Kenya reported a cholera outbreak that affected 30 of its 47 counties. The outbreak begun on 26 December 2014, in Nairobi County and was later reported in other counties with the latest being in Mandera and Tana River counties. Mandera County had also been experiencing a febrile illness presenting with joint pains that begun in May 2016...Mandera County...was the latest county to report cholera outbreak...The outbreak was first reported in March 2016, with 894 cases reported by 12 April 2016. By the end of the response, 1629 cases had been reported with 18 deaths recorded - Case Fatality Rate (CFR) of 1.1%. KRCS reached a total of 391,941 people through awareness sessions conducted in house to house visits including revisits, demonstration of hand washing and hand washing facilities. (IFRC, 31 Jan 2017)
The Cholera outbreak continues in the drought affected Tana River County with sixteen new cases of cholera and one death reported in the last weeks...During the reporting period, over 134,000 children under five accessed life-saving interventions including management of diarrhea using ORS/Zinc through health facilities and limited outreach services, and benefitted from dissemination of key messages on disease prevention. (UNICEF, 06 April 2017)
Cholera outbreak was officially declared in Dadaab on the 2nd April 2017 after a ten years old boy tested positive for cholera. Since then, a total of 55 cholera cases were reported. 15 reported cases tested positive for cholera. (UNHCR, 30 April 2017)
FEWS NET projects elevated risk of Famine in Somalia, despite mitigating impact of humanitarian assistance
UN releases revised 2017 HRP for Somalia, requesting $1.5 billion to respond to humanitarian needs through December
USG announces more than $64 million in new humanitarian assistance for Somalia and Somali refugees in the Horn of Africa
Six per cent of the 42,017 children screened during the reporting period were identified as severely malnourished and over 29.4 per cent as moderately malnourished, in Turkana, Marsabit, Wajir, Isiolo, Kilifi and Laikipia counties.
From January to April, a total of 23,700 children with SAM and 51,537 children with MAM have been admitted for life-saving nutrition treatment.
Highlights - The nutrition situation remains of concern across Kenya’s northern pastoralist and southeastern marginal agricultural areas. Surveys conducted in January and February report a Global Acute Malnutrition rate of up to 30 per cent in three sub-counties.
Depressed rainfall is reported over most of the country, especially eastern areas, during the March to May long rains season.
The long rains assessment is scheduled for the end of June and may lead to a revision of the Kenya Flash Appeal.
Heavy Flooding in Dadaab
Humanitarian needs & response
2.6 million people severely food insecure
343,559 children acutely malnourished
3 million people need drinking water
2.9 million people need health assistance
1.2 million children need education assistance
2.6 million livelihoods affected
520,000 people need support for early recovery
$165.7 million required
Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification
The County is currently experiencing severe vegetation deficit, this is as a result of poor seasonal long rains. Generally, vegetation cover in the county is poor and continues to worsen.
The rainfall received in this month was poor. On average the county received negligible amounts at an average of 11.73 mm.
Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification
The County continues experiencing severe vegetation deficit from the ongoing dry spell. Generally, vegetation cover in the county is below normal.
No major rains received in March. On average the county received negligible amounts at 17.1 mm.
The late onset of seasonal rains (March-May) has affected central, northwestern and southeastern Kenya, Uganda’s Karamoja region, and southern and central Somalia.
Flash floods are ongoing in Somalia’s Bari, Madung and Bay regions. FAO SWALIM expects increased water levels in the Juba and Shabelle river basins.
In Kenya , torrential rains have caused floods and landslides in Kwale, Mombasa, Taita Taveta and Garissa counties, including in Dadaab camp.
• March to May seasonal rains remain depressed and access to water for human and livestock consumption is extremely limited in pastoral areas in North West and North Eastern parts of Kenya.
• To date, 71,458 people including 5,580 school children have benefitted from the repair of 39 water points in Turkana and Garissa Counties.
• Five confirmed measles cases and 55 cholera cases have been reported from Dadaab Refugee Complex during the reporting period.
Japan Ambassador to Kenya visited Dadaab to support the youth
On 24th April, the Japan Ambassador to Kenya, HE Toshitsugu Uesawa, visited Dadaab Refugee Camps and donated footballs, uniforms and pumps to youth teams as part of the “Sports for Tomorrow” initiative announced by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in 2013.
SAM is at 4.6% and GAM at 35.6% in Turkana and Marsabit counties – double the emergency thresholds. Current rains mean cholera is expected to increase – it has been reported in Tana River county and in Dadaab refugee camps for the first time this year.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 44 events: three Grade 3, six Grade 2, two Grade 1, and 33 ungraded events.
Rainfall Outlook: April - June 2017
by Siddharth Chatterjee & Aida Mengistu | @sidchat1 | United Nations
Friday, 28 April 2017 09:17 GMT
After three years of drought and failed harvests, Kenya is in the grip of a national crisis.
All eyes are on neighbouring Somalia and South Sudan – where the needs are indeed greater and more acute – but we must not forget the nearly 3 million Kenyans whose lives have been blighted by these extreme conditions.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 41 events: two Grade 3, six Grade 2, two Grade 1, and 31 ungraded events.
This week, one new event has been reported: an outbreak of hepatitis E in Niger.
With ten new cases of cholera reported in Dadaab camps, active cholera transmission in Tana River County, diarrheal outbreak in Lamu county and start of rains, cholera cases are likely to increase.
During outreach activities conducted in first half of April in Turkana County and in North Horr (Marsabit County) 8,738 children were screened for acute malnutrition with over 40 per cent identified as acutely malnourished (35.6% moderately and 4.6% severely). All affected children were immediately admitted for treatment.
During the reporting period, 1,836 refugees were supported to return to their homes in Somalia. As of 15th April 2017, 61,665 Somali refugees have returned home since 8th December 2014, when UNHCR started supporting voluntary return of Somali refugees in Kenya, out of which 22,351 were supported in 2017 alone. Currently, 20,991 refugees are registered for voluntary repatriation.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 16-22 April 2017 and includes updates on influenza, cholera, poliomyelitis, measles, legionnaires' disease and yellow fever.
• Since the declaration of the drought emergency by the Government of Kenya in February, humanitarian partners are working together with national authorities to scale up response activities targeting vulnerable people and families in the counties most affected by the drought.
• Over 1, 2 million people were reached in March through WFP, and Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) food and cash programmes.
Rainfall performance: March 2017