Measles outbreak started in December 2014, and affected 11 localities of Kassala and Gedaref States by January 2015. In April, the outbreak was reported in additional 28 localities in Kassala, Sennar, the Red Sea, West, East, and North Darfur states. Sudan Red Crescent Society (SRCS) in collaboration with MoH, UNICEF and WHO are conducting vaccination campaigns across the targeted States as appropriate (IFRC, 22 Dec 2016)
In October 2016 over 21,000 people vaccinated against measles in Abyei, following an outbreak declared by the Ministry of Health in September. (OCHA, 23 Oct 2016)
On 13 April, the Government of Japan announced a US$955,000 grant to UNICEF which will enable enable some 95,000 children under the age of two years to be vaccinated against measles and polio.(OCHA, 23 April 2017)
By the end of 2016, a total of 2,294 suspected measles cases including at least 28 deaths (CFR 1.22%) hade been reported countrywide (WHO/Govt. South Sudan, 1 Jan 2017)
Cumulatively, in 2017 a total of least 573 suspect measles cases including 4 deaths (CFR 0.70%) have been reported from 19 counties. Most of the cases have been reported from Wau, Gogrial East, Gogrial West and Yambio counties (WHO/Govt. South Sudan, 2 May 2017)
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 18 June - 24 June 2017 and includes updates on measles, rubella, Ebola virus disease, influenza A(H7N9), Legionnaires' disease, poliomyelitis and West Nile fever.
Julie Reversé was the Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) deputy head of mission for South Sudan in 2016 and 2017. Here she describes the situation in Wau, and the challenges of providing medical to the backdrop of ongoing violence.
South Sudanese arrivals in 2017, based on field reports as of 31 May
Total South Sudanese refugees as of 31 May 2017 (pre and post Dec 2013 caseload and new arrivals)
Refugees in South Sudan (31 May)
Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in South Sudan, including 230,482 people in UNMISS Protection of Civilians site
Reporting period: 1 – 31 May 2017
Cholera remains a high public health concern with outbreaks reported in several counties. Cumulatively 5 081 cases and 169 deaths reported in 10 out of the 80 counties.
Conflict continues to causes wide-spread displacement of people in several States requiring a number of health responses.
1. Following the independence of South Sudan on 9 July 2011, the Economic and Social Council, through its resolution 2011/43, expressed interest in working with partners in addressing the extensive humanitarian, peacebuilding and development challenges facing the country. The present report is the sixth on South Sudan submitted to the Council since the country’s independence.
The humanitarian context in Sudan in 2016, especially during the first half of the year, saw a major increase in the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance. Significant new internal displacement occurred from Darfur’s Jebel Marra area due to conflict, there was an increase in the number of food insecure people as a result of poor harvests related to the El Niño phenomenon and a refugee influx from South Sudan continued throughout 2016.
This weekly update focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 41 events: four Grade 3, seven Grade 2, four Grade 1, and 26 ungraded events.
Situation in Numbers
Inter-communal violence and insecurity in May forced thousands of people to flee their homes in Terekeka to seek shelter on the islands of Geimeza.
Cases of cholera confirmed in Tonj East County of Warrap as outbreak approaches one-year mark.
Insecurity and conflict negatively impacted humanitarian operations in May with at least 36 aid workers relocated including from famine-affected areas.
Increasing numbers of South Sudanese men, women and children fleeing conflict and food insecurity are seeking refuge in Sudan, overstretching basic services, including health services. WHO supports national health authorities and works with partners to respond to the needs of these refugees and to ensure they are protected against life-threatening diseases.
Almost 420,000 South Sudanese refugees are currently hosted in Sudan, of whom almost 140,000 arrived in 2017. In May 2017 alone, Sudan received almost 2000 new arrivals from South Sudan every day.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. The WHO Regional Office is currently monitoring 41 events: three Grade 3, seven Grade 2, five Grade 1, and 26 ungraded events.
1 June 2017 | An investigation into the cause of the death of 15 children in rural and remote Nachodokopele village, Kauto County in South Sudan by the National Adverse Events Following Immunization (AEFI) Committee, supported by WHO and UNICEF Vaccine safety experts has concluded that severe sepsis / toxicity resulting from the administration of a contaminated vaccine caused the event.
PEOPLE IN NEED IN 2016: 6.1 M
PEOPLE TARGETED IN 2016: 5.1 M
PEOPLE REACHED BY THE END OF Q4 2016: 5.1 M