The 2015-2016 El Niño phenomenon had a severe impact on vulnerable people in Somalia - it worsened an already widespread drought in Puntland and Somaliland with a devastating impact on communities and their livelihoods, increasing food insecurity, cash shortages and resulting in out-migration and death of livestock. Those affects are now emerging in other areas of the country, specifically in Jubaland in the south. Somaliland and Puntland have experienced below average rains for up to four seasons, spanning two years, and affecting nearly 1.4 million people.
The findings of the Somalia Interagency Rapid Needs Assessment (SIRNA) undertaken in March 2016 confirmed that even in drought-affected areas where rains had alleviated water shortages, the reliance on uncovered sources for drinking, and the limited use of water treatment either at source or at the household level meant that water quality was of major concern. A more recent interagency assessment undertaken in Puntland in September 2016 highlighted that the situation has not changed markedly, but has not fully deteriorated due to concerted humanitarian response. The initial performance and remaining prospects of poor Deyr (October - December) rains does not bode well for all regions currently affected by drought, with nearly 150,000 people requiring access to safe water, hygiene kits, food and nutrition support, health services, emergency education, and temporary (OCHA, 28 Nov 2016)
Despite some increase in rainfall in Somalia during the last half of November 2016, drought conditions continue to be experienced in many parts of the country following the poor and erratic rain since late September. The negative trends are not expected to reverse until the arrival of Gu (April-June) rains next year. (FAO/FSNAU, 16 Dec 2016)
1. The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 22 of Security Council resolution 2275 (2016) and paragraph 44 of Council resolution 2297 (2016). It provides information on the implementation of those resolutions, including on the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) and challenges faced by the United Nations Support Office in Somalia (UNSOS) in carrying out its mandate. It covers major developments from 1 September to 31 December 2016.
II. Political and security overview
FAO seeks USD 26 million to deliver four key results that will change the course of 1.5 million people’s lives.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JULY 2017
Agricultural support critical now to protect livestock, equip families to plant in rainy season
Countries in the Horn of Africa are likely to see a rise in hunger and further decline of local livelihoods in the coming months, as farming families struggle with the knock-on effects of multiple droughts that hit the region this year, FAO warned today. Growing numbers of refugees in East Africa, meanwhile, are expected to place even more burden on already strained food and nutrition security.
The humanitarian situation in Somalia has become increasingly fragile. Some 5 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. Of these, 1.1 million are acutely food insecure. Severe drought conditions are expanding across the country. (AWD)/Cholera outbreaks have been reported in some areas. To boost drought response, pooled funds have been released. Humanitarian partners are scaling up life-saving response to the most vulnerable people.
A worsening food security situation, due to a prolonged drought and ongoing conflict in Somalia, is threatening to unravel the fragile progress achieved since the famine of 2011. More than ever, WFP is counting on its partnership with ECHO to assist in meeting the needs of the most vulnerable Somalis.
Khadija Maalliim Ali is 25, divorced, jobless and singlehandedly raising six children. She lives with her sister, also a single mother with 4 children.
The staff at the Garasbaley Health Centre found he was severely malnourished. He was treated for the diarrhoea and enrolled in the Outpatient Therapeutic Programme (OTP), which meant that his mother was given a regular supply of nutritious peanut paste to feed him.
“_I didn’t know what to do when he became sick and stopped eating,_” says Fowsiya Abdullahi, whose family moved to Mogadishu, Somalia, after drought in their hometown Baidoa led to food shortages. “_But after he was treated and put on the feeding programme, he recovered quickly._”
Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action:
This Emergency Appeal seeks 1,291,576.00 Swiss francs in cash, kind or services to support the Somali Red Crescent Society assist 78,900 beneficiaries (1365 HH). Following the needs on the ground, the Emergency Appeal seeks an additional 6 months to be able to achieve its goal. The new end date is 21st June, 2017. A DREF loan of 129,394 Swiss francs was processed at the beginning of the APPEAL to support the start-up activities by SRCS.
A. Situation analysis
8th Dec, 2016: Drought conditions are deepening in Puntland and Somaliland, and have expanded to southern and central regions, including Gedo, Hiraan, Galgaduud and Lower Juba. The Deyr rainy season, which usually extends from October to December, has so far been poor, and high temperatures combined with limited amounts of rain in October 2016 that have led to drought conditions in most of Somalia, ranging from moderate to extreme. Severe drought in Puntland is directly affecting approximately 150,000 people according to an inter-agency assessment conducted in September 2016.
The Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General (SRSG) for Somalia Michael Keating visited Belet Weyne on Thursday, to assess the impact of the drought in Hiiraan region.
According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA), livestock prices have declined, resulting in low purchasing power of most families.
BAIDOA, 07 January 2017 – The African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) troops in Baidoa have distributed foodstuff to 150 needy families affected by drought in the South West State.
The families received dry food rations, including sugar, spaghetti, rice, flour, salt, cooking oil, tea and canned beans.
AMISOM Sector 3 contingent Commander Brigadier General Gabremeskel Gebrezigabe said the troops shared part of their food rations in solidarity with the families during the dry spell.
With the humanitarian situation drastically deteriorating in a number of countries and regions, the EU is releasing urgent assistance. A total of €28.7 million have been allocated to respond to the most pressing humanitarian needs in Somalia, Afghanistan, Myanmar, Egypt and Libya.
October to December rainfall totals well below average in Eastern Horn as season ends
OUTLOOK FOR DECEMBER 2016 - FEBRUARY 2017
Somalia is currently in the middle of legislative and presidential elections. As one-person one-vote was not considered feasible, 135 elders have selected 14,025 delegates as electors. Groups of 51 delegates vote for one seat in the legislature, which represents one clan or sub-clan.
In a crowded pen made of thorny shrub brushes and twigs, a herder pulls away a sheep and holds it long enough for Saamiya Mohamed to inject it with a dose of vitamins and anti-parasitic medicine. The small animal cries out and runs away. But it's now protected.
The injection techniques are a part of a training exercise on animal health taking place in Las Anod in the arid northern part of Somalia. Saamiya Mohamed is one of 170 community animal health workers taking part.
This website allows you to explore how different scenarios of global greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation to climate change could change the geography of food insecurity in developing and least-developed countries. By altering the levels of future global greenhouse gas emissions and/or the levels of adaptation, you can see how vulnerability to food insecurity changes over time, and compare and contrast these different future scenarios with each other and the present day.
Par Obi Anyadike
Rédacteur pour l'Afrique
NAIROBI, 27 décembre 2016
Dans une bonne partie du monde, la saison des fêtes est l’occasion de se faire plaisir. Mais il en va bien autrement pour ceux qui sont occupés à fuir la violence et les bouleversements ou qui se trouvent coincés dans un camp de réfugiés avec pour tout repas de Noël les maigres rations alimentaires qui leur sont distribuées.
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