Early warning signs provide alarming indications of looming significant food supply shortages that are likely to impact on the next marketing season. The rains experienced in late March and early April provided some relief to livestock farmers, but arrived too late for both staple foods and cash crops. These adverse weather conditions are likely to reduce crop production in southern Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Malawi, Madagascar and South Africa. The negative impact of flooding will also affect food security in Malawi, Madagascar and Mozambique. (OCHA, 29 May 2015)
Nearly 29 million people are currently food insecure in southern Africa region mainly due to the carry-over effects of the past poor harvest season combined with other structural factors. Unless a two-track approach is quickly taken to address the current food insecurity and to establish measures to mitigate against the El Niño effects, the existing food insecurity will deepen and increase in scope with its effects will last till 2017. (Southern African Food and Nutrition Security Working Group, 17 Nov 2015)
The combination of a poor 2014/15 season and an extreme early dry spell during the 2015/16 rainy season to date (November to February) over southern and western Madagascar has resulted in an intense drought...It is now estimated that close to 1.14 million people are food insecure in seven districts of southern Madagascar (80% of the population). About 665 000 people are severely food insecure and in need of urgent emergency food security support until the end of the 2016/17 lean season...On 22 March, the government of Madagascar has declared a state of emergency for southern Madagascar. (ECHO, 30 Mar 2016)
Lesotho last had normal rainfall between April and May 2015... An estimated 15-30 percent of Lesotho’s population is in need of humanitarian assistance to help them cope with this acute drought situation. The Lesotho Vulnerability Assessment Committee (LVAC) report for 2015 indicates deterioration in the food security situation with the number of people in need going from 447,760 to 463,936 (an increase in prevalence from 26% to 33%). (IFRC, 06 Apr 2016)
In Malawi, the prolonged dry spells and floods not only affected maize production but other crops such as ground nuts have also been affected, and harvests are down by 21%. This left more than 2.8 million people in Malawi food insecure for a period of between three to 8 months. 25 out of the 28 Districts in Malawi were affected. Of the 2.8 million people affected 886,204 were living in the hard hit flood-affected districts and 1,947,008 were in districts affected by poor rainfall. An estimated 20% to 40% of Malawi’s population were at that time reported to be in need of humanitarian assistance to help them cope with the acute food shortage. On 12 April 2016, the President of Malawi declared a state of national disaster as a result of prolonged dry spells during 2015/2016 season. (IFRC, 18 Apr 2016)
Mozambique is facing severe drought in the Southern and Central region of the country affecting approximately 1.5 million people. The Government activated the institutional red alert in the most drought affected provinces such as, Tete, Sofala, Gaza, Inhambane and Maputo aiming to intensify and expand the response actions, disburse additional funds planned for emergency situations and mobilize additional resources through the cooperating partners. (OCHA, 04 May 2016)
Based on preliminary results, the ZimVAC has indicated that the prevalence of rural food insecurity in Zimbabwe will be higher than the 30 percent revealed by the January 2016 Rapid Assessment. The global acute malnutrition (GAM) prevalence is likely to increase beyond the 5.7 percent indicated in January. (WFP, 14 Jun 2016)
Between October 2014 and February 2015, Namibia experienced highly erratic rainfall patterns that negatively impacted the planting and cultivation seasons. The recent 2016 assessment done by the office of the Prime Minister and Ministry of Agriculture estimated that 729,134 people were food insecure and 595,839 need immediate assistance due to the drought situation. Prolonged dry spells and extensive flooding characterized the planting season and resulted in delayed planting and destroyed crops. As a result, the 2014/15 crop production yields were 46% below average which put parts of country at high risk of food insecurity. (IFRC, 03 Aug 2016.)
November marks the normal start of the lean season in most of the region, but most countries experienced an earlier than normal start to the lean season this year because of the impact of the El Niño-drought in late 2015 and early 2016. Poor households in the most affected parts of the region including areas in Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe continue facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity outcomes with increasing areas likely falling into Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes during the peak period (Jan-Mar 2017) in the absence of adequate humanitarian assistance. (FEWS NET, 23 Dec 2016)
Southern Africa now facing the peak of the El Niño-induced drought food security crisis, which is expected to last at least until the harvest in March/April 2017. Until then, WFP and its partners will maintain expanded operations, aiming to reach more than 13 million vulnerable people with relief, recovery, resilience and development activities ... WFP reached 9.9 million people in December 2016 and 10.6 million in January 2017. As of March 2017, $833 million has been raised for the humanitarian programmes in the RIASCO Action Plan, leaving a gap of $448,000. However, without additional funding, critical humanitarian needs will not be met. (OCHA, 6 Mar 2017)
- SADC: Regional Humanitarian Appeal (Jun 2016)
- FAO Southern Africa El Niño Response Plan (2016/17)
- RIASCO Action Plan for Southern Africa: Response Plan for the El Niño-induced Drought in Southern Africa (May 2016-Apr 2017)
- UNICEF El Niño Eastern & Southern Africa Region Investment Case (23 Jun 2016)
This report presents qualitative research conducted by the IOM in Madagascar in December 2016 to assess the effect of drought on migration in the Grand Sud; whether there has been an increase in outmigration during the current humanitarian crisis (since 2013); and the key sectors of intervention that affect migration in the Grand Sud, and in turn, how migration affects these sectors.
Food consumption improves for households who rely on their own production
Maize grain prices have fallen far below April levels
Lower cereal prices see purchasing power increase across the country
Negative coping levels are lowest in Blantyre, Mwanza, Neno and Balaka
Negative coping levels are stable across households headed by men and women, and among wealth groups
New admissions of malnourished patients continue to fall
Windhoek-The Namibia Red Cross Society (NRCS) received a N$7.2 million grant from the European Union and the Spanish Red Cross (SRC) to promote renewable energy for climate change mitigation in Namibia.
The NRCS and SRC will be working on a project titled ‘Promoting renewable energy for climate change mitigation initiatives in Namibia.’
The main objective is to promote the use of renewable forms of energy and energy efficient technologies in ten selected rural communities in Kavango East, Kavango West and Zambezi regions.
Approximately 54% of the Congolese refugees in Lunda Norte are children, of which 226 are unaccompanied or separated from their families.
The Government of Angola registered the birth of 33 refugee children born in Angola.
General food distribution is ongoing in Cacanda reception centre since 17 July. All children between 6 and 23 months receive nutritious supplementary food.
77 % of Congolese refugees are women and children.
Best intentions don’t always translate into best practice, as David Dzama found out to his cost. At first, conservation agriculture seemed liked the solution to the climate change-linked problems facing the smallholder farmer in Zimbabwe’s Seke district, about 50 kilometres south of Harare.
Read the full report on IRIN.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 37 events: three Grade 3, six Grade 2, seven Grade 1, and 21 ungraded events.
Dian Spear, Southern Africa lead, Adaptation at Scale in Semi-Arid Regions, University of Cape Town
Disclosure statement: Dian Spear receives funding from UK's Department for International Development (DFID), Canada's International Development Research Centre (IDRC) and South Africa's Department of Science and Technology.
A recently arrived species of armyworm has spread to 21 African countries and threatens the continent's main food staple, maize, report experts from the U.S. Agency for International Development.
USAID senior biotechnology advisor Joseph Huesing says the fall armyworms -- transported from their usual habitat in the U.S. state of Florida or the Caribbean -- are attacking maize crops all over sub-Saharan Africa.
Based on the experience of delivering the first large-scale humanitarian cash programme in Zimbabwe, this briefing paper argues that even during a liquidity crisis, cash transfer programming can still be a feasible option, giving people greater freedom and dignity of choice during times of crisis.
The paper concludes that cash transfers are a cost-effective and cost-efficient modality for meeting community needs, and makes policy recommendations for future cash transfer programming.
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population (IPC Phase 3 and higher) is compared to last year and the recent five-year average and categorized as Higher ( p), Similar ( u), or Lower ( ). Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
Over 57,000 people in five countries will benefit; includes response to extreme hunger in South Sudan
Over 57,000 people in five countries will benefit from five projects totalling $2.8 million committed by Canadian Foodgrains Bank in June.
The projects are being implemented by Foodgrains Bank members Development and Peace—Caritas Canada, Emergency Relief & Development Overseas, World Relief Canada and World Renew, in collaboration with their local partners.
In February, famine was declared in parts of South Sudan.
The Government of Angola is working towards granting formal refugee status to individuals who arrive to Angola from the Kasai region.
Some newly arrived women and children were sheltered in new hangars built at the Cacanda reception centre.
Registered refugees are screened for malnutrition and receive vaccinations, as well as food and relief items, upon their arrival.
31,242 Newly arrived Congolese refugees (Government of Angola)
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 39 events: three Grade 3, six Grade 2, six Grade 1, and 24 ungraded events.
This week’s edition covers key ongoing events in the region, including the grade 3 humanitarian crises in South Sudan and Ethiopia and outbreaks of hepatitis E in the Lake Chad Basin (Chad, Niger and Nigeria), malaria in Burundi, dengue fever in Côte d’Ivoire, and visceral leishmaniasis in Kenya.
In 2016, BTC started implementing the new assistance paradigm which in 2015 was outlined for the upcoming fifteen years.
Dominant human rights violations recorded during June 2017 revolve around preparations for the presidential youth interface rallies, Heroes Day commemorations, the upcoming Chiwundura by-election, continued barring of students from attending classes, harassment of vendors and discrimination during food aid distribution. Zimbabwe Peace Project notes trends where some violations cut across the entire nation during the course of the year while others are sporadic and isolated.
Rome, 6 July 2017 – Over 61,000 smallholder farmers will benefit from a financial agreement signed today between the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and Zambia to increase the incomes and food and nutrition security of rural households. The project will promote market-oriented agriculture and focus particularly on women and young people.
Mountain and southern districts remain worse off than northern areas
Use of negative coping strategies is lower among households who buy food compared to those who produce their own food
Maize meal and wheat flour prices remain stable compared to April