Since the emergence of cholera in Haiti in October 2010, the Ministry of Public Health and Population recorded 719,377 suspected cases and 8,767 cholera-related deaths as of 30 Nov 2014. Despite severe infrastructure and financial constraints, concerted Haitian and international efforts have succeeded in drastically reducing the number of reported cholera cases in Haiti – down from a peak of over 350,000 reported cases for 2011, to 21,916 reported cases for 2014, from 1 January to 30 November. The persistence of cholera in Haiti is mainly due to the lack of access to clean water and appropriate sanitation facilities, and although considerable improvements have been made in this regard, Haiti continues to host the largest cholera epidemic in the Western Hemisphere. Structural issues such as weak water, sanitation and health systems enable cholera, acute diarrhoea and other waterborne diseases to persist. (UNCT, 31 Dec 2014)
At the beginning of 2015, the number of suspected cases was 75 per cent higher than originally expected in the mid-term review of the 2014 Humanitarian Action Plan (i.e. 15,000). From 8 Nov to 31 Dec 2014, the total number of reported suspected cholera cases was 11 324, with 133 fatalities. This is an increase of 20 per cent compared to the same period in 2013. In the first half of 2014, cholera outbreaks were only reported in the northern departments whereas by the end of 2014, the epidemic had spread to nine (out of a total of ten) departments. The upwards trend continued at the beginning of 2015, with the number of cases being 50 per cent higher than during the same period last year. (ECHO, 16 Jan 2015)
Suspected cholera cases reported for January to March 2015 were above those observed in early 2012 (but lower than those reported in the first quarter of 2013). This was predominately due to large outbreaks in the metropolitan region of Port-au-Prince which then spread to other high-risk regions. According to the national authorities, 4,321 suspected cholera cases and 36 deaths were reported in January, 4,055 suspected cases and 46 deaths in February ,and 3,014 cases and 22 deaths in March. (UNCT, 31 Mar 2015)
For the period between Jan-Jun 2015, OCHA reported 17,949 new cases - a 273% increase compared with the same period last year. As of June 2015, cholera has caused 8,992 deaths since the outbreak in Oct 2010. (OCHA, 27 Jul 2015)
July 2015 saw the rise of cholera cases in the West, Centre, Artibonite and North departments. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2015)
When it comes to a vaccine to prevent cholera, one dose may be as good as two. That is the finding of a new study whose authors say the strategy would make a new vaccine that is in short supply go further.
The World Health Organization is stockpiling 2 million doses of a recently licensed oral cholera vaccine to prevent the severe diarrheal illness.
Snapshot 11 August – 25 August 2015
Haiti: Insecurity has increased since legislative elections. Violence and intimidation were reported at many polling stations and a second round of voting is planned, following low voter turnout. Food security has deteriorated as a result of prolonged drought conditions since the beginning of 2015: poor households in Sud, Sud-Est, Nord-Est and Artibonite will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes through December. Recent cholera rates are triple those of the comparable time period in 2014.
By Cornelia Walther
After recently spending 24 hours in Gonaives, Artibonite department, the link between water and health is once again engraved in my mind. The day – spent on the ground with UNICEF partner Action Against Hunger (ACF) in and around the commune of St Michel d’Attalye – illustrated the direct connection between safe water and cholera, between life and death like no infographic or report could.
L’épidémie de choléra suit une tendance positive depuis son début en octobre 2010. Cependant, le taux d’incidence hebdomadaire en juillet 2015 est le double qu’en 2014 et au cours de la première moitié de l’année, on a enregistré le triple des cas vus et de décès à la même période en 2014. Actuellement, la majorité des cas sont enregistrés dans les départements à haut risques particulièrement dans l’Ouest, le Centre, l'Artibonite et le Nord, mais la vigilance doit être maintenue dans tout le pays, car les flambées locales peuvent émerger n'importe où.
Overall, the epidemic is following a positive trend since its start in October 2010. This notwithstanding, the weekly incidence rate in July 2015 is twice 2014's, and the first half of the year has registered triple the number of cases and deaths than the same period in 2014. Currently, most cases are registered in the high-risk Departments of West, Centre, Artibonite and North, but vigilance needs to maintained throughout the country, as local outbreaks can emerge anywhere.
"The ERRF is an OCHA-managed strategic pooled fund, ensuring a quick and effective response to any small-scale unforeseen emergency in Haiti. The Fund - under the leadership of the Humanitarian Coordinator - has responded to the country's most critical needs against a backdrop of reduced operational and financial capacities on the ground.
Port-au-Prince, Haïti | AFP | mardi 18/08/2015 - 20:21 GMT
par Amelie BARON
Le bureau des Nations Unies pour la coordination des affaires humanitaires (Ocha) s'inquiète de la crise humanitaire en Haïti, aggravée par les changements climatiques, et appelle à l'aide financière internationale.
"Nous sommes dans une phase de flambée de choléra", a déclaré Enzo di Taranto, le chef d'Ocha en Haïti, le pays le plus pauvre du continent américain.
Snapshot 12 August –18 August 2015
Yemen: The humanitarian situation in Yemen continues to deteriorate. 1.4 million people have become displaced since conflict escalated in March – a 12% increase since early July. Fuel shortages and access issues continue to affect provision of health services. 23% of Yemen’s health facilities are either partially funtional or non-functional.
• Haïti a enregistré le triple de cas de choléra (19 949 et 170 décès) en juillet 2015 par rapport à juillet 2014 (7 739 cas et 56 décès) ; une situation qui soulève des préoccupations et impose la vigilance dans le conteste de la saison des pluies et des ouragans ;
• Situation binationale : nécessité de conduire une évaluation intégrée et multisectorielle prenant en compte les vulnérabilités ;
Situación del cólera en la Región de las Américas
Desde inicios de 2015 y hasta la semana epidemiológica (SE) 30 de 2015 se registraron un total de 20.388 casos de cólera en tres países de la Región de las Américas: Haití (20.043 casos),
Republica Dominicana (344 casos) y Cuba (1 caso). Mientras que en México, en lo que va del año 2015, no se ha notificado ningún caso de cólera.
Cholera in the Americas - Situation summary
Since the beginning of 2015 up to epidemiological week (EW) 30 of 2015, a total of 20,388 cases have been recorded in three countries in the Region of the Americas: Haiti (20,043 cases), the Dominican Republic (344 cases) and Cuba (1 case). To date, no cholera cases have been reported in Mexico in 2015.
Fuente: Diario Libre
Monseñor Nouel.-La directora general del hospital público Pedro E. De Marchena, doctora Caridad Acosta Guzmán, confirmó la existencia de un brote de cólera que afecta a decenas de moradores de varias secciones de este municipio.
Indicó que desde el pasado jueves hasta la fecha en el centro de salud estatal han sido atendidas 65 personas, de las cuales solo tres quedan internas debido a que no han podido superar los malestares de la enfermedad.
Snapshot 5-11 August 2015
Burkina Faso: Heavy floods in Ouagadougou, Kadiogo province, and Bobo-Dioulasso, Houet province, in early August affected around 19,780 people. Significant damage to houses and food stocks were reported. Additional flooding in the north could bring the total number of affected to 122,000. More than 1.5 million people are facing Stressed or Crisis food security outcomes in Burkina Faso, especially in the Sahel region in the north.
Snapshot 29 July–4 August 2015
Pakistan: Flooding has killed 118 people and affected more than 800,000 people in Pakistan. Hundreds of villages have been inundated. Most casualties were recorded in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Azad Jammu & Kashmir.
Myanmar : 46 people have been killed and 156,000–216,000 people are affected by flooding. Sagaing region and Kachin and Shan states have been particularly impacted. Another 350,000 people are estimated affected in Bangladesh and India.
Snapshot 22–28 July 2015
Somalia: More than 10,000 people have been displaced in Lower Shabelle and Bay regions since AMISOM and Somali armed forces began their offensive. Al Shabaab has lost control of Bardhere in Gedo and Dinsoor in Bay. In accessible areas of Hudur town, Bakool, 33% GAM and 19% SAM were observed in a MUAC assessment in July – a significant deterioration since June. Very critical malnutrition rates persist in Bulo Burde, Hiraan.
Session de 2015, 52e et 53e séances - matin et après-midi
L’ECOSOC tiendra une session extraordinaire sur le problèmemondial de la drogue du 19 au 21 avril 2016, au Siège de l’ONU à New York
2015 Session, 52nd & 53rd Meeting (AM & PM)
Snapshot 15–21 July 2015
Iraq: More than 74,440 people have been displaced from Saqlawiyah in Falluja district since 8 July, and tens of thousands reportedly remain trapped in Falluja and Ramadi districts. There are now more than 3.1 million IDPs across 3,613 locations in Iraq; 300,000 people have been displaced from and within Anbar since military operations began in April.
Period covered by this Ops Update: 5 December 2013 to 5 December 2014. This represents a twelve-month summary.
Appeal target (current): 4,583,956 Swiss francs (CHF)
The preliminary emergency appeal was launched on 5 December 2013 for CHF 11,244,952.
It will cover 24 months and assist 600,000 beneficiaries.
The first operation update was published in July 2014.