The humanitarian situation in Somalia is rapidly deteriorating and renewed famine is a strong possibility in 2017. Out of 12.3 million Somalis, over half (6.2 million) are acutely food insecure and in need of humanitarian assistance. Of these, nearly 3 million face food security Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4) and need urgent life-saving assistance. Hundreds of thousands of vulnerable people are on the move in search of food, water and treatment for malnutrition and diseases. Rural populations make up two thirds of the people in IPC Phases 3 and 4, and nearly 90 per cent of those in IPC Phase 4. Close to one million acutely malnourished children will need treatment, including 200,000 severely malnourished children who are more vulnerable than any other group and in need of immediate life-saving support.
Extreme lack of access to water is a key driver of the crisis in arid areas. Due to the depletion of water sources, some communities are relying on buying water at prices which are on the increase, beyond the reach of many. Over 4.5 million people are now in need of WASH assistance. Those who resort to unsafe water sources are at increased risk of water-borne diseases such as AWD/cholera. According to WHO, 15,655 AWD/cholera cases and 365 deaths have been reported between January and 20 March 2017, and the outbreak has now spread to 12 out of 18 regions. The number of cases has reached same levels reported for all of 2016 when Somalia experienced its most recent major outbreak of AWD/Cholera. The current case fatality rate is 2.3 per cent which is higher than the emergency threshold of 1 per cent and reflects the severity of the outbreak plus the limited access to proper health service for the affected communities.
The widespread water and pasture shortages have forced people to migrate in search of food and water for domestic and livestock use. Between November 2016 and the end of February 2017, around 257,000 people have been internally displaced due to drought, according to the UNHCR-led Protection and Return Monitoring Network (PRMN). Most of the newly displaced are moving into urban areas and joining existing settlements or establishing new settlements, while others are crossing into neighbouring countries. In Baidoa alone, close to 50,000 people have arrived since November, and the number of settlements for IDPs has increased from 78 to 140 sites. According to UNHCR, over 4,100 people have crossed into Ethiopia in January and February 2017 (OCHA, 24 Mar 2017)
The rainfall forecast for the next 24 hours (Map 1) indicates light to moderate rains in parts of northern areas of the country especially in Togdheer, Sanag, Sool, Bari and Nugaal regions. Other parts of the country will remain dry within the day.
ABU DHABI, 25th April, 2017 (WAM) -- A ship carrying 4,259 tonnes of relief items from the Emirates Red Crescent, ERC, left the UAE on Tuesday for Berbera Port in Somalia to support the people who have been displaced and affected by famine and to enhance their humanitarian situation.
The aid, which is worth AED10.3 million, includes food, shelter materials, clothes, blankets, mattresses, and children's health supplies.
Severe drought is devastating communities in Somalia dependent on livestock and agriculture, leading to increasing concerns of massive hunger across the country.
SoSh (Somali shilling)-using areas: Consumer Price Index (CPI) increased (2-6%) in most of the SoSh using areas in March 2017 month-on-month due to mild increases in red sorghum prices.
The CPI rose (15-35%) more sharply compared to a year ago due to the same reasons mentioned above.
25 April 2017, Geneva - A combination of food assistance and food production assistance is the only way to avoid famine in conflict-ridden Yemen where two-thirds of the population - 17 million people - are suffering from severe food insecurity, FAO Director-General José Graziano said today.
"As the conflict continues, food security and nutrition will also continue to deteriorate," Graziano da Silva stressed in his address to a United Nations High-Level Pledging conference for Yemen organized in Geneva and co-hosted by the Governments of Switzerland and Sweden.
Twenty million people in 4 countries - Northeast Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen - are at an elevated risk of famine, and a further 10 million are in crisis. Famine has already been declared in two counties in South Sudan, affecting 100,000 and with another 1 million on the brink of it.
Some of the most vulnerable people in the hardest-hit areas are already dying from starvation and disease in the four countries.
South Sudan, Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen have been facing famine conditions since February 2017. A total of 20 million people are threatened by food insecurity brought on by armed conflicts and the climatic impacts of El Niño. The SDC, which already operates in these four countries, has released additional funding to deliver emergency aid and to expand its development assistance activities.
The first to die was little Isse Salat, aged eight. She was followed by her siblings Noor, 12, Sangabo, nine and Alio, just five.
Their parents endured the unimaginable ordeal of seeing all four children dehydrated and destroyed by cholera in the space of four days.
“The only medicine I had for them was anti-worm tablets,” whispered their father, Mohamed, his face gaunt with grief.
“There was nothing I could do at any stage. It was their destiny but it was terrible for us.”
Walking for days
Baidoa, 24 April 2017 - Somalia today launched a measles immunization campaign that seeks to vaccinate 110,000 children under the age of five against the deadly disease in the southern and central regions of the country.
The campaign is being conducted by the federal ministry of health with support from the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and other humanitarian partners. It will also provide vitamin A supplements and de-worming tablets to children who have been severely affected by Somalia’s devastating drought.
165+ IDP sites around Baidoa of which 85 new in 2017
155,000+ displaced individuals* of whom 122,000+ new in 2017
25,800+ IDP households of which 20,200 new in 2017
85% of new displacements are from within the Bay region
BEIJING - The Government of China has made its largest single donation to the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) with US$34 million towards its emergency operations to support people who are at risk of famine in Somalia, Nigeria, South Sudan and Yemen, as well as those affected by severe food shortages in Kenya and Chad.
Combined with earlier contributions, the Chinese government’s support for WFP totals more than US$138 million since 2005, and builds on China’s increasingly significant backing in recent years for WFP’s operations around the world.
UNICEF and partners conduct lifesaving vaccination campaign
BAIDOA, Somalia, 25 April 2017 – Almost 30,000 young children, many of them displaced by a searing drought, are being vaccinated against measles this week in an emergency campaign in Baidoa, a town at the heart of one of Somalia’s hardest-hit areas.
Many of the children have never been immunized before – they come from remote areas health workers often cannot reach because of a decades-old conflict that has ravaged the impoverished country in the Horn of Africa.
WaPOR: database dissemination portal and APIs
The FAO portal to monitor Water Productivity through Open access of Remotely sensed derived data (WaPOR) monitors and reports on agriculture water productivity over Africa and the Near East.
It provides open access to the water productivity database and its thousands of underlying map layers, it allows for direct data queries, time series analyses, area statistics and data download of key variables associated to water and land productivity assessments.
Projected food assistance needs for October 2017
Over 20 million people in north-east Nigeria, South Sudan, Yemen and Somalia are already at or over the tipping point of famine. Thanks to the generosity of its donors, CERF has released $62 million for early action and life-saving operations in Nigeria and Somalia. In north-east Nigeria, CERF funds are reaching an estimated 2.9 million people affected by Boko Haram related violence and food insecurity. In Somalia, CERF is helping more than 1 million vulnerable people in severe drought areas in Puntland, Somaliland and South Central.
Baidoa, 23 April 2017 - Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmaajo today visited the capital of South West state to assess the effects of drought on the federal member state that has been hardest hit by the crisis.
It marked the first trip of President Farmaajo outside Mogadishu since he took office last February.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
April 24, 2017 – WHO Representative for Somalia Dr Ghulam Popal and Somalia’s Minister of Health and Social Services H.E. Dr Fawziya Abikar conducted a visit to Baidoa, along with national, regional and local health officials, to assess the cholera situation and outbreak response in South West State. The high-level mission aimed to demonstrate the commitment of WHO and the Ministry of Health to outbreak and drought response activities in the state, and included visits to cholera treatment centres (CTCs) in Baidoa and Bayhow hospitals.
A World Food Programme (WFP) initiative involving the advance positioning of food is cutting delivery times dramatically. The Global Commodity Management Facility allows WFP to deliver 1.4 million metric tons of food in an average of 45 days, a 63 percent reduction compared to the previous year.