Since the emergence of cholera in Haiti in October 2010, the Ministry of Public Health and Population recorded 719,377 suspected cases and 8,767 cholera-related deaths as of 30 Nov 2014. Despite severe infrastructure and financial constraints, concerted Haitian and international efforts have succeeded in drastically reducing the number of reported cholera cases in Haiti – down from a peak of over 350,000 reported cases for 2011, to 21,916 reported cases for 2014, from 1 January to 30 November. The persistence of cholera in Haiti is mainly due to the lack of access to clean water and appropriate sanitation facilities, and although considerable improvements have been made in this regard, Haiti continues to host the largest cholera epidemic in the Western Hemisphere. Structural issues such as weak water, sanitation and health systems enable cholera, acute diarrhoea and other waterborne diseases to persist. (UNCT, 31 Dec 2014)
At the beginning of 2015, the number of suspected cases was 75 per cent higher than originally expected in the mid-term review of the 2014 Humanitarian Action Plan (i.e. 15,000). From 8 Nov to 31 Dec 2014, the total number of reported suspected cholera cases was 11 324, with 133 fatalities. This is an increase of 20 per cent compared to the same period in 2013. In the first half of 2014, cholera outbreaks were only reported in the northern departments whereas by the end of 2014, the epidemic had spread to nine (out of a total of ten) departments. The upwards trend continued at the beginning of 2015, with the number of cases being 50 per cent higher than during the same period last year. (ECHO, 16 Jan 2015)
Suspected cholera cases reported for January to March 2015 were above those observed in early 2012 (but lower than those reported in the first quarter of 2013). This was predominately due to large outbreaks in the metropolitan region of Port-au-Prince which then spread to other high-risk regions. According to the national authorities, 4,321 suspected cholera cases and 36 deaths were reported in January, 4,055 suspected cases and 46 deaths in February ,and 3,014 cases and 22 deaths in March. (UNCT, 31 Mar 2015)
For the period between Jan-Jun 2015, OCHA reported 17,949 new cases - a 273% increase compared with the same period last year. As of June 2015, cholera has caused 8,992 deaths since the outbreak in Oct 2010. (OCHA, 27 Jul 2015)
July 2015 saw the rise of cholera cases in the West, Centre, Artibonite and North departments. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2015)
Overall, the epidemic is following a positive trend since its start in October 2010. This notwithstanding, the weekly incidence rate in July 2015 is twice 2014's, and the first half of the year has registered triple the number of cases and deaths than the same period in 2014. (OCHA, 12 Aug 2015)
With the heavy rains of October, the health actors have observed a resurgence of cholera cases in several communes, notably in the departments of Artibonite, West, South East, South and North. Fifteen municipalities are in red alert. (OCHA, 31 Oct 2015)
Concern is growing about the rising numbers of cases in the department of Anse-à-Pitres, where the epidemic is spreading due to poor sanitary facilities in the south-eastern region. (GARR, 26 Nov 2015)
The health authorities reported an increase in the number of cholera cases for the month of November. Indeed, from November 22 to 28 (48th week), 1093 new cases and 13 institutional deaths were reported against only 268 new cases and 1 death in the 38th week (from Sept. 13 to 19). (OCHA, 30 Nov 2015)
The number of cases in 2015 up to epidemiological week 48 (30,080) exceeds the total number of cases registered in 2014, mainly due to an increase in cases registered during the first trimester of 2015. The rapid and timely response to this situation led to a decrease in cases in October and November of 2015. (PAHO, 23 Dec 2015)
According to the cholera figures released by the Minister of Public Health and Population (MSPP), 36,045 cholera cases and 322 deaths were recorded from January to December 2015. This represents, in comparison to 2014, an increase of 24% in the number of cases. In the last three months (October, November, December 2015), the upward trend of cholera persisted in the North and West departments. (OCHA, 31 Dec 2015)
During the first two months of 2016, the cholera epidemic has had a stable development in relation to the outbreak recorded at the end of 2015. The number of cases increased slightly compared to the same period in 2015, but the trend is downward since mid February. Nevertheless the return of the rain could be an important risk factor. In addition, the number of deaths has increased alarmingly: 15% more compared to 2015. (OCHA, 18 Apr 2016)
MSPP has reported 13.859 suspected cholera cases and 150 cholera related deaths from 1st January to 30 April 2016. (UNCT, 30 Apr 2016)
As of July 2016, health officials have observed a resurgence of cholera cases in several towns, including in the departments of Artibonite, Center, Nippes, North and West. According to a report of MSPP, more than 823 alerts were recorded during the week of 17-23 July 2016, and about twenty towns are on red alert. The situation is reported to be more critical in the towns of Carrefour (109 cases), Port-au-Prince (83 cases), Tabarre (75 cases), Mirebalais (45 cases) and Verrettes (39 cases). (OCHA, 31 Jul 2016)
In August 2016, the government presented its plan to eliminate cholera in the medium term. (Gov't of Haiti, 25 Aug 2016)
In October 2016, Hurricane Matthew devastated Haiti which saw an increase of cases in Grand’Anse (148 cases) , Sud (53), and North-Ouest (6 cases) , and Artibonite (28) in the aftermath. (WHO/PAHO, 11 Oct 2016)
On 14 October, the UN Secretary-General established the Haiti Cholera Response Multi-Partner Trust Fund to finance critical priorities of the new UN system approach to cholera in Haiti designed to support the country in overcoming the epidemic and building sound water, sanitation and health systems. (UN, 14 Oct 2016)
As of 24 October, 3,500 suspected cholera cases were reported to OCHA. UNICEF is working with Ministry of Health and PAHO to organize vaccination of 900,000 people in the most affected areas. The first round of the Cholera immunization campaign is scheduled for 8 November, 2016. (UNICEF, 1 Nov 2016)
On 1 December 2016, the UN Secretary-General apologized to the people of Haiti, expressing deep regret for the loss of life and suffering caused by the country’s cholera epidemic, and outlined the way forward including immediate steps to stem the outbreak and long-term support for those affected – while also highlighting the need for adequate funding of the proposal. (UN News, 1 Dec 2016)
7 décembre 2016 – Les succès récents dans la lutte contre le choléra en Haïti montrent que, lorsque les Nations Unies et les autorités haïtiennes reçoivent les fonds nécessaires, de véritables progrès peuvent être réalisés, et qu'à terme « le choléra disparaîtra », a souligné un haut responsable des Nations Unies.
7 December 2016 – A senior United Nations official has stressed that that recent successes in the fight against cholera in Haiti demonstrate that when the UN and Haitian authorities receive the necessary funds, real progress can be made, and that eventually, "cholera will go."
Most local markets in Grand’Anse and Sud reopen, WFP reports
WFP reaches approximately 730,000 people with emergency food assistance
USAID/OFDA provides an additional $2 million for shelter interventions in Sud
Port-au-Prince - It has now been two months since Hurricane Matthew devastated southwest Haiti, and thousands of people are still without adequate food, safe drinking water and shelter.
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is concerned about the deterioration of living conditions, particularly in the departments of Grand'Anse, Sud and Nippes, all of which were affected by the hurricane.
• The HCT launched an action plan to prioritize assistance to the most vulnerable people in the most affected areas based on a severity ranking tool.
• Assisted departure of families sheltered in schools in Jeremie has resumed. More than 300 families are scheduled to receive assistance in three schools in the coming days.
• Multisector assessments in areas of returns are being piloted in Port-a-Piment, in the South region.
As of 30 November 2016, UN-coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22.1 billion to meet the needs of 96.2 million humanitarian crisis-affected people in 40 countries. Together the appeals are funded at $11.4 billion, leaving a shortfall of $10.7 billion.
2,1 millions de personnes sont affectées par le passage de l’ouragan
1,4 millions ont besoin d’une aide alimentaire d’urgence, toutes situées en zone de priorité 1 (EFSA-rapide1 );
Amélioration de l’accès à certaines sections communales dans les départements de la Grand’Anse, des Nippes et du Sud;
Lancement de la formation des enquêteurs qui seront déployés dans le cadre de l’enquête d’évaluation de la sécurité alimentaire ;
(MissionNewswire) Torrential rains that pounded Haiti’s northern region on Nov. 5 and 6 have caused extensive flooding and killed 10 people, according to the Haitian civil protection agency. The city of Cap-Haïtien has been particularly affected by the sudden and violent flooding which saw nearly one foot of rain fall within 48 hours. The flooding comes just more than a month after Hurricane Matthew, which devastated parts of Haiti and killed more than 500 people.
1 December 2016 – United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today apologized to the people of Haiti, expressing deep regret for the loss of life and suffering caused by the country’s cholera epidemic, and outlined the way forward including immediate steps to stem the outbreak and long-term support for those affected – while also highlighting the need for adequate funding of the proposal.
1 décembre 2016 – Présentant jeudi les excuses de l'ONU pour la réponse au choléra en Haïti, le Secrétaire général de l'Organisation, Ban Ki-moon, a détaillé la voie à suivre pour faire face à l'épidémie, à travers un programme d'assistance visant à fournir un soutien immédiat et à long terme aux personnes touchées.
The response to cholera in Haiti will be a “long and thorough battle,” but the United Nations will stand by the Haitian people and authorities, Stéphane Dujarric, the Spokesman for the Secretary-General, said on the eve of the launch of the Organization's new approach to tackling the epidemic in the country.
This report is produced by OCHA in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It was issued by the Hurricane Matthew Emergency Response Team and covers the period from 25 to 30 November 2016. The next report will be issued on 02 December. Sign up to receive reports of the Emergency Response Team: http://eepurl.com/Kyey5.
• Messages on the impact of looting and the scope of international humanitarian assistance were broadcast on 26 November through local radios in affected regions.
30 novembre 2016 – Le combat contre le choléra en Haïti sera un combat qui sera long et approfondi mais les Nations Unies seront là avec le peuple et les autorités haïtiennes, a déclaré le porte-parole du Secrétaire général des Nations Unies, Stéphane Dujarric, à la veille de la présentation de la nouvelle approche de l'Organisation pour lutter contre l'épidémie dans ce pays.
UN releases revised flash appeal for Haiti, requesting $139 million in humanitarian funding
USAID/OFDA partners and other response actors bolster WASH support in hurricane-affected areas
USAID/FFP provides more than $14.4 million for cash-based food assistance in Grand’Anse and Sud
• Más de 1.4 millones de personas en necesidad de asistencia humanitaria en Cuba y Haití, tras el paso del huracán Matthew.
• 12.5 millones de personas afectadas por desastres en 2016. La sequía y los huracanes son los principales desastres.
• Seis meses después del terremoto en Ecuador, US$26.9 millones han sido financiados de los $72.8 solicitados en el Llamamiento Internacional.
• More than 1.4 million people need humanitarian assistance in Cuba and Haiti after Hurricane Matthew
• Some 12.5 million people have been affected by disasters in 2016. Droughts and hurricanes have caused the worst impacts .
• Six months after the Ecuador earthquake, US$26.9 million has been funded of the $72.8 international appeal
• A study shows that gender equality in humanitarian action is most effective when it focuses on protecting the rights and long-term well -being of the most vulnerable people.