Since the emergence of cholera in Haiti in October 2010, the Ministry of Public Health and Population recorded 719,377 suspected cases and 8,767 cholera-related deaths as of 30 Nov 2014. Despite severe infrastructure and financial constraints, concerted Haitian and international efforts have succeeded in drastically reducing the number of reported cholera cases in Haiti – down from a peak of over 350,000 reported cases for 2011, to 21,916 reported cases for 2014, from 1 January to 30 November. The persistence of cholera in Haiti is mainly due to the lack of access to clean water and appropriate sanitation facilities, and although considerable improvements have been made in this regard, Haiti continues to host the largest cholera epidemic in the Western Hemisphere. Structural issues such as weak water, sanitation and health systems enable cholera, acute diarrhoea and other waterborne diseases to persist. (UNCT, 31 Dec 2014)
At the beginning of 2015, the number of suspected cases was 75 per cent higher than originally expected in the mid-term review of the 2014 Humanitarian Action Plan (i.e. 15,000). From 8 Nov to 31 Dec 2014, the total number of reported suspected cholera cases was 11 324, with 133 fatalities. This is an increase of 20 per cent compared to the same period in 2013. (ECHO, 16 Jan 2015)
Suspected cholera cases reported for January to March 2015 were above those observed in early 2012 (but lower than those reported in the first quarter of 2013). This was predominately due to large outbreaks in the metropolitan region of Port-au-Prince which then spread to other high-risk regions. According to the national authorities, 4,321 suspected cholera cases and 36 deaths were reported in January, 4,055 suspected cases and 46 deaths in February ,and 3,014 cases and 22 deaths in March. (UNCT, 31 Mar 2015)
For the period between Jan-Jun 2015, OCHA reported 17,949 new cases - a 273% increase compared with the same period last year. As of June 2015, cholera has caused 8,992 deaths since the outbreak in Oct 2010. (OCHA, 27 Jul 2015)
July 2015 saw the rise of cholera cases in the West, Centre, Artibonite and North departments. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2015)
Concern is growing about the rising numbers of cases in the department of Anse-à-Pitres, where the epidemic is spreading due to poor sanitary facilities in the south-eastern region. (GARR, 26 Nov 2015)
According to the cholera figures released by the Minister of Public Health and Population (MSPP), 36,045 cholera cases and 322 deaths were recorded from January to December 2015. This represents, in comparison to 2014, an increase of 24% in the number of cases. In the last three months (October, November, December 2015), the upward trend of cholera persisted in the North and West departments. (OCHA, 31 Dec 2015)
During the first two months of 2016, the cholera epidemic has had a stable development in relation to the outbreak recorded at the end of 2015. The number of cases increased slightly compared to the same period in 2015, but the trend is downward since mid February. Nevertheless the return of the rain could be an important risk factor. In addition, the number of deaths has increased alarmingly: 15% more compared to 2015. (OCHA, 18 Apr 2016)
As of July 2016, health officials have observed a resurgence of cholera cases in several towns, including in the departments of Artibonite, Center, Nippes, North and West. According to a report of MSPP, more than 823 alerts were recorded during the week of 17-23 July 2016, and about twenty towns are on red alert. The situation is reported to be more critical in the towns of Carrefour (109 cases), Port-au-Prince (83 cases), Tabarre (75 cases), Mirebalais (45 cases) and Verrettes (39 cases). (OCHA, 31 Jul 2016)
In October 2016, Hurricane Matthew devastated Haiti which saw an increase of cases in Grand’Anse (148 cases) , Sud (53), and North-Ouest (6 cases) , and Artibonite (28) in the aftermath. (WHO/PAHO, 11 Oct 2016)
On 14 October, the UN Secretary-General established the Haiti Cholera Response Multi-Partner Trust Fund to finance critical priorities of the new UN system approach to cholera in Haiti designed to support the country in overcoming the epidemic and building sound water, sanitation and health systems. (UN, 14 Oct 2016)
As of 24 October, 3,500 suspected cholera cases were reported to OCHA. (UNICEF, 1 Nov 2016)
The Ministry of Health, supported by UNICEF and PAHO/WHO delivered a cholera vaccination campaign in the South and Grand’Anse departments in November 2016, immunizing 807,395 individuals, including over 309,213 children aged 1–14 years. (UNICEF, 10 Jan 2017)
A new approach to cholera in Haiti was laid out in the report by the UN Secretary-General (A/71/620) published on 12 December 2016. The UN General Assembly welcomed and committed to this new approach on 16 Dec 2016.
On 6 February, the Government of Haiti and the Humanitarian Country Team (formed by the United Nations and humanitarian partners) launched an appeal for funds of US$ 291.5 million to cover the critical humanitarian needs of 2.4 million people, US$ 34.7 million of which would only be for cholera. (OCHA, 6 Feb 2017)
Cumulative data for cholera between January and 31 December 2016 recorded 41,421 registered cases and 447 deaths (OCHA, 8 Feb 2017)
UNICEF increased the number of cholera rapid-response teams from 46 nationally to 88 since the hurricane. In the 10-week period since 1 January 2017, 3,585 suspected cases of cholera have been reported compared to over 9,400 in the same period of 2016 which shows ongoing progress towards the goal of eradicating Cholera in Haiti. (UNICEF, 7 Apr 2017)
As of 31 December 2016, Haitian and international efforts have succeeded in reducing the cholera cases and fatalities in Haiti by almost 88% since the peak in 2011 (350,000 cases). From 1st January to 15 April, the MSPP registered 5,095 suspected cholera cases and 69 related deaths, in comparison to the 12,536 suspected cases and 134 deaths for the same period in 2016. This downward trend, if maintained, is an opportunity to take this year a big step towards the elimination of the transmission, in case funding is available and rapid response is accordingly intensified. (UN Country Team, 27 Apr 2017)
This is the first consolidated presentation of the reported results of CERF funding, covering a full year of CERF allocations. As such, it serves as a pilot and will inform future CERF results reporting. This report was compiled on the basis of information provided by Resident Coordinators/Humanitarian Coordinators (RC/ HCs) and Humanitarian Country Teams (HCTs) in 66 consolidated reports covering the results of more than 450 CERF-funded projects.
Le contexte humanitaire en Haïti demeure difficile car le pays continue d'être affecté par une convergence de crises humanitaires encore aggravée par l'ouragan Matthew et qui a gravement affecté la situation humanitaire préexistante. Malgré la réponse humanitaire immédiate fournie jusqu'à présent, les besoins humanitaires post-Ouragan Matthew sont encore élevés, avec environ 1,4 million de personnes ayant besoin d'aide humanitaire. En outre, 2.3 millions d'Haïtiens vulnérables sont actuellement en insécurité alimentaire.
The humanitarian context in Haiti remains challenging as the country continue to be affected by a convergence of humanitarian crises further aggravated by Hurricane Matthew and which has severely impacted the pre-existing humanitarian situation. Despite immediate humanitarian response provided so far, post Hurricane Matthew’s humanitarian needs are still high with an estimated 1.4 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. Additionally, 2.3 million vulnerable Haitians are currently food insecure.
Informer pour mieux prévenir : les campagnes de changement comportemental contre le choléra
$90.3 MILLION IN FUNDING FROM USAID
Cholera in the Americas - Situation summary
Between epidemiological weeks (EW) 1 and 14 of 2017, a total of 4,871 suspected cholera cases were reported in Haiti, including 69 deaths. During the same period, 62 suspected cholera cases were reported in the Dominican Republic, including two deaths.
Sequía. Enfermedades. Terremotos. Huracanes. Más de 10,6 millones de personas en América Latina y el Caribe fueron afectadas por estos desastres en 2016.
Cada emergencia presentó sus propios desafíos, se tratara de los medios de vida afectados, la seguridad de las familias forzadas a huir de la violencia, el creciente riesgo de enfermedades transmitidas por vectores o la magnitud de grandes desastres como el terremoto en Ecuador (abril 2016) y el Huracán Matthew en el Caribe (octubre de 2016).
Drought. Disease. Earthquakes. Hurricanes. More than 10.6 million people across Latin America and the Caribbean were affected by these disasters in 2016.
Each emergency presented its own set of challenges, whether it was addressing affected livelihoods, the safety of families forced to flee from violence, the growing risk of vector-borne diseases or the sheer scale of major disasters such as the earthquake in Ecuador (April 2016) and Hurricane Matthew in the Caribbean (October 2016).
5,095 cas suspects du 1 janvier au 15 avril, deux fois moins qu’en 2016 pour la même période
5,095 suspected cholera cases from 1 January to 15 April, in comparison to 12,536 for the same period in 2016
Ce rapport est produit par le Bureau des Nations Unies pour la Coordination des Affaires Humanitaires (OCHA) en Haïti, en collaboration avec les partenaires humanitaires et couvre la période du 25 avril au 01 mai 2017.
Les dégâts causés par les pluies diluviennes qui se sont abattues entre le 20 - 24 avril sur les départements du Sud, du Sud-Est, de la Grand’Anse et des Nippes continuent à être évalués.
The Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) on Immunization1 met on 25-27 April 2017 in Geneva, Switzerland.
Ce rapport est produit par le Bureau des Nations Unies pour la Coordination des affaires humanitaires (OCHA) en Haïti en collaboration avec les partenaires humanitaires et couvre la période du 20 au 25 avril 2017.
Des pluies diluviennes sont tombées du jeudi 20 au lundi 24 avril sur les départements du Sud, du SudEst, de la Grand’Anse et des Nippes causant des inondations, des éboulements, et des glissements de terrain. Le département du Sud est le plus touché.
P-au-P, 20 avr. 2017 [AlterPresse] --- L’organisation Konbit ayisyen pou lojman altènatif (Kayla) pointe du droit l’Etat haïtien, qui n’a jamais eu de position claire et ferme en faveur du dédommagement des victimes de l’épidémie du choléra.
Kayla semble prendre le contrepied des déclarations de la représentante spéciale du secrétaire général de l’Organisation des Nations unies (Onu) en Haïti, la Trinitéenne Sandra Honoré, selon lesquelles les levées de fonds, en faveur du processus de dédommagement des victimes du choléra, seraient dans l’impasse.
ACTED has been mobilised in the Sud and Grand’Anse departments since hurricane Matthew hit the region on 4 October 2016 to provide emergency humanitarian assistance to affected populations. In all sectors, needs reached high levels: Matthew caused terrible damages, casualties and losses, destroying houses, infrastructure and crops, and leaving 1.4 million Haitians in need of humanitarian assistance.
L'amélioration de la qualité des centres de traitement, l'augmentation du nombre d'équipes d'intervention rapide et la campagne de vaccination ont contribué au contrôle de la maladie vu dans les deux premiers mois de l'année. En Février 1 341 cas suspects ont été enregistrés, le plus faible chiffre mensuel depuis août 2014 (1 024 cas suspects). Les départements touchés par l’ouragan Matthew ont retourné aux tendances plus faibles observés avant la catastrophe avec 43 cas suspects dans la Grande Anse, 77 dans le Sud et 94 dans le Nippes.
The improvement in quality of treatment centers, the increase in the number of rapid response teams and the vaccination campaign contributed to the control of the disease seen in the first two months of the year. In February 1,341 suspected cases were registered, the lowest monthly figure since August 2014 (1,024 suspected cases). In southern departments hit by Hurricane Matthew the figures returned to the lower trends seen prior to the disaster with 43 suspected cases in Grand’Anse, 77 in Sud and 94 in Nippes.
Historiquement, les habitants de Madan Mak et de Loncy dans la commune de Lascahobas ont toujours eu de sérieux problèmes d'accès à l'eau potable. Situées dans une région montagneuse du plateau central d'Haïti, à quelques centaines de kilomètres de la capitale, Port-au-Prince, les deux communautés faisaient partie, il y a encore quelques semaines, des 42% de la population du pays n'ayant pas accès à l'eau potable.
17 April 2017 – Historically, the people in the Madan Mak and Loncy areas of the Lascahobas Commune have always had serious problems with access to safe drinking water.
Situated in a mountainous region of Haiti’s Central Plateau, a few hundred kilometres from the capital Port-au-Prince, the two communities – up to just a few weeks ago – were among the 42 per cent of the country’s population still without access to safe drinking water in 2017.