Since the 2010 cholera epidemic which recorded 41,787 cases and 1,716 deaths, Nigeria has experienced recurrent outbreaks of cholera. In 2014, according to the Cholera Regional Platform, Nigeria was the most affected country by cholera in west and central Africa – with 35,996 cases reported, which represented 39 per cent of all cases in the region. The outbreak in Nigeria spread to neighboring countries, specifically: Chad, Cameroon and Niger. In early 2015, 13 of 36 states recorded cholera cases, with Anambra, Kano, Rivers and Ebonyi states being the worst affected; By the end of April 2015, 2,108 cases had been reported, with 97 deaths with the CFR rate rising to 4.76%, causing extreme concern. (IFRC, 01 Jan 2016).
In Maiduguri in Borno state, the Cholera Treatment Centre (CTC) was closed at the end of November, after the treatment and discharge of all remaining patients. There have been no reported new cases of cholera in IDP camps and surrounding communities as of the 1st December. (UNICEF, 01 Dec 2015).
Nigeria: An outbreak of Lassa viral haemorrhagic fever was announced in Nigeria on 8 January. At least 140 suspected cases and 30 confirmed cases, including 53 deaths, have been reported in 14 states. The indicated case fatality rate stands at 37.9%.
Gambia: Almost 182,000 people (9% of the population) are severely food insecure after erratic rains caused drought and crop failure. Most affected regions are Upper River, West Coast, and Northern Bank.
RDC : Une situation préoccupante et potentiellement explosive particulièrement dans l’ex Katanga
DRC: Violence between Hutu and Nande, in Miriki, Lubero, Nord-Kivu, allegedly over land, has left 17 dead and over 20,000 displaced. The displaced urgently need food and drinking water.
Iraq: In Ramadi and Hawija, Islamic State has stalled civilians’ attempts to escape conflict zones and persecution. People from Hawija must trek for two days across mountainous terrain to reach safety: 60 people were reported to have died on the journey between November 2015 and January 2016.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
In six years of conflict with brutal attacks on the civilian population in north-eastern Nigeria, over 20 000 people have been killed and 2.1 million are displaced within the country.
Many internally displaced (IDPs) live in dire conditions in informal settlements. They need shelter, food, water and healthcare.
Indiscriminate violence has forced over 190.000 people to flee to neighbouring Niger, Cameroon and Chad.
NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
Snapshot 16–22 December 2015
Cameroon: 2.9 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. 2.4 million are in need of protection assistance, predominantly in the Far North Region. The government has reportedly urged men to join self-defence groups in the northern areas affected by Boko Haram. The same reports suggest the government has made provisions in its 2016 budget to support the self-defence groups.
Democratic Republic of the Congo: Continuity of efforts on the provinces of Katanga and South Kivu.
• According to IOM’s DTM Round VI report (October, 2015), there are an estimated 1. 87 million IDPs as a result of the insurgency located in the three North East states of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa, including nearly 1.1 million children.
• In Maiduguri in Borno state, the Cholera Treatment Centre (CTC) was closed at the end of November, after the treatment and discharge of all remaining patients. There have been no reported new cases of cholera in IDP camps and surrounding communities as of the 1st December.
Snapshot 9–15 December 2015
0. MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
Sixth modification as of 1/12/2015
In order to be able to contract the entire budget of the West Africa HIP, an amount of EUR 33 926 needs to be shifted from the Man-made disaster specific objective to the Natural disaster specific objective of financing Decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2015/01000. The total amount of the West Africa HIP remains unchanged
The Crisis Overview 2015: Humanitarian Trends and Risks for 2016, outlines the countries considered to be in greatest humanitarian need as we approach the end of 2015.
Violence related to the Boko Haram insurgency in the Lake Chad Basin which straddles Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria, has received growing attention since the conflict intensified in 2013. Less reported however and often overshadowed by pressing security and political considerations is the magnitude of the grave humanitarian consequences.
Attacks by the Boko Haram insurgency as well as counter-insurgency measures have displaced more than 2.5 million people. This is fast becoming Africa’s largest displacement crisis.
(Dakar, 9 December 2015): United Nations agencies and partners today launched the Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2016. The regional plan calls for US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across Africa’s Sahel region.
Aperçu des besoins
Snapshot 2-8 December 2015
Jordan: 11,400 Syrian asylum seekers are currently stranded at the border with Jordan, after a recent surge in violence has driven new displacement, doubling the number at the border since October. They face urgent humanitarian and protection needs. The Jordanian Government has increasingly restricted movement across the border since 2013.
Fin de l’épidémie au Ghana
End of the cholera epidemic in Ghana