Early warning signs provide alarming indications of looming significant food supply shortages that are likely to impact on the next marketing season. The rains experienced in late March and early April provided some relief to livestock farmers, but arrived too late for both staple foods and cash crops. These adverse weather conditions are likely to reduce crop production in southern Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Malawi, Madagascar and South Africa. The negative impact of flooding will also affect food security in Malawi, Madagascar and Mozambique. (OCHA, 29 May 2015)
Nearly 29 million people are currently food insecure in southern Africa region mainly due to the carry-over effects of the past poor harvest season combined with other structural factors. Unless a two-track approach is quickly taken to address the current food insecurity and to establish measures to mitigate against the El Niño effects, the existing food insecurity will deepen and increase in scope with its effects will last till 2017. (Southern African Food and Nutrition Security Working Group, 17 Nov 2015)
The combination of a poor 2014/15 season and an extreme early dry spell during the 2015/16 rainy season to date (November to February) over southern and western Madagascar has resulted in an intense drought...It is now estimated that close to 1.14 million people are food insecure in seven districts of southern Madagascar (80% of the population). About 665 000 people are severely food insecure and in need of urgent emergency food security support until the end of the 2016/17 lean season...On 22 March, the government of Madagascar has declared a state of emergency for southern Madagascar. (ECHO, 30 Mar 2016)
Lesotho last had normal rainfall between April and May 2015... An estimated 15-30 percent of Lesotho’s population is in need of humanitarian assistance to help them cope with this acute drought situation. The Lesotho Vulnerability Assessment Committee (LVAC) report for 2015 indicates deterioration in the food security situation with the number of people in need going from 447,760 to 463,936 (an increase in prevalence from 26% to 33%). (IFRC, 06 Apr 2016)
In Malawi, the prolonged dry spells and floods not only affected maize production but other crops such as ground nuts have also been affected, and harvests are down by 21%. This left more than 2.8 million people in Malawi food insecure for a period of between three to 8 months. 25 out of the 28 Districts in Malawi were affected. Of the 2.8 million people affected 886,204 were living in the hard hit flood-affected districts and 1,947,008 were in districts affected by poor rainfall. An estimated 20% to 40% of Malawi’s population were at that time reported to be in need of humanitarian assistance to help them cope with the acute food shortage. On 12 April 2016, the President of Malawi declared a state of national disaster as a result of prolonged dry spells during 2015/2016 season. (IFRC, 18 Apr 2016)
Mozambique is facing severe drought in the Southern and Central region of the country affecting approximately 1.5 million people. The Government activated the institutional red alert in the most drought affected provinces such as, Tete, Sofala, Gaza, Inhambane and Maputo aiming to intensify and expand the response actions, disburse additional funds planned for emergency situations and mobilize additional resources through the cooperating partners. (OCHA, 04 May 2016)
Based on preliminary results, the ZimVAC has indicated that the prevalence of rural food insecurity in Zimbabwe will be higher than the 30 percent revealed by the January 2016 Rapid Assessment. The global acute malnutrition (GAM) prevalence is likely to increase beyond the 5.7 percent indicated in January. (WFP, 14 Jun 2016)
Between October 2014 and February 2015, Namibia experienced highly erratic rainfall patterns that negatively impacted the planting and cultivation seasons. The recent 2016 assessment done by the office of the Prime Minister and Ministry of Agriculture estimated that 729,134 people were food insecure and 595,839 need immediate assistance due to the drought situation. Prolonged dry spells and extensive flooding characterized the planting season and resulted in delayed planting and destroyed crops. As a result, the 2014/15 crop production yields were 46% below average which put parts of country at high risk of food insecurity. (IFRC, 03 Aug 2016.)
November marks the normal start of the lean season in most of the region, but most countries experienced an earlier than normal start to the lean season this year because of the impact of the El Niño-drought in late 2015 and early 2016. Poor households in the most affected parts of the region including areas in Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe continue facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity outcomes with increasing areas likely falling into Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes during the peak period (Jan-Mar 2017) in the absence of adequate humanitarian assistance. (FEWS NET, 23 Dec 2016)
Southern Africa now facing the peak of the El Niño-induced drought food security crisis, which is expected to last at least until the harvest in March/April 2017. Until then, WFP and its partners will maintain expanded operations, aiming to reach more than 13 million vulnerable people with relief, recovery, resilience and development activities ... WFP reached 9.9 million people in December 2016 and 10.6 million in January 2017. As of March 2017, $833 million has been raised for the humanitarian programmes in the RIASCO Action Plan, leaving a gap of $448,000. However, without additional funding, critical humanitarian needs will not be met. (OCHA, 6 Mar 2017)
- SADC: Regional Humanitarian Appeal (Jun 2016)
- FAO Southern Africa El Niño Response Plan (2016/17)
- RIASCO Action Plan for Southern Africa: Response Plan for the El Niño-induced Drought in Southern Africa (May 2016-Apr 2017)
- UNICEF El Niño Eastern & Southern Africa Region Investment Case (23 Jun 2016)
The humanitarian crisis unleashed by drought in Somalia has again highlighted the close links between extreme weather and food security. But how exactly are the two connected? And what can farmers in developing countries do to lessen the negative effects of climate change? This Q&A provides an overview of the key issues, with a focus on smallholders in Africa.
What is food security?
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Cereal production in 2017 expected to nearly double compared to drought-reduced 2016 output
High yields reflect beneficial weather and good access to agricultural inputs
Cereal prices fall, while import requirements in 2017/18 forecast to contract on account of production rebound
Food security conditions anticipated to improve in 2017/18
Cereal production in 2017 forecast to rebound strongly
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Maize production foreseen to recover in 2017 on account of improved weather conditions
Import forecast cuts in 2017/18 marketing year, reflecting expectations of larger maize output
Declining prices of maize on account of lower import prices and good production prospects
Food security conditions expected to improve in 2017/18
Cereal production forecast to recover in 2017
The month of May stands out owing to violations of the right to education, the right to food and civil and political rights mainly freedom of association and assembly. Most socio-economic violations that were reported this month were largely due to effects of the El-Nino induced drought, the economy’s continued downward spiral, worsening cash crisis and exacerbated lack of a diversified export base.
In April, WFP conducted the last food distribution of the Emergency Operation (EMOP). A Budget Revision was approved to extend cash based transfer (CBT) activities through May.
In April, WFP assisted 213,238 people with emergency assistance, of which 71,090 received food and 142,148 received CBT. In May, 56,973 people received CBT.
WFP’s Food by Prescription project remains underfunded, and pipeline breaks are expected in July 2017.
WFP gradually scales down El Niño drought response as food security situation improves on the back of an improved summer harvest.
WFP’s new five-year Country Strategic Plan (2017 – 2021) was endorsed by the Executive Director.
The Cost of Hunger in Africa (COHA) study has been completed and will be launched in June 2017. The study highlighted that 11 percent of Mozambique’s GDP is lost annually due to stunting.
By Megan Rowling and Andrew Mambondiyani
BARCELONA/HARARE, June 12 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - When a big earthquake, flash flood or other sudden disaster hits, aid agencies spring into action with emergency responses and public appeals for donations. With droughts, it's different.
If the rains don't come, it can take months for the effects to be felt by poor rural families. Hunger kicks in only after crops fail, food stocks are exhausted and livestock start dying - but by then, help often comes too late to head off the worst.
Above-average harvests likely to lead to largely Minimal food insecurity outcomes
Three consecutive years of droughts and flooding have left half of the population of Malawi in Southern Africa needing food aid. Balaka, in the southern region of the country, is one of the worst-affected districts.
Thousands of farmers did not harvest enough food to feed their families this year; either because of the lack of rain or an outbreak of army worm, which destroys crops.
Islamic Relief Malawi joined forces with the Muslim Association of Malawi to find those who have been the worst-affected and are receiving no other help.
Le rapport de la FAO souligne des pertes importantes dues à la perturbation des activités agricoles, à la hausse des prix et au déplacement des moyens d’existence
Musafare Chiweshe's land is producing a crop even as southern Africa's droughts grow stronger and more frequent
By Busani Bafana
MUREHWA, Zimbabwe, June 9 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Preparing his three-hectare plot of land for planting each year used to take Musafare Chiweshe – or the labourers he hired – two weeks. Now it takes just hours.
Better yet, the land is producing a crop even as southern Africa's droughts grow stronger and more frequent, a problem linked to climate change.
Food insecurity strains deepen amid civil conflict and drought
FAO report notes heavy toll of disrupted farming, higher prices and displaced livelihoods
8 June 2017, Rome-- Large agricultural harvests in some regions of the world are buoying global food supply conditions, but protracted fighting and unrest are increasing the ranks of the displaced and hungry elsewhere, according to the new edition of FAO's Crop Prospects and Food Situation report.
In line with ongoing efforts to break the cycle of food and nutrition insecurity, WFP continued to scale up productive asset creation and social safety nets through provision of school meals, nutrition support to malnourished people on Antiretroviral (ART) and TB treatment, and to connect smallholder farmers to formal and quality markets.
USD 29.6 million is urgently required for WFP to implement its activities in the country through December 2017.
The Productive Assets Creation programme commences in May, amid resourcing shortfalls.
Refugee inflow at Tongogara Camp continues to increase on a monthly basis, despite the suspension (due to resource constraints) of the relocation of refugees at border with Mozambique.
WFP supports the 2017 Rural Livelihood Assessment led by the Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee.
The 2017 Crop Forecast Survey results have been released. Zambia has recorded its highest maize production in recorded history, amounting to 3.6 million mt. With carry-over stock of 570,000 mt from the previous year, the overall maize stocks stand at 4.17 million mt, which is expected to leave a surplus of more than 1 million mt taking into consideration national food consumption requirements and allocation to the national strategic food reserves.
In May, WFP continued its drought emergency response to meet the needs of disaster-affected communities through food and cash-based unconditional assistance and nutrition support. From June onward, the focus of the operation will shift towards resilience building activities.
Since May, early recovery activities aiming to help communities to restore damaged infrastructure (roads and irrigation canals) are being implemented in the targeted cyclone affected areas.
Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) started to provide psycho-social counselling to the survivors of violence including Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV)
UNHCR distributed food and relief items to approximately 17,000 asylum-seekers hosted at Cacanda reception centre and in surrounding communities from 25 to 28 May
Opening of access roads, identification of water points and detailed site planning ongoing at new site in Lovua Municipality
PANORAMA DE LA SITUATION DE L’INSECURITE ALIMENTAIRE AIGUE
• Près de 60% des ménages vivant dans le Grand Sud sont directement affectés par les effets du phénomène El Niño en 2016. Sur trois années consécutives le Grand Sud a enregistré une insuffisance et une mauvaise répartition des précipitations dans le temps et dans l’espace ; une situation devenue plus précaire avec le phénomène El Niño.
Use of negative coping strategies was stable in April
There was a 5 percent increase in households with poor food consumption
Maize meal was 22 percent cheaper than the same time last year