Since the emergence of cholera in Haiti in October 2010, the Ministry of Public Health and Population recorded 719,377 suspected cases and 8,767 cholera-related deaths as of 30 Nov 2014. Despite severe infrastructure and financial constraints, concerted Haitian and international efforts have succeeded in drastically reducing the number of reported cholera cases in Haiti – down from a peak of over 350,000 reported cases for 2011, to 21,916 reported cases for 2014, from 1 January to 30 November. The persistence of cholera in Haiti is mainly due to the lack of access to clean water and appropriate sanitation facilities, and although considerable improvements have been made in this regard, Haiti continues to host the largest cholera epidemic in the Western Hemisphere. Structural issues such as weak water, sanitation and health systems enable cholera, acute diarrhoea and other waterborne diseases to persist. (UNCT, 31 Dec 2014)
At the beginning of 2015, the number of suspected cases was 75 per cent higher than originally expected in the mid-term review of the 2014 Humanitarian Action Plan (i.e. 15,000). From 8 Nov to 31 Dec 2014, the total number of reported suspected cholera cases was 11 324, with 133 fatalities. This is an increase of 20 per cent compared to the same period in 2013. In the first half of 2014, cholera outbreaks were only reported in the northern departments whereas by the end of 2014, the epidemic had spread to nine (out of a total of ten) departments. The upwards trend continued at the beginning of 2015, with the number of cases being 50 per cent higher than during the same period last year. (ECHO, 16 Jan 2015)
Suspected cholera cases reported for January to March 2015 were above those observed in early 2012 (but lower than those reported in the first quarter of 2013). This was predominately due to large outbreaks in the metropolitan region of Port-au-Prince which then spread to other high-risk regions. According to the national authorities, 4,321 suspected cholera cases and 36 deaths were reported in January, 4,055 suspected cases and 46 deaths in February ,and 3,014 cases and 22 deaths in March. (UNCT, 31 Mar 2015)
For the period between Jan-Jun 2015, OCHA reported 17,949 new cases - a 273% increase compared with the same period last year. As of June 2015, cholera has caused 8,992 deaths since the outbreak in Oct 2010. (OCHA, 27 Jul 2015)
July 2015 saw the rise of cholera cases in the West, Centre, Artibonite and North departments. (OCHA, 31 Jul 2015)
Overall, the epidemic is following a positive trend since its start in October 2010. This notwithstanding, the weekly incidence rate in July 2015 is twice 2014's, and the first half of the year has registered triple the number of cases and deaths than the same period in 2014. (OCHA, 12 Aug 2015)
With the heavy rains of October, the health actors have observed a resurgence of cholera cases in several communes, notably in the departments of Artibonite, West, South East, South and North. Fifteen municipalities are in red alert. (OCHA, 31 Oct 2015)
Concern is growing about the rising numbers of cases in the department of Anse-à-Pitres, where the epidemic is spreading due to poor sanitary facilities in the south-eastern region. (GARR, 26 Nov 2015)
The health authorities reported an increase in the number of cholera cases for the month of November. Indeed, from November 22 to 28 (48th week), 1093 new cases and 13 institutional deaths were reported against only 268 new cases and 1 death in the 38th week (from Sept. 13 to 19). (OCHA, 30 Nov 2015)
The number of cases in 2015 up to epidemiological week 48 (30,080) exceeds the total number of cases registered in 2014, mainly due to an increase in cases registered during the first trimester of 2015. The rapid and timely response to this situation led to a decrease in cases in October and November of 2015. (PAHO, 23 Dec 2015)
According to the cholera figures released by the Minister of Public Health and Population (MSPP), 36,045 cholera cases and 322 deaths were recorded from January to December 2015. This represents, in comparison to 2014, an increase of 24% in the number of cases. In the last three months (October, November, December 2015), the upward trend of cholera persisted in the North and West departments. (OCHA, 31 Dec 2015)
During the first two months of 2016, the cholera epidemic has had a stable development in relation to the outbreak recorded at the end of 2015. The number of cases increased slightly compared to the same period in 2015, but the trend is downward since mid February. Nevertheless the return of the rain could be an important risk factor. In addition, the number of deaths has increased alarmingly: 15% more compared to 2015. (OCHA, 18 Apr 2016)
As of July 2016, health officials have observed a resurgence of cholera cases in several towns, including in the departments of Artibonite, Center, Nippes, North and West. According to a report of MSPP, more than 823 alerts were recorded during the week of 17-23 July 2016, and about twenty towns are on red alert. The situation is reported to be more critical in the towns of Carrefour (109 cases), Port-au-Prince (83 cases), Tabarre (75 cases), Mirebalais (45 cases) and Verrettes (39 cases). (OCHA, 31 Jul 2016)
In August 2016, the government presented its plan to eliminate cholera in the medium term. (Gov't of Haiti, 25 Aug 2016)
In October 2016, Hurricane Matthew devastated Haiti which saw an increase of cases in Grand’Anse (148 cases) , Sud (53), and North-Ouest (6 cases) , and Artibonite (28) in the aftermath. (WHO/PAHO, 11 Oct 2016)
On 14 October, the UN Secretary-General established the Haiti Cholera Response Multi-Partner Trust Fund to finance critical priorities of the new UN system approach to cholera in Haiti designed to support the country in overcoming the epidemic and building sound water, sanitation and health systems. (UN, 14 Oct 2016)
As of 24 October, 3,500 suspected cholera cases were reported to OCHA. UNICEF is working with Ministry of Health and PAHO to organize vaccination of 900,000 people in the most affected areas. The first round of the Cholera immunization campaign is scheduled for 8 November, 2016. (UNICEF, 1 Nov 2016)
A new approach to cholera in Haiti was laid out in the report by the UN Secretary-General (A/71/620) published on 12 December 2016. The UN General Assembly welcomed and committed to this new approach on 16 Dec 2016.
MSPP has reported 40,462 suspected cholera cases and 429 linked fatalities in 2016. (UNICEF, 6 Jan 2017)
Port-au-Prince, 13 January 2017 – Seven years after a devastating earthquake killed more than 200,000 people and displaced some 2 million others, the Haiti Red Cross Society is still hard at work supporting the survivors and building more resilient communities.
The 12 January 2010 earthquake was one of the biggest disasters in the country’s history. In the days following the tragedy, thousands of lives were saved by Haiti Red Cross volunteers and staff with the support of International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement partners.
Par UNICEF Haiti
Millwood, VA, January 12, 2017
Hurricane Matthew devastation in Haiti
On the 7th anniversary of the Haiti earthquake, Project HOPE vows to continue efforts to help rebuild Haiti’s health system after Hurricane Matthew compromised progress made to the health sector during the years following the devastating earthquake in 2010.
Depuis le passage de l’ouragan Matthew en Haïti le 4 octobre 2016, le nombre de cas suspects de choléra a connu une augmentation très importante. Entre le 9 octobre et le 5 novembre 2016, 5 100 cas ont été recensés, soit plus du double que sur le mois précédent. Les départements de Grand’Anse et du Sud sont les plus touchés et concentrent la moitié de ces cas (contre 8% jusqu’alors).
2017 Requirements: US$42,352,000
Total population in need: 2.7 million
Total children (<18) in need: 1.1 million
Total people to be reached in 2017: 1,237,500
Total children to be reached in 2017: 532,125
2017 programme targets
1.24 million people reached by rapid response teams and benefiting from the cordon sanitaire
770,000 people reached through the oral cholera vaccine campaign
By UNICEF Haiti
When Hurricane Matthew passed over Haiti in early October 2016, it flattened entire neighbourhoods and destroyed the livelihoods of large portions of the population. UNICEF is working with the Government to address the lasting impacts on children, including protracted food insecurity, persistent risk of disease, and disruptions to the infrastructures of water and sanitation, education and health.
9 January 2017 – A new drinking water distribution system, partly funded by the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), is now providing safe water for the people of Los Palis – a community in the district of Hinche, located in the centre of the island nation.
More than 1,300,000 people have beneficiated of food distribution since 3 months on.
Additionnally, 520,687 people have been provided with safe water for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene
The security situation in Grand’Anse has deteriorated following the arrest of senator-elect Guy Philippe, on 05 January with many demonstrations and road blocks reported and affecting humanitarian operations which were either temporally suspended or limited
The preliminary results of a new Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA) show that food security and availability in markets have improved in the communes affected by Matthew with the levels of inadequate food consumption decreasing in both Sud and Grand’Anse.
9 janvier 2017 – Un projet d'adduction d'eau potable en partie financé par la Mission des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en Haïti (MINUSTAH) permet désormais d'acheminer une eau sûre à la population de Los Palis - un quartier de la commune de Hinche, situé dans le département du Centre, en Haïti.
ACTED, présente en Haïti auprès des populations les plus vulnérables depuis 2004, est mobilisée depuis le passage de l’ouragan Matthew sur le Sud et la Grand’Anse le 4 octobre 2016 pour fournir une aide humanitaire d’urgence aux populations touchées par la catastrophe.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
3.2 million total people affected (HNO)
2.7 million /# of people in need of humanitarian assistance, of which
1.1 million /# of children in need of humanitarian assistance (UNICEF)
40,462 suspected cholera cases and 429 fatalities since 1 January 2016 (MSPP SE50)
1,633 number of schools damaged by hurricane Matthew, per assessments conducted by UNICEF and Education sector actors and partners. MoE figures remain at 716.
PORT-AU-PRINCE, le 4 janvier 2017 – Près de trois mois après le passage de l'ouragan de catégorie 4 , l’UNICEF et ses partenaires continuent d’apporter une aide aux personnes affectées.
P-au-P, 5 jan. 2017 [AlterPresse] --- La fréquence des grèves dans les hôpitaux, la résurgence de nouveaux cas de choléra dans les zones touchées par l’ouragan Matthew et l’apparition de nouvelles maladies infectieuses comme le Zika ont eu un impact considérable sur le système sanitaire haïtien déjà bancal, observe AlterPresse.
Une grève des personnels de santé des hôpitaux publics, débutée en mars 2016 pour prendre fin en juillet 2016, a été reprise le 5 décembre 2016.
UNICEF teams were among the first to arrive in affected areas after hurricane Matthew.
For multimedia content click http://weshare.unicef.org/Package/2AMZIFM2233
PORT-AU-PRINCE, 4 January 2017 – Almost three months after hurricane Matthew, UNICEF and its partners continue to deliver humanitarian aid to those most affected by the category 4 storm.
As of 30 December 2016, the inter-agency coordinated appeals and refugee response plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22.1 billion -- an increase of 10 per cent since it was first launched twelve months ago -- to meet the needs of 96.2 million humanitarian crisis-affected people in 40 countries. By the end of 2016, $12.6 billion were raised towards the coordinated appeals -- more than ever before. Despite immense donor generosity, it is only 57 percent of the requirements committed, leaving a short fall of $9.5 billion.