The 2015-2016 El Niño phenomenon had a severe impact on vulnerable people in Somalia - it worsened an already widespread drought in Puntland and Somaliland with a devastating impact on communities and their livelihoods, increasing food insecurity, cash shortages and resulting in out-migration and death of livestock. Those affects are now emerging in other areas of the country, specifically in Jubaland in the south. Somaliland and Puntland have experienced below average rains for up to four seasons, spanning two years, and affecting nearly 1.4 million people. (OCHA, 28 Nov 2016)
The humanitarian situation in Somalia is rapidly deteriorating and famine is a strong possibility in 2017. This comes only six years after a devastating famine led to the death of more than a quarter of a million people – half of them children. The severe drought is a result of two consecutive seasons of poor rainfall, more in some areas. In the worst affected areas, large-scale crop failure and high levels of livestock deaths are occurring. Malnutrition and drought-related diseases are on the rise, so are displacements, including to Ethiopia. Increasing competition for resources such as water is already increasing local tensions and could trigger further inter-communal conflict. Over 6.2 million people-half the population-are in need of humanitarian assistance. The situation of children of Somalia is particularly grave. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
As of 31 May 2017, there had been an estimated 739,000 drought displacements since November 2016...More than 480,000 of the displaced, or 65 per cent, are under the age of 18. Moreover, people under 5 years old represent more than one-quarter (195,000) of all those displaced — and are the most at risk of malnutrition and disease. (UNHCR, 31 May 2017)
3.2 million people are severely food insecure. This situation is expected to persist throughout 2017 given the high likelihood of a third consecutive poor harvest in July. Access to food is relatively better than previously projected due to large-scale humanitarian assistance...102,263 people have been treated for Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) since January. SAM admissions have increased by more than 50% since 2016. The Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU)’s post-Jilaal 2017 survey indicates a high prevalence of Global Acute Malnutrition (15% to 30%) in the Bay, Bakool, Sool, Sanaag, Bari and Nugal regions, as well as in Baidoa and Mogadishu IDP camps. (OCHA, 16 Jun 2017)
Mogadishu, 19 July 2017 – Sweden has granted the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) USD 8.5 Million to scale-up high impact reproductive, maternal, new-born and adolescent health interventions in Somalia.
Millions of women in Somalia remain at great risk during pregnancy and childbirth. Every year, one in 22 women dies prematurely due to pregnancy or childbirth-related complications. Most of these complications and illnesses are easily preventable and treatable. Strong political will and long-term financial commitment is urgently needed to address the high maternal deaths.
I would like to take this opportunity to thank Chairman Young, Ranking Member Merkley, and the members of this subcommittee for holding this important and timely hearing today. Refugees International (RI) is a non-profit, non-governmental organization that advocates for lifesaving assistance and protection for displaced people in parts of the world impacted by conflict, persecution and forced displacement. Based here in Washington, we conduct fact-finding missions to research and report on the circumstances of displaced populations in countries such as Somalia, Iraq, Uganda, and Turkey.
drought displacements since November 2016
arrivals to Mogadishu 1 - 30 June 2017
arrivals to Baidoa 1 - 30 June 2017
drought-displaced 1 - 30 June 2017
The Logistics Cluster is responsible for logistics Coordination and Information Management. Where there is a gap in logistics capacity, WFP, as the lead agency of the Logistics Cluster, acts as a ‘provider of last resort’ by offering Common Logistics Services to support the humanitarian community in their response operations.
In February 2017, following a prolonged drought, the humanitarian situation in Somalia rapidly deteriorated.
Since 2009, ACTED has been acting in Somalia and has focused on this region to improve access to food, water hygiene and sanitation. In December 2016, ACTED opened an office in Badhan (Sanaag region) and settled in Puntland following the worsening drought. Indeed, in March 2017, in Somalia, nearly 2.9 million people are in serious food insecurity. Sanaag is one of the areas most affected by the crisis.
Regarding this crisis situation, The Fonds SUEZ initiatives, once again, wished to engage with the ACTED teams to help the populations of this region.
The 2017 Gu (April – June) seasonal rains were poor and below normal across Somalia. Consequently, drought conditions are worsening and are now likely to continue into the coming Deyr season in October (Gu 2017 Rainfall Performance Report, FAO Somalia Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM), 28 June 2017).
This revised Emergency Appeal seeks 12,204,893 Swiss francs (increased from 3,308,035 Swiss francs) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) support the Somali Red Crescent Society (SRCS) in assisting 352,800 people for 27 months. The expanded operation, incorporating the Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) DREF operation (MDRSO006), will focus on the following sectors: health and nutrition; water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH); food security and livelihoods; and shelter (including household non-food items).
By Beatrice Materu
East African states have recorded a drop in annual headline inflation for the year ending June 2017, mostly due to a decline in food and non-beverage prices.
Tanzania recorded 5.4 per cent year-on-year inflation in June 2017, from 6.1 per cent in the previous month.
Kenya recorded a drop compared to its EAC counterparts, of 2.49 per cent, from 11.7 per cent the previous month to 9.21 per cent in June 2017, spurred by a slowdown in prices of fresh food and fuels.
WASHINGTON D.C., 18 July 2017 – This is a summary of a prepared statement by Justin Forsyth, UNICEF Deputy Executive Director – to whom quoted text may be attributed – today to the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutional Economic, Energy and Environmental Policy.
The statement came as UNICEF released its annual Humanitarian Action Study, highlighting UNICEF’s global response in 2016. Last year, UNICEF responded to 344 humanitarian situations in 108 countries, more than ever before.
Mohamed Ismail Yasin, originally from Mayle village in northeast Somalia, fled the region’s prolonged and severe drought with his six-member family and most of his livestock.
They had to travel 600 km to the nearest dependable water source: a sand dam near Bandarbeyla in neighbouring Bari region.
Like Mohamed, 615,000 people are currently displaced by the drought in Somalia.
In Somalia there are unfavourable prospects for this year's main Gu crops, after the Gu rains were late and poorly distributed over most areas of the country. In the Lower Shabelle region, the main maize producing area, seasonal rainfall was about 50 per cent belowaverage with drought conditions currently affecting up to 85 per cent of the cropland.
The humanitarian situation in Somalia continues to deteriorate due to the ongoing drought crisis, affecting more than half of the country’s population – 6.7 million – of which 4 million are children. Since the beginning of the year, UNICEF’s emergency intervention has resulted in the treatment of 98,900 children for life-threatening severe acute malnutrition; 672,500 women and children under-5 with emergency lifesaving health services; and 1.58 million people accessing temporary safe drinking water.
Somalia is facing a prolonged drought which has left 6.7 million people - more than half the population of the country - in need of humanitarian assistance. While rains have provided relief in some areas, the Gu rainy season was shorter than normal and generally poor in large parts of the country, including Bakool and northern Bay regions. An elevated risk of famine persists, partly due to severe food consumption gaps, high acute malnutrition and high disease burden.
17/07/2017 12:20 Press release 481/17
The Council adopted conclusions on addressing the risks of famine. The conclusions note that humanitarian needs have been unprecedented in 2017. They include numerous chronic food security crises, with four countries facing an alarming risk of famine: Yemen, north-east Nigeria, Somalia and South Sudan, where overall about 20 million people at risk of starvation.
- The June to September main rainy season in northern areas of East Africa has so far been average to above average in most areas, supporting regeneration of pasture and favorable crop development. However, areas of central and southwestern Ethiopia, northeastern Uganda, and southwestern Kenya received below-average rainfall in June.
World Bank Group Senior Vice President Mahmoud Mohieldin writes about the New Way of Working and collaboration with UN agencies and International Organizations to help bridge the humanitarian-development nexus.*
Due to drought conditions and conflict, more than 20 million people in in Somalia, Northeast Nigeria, South Sudan and Yemen are at risk of starvation and famine, which is the world’s largest humanitarian crisis since 1945.
Somalia is on the brink of famine resulting primarily from severe drought. Half of the country’s population – an estimated 6.7 million people – are acutely food insecure and in urgent need of humanitarian assistance. This comes only six years after a famine led to the death of more than a quarter of a million people – half of them were children.