The humanitarian situation in Somalia is rapidly deteriorating and renewed famine is a strong possibility in 2017. Out of 12.3 million Somalis, over half (6.2 million) are acutely food insecure and in need of humanitarian assistance. Of these, nearly 3 million face food security Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4) and need urgent life-saving assistance. Hundreds of thousands of vulnerable people are on the move in search of food, water and treatment for malnutrition and diseases. Rural populations make up two thirds of the people in IPC Phases 3 and 4, and nearly 90 per cent of those in IPC Phase 4. Close to one million acutely malnourished children will need treatment, including 200,000 severely malnourished children who are more vulnerable than any other group and in need of immediate life-saving support.
Extreme lack of access to water is a key driver of the crisis in arid areas. Due to the depletion of water sources, some communities are relying on buying water at prices which are on the increase, beyond the reach of many. Over 4.5 million people are now in need of WASH assistance. Those who resort to unsafe water sources are at increased risk of water-borne diseases such as AWD/cholera. According to WHO, 15,655 AWD/cholera cases and 365 deaths have been reported between January and 20 March 2017, and the outbreak has now spread to 12 out of 18 regions. The number of cases has reached same levels reported for all of 2016 when Somalia experienced its most recent major outbreak of AWD/Cholera. The current case fatality rate is 2.3 per cent which is higher than the emergency threshold of 1 per cent and reflects the severity of the outbreak plus the limited access to proper health service for the affected communities.
The widespread water and pasture shortages have forced people to migrate in search of food and water for domestic and livestock use. Between November 2016 and the end of February 2017, around 257,000 people have been internally displaced due to drought, according to the UNHCR-led Protection and Return Monitoring Network (PRMN). Most of the newly displaced are moving into urban areas and joining existing settlements or establishing new settlements, while others are crossing into neighbouring countries. In Baidoa alone, close to 50,000 people have arrived since November, and the number of settlements for IDPs has increased from 78 to 140 sites. According to UNHCR, over 4,100 people have crossed into Ethiopia in January and February 2017 (OCHA, 24 Mar 2017)
Most regions of Somalia will remain dry for the next three days, apart from few areas in Somaliland and Puntland where light showers are expected in the same period (Map 1).
The rainfall forecast for the coming week (Map – 2) is pointing towards light to moderate rains in Puntland and parts of Somaliland. Light rains are also expected in a few areas in the Central and coastal areas of the South. The upper parts of Ethiopian highlands are expected to receive moderate rains.
An estimated four million children are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance in Somalia. Despite the large scale humanitarian assistance delivered, the FSNAU-FEWSNET post Jilal assessment indicates an elevated risk of famine (IPC 5) due to a combination of severe food insecurity, high acute malnutrition, and high disease burden. The number of people in need has increased to 6.7 million, including 3.2 million people in crisis.
143,000 people are facing Famine in Nigeria and South Sudan
9.9 million people facing Emergency food security outcome levels (IPC 4) in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen
Yemen and Somalia could face Famine (IPC 5), if no assistance is provided between May and August
Why are these countries affected by famine?
The International Rescue Committee predicts imminent famine in Somalia, Yemen, and northeastern Nigeria
The IRC scales up emergency response across the region, calls for urgent increases in funding
New York, NY, March 11, 2017 — The International Rescue Committee today described looming famines facing Somalia, Yemen and Nigeria, as well as the already declared famine in South Sudan, as a “catastrophe that has already arrived.”
Famine has been declared in South Sudan, and is looming in Somalia, Nigeria and Yemen. Here's what you need to know and how you can help.
March 11, 2017
3,234 Somali refugees returned to Somalia
927 core relief items distributed to 695 households (2,920 returnees)
1,199 newly enrolled students
2,632 returnees provided with reinstallation grants
92 shelters and 63 latrines constructed
2,425 beneficiaries enrolled in community-based projects
UPDATE ON ACHIEVEMENTS
680,000 drought displaced people are in need of Shelter/NFI assistance. The majority of the displacement is to Baidoa and Mogadishu. The displaced families are confronted with the need of shelter and other household non-food items.
Safe and secure settlements are needed to provide crisis- affected communities with protected and healthy living spaces and environments, while ensuring sufficient privacy and dignity.
Nearly 1.1 million protracted Internally Displaced people exist countrywide
Mixed migration flows within, from and to the East Africa and Yemen region continued to be affected by a number of complex dynamics, including conflict, drought and economic reasons among others. Migrants, asylum seekers and refugees continued to be at a significant risk of harm, ranging from abduction, physical abuse and death on land and at sea. Policy considerations remained focussed on limiting irregular migration, particularly to Europe.
Irregular Movement from East Africa and Yemen
Northward (through Egypt into Israel)
May 18, 2017. Written by: Olivia Akumu and Bram Frouws / RMMS
Thirty-two-year-old Shukri Abdinasir* is a mother of 11 children aged between 4 months and 13 years old. Shukri arrived in Baidoa, in Somalia’s Bay Region, in mid-March after her husband died at home from complications with acute watery diarrhea (AWD)—an illness that has claimed the lives of nearly 700 people since January 2017.
Shukri needed to talk to someone about her fears, her new reality as a widow and her new role as the family’s breadwinner, so she confided in an aid worker who was part of a nutrition assessment mission.
As famine takes hold in South Sudan and threatens to spread to northeastern Nigeria, Somalia, and Yemen, world leaders must immediately step up to fully fund the United Nations’ appeal for $6.3 billion. Of this amount, $4.9 billion is urgently needed by July for critical assistance, including health, food, nutrition, and water. If lives are to be saved, humanitarian agencies must be able to rapidly scale up and access people in need.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
7,400 Children with measles in drought affected areas of Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia (Source: WHO and UNICEF Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia)
3.4 million Children (under five years) at high risk of measles in drought affected areas of Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia (Source: UNICEF Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia)
The humanitarian situation in Somalia is on the verge of catastrophe, and concern is growing that the trajectory is worryingly similar to Somalia’s 2011 famine disaster, when an estimated 260,000 people died. Today an estimated 6.2 million, more than half the country’s population, face acute food shortage and the number of severely malnourished children is on the rise. This desperate situation comes against a backdrop of protracted conflict that has disrupted livelihoods and vital services such as health and water, sinking the country deeper into crisis.
Concern Worldwide’s DFID-funded Building Resilient Communities in Somalia (BRCiS) Programme utilizes a multifaceted approach to strengthening local capacity to identify, prepare for, and respond to shocks, including: long-term adjustments in agricultural practices, resource restoration, income diversification, resource governance committees, and household habits, among many other strategies. Somali communities are resilient and, through invested programming, communities have increased resilience.
The northern parts of the country and coastal areas in the south will continue to receive light rains in the next three days (Map 1).
The rainfall forecast for the coming week (Map – 2) is pointing towards heavy rains in Nugaal, South of Sool and north of Mudug regions. Other regions in the north will receive light to moderate rains. The upper parts of Ethiopian highlands and southern coastal areas of Somalia are expected to receive moderate rains. Little or no rains are expected in central and inland southern regions of the country during the forecast period.
Despite recent seasonal rainfall, moisture deficits remain in central Kenya and Somalia
Following rains during early March, significant long-term moisture deficits remain throughout central and eastern Madagascar.
Inconsistent rainfall since late December has led to continued dryness across many parts of western Angola.
China - William Lacy Swing, Director General of the United Nations Migration Agency (IOM) signed an agreement yesterday (15 May) with China’s Ministry of Commerce for USD 1 million of multi-sector assistance, that will support IOM efforts to help internally displaced persons, vulnerable communities and returnees in Somalia.
Hunger and thirst, the deadly consequences of Somalia’s drought, have doubled the number of children admitted to the nutritional centre in Baidoa. The centre, one of the few places where malnourished children under age five can get life-saving treatment in south and central Somalia, has more than twice as many children this year compared to last year.