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14 Jun 2017 description
report IRIN

The humanitarian crisis unleashed by drought in Somalia has again highlighted the close links between extreme weather and food security. But how exactly are the two connected? And what can farmers in developing countries do to lessen the negative effects of climate change? This Q&A provides an overview of the key issues, with a focus on smallholders in Africa.

What is food security?

14 Jun 2017 description

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  • Cereal production in 2017 expected to nearly double compared to drought-reduced 2016 output

  • High yields reflect beneficial weather and good access to agricultural inputs

  • Cereal prices fall, while import requirements in 2017/18 forecast to contract on account of production rebound

  • Food security conditions anticipated to improve in 2017/18

Cereal production in 2017 forecast to rebound strongly

14 Jun 2017 description

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  • Maize production foreseen to recover in 2017 on account of improved weather conditions

  • Import forecast cuts in 2017/18 marketing year, reflecting expectations of larger maize output

  • Declining prices of maize on account of lower import prices and good production prospects

  • Food security conditions expected to improve in 2017/18

Cereal production forecast to recover in 2017

13 Jun 2017 description

Executive Summary

The month of May stands out owing to violations of the right to education, the right to food and civil and political rights mainly freedom of association and assembly. Most socio-economic violations that were reported this month were largely due to effects of the El-Nino induced drought, the economy’s continued downward spiral, worsening cash crisis and exacerbated lack of a diversified export base.

12 Jun 2017 description

Highlights

  • In April, WFP conducted the last food distribution of the Emergency Operation (EMOP). A Budget Revision was approved to extend cash based transfer (CBT) activities through May.

  • In April, WFP assisted 213,238 people with emergency assistance, of which 71,090 received food and 142,148 received CBT. In May, 56,973 people received CBT.

  • WFP’s Food by Prescription project remains underfunded, and pipeline breaks are expected in July 2017.

Operational Updates

12 Jun 2017 description

Highlights

  • WFP gradually scales down El Niño drought response as food security situation improves on the back of an improved summer harvest.

  • WFP’s new five-year Country Strategic Plan (2017 – 2021) was endorsed by the Executive Director.

  • The Cost of Hunger in Africa (COHA) study has been completed and will be launched in June 2017. The study highlighted that 11 percent of Mozambique’s GDP is lost annually due to stunting.

Operational Updates

12 Jun 2017 description

By Megan Rowling and Andrew Mambondiyani

BARCELONA/HARARE, June 12 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - When a big earthquake, flash flood or other sudden disaster hits, aid agencies spring into action with emergency responses and public appeals for donations. With droughts, it's different.

If the rains don't come, it can take months for the effects to be felt by poor rural families. Hunger kicks in only after crops fail, food stocks are exhausted and livestock start dying - but by then, help often comes too late to head off the worst.

10 Jun 2017 description

Above-average harvests likely to lead to largely Minimal food insecurity outcomes

Key Messages

09 Jun 2017 description
report Islamic Relief

Three consecutive years of droughts and flooding have left half of the population of Malawi in Southern Africa needing food aid. Balaka, in the southern region of the country, is one of the worst-affected districts.

Thousands of farmers did not harvest enough food to feed their families this year; either because of the lack of rain or an outbreak of army worm, which destroys crops.

Islamic Relief Malawi joined forces with the Muslim Association of Malawi to find those who have been the worst-affected and are receiving no other help.

09 Jun 2017 description

Le rapport de la FAO souligne des pertes importantes dues à la perturbation des activités agricoles, à la hausse des prix et au déplacement des moyens d’existence

09 Jun 2017 description

Musafare Chiweshe's land is producing a crop even as southern Africa's droughts grow stronger and more frequent

By Busani Bafana

MUREHWA, Zimbabwe, June 9 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Preparing his three-hectare plot of land for planting each year used to take Musafare Chiweshe – or the labourers he hired – two weeks. Now it takes just hours.

Better yet, the land is producing a crop even as southern Africa's droughts grow stronger and more frequent, a problem linked to climate change.

09 Jun 2017 description

Food insecurity strains deepen amid civil conflict and drought

FAO report notes heavy toll of disrupted farming, higher prices and displaced livelihoods

8 June 2017, Rome-- Large agricultural harvests in some regions of the world are buoying global food supply conditions, but protracted fighting and unrest are increasing the ranks of the displaced and hungry elsewhere, according to the new edition of FAO's Crop Prospects and Food Situation report.

08 Jun 2017 description

Highlights

  • In line with ongoing efforts to break the cycle of food and nutrition insecurity, WFP continued to scale up productive asset creation and social safety nets through provision of school meals, nutrition support to malnourished people on Antiretroviral (ART) and TB treatment, and to connect smallholder farmers to formal and quality markets.

08 Jun 2017 description

Highlights

  • USD 29.6 million is urgently required for WFP to implement its activities in the country through December 2017.

  • The Productive Assets Creation programme commences in May, amid resourcing shortfalls.

  • Refugee inflow at Tongogara Camp continues to increase on a monthly basis, despite the suspension (due to resource constraints) of the relocation of refugees at border with Mozambique.

  • WFP supports the 2017 Rural Livelihood Assessment led by the Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee.

08 Jun 2017 description

Highlights

The 2017 Crop Forecast Survey results have been released. Zambia has recorded its highest maize production in recorded history, amounting to 3.6 million mt. With carry-over stock of 570,000 mt from the previous year, the overall maize stocks stand at 4.17 million mt, which is expected to leave a surplus of more than 1 million mt taking into consideration national food consumption requirements and allocation to the national strategic food reserves.

Operational Updates

08 Jun 2017 description

Highlights

  • In May, WFP continued its drought emergency response to meet the needs of disaster-affected communities through food and cash-based unconditional assistance and nutrition support. From June onward, the focus of the operation will shift towards resilience building activities.

  • Since May, early recovery activities aiming to help communities to restore damaged infrastructure (roads and irrigation canals) are being implemented in the targeted cyclone affected areas.

08 Jun 2017 description

Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) started to provide psycho-social counselling to the survivors of violence including Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV)

UNHCR distributed food and relief items to approximately 17,000 asylum-seekers hosted at Cacanda reception centre and in surrounding communities from 25 to 28 May

Opening of access roads, identification of water points and detailed site planning ongoing at new site in Lovua Municipality

KEY FIGURES

07 Jun 2017 description

PANORAMA DE LA SITUATION DE L’INSECURITE ALIMENTAIRE AIGUE

• Près de 60% des ménages vivant dans le Grand Sud sont directement affectés par les effets du phénomène El Niño en 2016. Sur trois années consécutives le Grand Sud a enregistré une insuffisance et une mauvaise répartition des précipitations dans le temps et dans l’espace ; une situation devenue plus précaire avec le phénomène El Niño.

07 Jun 2017 description

Key points:

  • Use of negative coping strategies was stable in April

  • There was a 5 percent increase in households with poor food consumption

  • Maize meal was 22 percent cheaper than the same time last year

Seasonal outlook