Since the emergence of cholera in Haiti in October 2010, the Ministry of Public Health and Population recorded 719,377 suspected cases and 8,767 cholera-related deaths as of 30 Nov 2014. Despite severe infrastructure and financial constraints, concerted Haitian and international efforts have succeeded in drastically reducing the number of reported cholera cases in Haiti – down from a peak of over 350,000 reported cases for 2011, to 21,916 reported cases for 2014, from 1 January to 30 November. The persistence of cholera in Haiti is mainly due to the lack of access to clean water and appropriate sanitation facilities, and although considerable improvements have been made in this regard, Haiti continues to host the largest cholera epidemic in the Western Hemisphere. Structural issues such as weak water, sanitation and health systems enable cholera, acute diarrhoea and other waterborne diseases to persist. (UNCT, 31 Dec 2014)
At the beginning of 2015, the number of suspected cases was 75 per cent higher than originally expected in the mid-term review of the 2014 Humanitarian Action Plan (i.e. 15,000). From 8 Nov to 31 Dec 2014, the total number of reported suspected cholera cases was 11 324, with 133 fatalities. This is an increase of 20 per cent compared to the same period in 2013. In the first half of 2014, cholera outbreaks were only reported in the northern departments whereas by the end of 2014, the epidemic had spread to nine (out of a total of ten) departments. The upwards trend continued at the beginning of 2015, with the number of cases being 50 per cent higher than during the same period last year. (ECHO, 16 Jan 2015)
Suspected cholera cases reported for January to March 2015 were above those observed in early 2012 (but lower than those reported in the first quarter of 2013). This was predominately due to large outbreaks in the metropolitan region of Port-au-Prince which then spread to other high-risk regions. According to the national authorities, 4,321 suspected cholera cases and 36 deaths were reported in January, 4,055 suspected cases and 46 deaths in February ,and 3,014 cases and 22 deaths in March. (UNCT, 31 Mar 2015)
For the period between Jan-Jun 2015, OCHA reported 17,949 new cases - a 273% increase compared with the same period last year. As of June 2015, cholera has caused 8,992 deaths since the outbreak in Oct 2010. (OCHA, 27 Jul 2015)
July 2015 saw the rise of cholera cases in the West, Centre, Artibonite and North departments. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2015)
Overall, the epidemic is following a positive trend since its start in October 2010. This notwithstanding, the weekly incidence rate in July 2015 is twice 2014's, and the first half of the year has registered triple the number of cases and deaths than the same period in 2014. (OCHA, 12 Aug 2015)
In October 2015, the international appeal operations update revised the budget to 3,563,310 Swiss francs (from 4.5m Swiss francs) with an extended timeframe up to December 2016 targeting 499,637 people. (IFRC, 15 Oct 2015) With the heavy rains of October, the health actors have observed a resurgence of cholera cases in several communes, notably in the departments of Artibonite, West, South East, South and North. Fifteen municipalities are in red alert. (OCHA, 31 Oct 2015)
Concern is growing about the rising numbers of cases in the department of Anse-à-Pitres, where the epidemic is spreading due to poor sanitary facilities in the south-eastern region. (GARR, 26 Nov 2015)
The health authorities reported an increase in the number of cholera cases for the month of November. Indeed, from November 22 to 28 (48th week), 1093 new cases and 13 institutional deaths were reported against only 268 new cases and 1 death in the 38th week (from Sept. 13 to 19). (OCHA, 30 Nov 2015)
The number of cases in 2015 up to epidemiological week 48 (30,080) exceeds the total number of cases registered in 2014, mainly due to an increase in cases registered during the first trimester of 2015. The rapid and timely response to this situation led to a decrease in cases in October and November of 2015. (PAHO, 23 Dec 2015)
According to the cholera figures released by the Minister of Public Health and Population (MSPP), 36,045 cholera cases and 322 deaths were recorded from January to December 2015. This represents, in comparison to 2014, an increase of 24% in the number of cases, mainly due to a high number of cholera cases confirmed in the first quarter of 2015. In the last three months (October, November, December 2015), the upward trend of cholera persisted in the North and West departments. (OCHA, 31 Dec 2015)
Established in 2007, the ERRF Haïti is an OCHA-managed strategic pooled fund, ensuring a quick and effective response to any small-scale unforeseen emergency in the country. The Fund - under the leadership of the Humanitarian Coordinator - has responded to the most critical needs against a backdrop of reduced operational and financial capacities on the ground.
The Advisory Board decided to focus actions on the following strategic objectives:
Syria: The military offensive in Aleppo governorate has displaced more than 40,000 people since late January, and the number of displaced is reported to be increasing. There is concern that a siege of opposition-held areas of Aleppo city is imminent. An estimated 20,000 newly displaced Syrians are stuck at the Bab al Salam crossing along the Syria–Turkey border, as Turkey has denied them entry into Turkish territory.
Since mid-2015, the humanitarian context in Haiti has been deteriorating with multiple humanitarian dynamics changing and worsening. It is estimated that severe drought, El-Nino and food insecurity have affected around 600,000 people, while Cholera has expanded in new areas and registered significant increase in number of cases (+35%). Migration flows from the Dominican Republic and the binational crisis that resulted from it have constituted another concerning humanitarian issue.
With the end of 2015, it was confirmed an upsurge in the intensity of the cholera epidemic in Haiti. It remains mainly due to the lack of accessibility of the population to clean water and sanitation facilities. According to the cholera figures released by the Minister of Public Health and Population (MSPP), 36,045 cholera cases and 322 deaths were recorded from January to December 2015. This represents, in comparison to 2014, an increase of 24% in the number of cases, mainly due to a high number of cholera cases confirmed in the first quarter of 2015.
A la fin de 2015, l’épidémie de choléra a confirmé son regain d’intensité et d’occurrence en Haïti. Sa persistance reste principalement causée par le manque d’accessibilité de la population à l’eau potable et aux infrastructures sanitaires. Au 31 décembre 2015, les chiffres du choléra publiés par le Ministère de la Santé Publique et de la Population (MSPP) faisaient état de 36 045 cas de choléra enregistrés depuis le début de l’année et de 322 décès.
Par Gotson Pierre
P-au-P., 1er fév. 2015 [AlterPresse] --- « Il y a urgence pour que les acteurs haïtiens trouvent (…) une issue consensuelle » à la crise politique, à quelques jours de la fin du mandat du président Michel Martelly le 7 février prochain, déclare Sandra Honoré, cheffe de la Mission de stabilisation de l’Onu en Haïti (Minustah), dans une interview accordée à AlterPresse.
Snapshot 27 January – 2 February 2016
Boko Haram in Nigeria, Cameroon, and Chad: 86 people were killed and 62 injured, with 15 missing after Boko Haram set fire to Dalori, near Maiduguri in Borno state. The past week also saw attacks in Chibok that left 13 dead and 30 injured. 40 civilians were reported dead after Cameroonian troops announced they were carrying out a search for BH militants in the area. In Cameroon, 52 people were killed in BH attacks in January. In Chad, two suicide bombings in Lac region left three dead and 56 wounded.
Les mandats de la majorité des législateurs haïtiens ont pris fin en janvier 2015, sans que de nouvelles élections aient eu lieu pour les remplacer, ce qui a provoqué la cessation d’activité parlement.
This Operations Update conveys a revised budget of 2,970,316 Swiss francs. These funds have enabled the IFRC to support the Dominican Red Cross (DRC) and the Haiti Red Cross Society’s (HRCS) efforts to reduce cholera on the Island of Hispaniola and to deliver assistance to 499,637 people. The revised budget is a result of a re-prioritization of actions in Haiti and on the decision to close the emergency appeal as of March 2016. Activities in the Dominican Republic were finalized within the original timeframe in December of 2015.
Total affected population: 10 million
Total affected children (under 18): 4.3 million
Total people to be reached in 2016: 778,000 (35 per cent adults)
Total children to be reached in 2016: 506,220
2016 programme targets
- 800 unaccompanied and separated children benefitted from family tracing and reintegration follow up
Malgré l’augmentation des cas suspects de choléra confirmés au premier trimestre 2015, qui a accru le nombre total de cas pour l’année en comparaison à l’année 2014, le nombre de cas suspect de choléra confirmés en septembre-octobre-novembre a progressivement baissé. De janvier à novembre 2015, plus de 31 000 cas et 297 décès ont été enregistrés.
Despite the increase of cholera cases confirmed in the first quarter of 2015, which increased the total Precipitation Cholera cases number of cases for the year compared to 2014, the number of cholera cases pluvieuse confirmed in September-October-November has gradually decreased. From January to November 2015, more than 31,000 cases and 297 deaths were recorded.
Burundi: As the security situation continues to deteriorate, the UN Security Council has expressed concern over possible mass atrocities and ethnic violence. Clashes continues in several areas of the country. Burundian refugees in DRC expressed fears over possible cross-border attacks by government forces.
Nigeria: An outbreak of Lassa viral haemorrhagic fever was announced in Nigeria on 8 January. At least 140 suspected cases and 30 confirmed cases, including 53 deaths, have been reported in 14 states. The indicated case fatality rate stands at 37.9%.
Gambia: Almost 182,000 people (9% of the population) are severely food insecure after erratic rains caused drought and crop failure. Most affected regions are Upper River, West Coast, and Northern Bank.
Réf. : PIO/PR/1/2016
Port-au-Prince, le 14 janvier 2016 - Six ans après le tremblement de terre dévastateur de 2010 ayant causé la mort de plus de 200 000 personnes et laissé au moins 1,5 millions d’autres de sans-abri, l'action humanitaire a obtenu des résultats significatifs. Par exemple, environ 96% des 1,5 millions de personnes déplacées ont quitté les camps grâce, en partie, à des programmes de retour et de relocalisation.
Ref. : PIO/PR/1/2016
DRC: Violence between Hutu and Nande, in Miriki, Lubero, Nord-Kivu, allegedly over land, has left 17 dead and over 20,000 displaced. The displaced urgently need food and drinking water.
Iraq: In Ramadi and Hawija, Islamic State has stalled civilians’ attempts to escape conflict zones and persecution. People from Hawija must trek for two days across mountainous terrain to reach safety: 60 people were reported to have died on the journey between November 2015 and January 2016.
Face à la situation du choléra qui persiste dans le pays, le Comité de Coordination des ONG en Haïti (CCO Haïti) appelle à la mobilisation des acteurs nationaux et internationaux, notamment les bailleurs de fond, à continuer leur soutien dans la lutte contre le choléra pour l’année 2016 et pendant les 5 prochaines années.