, signed an agreement for a transition period with elections planned before the end of 2017.
HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR CHILDREN – Depuis plus de deux décennies, la République Démocratique du Congo est en proie à de multiples conflits complexes, avec des conséquences humanitaires graves. Les enfants sont souvent les premières victimes. Découvrez la réponse humanitaire en RDC en 2017!
Un pays marqué par deux décennies de conflits
In this issue
US$2.66 billion required for the Sahel P.1
Lake Chad Basin: 11 million need assistance P.3
Unrest, funding shortfalls impede CAR response P.4
Regional update on epidemics P.5
Regional humanitarian news P.7
Sahel funding update P.8
Humanitarian partners require US$2.66 billion to assist 15 million in the Sahel in 2017.
by YVES WILLEMOT
PRESS RELEASE – _48 million children are living through some of the world’s worst conflicts and other humanitarian emergencies will benefit from UNICEF’s 2017 appeal, which was launched today. UNICEF seeks $3.3 billion in emergency assistance for children caught up in conflict and other crises. Malnutrition poses “silent threat” to children, agency’s 2017 appeal says_.
Children caught up in conflict and crises
par YVES WILLEMOT
COMMUNIQUE DE PRESSE – Quelque 48 millions d’enfants pris dans les pires conflits et urgences humanitaires dans le monde bénéficieront des fonds que l’UNICEF va lever grâce à l’appel qu’il lance ce jour pour 2017. 3,3 milliards de dollars d’aide d’urgence sont nécessaires et, d’après l’appel de l’organisation pour l’année 2017, la malnutrition constitue une « menace silencieuse » pour les enfants
Les enfants face aux conflits et urgences à travers le monde