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World + 13 others
Polio this week as of 31 July 2014

  • In Pakistan, three new cases have been reported, including one from Balochistan. It is the first case in this province since October 2012. However, four positive environmental samples were collected in 2014 from Quetta, Balochistan, the most recent of which on 20 June. This case is linked to these positive environmental samples, suggesting local circulation of WPV1 this year in this area.

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World + 44 others
Global emergency overview snapshot 22 - 29 July

The weekly Global Overview collates information from a range of sources and displays it in a manner that allows for quick comparison of different humanitarian crises.

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WHO South Sudan Emergency Response Situation Report # 32, 17-25 July 2014

Highlights

  • The general security situation remained calm in most parts of the country, with isolated incidents of insecurity and clashes in Upper Nile, Jonglei and Unity states. No new significant displacements have been reported.

  • Efforts to contain the Cholera outbreak continue. Health facilities had recorded 5,141 (CFR 2.2%) cases by 21 July 2014.

  • Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) is the leading cause of morbidity among Internally Displaced People (IDP)

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Polio transmission still not yet over in Somalia

Galkayo, Somalia, 22 July 2014 – Despite an ongoing intensive vaccination campaign, four new cases of polio have been confirmed in Somalia this year bringing the total number of those affected since the outbreak began in May 2013 to 198 – most of them children. UNICEF and WHO have warned that unless all children are vaccinated, the number of those affected will continue to rise.

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Ethiopia + 1 other
Ethiopia Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin, 21 July 2014

KEY EVENTS

  • Preliminary results of seven biannual nutrition surveys revealed the need to scale-up emergency nutrition responses in Dembale and Kelafo woredas of Somali region and Mieso woreda of Oromia region.

  • The development of a new camp (Pamdong) in Gambella, which was selected on 16 July, is being expedited.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Polio vaccine campaigns face difficulty amid spying revelations

Report
Yemen Times

Published on 17 June 2014 in Health & Environment

Ali Abulohoom (author)

Despite efforts by the World Health Organization (WHO) to eradicate polio worldwide, ten countries, including Pakistan, Nigeria, and Syria, are on red alert as new cases have been detected and fears grow of the virus spreading to neighboring countries.

Yemen is not on the list, but fear over the polio virus has increased amid a regional breakout and concerns that Syrian refugees fleeing to Yemen could reintroduce the virus.

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WHO Somalia health update March - April 2014

Highlights

► Essential Package of Health Services launched to provide free health services in nine regions of Somalia

► Measles outbreak spreading in Somalia; cases quadrupled in March and April

► High level meeting held in Kampala to strengthen the capacity of the Somali Federal Ministry of Health

► Xudur: medical team redeployed and first polio vaccinations in 4 years for 7000 children

► Almost 900 weapon related injuries treated in six hospitals in Mogadishu, Kismayo and Baidoa

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Ethiopia + 1 other
UNICEF Ethiopia Humanitarian Situation Report #3 (Reporting Period May - June 2014)

Highlights:

  • With UNICEF support, the Disaster Prevention and Preparedness and Bureaus in eight regions (Oromia, Amhara, Benishangul-Gumuz, Gambella, Afar, Somali, SNNPR, and Tigray) revised their 2014 multi-sectoral Emergency Preparedness and Response Plans during May and June 2014.

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WHO South Sudan Emergency Response Situation Report # 29, 21 June - 8 July 2014

Highlights

  • An estimated 1.5 million South Sudanese are currently displaced internally, while over 367,260 are displaced outside South Sudan.

  • About 1.58 million people have been reached with medical interventions since January 2014.

  • A total of 3,152 cholera cases, including 70 deaths (CFR 2.3%), were reported by 8 July 2014 as the outbreak spreads to new areas.

  • The emergence of cholera cases in new areas has prompted partners to step up preparedness in high risk areas.

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Humanitarian Bulletin Somalia May 2014 | Issued on 7 July 2014

HIGHLIGHTS

• The food security situation is projected to deteriorate in Somalia between July and December, according to food security experts.

• Battling disease outbreaks remain a top priority for health partners, who report three confirmed cholera cases in Mogadishu.

• Raising critical funds for life-saving activities is paramount given the current combination of delayed and below average rains, rising food prices and continued conflict.

FIGURES

No. of people in humanitarian emergency and crisis 857,000

No. of people in stress 2m

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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South Sudan + 2 others
Amref Health Africa and Partners hold Cross-Border Meeting on Eradicating Polio

Amref Health Africa, with support from the Core Group-funded Polio Eradication Project in South Sudan and the Ministry of Health Central Equatorial State, held a cross-border collaborative meeting to discuss eradicating polio. The cross-border meeting took, place in Kaya County and was attended by representatives from neighbouring districts of Koboko and Arua in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda respectively.

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World + 10 others
Polio this week as of 2 July 2014

  • Halfway into 2014, Pakistan is just six wild poliovirus cases short of exceeding their 2013 total. North Waziristan – which is responsible for 63% of the country’s cases this year – remains inaccessible, although more than 400,000 former residents have fled recent conflict in the area. Efforts are under way to vaccinate as many children of internally displaced families as possible, including through routine immunization services and fixed vaccination posts at major transit sites.

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World + 42 others
Global Emergency Overview Snapshot 25 June - 1 July

The Global Overview collates information from a range of sources and displays it in a manner that allows for quick comparison of different humanitarian crises.

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UNICEF South Sudan Humanitarian Situation Report #28, Reporting Period 18 – 25 June 2014

Highlights

  • The poor health and nutritional status of new arrivals in the Bentiu PoC has contributed to increased deaths among children under-five, from 18 to 24, mostly due to preventable diseases such as diarrhoea, pneumonia, malnutrition, and malaria. UNICEF and partners are scaling up the integrated WASH, health and nutrition response inside the PoC to address this, and looking at expanding the response in affected locations throughout Unity State.

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South Sudan: Polio Outbreak - DREF operation n° MDRSS002 final report

Summary:

CHF 168,065 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 25 October, 2013 to support South Sudan Red Cross Society (SSRC) in delivering immediate assistance to some 525,749 beneficiaries.

An active outbreak of polio is currently taking place in the Horn of Africa region and South Sudan is at high risk of a polio outbreak, given its borders with Kenya and Ethiopia and low rates of vaccination coverage.

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World + 17 others
United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund 2013 Annual Report

In 2013, CERF enabled the UN and NGOs to respond to crises in 45 countries, including high-level emergencies in the Central African Republic, South Sudan and Syria.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Expert Spotlight on Somalia

The Horn of Africa outbreak has slowed, but the threat of spread persists: pockets of children in hard-to-reach areas are still unable to receive vaccines. Dr. Hassan Khan, a WHO Medical Officer in Somalia, shares insight on how vaccination efforts unfold on the ground.

Q: You work closely with vaccinators: who are they and what does their day look like?

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South Sudan + 3 others
Health Emergency Highlights, May 2014, Issue #15

In this issue: The humanitarian crisis and cholera outbreak in the Republic of South Sudan; the floods in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia; WHO’s work in emergencies at the World Health Assembly; and a technical briefing on ‘Health Care under Attack: A Call for Action’

Humanitarian crisis and cholera in the Republic of South Sudan

Situation highlights: humanitarian crisis and cholera outbreak

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WHO South Sudan Emergency Response Situation Report # 25, 22 - 29 May 2014

Highlights

• The number of people displaced within South Sudan is around 1.3 million, most in Jonglei State.

• More than 1.2 million people reached with medical interventions since January 2014.

• Scattered security incidents, however, general but uneasy calm in most parts of the country.

• 892 cases of cholera and 27 deaths reported by 28 May 2014 in an outbreak that has affected nine payams of Juba, Central Equatoria state.