According to official contingency planning documents for El Niño 2015-2016, Bolivia's Civil Defense reported that 100,000 households (approx. 500,000 people) may be affected by excess rainfall and/or drought in 109 municipalities of the country (OCHA, 13 Oct 2015).
As of 21 December 2015, a state of emergency had been declared in 27 municipalities of the departments of Oruro, Cochabamba and Chuquisaca due to drought (ECHO, 23 Dec 2015).
In February 2016, the drought was still affecting the southern regions of Altiplano and Chaco (Gov't of Bolivia, 24 Feb 2016).
As of May 2016, 7 western regions were particularly affected, including Oruro and La Paz. More than 70,000 families are impacted by the drought (OCHA, 1 June 2016).
As of July 31, 160,000 people were affected by drought and 104 municipalities have declared a state of emergency (PAHO, 4 Aug 2016).
As of September 1, some 133,000 families had been affected by drought in 7 departments - Oruro, Cochabamba (the two most affected) and Beni have declared a state of emergency for drought. The sectors most affected were water, sanitation and hygiene and food security (OCHA, 23 Aug 2016).
On September 22, WFP implemented an operation to save lives and protect livelihoods of 40,000 assisted people affected by the drought in the Department of Oruro (WFP, 30 Sep 2016).
On November 21, Bolivia declared a drought state of emergency due to water shortages in large swaths of the country, claiming it to be the worst drought in 25 years (Gov't of Bolivia, 21 Nov 2016).
By the end of 2016, the drought had affected 173 of the country's 339 municipalities in 8 provinces. The west of the country is still affected, including Potosí, Oruro, el Chaco and the south of La Paz (La Paz, 28 Dec 2016).
Below‑average precipitations continued through January 2017 resulting in major areas being affected by severe dry weather. Compounding the effects of the dry weather in early February, a severe locust infestation affected 1,000 ha in 5 of the 15 municipalities of Santa Cruz.
The Government declared a state of emergency in the region and has begun to fumigate and provide farmers with access to pesticides, making immediately available USD 700,000 for this effort. FAO is assisting in this process, as well as developing a short term plan to manage the pest infestation and prevent a further expansion of the pest (FAO GIEWS, 17 Feb 2017).
A technical meeting was carried out jointly with the Governor of Oruro and staff from the Vice Ministry of Civil Defence to finalize the IR-EMOP 201021, carried out between September – December 2016, through which WFP has improved the food security of more than 40,000 people. (WFP, 31 Mar 2017)
In April 2017, a state of emergency was declared in Vallegrande as 1,366 families suffered the affects of drought and crop destruction as a result of the worst drought registered in the last 20 years in that region of the country (Government of Bolivia, 24 Apr 2017). By May of 2017, 24,000 families in 535 communities have been affected by drought. The Government assures that food security has not been affected despite lower agricultural yields in recent months (Government of Bolivia, 28 May 2017).
Brazil is undergoing its most severe drought in 35 years and heavily populated regions, particularly the country's southeast, depend on local reservoirs and aquifers which are not being replenished due to the drought (Thomson Reuters Foundation, 30 Oct 2015). In October, 13,440 forest fires were registered in the state of Amazonas and authorities declared a 90-day state of emergency for 12 cities (OCHA, 2 Nov 2015). Severe dry weather, associated to the El Niño phenomena, in major producing states such as Parana and parts of Sao Paulo and Mato Grosso have reportedly delayed maize planting operations and reduced the area planted (FAO, 30 Dec 2015). In October 2016, the National Integration Ministry acknowledged the emergency in 14 municipalities in the states of Amazonas, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Sergipe, São Paulo and Tocantins, so that cities can count on benefits offered by the Federal Government (Gov't of Brazil, 7 Oct 2016). In December 2016, President Temer announced $230 million in investments to build 133,000 rainwater harvesting cisterns, ponds, and water access projects in 15 Brazilian states reeling from drought, mostly in Northeast Brazil (Gov't of Brazil, 28 Dec 2016). In February 2017, concern for the Boqueirão reservoir in the city of Campina Grande in Northeast Brazil increased significantly as the reservoir reached only 4 percent capacity. Experts predict without further rainfall, the city's water system will collapse by mid-year possibly resulting in mass evacuations of the city (Reuters, 17 Feb 2017). As of March 2017, over 850 Brazil cities faced major water shortage issues. The number of cities across Brazil under state of emergency by the federal government on account of a long period of drought total 872, with the Northeast being the most severely affected region (Government of Brazil, 22 Mar 2017).
In Colombia, El Niño weather phenomenon is predicted to decrease rains by more than 60% during the rainy season of Oct-Nov-Dec. (Gov't, 5 Oct 2015)
On 30 Dec, the Colombian President declared the red alert for low levels in the Magdalena and Cauca rivers in 23 provinces. (Reuters, 30 Dec 2015)
Early January 2016, 124 municipalities were affected by drought in the country. (Gov't of Colombia, 6 Jan 2016)
Early April, a public emergency due to drought was declared in Córdoba and Cesar departments. (PAHO, 8 Apr 2016)
In June 2016, the Government declared the dry season had ended, over a particularly severe El Niño phenomenon. (Gov't of Colombia, 2 June 2016)
As of December 2016, undernutrition remains a serious issue in parts of Colombia. 93 children have died of undernutrition in the department of La Guajira in 2016, including three during the last 24 hours, and 13 between 10 and 17 December. The majority of these deaths have occurred among the Wayuú indigenous population. The deaths are related to drought, lack of access to food and drinking water, the absence of basic services and the closure of the border with Venezuela (ECHO, 20 Dec 2016). The European Commission’s Department for Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations has been funding a comprehensive response programme, implemented by humanitarian partners to address the acute water and food needs of nearly 900 families in the Wayuu community (ECHO, 08 Mar 2017).
In Paraguay, the authorities delivered water to about 1,100 indigenous families affected by drought in remote areas of the provinces of Presidente Hayes y Boquerón early February (Gov't of Paraguay, 4 Feb 2016). Between June and August, the government delivered more than 10 million liters of water to affected people in the western regions of the country, including El Chaco (Gov't of Paraguay, 26 Sep 2016). In January 2017, the government distributed safe drinking water to over 2,500 families affected by drought in El Chaco (Gov't of Paraguay, 27 Jan 2017). In March 2017, the government distributed 1,680 liters of safe drinking water to over 2,500 indigenous families affected by drought in the western regions of the country (Gov't of Paraguay, 27 Mar 2017). In March 2017, WFP started the distribution of the caloric supplement in the Paraguayan Chaco jointly with the National Institute for Food and Nutrition (INAN). (WFP, 31 Mar 2017).
In Venezuela, power cuts were announced in April 2016 with the aim to alleviate the pressure on the Guri hydroelectric dam, the largest power plant in the country, where the long-running drought has driven water levels to historic lows. (Deutsche Welle, 21 Apr 2016) The effects of the drought have been compounded by the El Nino weather phenomenon, which is pushing back the start of the rainy season.
In Peru, the agricultural sector has been impacted by drought, and several provinces, including Apurimac (PAHO, 31 May 2016) and Junin have been declared in emergencies. (El Comercio, 3 Feb 2016) The government has released a risk prevention and mitigation plan before drought for 2016. (Gov't of Peru, 2 Feb 2016) By the end of March 2016, the government had invested more than 13 million soles in emergency mitigation actions against the drought. (WFP, 30 May 2016) On 30 Sep, a state of emergency was declared by Executive powers due to imminent danger from a lack of water in several districts of Arequipa. (PAHO, 30 Sep 2016) On 11 December, a state of emergency was declared for seven provinces in the Lima region due to water shortages. (RPP, 11 Dec 2016)
In Ecuador, the complexity of the situation is also compounded by the drought and flooding conditions brought about by the El Niño phenomenon, which is also affecting the earthquake affected
Manabí and Esmeraldas provinces. (WFP, 20 Apr 2016)
Ecuador has lost more than USD 7,100 million due to El Niño. It is foreseen that by spring 2016, the production will drop as follows: husked rise 16%, flint maize 22%, sugar 40% and banana 30%. This will decrease the food security of vulnerable households as well as the local and national economy. (WFP, 30 May 2016) In March 2017, WFP assisted 25,400 people, suffering the consequences of food insecurity and heavy rains. (WFP, 31 Mar 2017)
El pasado miércoles 12 y jueves 13 de julio, los Doctores Christian Reuter, Secretario General de la Cruz Roja Alemana, Christof Johnen, Director de Cooperación de la Cruz Roja Alemana, Andreas Lidner, delegado de la Cruz Roja Alemana para Alemania, Javier González, delegado de la Cruz Roja Alemana para Colombia y la Ing.
Una comunidad indígena de Toro Pampa, en Fuerte Olimpo, Alto Paraguay, contará próximamente con un nuevo colector de agua segura que se sumará al que ya tiene en este momento, lo que garantizará que las familias superen durante todo el año el problema de escasez. “Debemos tener en cuenta que la sequía castiga fuertemente a esta zona del Chaco durante seis meses, y en este momento entramos a esta temporada de pocas lluvias”, explicó Ricardo Maidana, asesor de la Secretaría de Emergencia Nacional (SEN) y encargado de las obras.
Personal de la Dirección General de Administración de Emergencias de la Secretaría de Emergencia Nacional (SEN) realizará una travesía de unos 4 300 kilómetros desde el lunes 10 de julio, rumbo a los departamentos de Boquerón y Presidente Hayes, con el objetivo de distribuir agua segura a varias comunidades indígenas, afectadas por la escasez del vital líquido en zonas del territorio chaqueño. Esta tarea es realizada de forma periódica por la cartera estatal.
In 2016, BTC started implementing the new assistance paradigm which in 2015 was outlined for the upcoming fifteen years.
"What used to be a wetland, today is a desert."
Leonardo Vergara is secretary of the Agricultural Association of Afro-descendant and Displaced Indigenous Peasants (Asoagrocam) in the district of Las Flores in northern Colombia. He spends a lot of time thinking about how to help his neighbours cope with the impacts of climate change in the region of La Mojana in Colombia.
Trinidad, 5 jul (ABI).- El director departamental del Centro de Operaciones de Emergencia (COE) del Beni, Cristhian Cámara, informó el miércoles que se activó el plan de contingencia contra la sequía en el municipio de Magadalena, que se reportó en emergencia, razón por la que se enviará personal y equipos a esa región del país.
El ministro de Medio Ambiente y Agua, Carlos Ortuño, informó el lunes que el Gobierno invierte 58 millones de dólares (403,6 millones de bolivianos) para atender a cuatro departamentos afectados por la sequía.
"Todo el plan de emergencias superan los 58 millones de dólares, pero según la identificación de cada proyecto se va incrementando, según la necesidad", explicó a los periodistas.
Leer más en La Razón
The Minister for Economic and Social Inclusion, Lídice Larrea, appreciated the cooperation with the World Food Programme to support the most vulnerable people in the country and to help reduce undernutrition. The Minister also highlighted the importance of the coordinated work of the two institutions in response to the earthquake on 16 April, 2016.
Municipio de San Andrés, Beni
El proyecto beneficia a 70 familias de cinco comunidades del departamento beniano. Se trata de un sistema para aprovechar al máximo el uso del agua.
En una de las primeras casas de la comunidad beniana de Bella Selva, Melchora Ibanoré teje afanada una hamaca bajo la atenta mirada de sus nietos. La mujer detiene su trabajo y se anima a contar que aunque esa región tiene mucha vegetación, en los últimos años fueron azotados por sequías prolongadas.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Smaller cereal output expected in 2017
Cereal exports to decline in 2016/17 marketing year but remain high
Smaller cereal output expected in 2017
Fuente: La Prensa
Las lluvias son la única esperanza que tienen las autoridades del Servicio Autónomo Nacional de Acueductos y Alcantarillados (Sanaa) para superar la escasez de agua potable que afecta a varios sectores de La Ceiba, a los que en los últimos días están abasteciendo con cisternas.
Nearly 4.9 million people in Colombia are in need of humanitarian assistance as a result of violence, armed conflict and natural disasters. Humanitarian assistance and compliance with international humanitarian law and Human Rights remain a priority in the current country context.
Fuente: Página siete
Hay deficiencias o limitaciones en cuanto a reservas de agua. Personalmente, he podido comprobar esa situación. Por tanto, estamos en la posibilidad de adelantar que -más o menos- aproximadamente estamos por un 20 por ciento de las reservas de agua”.
Así declaró ayer a El Potosí el responsable de la Autoridad del Agua y Control Social de Agua Potable y Saneamiento Básico (AAPS), Víctor Hugo Rico, quien lideró la inspección técnica de las lagunas del sistema Kari Kari.
One staff from WFP Ecuador was deployed to Peru to share experiences and support WFP Peru and the Government of Peru on emergency response.
Delegates from the Ministry of Education and WFP Ecuador participated in the VIII Seminar of School Feeding in Mexico, where the Ministry of Education shared experiences on the school feeding programmes implemented in Ecuador.
Fuente: Los Tiempos
Radio Fides y Erbol
Dos días de nevada caída en Potosí castigaron poblaciones de zonas altas dejando incomunicados varios caseríos. Además, las heladas y sequía registradas en el año afectaron a, por lo menos, 535 comunidades, informó ayer la Unidad de Gestión de Riesgos de la Gobernación potosina.
La nieve caída en el sudoeste del departamento acumuló hasta 30 centímetros de altura en las quebradas y hasta 15 en lugares planos como carreteras, informó a radio Fides Potosí el director de Riesgos, Fernando Elías.
Sucre, 23 may (ABI).- El presidente Evo Morales entregó el martes cinco tanques de almacenamiento de agua que beneficiará a los distritos 2, 3, 4 y 5 del municipio de Sucre, cuya inversión asciende a 22,5 millones de bolivianos.
"Ahora (entregamos) los tanques de agua potable para almacenamiento y de esta manera no falte agua a la ciudad de Sucre", manifestó en un acto público.
Cereal production in 2017 expected at record levels
Maize exports forecast to recover in 2017/18 marketing year
Prices for maize declined sharply in April, wheat prices stable
Cereal production in 2017 expected to reach record levels
This is the first consolidated presentation of the reported results of CERF funding, covering a full year of CERF allocations. As such, it serves as a pilot and will inform future CERF results reporting. This report was compiled on the basis of information provided by Resident Coordinators/Humanitarian Coordinators (RC/ HCs) and Humanitarian Country Teams (HCTs) in 66 consolidated reports covering the results of more than 450 CERF-funded projects.