The humanitarian situation in Somalia is rapidly deteriorating and renewed famine is a strong possibility in 2017. Out of 12.3 million Somalis, over half (6.2 million) are acutely food insecure and in need of humanitarian assistance. Of these, nearly 3 million face food security Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4) and need urgent life-saving assistance. Hundreds of thousands of vulnerable people are on the move in search of food, water and treatment for malnutrition and diseases. Rural populations make up two thirds of the people in IPC Phases 3 and 4, and nearly 90 per cent of those in IPC Phase 4. Close to one million acutely malnourished children will need treatment, including 200,000 severely malnourished children who are more vulnerable than any other group and in need of immediate life-saving support.
Extreme lack of access to water is a key driver of the crisis in arid areas. Due to the depletion of water sources, some communities are relying on buying water at prices which are on the increase, beyond the reach of many. Over 4.5 million people are now in need of WASH assistance. Those who resort to unsafe water sources are at increased risk of water-borne diseases such as AWD/cholera. According to WHO, 15,655 AWD/cholera cases and 365 deaths have been reported between January and 20 March 2017, and the outbreak has now spread to 12 out of 18 regions. The number of cases has reached same levels reported for all of 2016 when Somalia experienced its most recent major outbreak of AWD/Cholera. The current case fatality rate is 2.3 per cent which is higher than the emergency threshold of 1 per cent and reflects the severity of the outbreak plus the limited access to proper health service for the affected communities. The widespread water and pasture shortages have forced people to migrate in search of food and water for domestic and livestock use. According to UNHCR, over 4,100 people have crossed into Ethiopia in January and February 2017 (OCHA, 24 Mar 2017)
According to the UNHCR-led Protection and Return Monitoring Network, 683,000 people have been displaced by the drought since November 2016 (as of 23 May 2017). The Education Cluster is estimating that 270,000 of the displaced people are children between the ages of 5 and 18. The significant increase in displacement is putting additional pressure on the already strained education system in urban areas. There is a need to increase the capacity of existing public schools to allow for displaced children to enroll as well as establish temporary learning spaces in new IDP settlements where there are no public schools nearby. (OCHA, 23 May 2017)
Failure to recognise Somaliland’s independence means aid that could save lives of people hit by drought and cholera is too slow to arrive, says foreign minister
Wednesday 24 May 2017 12.57 BST
Somaliland’s foreign minister has said that the international community’s refusal to recognise the republic 26 years after it declared independence means aid is taking far longer to reach people on the brink of famine.
FEWS NET projects elevated risk of Famine in Somalia, despite mitigating impact of humanitarian assistance
UN releases revised 2017 HRP for Somalia, requesting $1.5 billion to respond to humanitarian needs through December
USG announces more than $64 million in new humanitarian assistance for Somalia and Somali refugees in the Horn of Africa
The U.S. is deeply concerned about the famine in South Sudan, as well as the risk of famine in northeastern Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen. We are one of the largest donors of humanitarian assistance for the people of these countries and will continue to work with other international donors to provide the life-saving aid needed to avert famine and help people in need.
Average to above-average rainfall in the North and dry conditions in South-Central
by Suresh Babu | International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
- Any views expressed in this article are those of the author and not of Thomson Reuters Foundation.
During times of conflict, building robust food systems can improve access to food
About 20 million people face starvation in four countries: Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan, and Nigeria, the United Nations says. Armed conflict, combined with drought and natural resource degradation have led to the breakdown of resilience in the food system in these areas.
Somali region is disproportionately affected by the current acute watery diarrhea (AWD) outbreak, accounting for about 91 per cent of the cases reported in Ethiopia since the beginning of the year.
UNICEF support has enabled 794,150 people to access safe water. This includes 149,150 people in Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples (SNNP) and Tigray regions, reached during the reporting period, through construction of new water supply schemes, rehabilitation of non-functional water systems and expansion works.
WFP urgently needs a total of USD 719.3 million for operations in Ethiopia (USD 398.4 million), Somalia (USD 290.7 million) and Kenya (USD 30.2 million) from May to October for the drought response.
Food security situation continues to deteriorate. In Ethiopia, the Government revised the number of HRD relief beneficiaries up from 5.6 million to 7.8 million. In Somalia, the number of people facing crisis and emergency (IPC 3 and 4 food security levels) has increased from 2.9 million to 3.2 million.
Group of Seven leaders meeting in Taormina, Sicily, this week should take the lead in fighting famine and immediately fund nearly half ($2.9 billion) of the UN’s urgent appeal to avoid catastrophic hunger and more deaths, urged Oxfam today. Without an immediate and sweeping response, this crisis will spiral out of control.
Further delay will cost more lives.
G7 leaders meeting in Taormina, Sicily, on 26-7 May should take the lead in fighting famine and immediately fund nearly half ($2.9 billion) of the UN’s urgent appeal to avoid catastrophic hunger and more deaths, Oxfam urged today. Without an immediate and sweeping response, this crisis will spiral out of control and cost more lives.
23rd May, 2017: Results from the post-Jilaal assessment and recent SMART surveys indicate that Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of acute food insecurity persist in many areas of Somalia. In addition, a severe AWD/cholera outbreak is ongoing. While large-scale humanitarian assistance has reduced household food consumption gaps and contributed to reduced staple food prices, there remains an elevated risk of Famine (IPC Phase 5) due to the combination of severe food consumption gaps, high acute malnutrition, high disease burden, and reliance on humanitarian assistance.
Most regions of Somalia will remain dry for the next three days, apart from few areas in Somaliland and Puntland where light showers are expected in the same period (Map 1).
The rainfall forecast for the coming week (Map – 2) is pointing towards light to moderate rains in Puntland and parts of Somaliland. Light rains are also expected in a few areas in the Central and coastal areas of the South. The upper parts of Ethiopian highlands are expected to receive moderate rains.
An estimated four million children are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance in Somalia. Despite the large scale humanitarian assistance delivered, the FSNAU-FEWSNET post Jilal assessment indicates an elevated risk of famine (IPC 5) due to a combination of severe food insecurity, high acute malnutrition, and high disease burden. The number of people in need has increased to 6.7 million, including 3.2 million people in crisis.
143,000 people are facing Famine in Nigeria and South Sudan
9.9 million people facing Emergency food security outcome levels (IPC 4) in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen
Yemen and Somalia could face Famine (IPC 5), if no assistance is provided between May and August
Why are these countries affected by famine?
The International Rescue Committee predicts imminent famine in Somalia, Yemen, and northeastern Nigeria
The IRC scales up emergency response across the region, calls for urgent increases in funding
New York, NY, March 11, 2017 — The International Rescue Committee today described looming famines facing Somalia, Yemen and Nigeria, as well as the already declared famine in South Sudan, as a “catastrophe that has already arrived.”
Famine has been declared in South Sudan, and is looming in Somalia, Nigeria and Yemen. Here's what you need to know and how you can help.
March 11, 2017
3,234 Somali refugees returned to Somalia
927 core relief items distributed to 695 households (2,920 returnees)
1,199 newly enrolled students
2,632 returnees provided with reinstallation grants
92 shelters and 63 latrines constructed
2,425 beneficiaries enrolled in community-based projects
UPDATE ON ACHIEVEMENTS
680,000 drought displaced people are in need of Shelter/NFI assistance. The majority of the displacement is to Baidoa and Mogadishu. The displaced families are confronted with the need of shelter and other household non-food items.
Safe and secure settlements are needed to provide crisis- affected communities with protected and healthy living spaces and environments, while ensuring sufficient privacy and dignity.
Nearly 1.1 million protracted Internally Displaced people exist countrywide
Mixed migration flows within, from and to the East Africa and Yemen region continued to be affected by a number of complex dynamics, including conflict, drought and economic reasons among others. Migrants, asylum seekers and refugees continued to be at a significant risk of harm, ranging from abduction, physical abuse and death on land and at sea. Policy considerations remained focussed on limiting irregular migration, particularly to Europe.
Irregular Movement from East Africa and Yemen
Northward (through Egypt into Israel)