Sudan/South Sudan: Measles Outbreak - Mar 2015Ongoing
Measles outbreak started in December 2014, and affected 11 localities of Kassala and Gedaref States by January 2015. In April, the outbreak was reported in additional 28 localities in Kassala, Sennar, the Red Sea, West, East, and North Darfur states. Sudan Red Crescent Society (SRCS) in collaboration with MoH, UNICEF and WHO are conducting vaccination campaigns across the targeted States as appropriate (IFRC, 22 Dec 2016)
In October 2016 over 21,000 people vaccinated against measles in Abyei, following an outbreak declared by the Ministry of Health in September. (OCHA, 23 Oct 2016)
On 13 April, the Government of Japan announced a US$955,000 grant to UNICEF which will enable enable some 95,000 children under the age of two years to be vaccinated against measles and polio.(OCHA, 23 April 2017)
By the end of 2016, a total of 2,294 suspected measles cases including at least 28 deaths (CFR 1.22%) hade been reported countrywide (WHO/Govt. South Sudan, 1 Jan 2017)
Cumulatively, in 2017 a total of least 573 suspect measles cases including 4 deaths (CFR 0.70%) have been reported from 19 counties. Most of the cases have been reported from Wau, Gogrial East, Gogrial West and Yambio counties (WHO/Govt. South Sudan, 2 May 2017)
• Insecurity and poor rains threaten harvests from the current cropping season.
• Food insecurity reported in Mvolo, many people surviving on wild food.
• Youth hard hit by the South Sudan violence and humanitarian crisis.
• Fighting and insecurity disrupt provision of humanitarian assistance and displace thousands in Upper Nile.
• Looting of humanitarian compounds and supplies increased in July.
In this issue
Highlights W31 2017
Completeness for IDSR reporting at county level was 56% . Completeness for EWARS reporting from IDP sites was 77% .
A total of 15 alerts were reported, of which 27% have been verified. 0 alerts were risk assessed and 0 required a response.
A total of 102 new cholera cases and 1 death (CFR 1.0% ) were reported.
The cumulative total since the start of the current outbreak on 18 June 2016 is 19,742 cases and 355 deaths (CFR 1.8% )*.
The acute watery diarrhea (AWD) weekly case load has decreased almost by half during the month. UNICEF reached around 2 million affected people and populations at risk by providing improved purified drinking water through continuous water chlorination of the water sources, water transportation means and at household levels in 11 AWD affected states.
In response to continuous outbreaks of cholera, IOM has conducted a first round of an oral cholera vaccination (OCV) campaign in Bentiu and Rubkona towns from 19 to 23 June 2017. These OCV campaigns successfully reached 90% of the target population. The second round of the OCV campaign will be conducted in the third week of July.
Reporting period: 1 – 30 June 2017
The cholera cases have reached unprecedented levels in South Sudan. Currently there are with active transmission in 11 Counties. Both health partners and core pipeline are overstretched requiring different approaches to ensure continuity of the response.
Escalated conflict and security restrictions have significantly affected UNICEF’s ability to reach many areas with critical assistance in 2017. In response, the Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) was scaled up at the beginning of the year in an effort to reach the most vulnerable populations in hard to reach locations. Since January, 27 RRM missions have taken place reaching 498,461 people with live-saving support.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 42 events. This week, two new events have been reported: outbreaks of cholera in Burundi and CrimeanCongo haemorrhagic fever in Senegal. This week’s edition also covers key ongoing events in the region, including the:
• Grade 3 humanitarian crises in South Sudan;
• Grade 2 outbreaks of necrotizing cellulitis/fasciitis in Sao Tome and Principe, and cholera in Tanzania;
• UNICEF and partners supported the treatment of 7,342 cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) (853 of these were children under the age of 18) in the hardest hit White Nile state.
Appeal History and Background
• Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF): on May 20, 2015, 178,980 Swiss francs were initially allocated from IFRC’s DREF to support the National Society set up the operations in five states.
• An Emergency Appeal was launched on 10 July 2015 for 3,934,859 Swiss francs to assist 389,930 beneficiaries for 12 months.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 37 events: three Grade 3, six Grade 2, seven Grade 1, and 21 ungraded events.