Early warning signs provide alarming indications of looming significant food supply shortages that are likely to impact on the next marketing season. The rains experienced in late March and early April provided some relief to livestock farmers, but arrived too late for both staple foods and cash crops. These adverse weather conditions are likely to reduce crop production in southern Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Malawi, Madagascar and South Africa. The negative impact of flooding will also affect food security in Malawi, Madagascar and Mozambique. (OCHA, 29 May 2015)
Nearly 29 million people are currently food insecure in southern Africa region mainly due to the carry-over effects of the past poor harvest season combined with other structural factors. Unless a two-track approach is quickly taken to address the current food insecurity and to establish measures to mitigate against the El Niño effects, the existing food insecurity will deepen and increase in scope with its effects will last till 2017. (Southern African Food and Nutrition Security Working Group, 17 Nov 2015)
The combination of a poor 2014/15 season and an extreme early dry spell during the 2015/16 rainy season to date (November to February) over southern and western Madagascar has resulted in an intense drought...It is now estimated that close to 1.14 million people are food insecure in seven districts of southern Madagascar (80% of the population). About 665 000 people are severely food insecure and in need of urgent emergency food security support until the end of the 2016/17 lean season...On 22 March, the government of Madagascar has declared a state of emergency for southern Madagascar. (ECHO, 30 Mar 2016)
Lesotho last had normal rainfall between April and May 2015... An estimated 15-30 percent of Lesotho’s population is in need of humanitarian assistance to help them cope with this acute drought situation. The Lesotho Vulnerability Assessment Committee (LVAC) report for 2015 indicates deterioration in the food security situation with the number of people in need going from 447,760 to 463,936 (an increase in prevalence from 26% to 33%). (IFRC, 06 Apr 2016)
In Malawi, the prolonged dry spells and floods not only affected maize production but other crops such as ground nuts have also been affected, and harvests are down by 21%. This left more than 2.8 million people in Malawi food insecure for a period of between three to 8 months. 25 out of the 28 Districts in Malawi were affected. Of the 2.8 million people affected 886,204 were living in the hard hit flood-affected districts and 1,947,008 were in districts affected by poor rainfall. An estimated 20% to 40% of Malawi’s population were at that time reported to be in need of humanitarian assistance to help them cope with the acute food shortage. On 12 April 2016, the President of Malawi declared a state of national disaster as a result of prolonged dry spells during 2015/2016 season. (IFRC, 18 Apr 2016)
Mozambique is facing severe drought in the Southern and Central region of the country affecting approximately 1.5 million people. The Government activated the institutional red alert in the most drought affected provinces such as, Tete, Sofala, Gaza, Inhambane and Maputo aiming to intensify and expand the response actions, disburse additional funds planned for emergency situations and mobilize additional resources through the cooperating partners. (OCHA, 04 May 2016)
Based on preliminary results, the ZimVAC has indicated that the prevalence of rural food insecurity in Zimbabwe will be higher than the 30 percent revealed by the January 2016 Rapid Assessment. The global acute malnutrition (GAM) prevalence is likely to increase beyond the 5.7 percent indicated in January. (WFP, 14 Jun 2016)
Between October 2014 and February 2015, Namibia experienced highly erratic rainfall patterns that negatively impacted the planting and cultivation seasons. The recent 2016 assessment done by the office of the Prime Minister and Ministry of Agriculture estimated that 729,134 people were food insecure and 595,839 need immediate assistance due to the drought situation. Prolonged dry spells and extensive flooding characterized the planting season and resulted in delayed planting and destroyed crops. As a result, the 2014/15 crop production yields were 46% below average which put parts of country at high risk of food insecurity. (IFRC, 03 Aug 2016.)
November marks the normal start of the lean season in most of the region, but most countries experienced an earlier than normal start to the lean season this year because of the impact of the El Niño-drought in late 2015 and early 2016. Poor households in the most affected parts of the region including areas in Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe continue facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity outcomes with increasing areas likely falling into Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes during the peak period (Jan-Mar 2017) in the absence of adequate humanitarian assistance. (FEWS NET, 23 Dec 2016)
- SADC: Regional Humanitarian Appeal (Jun 2016)
- FAO Southern Africa El Niño Response Plan (2016/17)
- RIASCO Action Plan for Southern Africa: Response Plan for the El Niño-induced Drought in Southern Africa (May 2016-Apr 2017)
- UNICEF El Niño Eastern & Southern Africa Region Investment Case (23 Jun 2016)
“La Résolution 46/182 des Nations Unies reste aussi pertinente et fondamentale aujourd’hui qu’en décembre 1991 et les principes d’humanité, de neutralité, indépendance et d’impartialité qu’elle contient continuent de guider une assistance humanitaire stratégique, coordonnée et efficace aux personnes qui en ont besoin”
Can holding down the cost of milling grain, using renewable energy, hold the line on food prices in Zambia?
By Danstan Kaunda
LUSAKA, Jan 17 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - For Inonge Imutowana, buying food for her family of six is becoming increasingly costly. On the outskirts of the capital, a 25-kilo bag of staple mealie meal that cost 65 kwacha a year ago now is selling for 140 kwacha ($14).
WFP El Niño response scaled-up by 28 percent to reach 1 million people in December.
WFP commences the Moderate Acute Malnutrition treatment programme in 6 of the most affected districts.
USD5.6 million received from Canada, China, Finland and Russia towards WFP’s El Niño response.
The ZimVAC rapid assessment is planned for January in order to updated the findings of the July 2016 Rural Livelihoods Assessment and identify recovery needs.
Aid organisation CARE International today issued a new report highlighting the top ten most underreported humanitarian crises of 2016.
The report, Suffering in Silence, features food crises in Eritrea, Madagascar, North Korea and Papua New Guinea; conflicts in Burundi, Lake Chad Basin, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Sudan and last year’s monsoon floods in Bangladesh.
MAPUTO - The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has welcomed a GBP 3.6 million contribution from the United Kingdom to help fight malnutrition in Mozambique.
The contribution from UKaid will provide nutritional support over the next six months to approximately 60,000 people in the worst-affected provinces - Cabo Delgado, Gaza, Nampula, Tete, Sofala and Zambezia. The majority of those who will receive nutritional support are malnourished children under five years of age, and pregnant and nursing women.
Higher use of negative livelihoods coping strategies among households headed by women
Twice as many rural households have poor food consumption than urban households
Food insecurity increasing among households who buy food
Maize meal prices continued to fall in November but remain higher than last year
Prices for wheat flour and pulses remain stable
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JULY 2017
Humanitarian assistance in phased response is improving acute food insecurity outcomes
Rains improved in many areas that were affected by severe drought last season
Poor rains have been received in Tanzania and parts of Madagascar, with likely impacts on crop production in affected areas
An armyworm outbreak has affected the region, with reports of outbreaks in Zambia,
Zimbabwe and Malawi. The outbreak in Zambia is particularly severe
• UNICEF and partners carried out the seventh complete periodic malnutrition screening of 300,000 children under 5 years of age (6 to 59 months) in October 2016. The screening found 2,146 children affected by severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and 10,484 affected by moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) in the 8 most affected districts. In 2016, 14,500 children with SAM have been treated.
Wednesday, 11 January 2017 10:54 GMT
The pest which can eat through vast areas of crops if left unchecked is affecting most provinces
HARARE, Jan 11 (Reuters) - Zimbabwean farmers in the maize growing regions face a threat from the armyworm, a pest that consumes vast fields of crops if left unchecked, a government official said.
Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation
• The cumulative number of children aged 6-59 months who were treated for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the 20 priority districts with high global acute malnutrition (GAM) levels (5% and above) at the end of November 2016, was 6,189.
PANORAMA DE LA SITUATION DE L’INSÉCURITÉ ALIMENTAIRE AIGUË
Près de 60% des ménages vivant dans le Grand Sud sont directement affectés par les effets du phénomène El Niño en 2016. Sur trois années consécutives le Grand Sud a enregistré une insuffisance et une mauvaise répartition des précipitations dans le temps et dans l’espace ; une situation devenue plus précaire avec le phénomène El Niño.
Southern Africa has been hit by its worst drought in 35 years. An estimated 32 million people are food insecure.
Poverty is expected to rise, jeopardizing decades of hard-won developmental gains in the region.
Cash transfers have become the primary response to support the recovery of disaster-affected population.
By Andrea Vermehren, Lead Social Protection Specialist working in the Africa region
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Favourable weather forecasts improved production outlook in 2017
Tighter supplies sustain higher year-on-year maize prices
Food security conditions remain stressed in southern parts that were most affected by prolonged dryness and poor agricultural production in 2016
Increased chance of above-average rains favours production prospects in 2017
The Lessons Learned Portal Project is a recommendation by participants of the February 2015 Expert Forum in Antalya, Turkey, a gathering of more than 90 participants that focused on “Lessons Learned about Lessons Learned about Hydro-meteorological Disaster Risk Reduction in a Changing Climate.”
‘Market estimates for South Africa’s 2016/17 total maize production vary between 11.7 million tons and 13.0 million tons, which is well above the previous season’s output of 7.5 million tons. If this materializes, South Africa would return to be a net exporter of maize as domestic annual consumption is just 10.5 million tons’– Agbiz, www.agbiz.co.za.) '
Malawi's outbreak follows one in neighbouring Zambia, where the military has been deployed to battle the bugs, and Zimbabwe
LILONGWE, Jan 12 (Reuters) - Malawi, which was hit by a crippling drought last year, has become the third southern African nation to report an outbreak of armyworms, a voracious pest that devours maize and other crops.
Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation
Heavy rainfall is expected to provide relief for southeastern Africa, but will increase the risk of flooding
Africa Weather Hazards
Since December, increased locust numbers and breeding have been reported in western Mauritania, Western Sahara, and northeastern Sudan according to the Food and Agriculture Organization.