The humanitarian situation in Somalia is rapidly deteriorating and renewed famine is a strong possibility in 2017. Out of 12.3 million Somalis, over half (6.2 million) are acutely food insecure and in need of humanitarian assistance. Of these, nearly 3 million face food security Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4) and need urgent life-saving assistance. Hundreds of thousands of vulnerable people are on the move in search of food, water and treatment for malnutrition and diseases. Rural populations make up two thirds of the people in IPC Phases 3 and 4, and nearly 90 per cent of those in IPC Phase 4. Close to one million acutely malnourished children will need treatment, including 200,000 severely malnourished children who are more vulnerable than any other group and in need of immediate life-saving support.
Extreme lack of access to water is a key driver of the crisis in arid areas. Due to the depletion of water sources, some communities are relying on buying water at prices which are on the increase, beyond the reach of many. Over 4.5 million people are now in need of WASH assistance. Those who resort to unsafe water sources are at increased risk of water-borne diseases such as AWD/cholera. According to WHO, 15,655 AWD/cholera cases and 365 deaths have been reported between January and 20 March 2017, and the outbreak has now spread to 12 out of 18 regions. The number of cases has reached same levels reported for all of 2016 when Somalia experienced its most recent major outbreak of AWD/Cholera. The current case fatality rate is 2.3 per cent which is higher than the emergency threshold of 1 per cent and reflects the severity of the outbreak plus the limited access to proper health service for the affected communities.
The widespread water and pasture shortages have forced people to migrate in search of food and water for domestic and livestock use. Between November 2016 and the end of February 2017, around 257,000 people have been internally displaced due to drought, according to the UNHCR-led Protection and Return Monitoring Network (PRMN). Most of the newly displaced are moving into urban areas and joining existing settlements or establishing new settlements, while others are crossing into neighbouring countries. In Baidoa alone, close to 50,000 people have arrived since November, and the number of settlements for IDPs has increased from 78 to 140 sites. According to UNHCR, over 4,100 people have crossed into Ethiopia in January and February 2017 (OCHA, 24 Mar 2017)
UNICEF projects that the number of children who are or will be acutely malnourished has gone up by 50 per cent since the beginning of the year to 1.4 million, including over 275,000 who have or will suffer life-threatening severe acute malnutrition in 2017.
An estimated 680,000 people have been displaced due to drought since November 2016. Approximately 7,000 people have crossed into neighbouring Ethiopia and Kenya.
185 IDP sites around Baidoa, of which 105 new in 2017
169,000 displaced individuals* of who 134,000 new in 2017
28,000 IDP households* of which 22,000 new in 2017
85% of new displacements are from the Bay region
683,000 drought displacements since November 2016
39,000 arrivals to Mogadishu 1 - 30 April 2017
55,000 arrivals to Baidoa 1 - 30 April 2017
131,000 drought-displaced during 1 - 30 April 2017
Projected late-2017 El Niño climatic event could affect food security in the Horn of Africa
UNICEF increases Somalia malnutrition projection to 1.4 million children impacted by late 2017
Donors fund 76 percent of Somalia Operational Plan for Famine Prevention
Relief actors detect fall armyworm infestation in Ethiopia and Kenya
The National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) estimates that the number of drought affected people will reach 7.6 million, an increase by 2 million from the number of 5.6 million beneficiaries estimated in the January 2017 HRD.
In a crisis, the most effective way to distribute relief is to give families cash so they can then spend, as best suits their needs. Research shows that cash assistance can often provide more emergency relief for fewer funds. In the present hunger crisis in parts of Africa and Yemen, cash assistance is saving lives on a daily basis.
Light to moderate rains continued to be received in a few places across the country in the last two days. The rains are expected to continue in most parts of the country in the next seven days. The rainfall forecast for the coming week (Map 2), indicates moderate to heavy rains in Somaliland and Puntland. Light to moderate rains are foreseen in the southern parts while central regions are expected to remain dry during the same period. The Ethiopian highlands are also expected to continue receiving rains during the same period.
• In view of the growing humanitarian needs, World Vision is scaling up its response scope to save lives and prevent people from slipping into famine in the coming months. The appeal has been revised upwards to 37 million targeting over 1 million people.
• The persistent drought in the lowland areas of Ethiopia has increased the vulnerability of the population prompting the government to revise the number of people requiring emergency food aid from 5.6 million to 7.7 million.
• In view of the growing humanitarian needs in Somalia, World Vision now seeks 37 million US dollars to urgently reach over 1 million people with life saving humanitarian assistance. Consequently, World Vision has amended its appeal for the regional crisis from 92 million to 110 million US dollars.
Chronic conflict is preventing effective response to Somalia’s prolonged drought and humanitarian crisis. This special briefing, the third in a series of four examining the famine threats there and in Yemen, South Sudan and Nigeria, urges Somalia to improve governance and promote countrywide clan reconciliation to end the war.
The humanitarian situation in Somalia is deteriorating and there is renewed risk of famine in 2017, only six years after a devastating famine in 2011 led to the death of more than a quarter million people, half of the children. Over 6.2 million people are estimated to be in need of assistance, more than half of the population of Somalia. Disease outbreaks are affecting most of the country and more than 620,000 people have been displaced from their homes due to drought since November 2016, including 5,000 who have crossed into neighboring Ethiopia and Kenya.
Over 2.9 million people in Somalia face crisis or emergency level acute food insecurity and need emergency food aid, as a result of below average to failed rains in many areas in 2016 that reduced crop production and harmed livestock. In the current April-June rainy season little to no rainfall occurred across much of Somalia in April, but rain has begun and is forecasted in May. Lack of potable water has accelerated an acute watery diarrhea/cholera outbreak with an estimated 32,000 cases reported since the beginning of the year.
A total of 3,475 AWD/ cholera cases and 43 deaths (CFR– 1.2%) were reported during week 17 (24– 30 April 2017) in 50 districts in 13 regions. Of these, cases were reported from Buhodle district, Togdheer region, which represents 26% of the total cases.
There is a slight increase in the number of new AWD/ cholera cases and deaths reported – 3475 cases/ 43 deaths were recorded in week 17 compared to 3356 cases/ 60 deaths in week 16.
20 million people at risk of famine, an additional 10 million threatened by famine in the coming months
80% rely on agriculture for their livelihood
USD 218 million funding gap
The world faces one of the largest food crises in 70 years, with 20 million people in four countries — northeastern Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen — at risk of famine. If no action is taken, an additional 10 million will be threatened by famine.
The humanitarian situation in Somalia has rapidly deteriorated in 2017. Over 6.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance and more than 600,000 have been newly displaced since November 2016. Humanitarian partners have significantly scaled up humanitarian assistance, but joint efforts need to be sustained to avert famine in the worst drought-affected areas.
Japan Ambassador to Kenya visited Dadaab to support the youth
On 24th April, the Japan Ambassador to Kenya, HE Toshitsugu Uesawa, visited Dadaab Refugee Camps and donated footballs, uniforms and pumps to youth teams as part of the “Sports for Tomorrow” initiative announced by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in 2013.
5 May 2017 – Somalia is suffering from the largest cholera outbreak in the past five years and the number of people killed is expected to double by the end of June, the United Nations health agency.
The UN World Health Organization (WHO) reported close to 32,000 cases of cholera, including 618 deaths, since the beginning of the year.
Mogadishu, 5 May 2017 – The deteriorating drought situation in Somalia has forced hundreds of families to abandon their homes in search of food and water in major towns.
However, some of the drought victims have adopted ways to beat the worst drought to ever face the Horn of Africa country in the last five years to supplement assistance received from aid agencies.