Early warning signs provide alarming indications of looming significant food supply shortages that are likely to impact on the next marketing season. The rains experienced in late March and early April provided some relief to livestock farmers, but arrived too late for both staple foods and cash crops. These adverse weather conditions are likely to reduce crop production in southern Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Malawi, Madagascar and South Africa. The negative impact of flooding will also affect food security in Malawi, Madagascar and Mozambique. (OCHA, 29 May 2015)
Nearly 29 million people are currently food insecure in southern Africa region mainly due to the carry-over effects of the past poor harvest season combined with other structural factors. Unless a two-track approach is quickly taken to address the current food insecurity and to establish measures to mitigate against the El Niño effects, the existing food insecurity will deepen and increase in scope with its effects will last till 2017. (Southern African Food and Nutrition Security Working Group, 17 Nov 2015)
The combination of a poor 2014/15 season and an extreme early dry spell during the 2015/16 rainy season to date (November to February) over southern and western Madagascar has resulted in an intense drought...It is now estimated that close to 1.14 million people are food insecure in seven districts of southern Madagascar (80% of the population). About 665 000 people are severely food insecure and in need of urgent emergency food security support until the end of the 2016/17 lean season...On 22 March, the government of Madagascar has declared a state of emergency for southern Madagascar. (ECHO, 30 Mar 2016)
Lesotho last had normal rainfall between April and May 2015... An estimated 15-30 percent of Lesotho’s population is in need of humanitarian assistance to help them cope with this acute drought situation. The Lesotho Vulnerability Assessment Committee (LVAC) report for 2015 indicates deterioration in the food security situation with the number of people in need going from 447,760 to 463,936 (an increase in prevalence from 26% to 33%). (IFRC, 06 Apr 2016)
In Malawi, the prolonged dry spells and floods not only affected maize production but other crops such as ground nuts have also been affected, and harvests are down by 21%. This left more than 2.8 million people in Malawi food insecure for a period of between three to 8 months. 25 out of the 28 Districts in Malawi were affected. Of the 2.8 million people affected 886,204 were living in the hard hit flood-affected districts and 1,947,008 were in districts affected by poor rainfall. An estimated 20% to 40% of Malawi’s population were at that time reported to be in need of humanitarian assistance to help them cope with the acute food shortage. On 12 April 2016, the President of Malawi declared a state of national disaster as a result of prolonged dry spells during 2015/2016 season. (IFRC, 18 Apr 2016)
Mozambique is facing severe drought in the Southern and Central region of the country affecting approximately 1.5 million people. The Government activated the institutional red alert in the most drought affected provinces such as, Tete, Sofala, Gaza, Inhambane and Maputo aiming to intensify and expand the response actions, disburse additional funds planned for emergency situations and mobilize additional resources through the cooperating partners. (OCHA, 04 May 2016)
Based on preliminary results, the ZimVAC has indicated that the prevalence of rural food insecurity in Zimbabwe will be higher than the 30 percent revealed by the January 2016 Rapid Assessment. The global acute malnutrition (GAM) prevalence is likely to increase beyond the 5.7 percent indicated in January. (WFP, 14 Jun 2016)
Between October 2014 and February 2015, Namibia experienced highly erratic rainfall patterns that negatively impacted the planting and cultivation seasons. The recent 2016 assessment done by the office of the Prime Minister and Ministry of Agriculture estimated that 729,134 people were food insecure and 595,839 need immediate assistance due to the drought situation. Prolonged dry spells and extensive flooding characterized the planting season and resulted in delayed planting and destroyed crops. As a result, the 2014/15 crop production yields were 46% below average which put parts of country at high risk of food insecurity. (IFRC, 03 Aug 2016.)
November marks the normal start of the lean season in most of the region, but most countries experienced an earlier than normal start to the lean season this year because of the impact of the El Niño-drought in late 2015 and early 2016. Poor households in the most affected parts of the region including areas in Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe continue facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity outcomes with increasing areas likely falling into Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes during the peak period (Jan-Mar 2017) in the absence of adequate humanitarian assistance. (FEWS NET, 23 Dec 2016)
Southern Africa now facing the peak of the El Niño-induced drought food security crisis, which is expected to last at least until the harvest in March/April 2017. Until then, WFP and its partners will maintain expanded operations, aiming to reach more than 13 million vulnerable people with relief, recovery, resilience and development activities ... WFP reached 9.9 million people in December 2016 and 10.6 million in January 2017. As of March 2017, $833 million has been raised for the humanitarian programmes in the RIASCO Action Plan, leaving a gap of $448,000. However, without additional funding, critical humanitarian needs will not be met. (OCHA, 6 Mar 2017)
- SADC: Regional Humanitarian Appeal (Jun 2016)
- FAO Southern Africa El Niño Response Plan (2016/17)
- RIASCO Action Plan for Southern Africa: Response Plan for the El Niño-induced Drought in Southern Africa (May 2016-Apr 2017)
- UNICEF El Niño Eastern & Southern Africa Region Investment Case (23 Jun 2016)
Maize grain in Tete is cheaper than last year
Maize meal is most expensive in Doa and Magoe districts
Rice prices remain stable in Sofala and Manica
Low availability of cowpeas in all surveyed districts
In some parts of Gaza the green harvest has been hindered by heavy rains
Food Security Outlook
A severe drought, associated with the El Niño phenomena, resulted in a humanitarian emergency in which an estimated 40 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. Vulnerability assessments and analysis indicated that 23 million required immediate humanitarian assistance, as of June 2016.
In response to this, the Southern African Development Community launched a regional humanitarian appeal for $2.4 billion to support the needs of the affected population in the affected Member States.
Maize prices continued to increase in January in most countries in the region. The upward pressure is likely to be due to the peak of the lean season. Overall, maize prices will remain above their average price trend at least until the next harvest. Malawi and Mozambique have the highest number of Maize markets in ALPS Crisis at 71 percent and 100 percent respectively.
Basic food prices remain high at the peak of the lean season
Beans, sugar, salt and vegetable oil are more expensive than last year
About 30 percent of traders in Hhohho and Shiselweni report difficult road conditions
Now in its 10th year, the Emergency Response Fund Scheme (ERFS) was established to promote early action and reduce loss of life in a sudden humanitarian crisis. Irish Aid has just allocated €2.7 million to six humanitarian partners under the Scheme for 2017: Concern Worldwide, Trócaire, Christian Aid Ireland, Plan International Ireland, World Vision Ireland and Oxfam Ireland.
How does the Fund work?
The scheme is particularly geared towards the initial weeks after the onset of an emergency and targets those in immediate need.
On February 13, 2017, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Council approved a total of US $ 4 million and US $ 2.6 million, respectively, for Lesotho and Malawi as part of additional financing projects with the African Development Bank (AfDB). The funds are mobilized under the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) of the GEF.
Omuthiya – Farmers in the Oshikoto Region are hopeful that this year they will have a good harvest despite the outbreak of worms in their fields in recent weeks. One of the hopeful farmers from Omuthiya, Esther Clonelius, who has been very busy weeding her three fields, says a part of one of her fields, situated a few kilometres outside Omuthiya, is already infested by unidentified worms.
Clonelius described the worms as having a red and greenish colour but has not reported the matter to the Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry.
La période couverte correspond à la mise en place des cultures de grande saison pour les Régions couvertes. Sur le plan météorologique, les prévisions de retard de la saison des pluies ont été confirmées, et il a été constaté une faiblesse des précipitations par rapport à la normale. Cela a perturbé la saison agricole et plus particulièrement le début de la période de mise en culture.
Negative coping levels are falling, except among worst-off households
Household purchasing power has improved as maize prices continue to decline
New malnutrition admissions are rising as the lean season reaches its peak
Households resorted less to negative coping strategies in January than in December
Rural households are using livelihoods coping strategies more than urban households
Purchasing power is lowest in southern districts The prices of maize meal, wheat and pulses have been stable since October
The remnants of Intense Tropical Cyclone Enawo exited Madagascar on the morning of Friday 10 March 2017. The storm traversed nearly the length of the island over two days, affecting communities from north to south across Madagascar’s eastern and central regions.
Wind damage and widespread flooding in cyclone-affected parts of the north-east, and heavy rains and widespread flooding in eastern, central and south-eastern parts of the country has been recorded.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Maize production forecast to recover in 2017 on account of improved weather conditions
Imports of maize forecast to expand in 2016/17 marketing year in response to 2016 drought-reduced harvest
Prices of maize meal stable but at high levels
Food security conditions expected to improve in 2017/18, following deterioration in 2016
Maize production in 2017 expected to rebound due to conducive weather conditions
This bulletin is being issued for information only and reflects the current situation and details available at this time. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is in discussion with the National Society to launch an emergency appeal. The Malagasy Red Cross Society (MRCS) will, however, accept direct assistance to provide support to the affected population.
By the end of January 2017, 1,123 children aged 0-59 months had been treated for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the 20 priority districts with high global acute malnutrition (GAM) levels of 5% and above.
Cyclone Enawo is wreaking havoc across Madagascar: towns and cities flooded; houses, schools, hospitals and critical infrastructure destroyed; and thousands of people displaced. Power outages are widespread in affected areas.
In January, a total of 1,158,442 children were screened for malnutrition through an active case finding campaign, supported by UNICEF. Of which, 24,194 (21,685 Moderate Acute Malnutrition and 2,507 Severe Acute Malnutrition) were referred for further management. In comparison, a total of 1,072,300 children were screened in December 2016.
IRIN contributor in Zimbabwe
RUSAPE/ZIMBABWE, 8 March 2017
Chengetai Zonke lost much of her maize crop to drought last year. When it came to planting again, she decided to reduce her stake in what has become a recurrent climate change gamble.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Forecasts point to production recovery in 2017, but army worm outbreak and heavy rains likely to restrain bigger gains
Maize imports rise in 2016/17 to boost domestic supplies following sharp production decrease in 2016
Estimated 4.1 million people food insecure, but conditions expected to improve with 2017 harvest beginning in April
Maize production in 2017 forecast to recover from 2016’s drought-reduced output