- In March 2014, a rapidly evolving outbreak of Ebola haemorrhagic fever started in Guinea. The outbreak subsequently spread to Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Senegal, and Mali.
- 1 Aug 2014: WHO and the government of Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia launched a joint US$ 100 million response plan.
- 8 Aug 2014: WHO declared the Ebola outbreak in West Africa a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC).
- 28 Aug 2014: WHO issued a "roadmap" to scale up the international response.
- 19 Sep 2014: UN Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER) established.
- 17 Oct 2014: WHO declared Senegal free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 20 Oct 2014: WHO declared Nigeria free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 19 Jan 2015: WHO declared Mali free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 21 Jan 2015: Updated Overview of Needs and Requirements for Jan-Jun 2015 launched.
- 8 May 2015: WHO declared Liberia free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 31 Jul 2015: UNMEER closed and transitioned oversight of the UN system’s Ebola emergency response to WHO as of 1 Aug.
- 7 Nov 2015: WHO declared Sierra Leone free of Ebola virus transmission.
- 29 Dec 2015: WHO declared the end of Ebola virus transmission in the Republic of Guinea.
- 14 Jan 2016: WHO declared the end of the most recent outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Liberia and said all known chains of transmission have been stopped in West Africa.
- 15 Jan 2016: A new case of Ebola has been confirmed in Sierra Leone. The country is still in a 90-day period of enhanced surveillance following the declaration on 7 November 2015 of the end of Ebola transmission in the country.
- 17 Mar 2016: WHO and the government of Sierra Leone marked the end of the recent flare-up of Ebola virus disease in the country.
- 18 Mar 2016: Guinean health officials in the region alerted WHO and partners on 16 March to 3 unexplained deaths in recent weeks in the village of Koropara and said other members of the same family are currently showing symptoms characteristic of Ebola.
- 29 Mar 2016: WHO said Ebola situation in West Africa no longer constitutes a Public Health Emergency of International Concern.
- 1 Jun 2016: WHO declares the end of Ebola virus transmission in the Republic of Guinea.
9 Jun 2016: WHO declares the end of the most recent Ebola virus disease outbreak in Liberia.
- UNMEER Situation Reports
Appeals & Funding
- International Ebola Recovery Conference, 9-10 Jul 2015
- Business Engagement Guide - In-kind Donations and Direct Engagement
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
An above-average cereal harvest was gathered in 2016
Cereal import requirements in 2017 forecast to decline compared to 2016 levels
Number of food insecure people estimated at about 51 000
Favourable rains in 2016 resulted in above-average cereal harvest
ActionAid is working with poor communities across the world to support them in building their resilience to disasters, climate change and other shocks and stresses. This work is of ever-growing importance, not only because of changing weather patterns and rising temperatures increasing the likelihood of disasters, but also because of growing risks related to violent conflict, human and livestock epidemics, environmental degradation and political and economic crises.
Painted warnings about the Ebola virus are fading from walls as life slowly returns to normal across Sierra Leone, but Princess Koroma’s scars remain as vivid as her sorrow. Left nearly blind and suffering from joint pains, Princess lost 21 members of her family to the disease, including her husband and two sons. But like her country, she is determined to rebuild and go forward. “I am surviving,” the 37-year-old woman said. “I am not alone.”
Oxfam is leading the Freetown WASH Consortium (FWC) programme in Sierra Leone, which aims to contribute to health improvement through specific pro-poor WASH interventions that are aligned to the government’s 24-month post-Ebola recovery planning. Oxfam’s strategy focuses on promoting citizen engagement and the translation of community needs into policies.
WFP completed the second delivery of food commodities to 14 Ebola Virus Disease orphan care centers in the Western Area as an interim measure to get them integrated into foster families.
P4P team conducted a verification of food stocks belonging to smallholder farmer groups at Agricultural Business Centers in Bo, Koinadugu, Port Loko, Kailahun, Kenema and Kambia ahead of 2017 food purchase.
Now in its 10th year, the Emergency Response Fund Scheme (ERFS) was established to promote early action and reduce loss of life in a sudden humanitarian crisis. Irish Aid has just allocated €2.7 million to six humanitarian partners under the Scheme for 2017: Concern Worldwide, Trócaire, Christian Aid Ireland, Plan International Ireland, World Vision Ireland and Oxfam Ireland.
How does the Fund work?
The scheme is particularly geared towards the initial weeks after the onset of an emergency and targets those in immediate need.
Dans le présent rapport, soumis en application de la résolution 31/29 du Conseil des droits de l’homme, le Haut-Commissaire décrit la situation des droits de l’homme en Guinée en 2016 et formule des recommandations visant à remédier aux divers problèmes dans ce domaine. Il y fait également état des activités du Bureau du Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies aux droits de l’homme en Guinée et des résultats obtenus grâce à l’assistance technique fournie par ce dernier.
International news -MSF Situation updates
Emergency update - After life in Mosul
Medical update - Fighting NCDs in Jordan
In focus - Life at war in Yemen
MSF voices - MSF in Gaza and Nablus
In pictures- MSF’s 2016
Pull-out - Build your own ambulance
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Food crop production declined in 2016
Food markets recovered significantly following Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)-related disruptions
Number of food insecure people estimated at about 53 000
Below-average rice harvest gathered in 2016
Keynotes and Events of Public Health Significance
100% completeness in reporting from all Districts.
89% reporting timeliness (76 facilities in Montserrado and 6 facilities in Sinoe reported late).
One death in a suspected case of yellow fever was reported.
One death attributable to cholera was reported.
National Polio vaccination campaign completed February 27.
Increased surveillance due to ongoing outbreaks of measles in Guinea and rubella in Sierra Leone.
Overview of Response
In March 2014, Liberia was in the process of rebuilding its health system after decades of civil war—which had significantly damaged both the infrastructure and the population’s trust in the government—when the first Ebola Virus Disease (Ebola) case was identified in Lofa County. During the next year and a half, more than 10,670 people in the country would become infected, and more than 4,800 of them would die from the disease.
La fin de la campagne agricole contribue à des stocks alimentaires globalement bons
Les opérations post-récoltes, notamment le battage du riz des plaines de mangroves, des plaines alluviales et les bas-fonds, l’épluchage et séchage du manioc, et la réalisation du maraichage se poursuivent dans la plupart préfectures du pays et procurent de façon typique des revenus et de la nourriture aux ménages.
Sierra Leone recorded its first Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) case on 24th May 2014. By 7th November 2015, when the country was initially declared free from the EVD epidemic by the World Health Organisation (WHO), over 8,000 people had been infected, resulting in more than 3,500 deaths and 4,000 survivors all over the country. On 31st July 2014, the President of Sierra Leone, His Excellency Ernest Bai Koroma, declared a state of public health emergency that was maintained throughout the outbreak.
Keynotes and Events of Public Health Significance
99.9% completeness in reporting coverage.
99% timeliness (4 facilities in Gbarpolu and 2 facilities in Nimba reported late).
Annual review meeting ongoing in Bong County.
One attributable measles death was reported, among 40 suspected cases.
Ten suspected measles cases reported from Counties bordering Guinea.
This evaluation report is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2015/16, selected for review under the humanitarian response thematic area using the application of Oxfam’s Humanitarian Indicator Toolkit (HIT). The report presents the findings from the evaluation carried out in 2015 of Oxfam’s humanitarian response to the Ebola crisis in Sierra Leone. The first case in Sierra Leone was declared on 24 May 2014 and by the end of July 2014 the government of Sierra Leone had declared a State of Emergency.