Over 4,300 measles cases and 155 deaths were officially reported in Yemen between January 2011 and March 2012, with 95 per cent of deaths reported since the beginning of 2012. The steep increase in measles incidents is due to the decline in immunization coverage and disruption in access to basic social services in most parts of the country during the civil unrest. Mortality due to measles is already very high and will increase further, especially if compounded with a rise in acute watery diarrhoea and increasing rates of malnutrition. (OCHA, 8 Mar 2012, OCHA, 5 Apr 2012)
In Apr 2012, a national measles campaign targeting over 8.2 million children (6 months to 10 years) achieved a coverage rate of 94 per cent and resulted in the number of reported measles cases falling to 106, with zero deaths (UNICEF, 1 May 2012).
509 Global progress towards regional measles elimination, worldwide, 2000–2013
509 Progrès dans le monde en vue de l’élimination de la rougeole dans les Régions, 2000-2013
The ERF for Yemen has grown into a key funding mechanism since it was established in 2010 to support humanitarian response to sudden onset emergencies and critical humanitarian interventions.
● During week no 30, 2013; 89% (83/93) health facilities from 4 pilot governorates provided valid surveillance data.
● The total number of consultations reported during the week in pilot governorates was 13365 compared to 11965 the previous reporting week. Acute respiratory tract infections (ARI), acute diarrhea (OAD) and suspected malaria (S.Mal) were the leading cause of morbidity this week.
During week no 27, 2013; 90% (84/93) health facilities from 4 pilot governorates provided valid surveillance data.
The total number of consultations reported during the week in pilot governorates was 20318 compared to 21190 the previous reporting week.
￼￼￼￼￼Acute respiratory tract infections (ARI), acute diarrhea (OAD) and 20% ￼￼suspected malaria (S.Mal) were the leading cause of morbidity this week.
Yemen a year after the civil unrest – deeper humanitarian crisis compounded by chronic underdevelopment; challenging political transition and volatile security affecting access; aggravated socio-economic situation manifested by a collapse of basic social services and rising cost of living leading to greater disparities and inequity, and shrinking community resilience.
Children continue to bear the brunt of the crisis. They constitute half of the population.
Findings from SMART nutrition survey in Hajjah governorate show level of global acute malnutrition (GAM) in the Mountainous Zone at 9.3%, while in the Lowland Zone the rate was 21.6% – a „critical‟ rate according to WHO categorization.
• Inter-agency Abyan Response Plan requires US$87 million to assist 320,000 beneficiaries. But security is still fragile.
• Landmines are a major challenge to IDP return to Abyan. Livelihoods of 200,000 people have been destroyed, and protection issues are expected to persist.
• Agency chiefs are visiting Yemen to help draw attention to the nutrition and food crises in the country.
• Improved level of humanitarian funding to Yemen, but severe under-funding threatens delivery of life-saving initiatives.
· Sa’ada continued reporting measles cases; 170 in April and 101 up to 13 May. An outbreak of dengue-chikungunya fever was reported in Lahj, Hajjah and Hodeidah governorates, with 887 suspected cases.
· Findings from a UNICEF and Dutch Government supported nationwide WASH survey show only 45% of Yemenis have access to improved water; 27% have adequate sanitation.
•30 per cent of the water supply system in Yemen is not working. The WASH cluster has to make tough choices on priorities.
•32,000 people have fled their homes in Abyan since the military offensive started in early May.
•Green light in Sa’ada to do assessments, an indication of improved access. But many hurdles remain.
•Mid-year review concludes with 25 per cent increase in funding requirements.
•A new three-minute video seeks to draw attention to the humanitarian crisis in Yemen.
Relief agencies have expressed concern that intensified fighting in Abyan Governorate between Republic of Yemen Government (RoYG) security forces and militant groups may lead to civilian casualties and population movements out of the area. Relief agencies are preparing contingency plans to respond to potential humanitarian needs.
• Since last year, we were reporting on Yemen’s conflict-induced humanitarian situation with emerging humanitarian needs for IDPs, host communities, and those directly affected by conflict.
• The current scale and magnitude of humanitarian situation across the country has all indication of acute humanitarian crise that affects the entire country and population who are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance
· 967,000 children under the age of five are estimated to suffer from acute malnutrition, with 267,000 children at risk of dying without proper nutrition interventions.
· A huge outbreak of measles is now under control, reports WHO.
· 13 children were killed and another 12 injured by land mines or unexploded ordnances (UXOs) in the first three months of 2012.
· UN Deputy Humanitarian Chief Catherine Bragg visited Yemen.
Pledges and Contributions for 2012
CERF is off to a strong start in 2012. As of mid-April, CERF has received US$381 million in pledges; $340 million has been received for 2012. During the annual CERF High-level Pledging Conference held in December 2011, 45 UN Member States, Observer States and a regional government pledged a total of $375 million to the Fund. CERF is now supported by 126 of 193 UN Member States and Observer States.
Reduction of CERF’s Loan Window
In this issue
1 million people need aid in Syria P.2
Measles epidemic in Yemen P.3
2012 Humanitarian Appeal P.4
CERF support for Syria, Yemen P.5
UN-LAS Sectoral Meeting in Cairo generated more than 50 recommendations on issues of shared humanitarian concern.
At least 1 million people need humanitarian assistance in Syria.
Algeria received 30,000 people fleeing political violence in Mali. Algerian Red Crescent responded with medicines, blankets, food and tents
23 April 2012: CERF gives $10 million in life-saving funds for displaced in Yemen