Kenya reported a cholera outbreak that affected 30 of its 47 counties. The outbreak begun on 26 December 2014, in Nairobi County and was later reported in other counties with the latest being in Mandera and Tana River counties. Mandera County had also been experiencing a febrile illness presenting with joint pains that begun in May 2016...Mandera County...was the latest county to report cholera outbreak...The outbreak was first reported in March 2016, with 894 cases reported by 12 April 2016. By the end of the response, 1629 cases had been reported with 18 deaths recorded - Case Fatality Rate (CFR) of 1.1%. KRCS reached a total of 391,941 people through awareness sessions conducted in house to house visits including revisits, demonstration of hand washing and hand washing facilities. (IFRC, 31 Jan 2017)
The drought is affecting Kenya at a moment when the cholera epidemic is still active. Since December 2014, 30 out of 47 counties have been affected by Cholera, of which Tana River is the only county that continues to report cases. Total cases reported from 10 October 2016 are 215 (164 cases in 2016 and 51 cases in 2017) with 5 deaths (Case Fatality Rate of 2.3%). Risk factors such as low latrine coverage, deep rooted social practices, poverty and high illiteracy are still prevalent in the county, and therefore, the outbreak is expected to escalate due to the ongoing drought. Increased surveillance, health promotion activities and health education about Cholera are re-activated in Dadaab refugee camps due to the Cholera outbreak in Somalia. (UNICEF, 20 Feb 2017)
The Government of Kenya estimates that the current number of people needing assistance has gone up to 3 million, and is expected to rise to 4 million by July (2017 Kenya Flash Appeal).
On 16 March 2017, the UN and humanitarian partners launched a Flash Appeal for US$ 165.71 million to reach 2.6 million people with life-saving assistance and protection for the next 10 months (1 March to 31 December 2017).
The Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) is today warning of an alarming surge in the transmission of waterborne diseases across East Africa.
Prolonged drought, conflict and food and water shortages have left 16 million people on the brink of starvation and resulted in a spike in the number of cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) – a key symptom of cholera.
Kenya Flash Appeal: $165.71 million Required to reach 2.6 million people with life-saving assistance and protection in the next 10 months
• The Government of Kenya has projected that the number of food insecure people will rise from the current 2.7 million people to 4 million by April 2017.
• The UN and humanitarian partners are planning to launch a flash appeal in response to the ongoing drought.
• A total of 1,274 schools/ECD centres with an enrolment of about 246,000 children have no access to water in 12 counties.
About 2.7 million people in Kenya are now in need of relief assistance, up from 1.3 million in August 20161 . The President of Kenya declared a national disaster on 10 February 2017 and has called for international support.
The results of SMART surveys conducted in January and February 2017 to monitor the emergency nutrition situation show very high levels of global acute malnutrition (GAM) (above 30 per cent) in three northern counties (Turkana North, North Hor of Marsabit, and Mandera)
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster Kenya reported cholera outbreak that affected 30 of its 47 counties. The outbreak begun on 26 December 2014, in Nairobi County and was later reported in other counties with the latest being in Mandera and Tana River counties.
Mandera County had also been experiencing a febrile illness presenting with joint pains that begun in May 2016.
This paper was produced for a meeting of the Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 19-21 January 2017
SUMMARY – KEY MESSAGES
• The failure of the 2016 October-December rains across parts of the Horn of Africa has led to a devastating drought in Somalia, south-eastern Ethiopia, and northern and eastern Kenya. More than 15 million people in these three countries are facing food and water shortages, and famine is now a possibility in Somalia.
One of the strongest El Niño events ever recorded has affected more than 51 million people and placed more than 26.5 million children at risk of malnutrition, water shortages and disease in 10 countries in the region.1 In 2016, more than 1 million children were targeted for treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM),2 and water shortages, protection concerns and the deterioration of basic social services remain key concerns.
Total affected population: 2,021,000
Total affected children: 869,000
Total people to be reached in 2017: 800,000
Total children to be reached in 2017: 600,000
434,500 children under 5 accessing an integrated package of health interventions, including for the management of diarrhoeal diseases
232,000 persons affected by crises are reached with safe water interventions
By GALGALO BOCHA
The two , all women, succumbed to the disease at the weekend as the public health department in the sub-county imposed a ban on feasting during funerals and weddings to curb escalation of the outbreak.
Tana Delta Sub-County Medical Officer of Health Nicholas Mwenda said the woman developed symptoms of the disease on returning home and succumbed to it on Saturday in Malakoteni.
This report has been developed collectively with humanitarian partners in the region to inform preparedness and advocacy efforts to mitigate and manage humanitarian risk in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region. It presents a four-month trend analysis from June to September 2016 and a humanitarian outlook from October to December 2016. It is the fifth report in the series and updates the previous scenario report which was published in April 2016.
Although the El Niño weather event has passed its impact continues to be felt in the region: food insecurity doubled from 12 million in August 2015 to 23.4 million today. Humanitarian partners are targeting 1.25 million children under five for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) this year, of which nearly 83 per cent are from Ethiopia, South Sudan, Sudan and Somalia. Violence and rising food insecurity in South Sudan and Burundi have displaced nearly 290,000 people (205,541 refugees and 84,459 internally displaced) in the last 3 months alone.
This report presents results of the mid-term review (MTR) of the Kenya United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) covering the period 2014-2018. The purpose of the review was: to provide an overall assessment of progress and achievements made against planned results; document challenges and lessons learned over the past two and a half years and assess significant developments that have taken place in the programming environment including the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification
1.1 County Background
Marsabit County is located in the northern part of Kenya. It covers an area of about 75,750 square kilometres with a population of 291,179 persons (2009 census). The county has four sub-counties: Moyale, North Horr, Saku and Laisamis; and divided into three main livelihood zones - pastoral, agro-pastoral and others (formal employment and fisher folk).
2.0 COUNTY FOOD SECURITY SITUATION
2.1 Current Food Security Situation
- 433 Cholera, 2015
- 433 Choléra, 2015