Since the emergence of cholera in Haiti in October 2010, the Ministry of Public Health and Population recorded 719,377 suspected cases and 8,767 cholera-related deaths as of 30 Nov 2014. Despite severe infrastructure and financial constraints, concerted Haitian and international efforts have succeeded in drastically reducing the number of reported cholera cases in Haiti – down from a peak of over 350,000 reported cases for 2011, to 21,916 reported cases for 2014, from 1 January to 30 November. The persistence of cholera in Haiti is mainly due to the lack of access to clean water and appropriate sanitation facilities, and although considerable improvements have been made in this regard, Haiti continues to host the largest cholera epidemic in the Western Hemisphere. Structural issues such as weak water, sanitation and health systems enable cholera, acute diarrhoea and other waterborne diseases to persist. (UNCT, 31 Dec 2014)
At the beginning of 2015, the number of suspected cases was 75 per cent higher than originally expected in the mid-term review of the 2014 Humanitarian Action Plan (i.e. 15,000). From 8 Nov to 31 Dec 2014, the total number of reported suspected cholera cases was 11 324, with 133 fatalities. This is an increase of 20 per cent compared to the same period in 2013. In the first half of 2014, cholera outbreaks were only reported in the northern departments whereas by the end of 2014, the epidemic had spread to nine (out of a total of ten) departments. The upwards trend continued at the beginning of 2015, with the number of cases being 50 per cent higher than during the same period last year. (ECHO, 16 Jan 2015)
Suspected cholera cases reported for January to March 2015 were above those observed in early 2012 (but lower than those reported in the first quarter of 2013). This was predominately due to large outbreaks in the metropolitan region of Port-au-Prince which then spread to other high-risk regions. According to the national authorities, 4,321 suspected cholera cases and 36 deaths were reported in January, 4,055 suspected cases and 46 deaths in February ,and 3,014 cases and 22 deaths in March. (UNCT, 31 Mar 2015)
For the period between Jan-Jun 2015, OCHA reported 17,949 new cases - a 273% increase compared with the same period last year. As of June 2015, cholera has caused 8,992 deaths since the outbreak in Oct 2010. (OCHA, 27 Jul 2015)
July 2015 saw the rise of cholera cases in the West, Centre, Artibonite and North departments. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2015)
Overall, the epidemic is following a positive trend since its start in October 2010. This notwithstanding, the weekly incidence rate in July 2015 is twice 2014's, and the first half of the year has registered triple the number of cases and deaths than the same period in 2014. (OCHA, 12 Aug 2015)
"Le fonds ERRF est un fonds commun stratégique géré par OCHA, assurant une réponse rapide et efficace à n’importe quelle urgence imprévue en Haïti. Le Fonds - sous la supervision du Coordonnateur humanitaire - a répondu aux besoins les plus critiques du pays, dans un contexte de réduction des capacités opérationnelles et financières sur le terrain.
517 Cholera, 2014
529 Editorial note: cholera, a public health priority
530 Revitalizing control efforts for cholera
534 Innovative WASH interventions to prevent cholera
537 Cholera surveillance, rapid diagnostics and laboratory networks
539 Cholera in Bangladesh
542 Cholera in Haiti: successes and challenges in a low income country
WASHINGTON, le 29 Septembre 2015 – Le Conseil d’administration de la Banque mondiale a approuvé aujourd’hui une nouvelle stratégie en appui aux efforts du gouvernement haïtien pour offrir des opportunités économiques à chaque Haïtien et réduire la pauvreté dans le pays.
WASHINGTON, September 29, 2015 – Today, the World Bank Board of Executive Directors endorsed a new strategy in support of Haiti’s efforts to provide economic opportunities for all Haitians and reduce poverty in the country.
Saint Domingue, 21 septembre 2015 – L’impact des catastrophes découlant de phénomènes naturels extrêmes dans la région des Caraïbes ne cesse de gagner en importance, malgré les efforts nationaux et régionaux de préparation, de réponse et d’atténuation des pires effets.
Santo Domingo, 21 September 2015 – The impact of disasters caused by extreme natural phenomena in the Caribbean region is constantly on the rise, despite national and regional efforts to prepare, respond and mitigate the worst effects.
Santo Domingo, 21 de septiembre de 2015 – El impacto de los desastres va en aumento a pesar de los esfuerzos de los países para reducirlo. Esto se debe, entre otras causas, a la expansión y ocupación de la población en sitios expuestos a amenazas naturales.
The urgent appeal launched by the Humanitarian Country Team requires a 25 million dollars funding;
The United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund granted $ 7 million to Haiti to respond to emergencies;
More than 4,700 families affected following the passage of the last storm Erika;
The food security situation is likely to worsen in many areas affected by drought particular in the South, the North West, Northern Artibonite, South-East, North-East and West;
Snapshot 9–15 September 2015
Afghanistan: The number of severely food insecure has risen to 1.5 million people, according to a new assessment. 7.3 million people are moderately food insecure. Food security among IDPs is worsening, with around 200,000 people reported to be in need of immediate assistance.
L’appel urgent lancé par l’Equipe Humanitaire requiert un financement de 25 millions de dollars ;
Le Fonds central d'intervention d'urgences des Nations Unies (CERF) vient d’octroyer un montant de 7 millions de dollars à Haïti pour répondre aux urgences ;
Plus de 4 700 familles sinistrées suite au passage de la dernière tempête Erika ;
Situación del cólera en la Región de las Américas
Port-au-Prince, 4 Septembre 2015– Le coordinateur humanitaire en Haïti, Mourad Wahba, a lancé une demande urgente de 25.5 millions USD de financement pour répondre aux besoins humanitaires liés à des facteurs multiples tels que la sécheresse, l´insécurité alimentaire, le risque de désastres naturels, les mouvements migratoires à la frontière, le choléra et la présence de 60.000 personnes encore déplacées depuis le tremblement de terre de 2010.
Snapshot 2–8 September 2015
Yemen: The health system in Taizz governorate is close to collapse. All public hospitals have closed, and the remaining health facilities are overwhelmed by severely injured people as well as a dengue outbreak. Access remains severely restricted across the country. Hudaydah port, the main entry point for humanitarian supplies in north and central Yemen, remains closed, and road transport from Aden port to northern governorates remains limited.
Snapshot 25 August–1 September 2015
Papua New Guinea: 1.8 million people have been affected by prolonged dry spell and frost in the Highlands region; 1.3 million are reported to be most at risk. Crops have been destroyed, and several chools and health facilities have been closed due to water shortages. The affected population is reported to be resorting to less reliable sources of drinking water.
1 . By its resolution 2180 (2014), the Security Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) until 15 October 2015 and requested me to report on its implementation semi-annually and not later than 45 days before its expiration. The present report covers major developments between the issuance of my report of 4 March 2015 (S/2015/157) and 31 August 2015 and outlines activities undertaken by the Mission in line with its mandate under the relevant Council resolutions, most recently 2180 (2014)
By Cornelia Walther
Five years on, Haiti’s cholera epidemic remains an emergency, but as one village demonstrates, simple, cost-effective solutions are within reach.
ARTIBONITE, Haiti, 27 August 2015 – “In the past, many people here got very sick. My friend got cholera – she almost died,” says Maria, 12 years old. She lives in the commune of St. Michel d’Attalye, in Haiti’s Artibonite department.
When it comes to a vaccine to prevent cholera, one dose may be as good as two. That is the finding of a new study whose authors say the strategy would make a new vaccine that is in short supply go further.
The World Health Organization is stockpiling 2 million doses of a recently licensed oral cholera vaccine to prevent the severe diarrheal illness.
Snapshot 11 August – 25 August 2015
Haiti: Insecurity has increased since legislative elections. Violence and intimidation were reported at many polling stations and a second round of voting is planned, following low voter turnout. Food security has deteriorated as a result of prolonged drought conditions since the beginning of 2015: poor households in Sud, Sud-Est, Nord-Est and Artibonite will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes through December. Recent cholera rates are triple those of the comparable time period in 2014.