The humanitarian situation in Somalia is rapidly deteriorating and renewed famine is a strong possibility in 2017. Out of 12.3 million Somalis, over half (6.2 million) are acutely food insecure and in need of humanitarian assistance. Of these, nearly 3 million face food security Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4) and need urgent life-saving assistance. Hundreds of thousands of vulnerable people are on the move in search of food, water and treatment for malnutrition and diseases. Rural populations make up two thirds of the people in IPC Phases 3 and 4, and nearly 90 per cent of those in IPC Phase 4. Close to one million acutely malnourished children will need treatment, including 200,000 severely malnourished children who are more vulnerable than any other group and in need of immediate life-saving support.
Extreme lack of access to water is a key driver of the crisis in arid areas. Due to the depletion of water sources, some communities are relying on buying water at prices which are on the increase, beyond the reach of many. Over 4.5 million people are now in need of WASH assistance. Those who resort to unsafe water sources are at increased risk of water-borne diseases such as AWD/cholera. According to WHO, 15,655 AWD/cholera cases and 365 deaths have been reported between January and 20 March 2017, and the outbreak has now spread to 12 out of 18 regions. The number of cases has reached same levels reported for all of 2016 when Somalia experienced its most recent major outbreak of AWD/Cholera. The current case fatality rate is 2.3 per cent which is higher than the emergency threshold of 1 per cent and reflects the severity of the outbreak plus the limited access to proper health service for the affected communities.
The widespread water and pasture shortages have forced people to migrate in search of food and water for domestic and livestock use. Between November 2016 and the end of February 2017, around 257,000 people have been internally displaced due to drought, according to the UNHCR-led Protection and Return Monitoring Network (PRMN). Most of the newly displaced are moving into urban areas and joining existing settlements or establishing new settlements, while others are crossing into neighbouring countries. In Baidoa alone, close to 50,000 people have arrived since November, and the number of settlements for IDPs has increased from 78 to 140 sites. According to UNHCR, over 4,100 people have crossed into Ethiopia in January and February 2017 (OCHA, 24 Mar 2017)
A total of 3,356 AWD/ cholera cases and 60 deaths (CFR– 1.8%) were reported during week 16 (17– 23 April 2017) in 50 districts in 13 regions. Of these, 780 cases were reported from Buhodle district, Togdheer region, which represents 23.2% of the total cases.
There is a slight increase in the number of new AWD/ cholera cases and deaths reported – 3356 cases/ 60 deaths were recorded in week 16 compared to 2984 cases/ 34 deaths in week 15.
Mogadishu, 1 May 2017 – Germany has donated 70 million euros ($76 million) to Somalia and plans to at least double that amount of assistance to help scale up humanitarian response to the ongoing drought in the Horn of Africa country.
The announcement was made by the German Foreign Affairs Minister, Sigmar Gabriel, during a one-day visit to Somalia to assess the humanitarian situation in the country.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
Somali children face triple threat of drought, disease and displacement
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GENEVA/NAIROBI, 2 May 2017 – The projected number of children who are or will be acutely malnourished has shot up by 50 per cent since the beginning of the year to 1.4 million, including over 275,000 who have or will suffer life-threatening severe acute malnutrition in 2017.
Rainfall activities intensified in many parts of the country over the last three days. Flash floods were reported in some places including Bari, Nugaal, Mudug and Bay regions following the heavy rains. Most stations in these regions recorded over 50mm in the three days with Baidao station recording 100mm on 30 April 2017.
A severe food crisis is advancing across East Africa, Nigeria, and Yemen, with more than 20 million people at risk. Xavier Duvauchelle, Handicap International’s desk officer for the East Africa region, explains the scale of the disaster and how our teams on the ground are responding.
What can you tell us about the scale of this crisis?
More than 20 million people in Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen are experiencing famine or a credible risk thereof over the coming six months. To avert a humanitarian catastrophe in the four countries, humanitarian operations require more than US$5.6 billion in 2017. Of this amount $4.4 billion is urgently needed for life-saving assistance in the key areas of food security, health, nutrition, and water, sanitation and hygiene, as these are key sectors of famine response and prevention.
60 UN agencies and NGOs implementing WASH activities in Somalia
Please contact WASH cluster secretariats for information on agencies that are not reflected in the map
The full implementation of this version of the HIP is conditional upon the necessary appropriations being made available from the 2017 general budget of the European Union.
AMOUNT: 132 250 000 EUR
Maize, sorghum, rice, and cowpea are the most important staple foods for Somalis. Maize and sorghum are the preferred staple in agriculture areas, while rice is more popular in pastoral and urban areas. Cowpea is an integral component of all households’ diets. Mogadishu is Somalia’s largest market with links to most markets in the country. Baidoa is a significant sorghum producing and consuming area. Qorioley is a large maize production area. Burao, Galkayo, and Dhusamareb are exclusively pastoral where people depend on purchases of domestically produced sorghum and imported rice.
The livestock sector is central to the economic and cultural life of the Somali people. The sector provides food and income to over 60 percent of the country’s population. Burao and Galkayo are the largest livestock markets in the Horn of Africa especially for export sheep and goats from the Somali region of Ethiopia and parts of southern Somalia. The majority of the livestock exported through Berbera and Bosasso seaports transit or pass through these markets. Burao and Galkayo are two important reference markets for key pastoral livelihood zones of Hawd, Sool Plateau,
The Federal Government of Somalia met international partners at a high level meeting today in Mogadishu to prepare for the 11 May 2017 London Conference on Somalia.
Conflict drives severe food insecurity in South Sudan and Yemen; early season rainfall poor in the Horn of Africa
Maize grain was the most informally traded commodity in Eastern Africa in the first quarter of 2017 accounting for 33 percent of total trade, but volumes traded in the region were lower when compared to 2013-2016 average due to tight supplies following below average harvests across most countries.
Key Mission Findings
- According to the local authority, 41,530 people were displaced to Dhobley due to the drought. Most of the displaced households are integrated into host community.
- Most of the drought-displaced households in Dhobley came from riverine and agro-pastoral areas of Middle Juba and Bay regions, particularly from Qansaxdhere, Sakow, Buale and Jilib, which are inaccessible to humanitarian partners.
At least 820,000 children are at risk of developing severe acute malnutrition this year in South Sudan, Somalia, Uganda, and Ethiopia as a result of the food crisis sweeping across regions in Africa.
Handicap International is launching new program to help malnourished children. “Simply providing the calories and nutrients is not enough,” explains Rozenn Botokro, a Handicap International rehabilitation specialist, and a pioneer of a stimulative physical therapy method which “breaks the cycle” of malnutrition, she explains.
The Global Early Warning – Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
The report is part of FAO’s EWEA system, which aims to translate forecasts and early warnings into anticipatory action.
FAO and WFP urge swift action to prevent hunger deaths in four countries hit by conflict
28 April 2017, Rome - The leaders of the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP) have called on the international community to urgently step up action to prevent further hunger deaths in four countries stalked by famine: north-eastern Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen.