The humanitarian situation in Somalia is rapidly deteriorating and renewed famine is a strong possibility in 2017. Out of 12.3 million Somalis, over half (6.2 million) are acutely food insecure and in need of humanitarian assistance. Of these, nearly 3 million face food security Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4) and need urgent life-saving assistance. Hundreds of thousands of vulnerable people are on the move in search of food, water and treatment for malnutrition and diseases. Rural populations make up two thirds of the people in IPC Phases 3 and 4, and nearly 90 per cent of those in IPC Phase 4. Close to one million acutely malnourished children will need treatment, including 200,000 severely malnourished children who are more vulnerable than any other group and in need of immediate life-saving support.
Extreme lack of access to water is a key driver of the crisis in arid areas. Due to the depletion of water sources, some communities are relying on buying water at prices which are on the increase, beyond the reach of many. Over 4.5 million people are now in need of WASH assistance. Those who resort to unsafe water sources are at increased risk of water-borne diseases such as AWD/cholera. According to WHO, 15,655 AWD/cholera cases and 365 deaths have been reported between January and 20 March 2017, and the outbreak has now spread to 12 out of 18 regions. The number of cases has reached same levels reported for all of 2016 when Somalia experienced its most recent major outbreak of AWD/Cholera. The current case fatality rate is 2.3 per cent which is higher than the emergency threshold of 1 per cent and reflects the severity of the outbreak plus the limited access to proper health service for the affected communities.
The widespread water and pasture shortages have forced people to migrate in search of food and water for domestic and livestock use. Between November 2016 and the end of February 2017, around 257,000 people have been internally displaced due to drought, according to the UNHCR-led Protection and Return Monitoring Network (PRMN). Most of the newly displaced are moving into urban areas and joining existing settlements or establishing new settlements, while others are crossing into neighbouring countries. In Baidoa alone, close to 50,000 people have arrived since November, and the number of settlements for IDPs has increased from 78 to 140 sites. According to UNHCR, over 4,100 people have crossed into Ethiopia in January and February 2017 (OCHA, 24 Mar 2017)
7951st Meeting (AM)
Endless Talks on Ending Violence Pointless as Arms Sales to Criminals, Dictators, Terrorists Continue at Same Time, Says Holy See
Despite 15 years of steadily growing international attention to the question of protecting civilians in conflict situations, life in war zones around the world remained grim, with suffering “pushed to the limits” as cities turned into “death traps”, the Security Council heard today as it held an open debate on attacks against medical personnel and facilities.
Despite the onset of rain in some parts of Somalia, the food security and nutrition situation continues to deteriorate rapidly and an elevated risk of famine persists. Although moderate rains were recorded in parts of northwest and southern Somalia in late March and early April, pasture and water resources are not expected to recover soon. (FSNAU/ FEWS NET, May 2017).
MOGADISHU / GENEVA (26 May 2017) – The United Nations Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Somalia, Bahame Tom Mukirya Nyanduga, has called on the international community to support the country through its current humanitarian crisis and its on-going State-building process.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS HUMANITARIAN SITUATION OVERVIEW
Vulnerable populations in Somalia, southeastern Ethiopia, and northern Kenya continue to face life-threatening acute food insecurity, following delayed and erratic seasonal rains across the Horn of Africa, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET).
SoSh (Somali shilling)-using areas: Consumer Price Index (CPI) generally exhibits relative stability in SoSh using areas in April 2017 month-on-month. The CPI rose (19-31%) annually due to increases in red sorghum prices.
SISh (Somaliland shilling)-using areas: The CPI increased (12-17%) both month-on-month and year-on-year due to increases in the price of red sorghum.
• Despite the onset of rain in some parts of Somalia, the food security and nutrition situation continues to deteriorate rapidly and an elevated risk of famine persists. Although moderate rains were recorded in parts of northwest and southern Somalia in late March and early April, pasture and water resources are not expected to recover soon. (FSNAU/ FEWS NET, May 2017).
Drought-like conditions continue across Kenya, Somalia, and southern Ethiopia
Below-average rainfall since late February has resulted in moisture deficits throughout many parts of southern South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia,
Somalia, and northern Tanzania.
Several consecutive weeks of below-average rainfall has led to early season moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions in parts of Ghana.
Emergency Appeal start date:19 April 2017
covered by this update: 19 April to 12 May 2017
Study Pinpoints Link Between Food Shortages and Attacks by Extremists, Insurgents
Wednesday, May 24, 2017 / BY: Ore Koren
Following are UN Secretary-General António Guterres’ remarks to the Security Council at the open debate on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, in New York today:
Thank you for this opportunity to address the critical issue of protection of civilians in armed conflict.
Most parts of Somalia will remain dry for the next three days, apart from few areas in Puntland where light showers are expected (Map 1).
The rainfall forecast for the coming week (Map – 2) is pointing towards light to moderate rains in Puntland and parts of Somaliland. Light rains are also expected in the coastal areas of the Central and South Somalia.
Despite the onset of the Gu rains, the food security and nutrition situation in Somalia continues to deteriorate and an elevated risk of famine in 2017 persists.
In April, WFP reached 2.3 million beneficiaries – over four times the number of people reached in January – with emergency food and cash-based assistance.
FAO Somalia Water and Land Information Management (SWALIM) reports that heavy rainfall and flooding along the middle and lower reaches of Shabelle River have destroyed crop land and houses, resulting in the displacement of some households in Mahaday Jowhar and Cali Fool Dheere districts.
Failure to recognise Somaliland’s independence means aid that could save lives of people hit by drought and cholera is too slow to arrive, says foreign minister
Wednesday 24 May 2017 12.57 BST
Somaliland’s foreign minister has said that the international community’s refusal to recognise the republic 26 years after it declared independence means aid is taking far longer to reach people on the brink of famine.
FEWS NET projects elevated risk of Famine in Somalia, despite mitigating impact of humanitarian assistance
UN releases revised 2017 HRP for Somalia, requesting $1.5 billion to respond to humanitarian needs through December
USG announces more than $64 million in new humanitarian assistance for Somalia and Somali refugees in the Horn of Africa
The U.S. is deeply concerned about the famine in South Sudan, as well as the risk of famine in northeastern Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen. We are one of the largest donors of humanitarian assistance for the people of these countries and will continue to work with other international donors to provide the life-saving aid needed to avert famine and help people in need.
Average to above-average rainfall in the North and dry conditions in South-Central
by Suresh Babu | International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
- Any views expressed in this article are those of the author and not of Thomson Reuters Foundation.
During times of conflict, building robust food systems can improve access to food
About 20 million people face starvation in four countries: Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan, and Nigeria, the United Nations says. Armed conflict, combined with drought and natural resource degradation have led to the breakdown of resilience in the food system in these areas.