The latest food security and nutrition analysis from the FAO-managed Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) and the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET) issued on 2 February 2017 revealed that the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance has increased from 5 million in September 2016 to 6.2 million between February and June 2017. That is more than half the population. The current caseload of 185,000 of severely malnourished children will likely increase over the coming months to 270,000 children in need of urgent treatment. Some 30,000 children have already dropped out of school in drought-affected areas only in Puntland and Somaliland.
The FSNAU/FEWSNET results reveal a drastic increase in the number of people experiencing “crisis” and “emergency” levels of food insecurity from 1.1 million in the previous six months, to a projected 2.9 million between February and June 2017. Deyr 2016 harvests represented the second lowest cereal production since 1995, further reducing food availability and access following a poor Gu 2016 season. Cereal prices have increased since October, and are expected to continue to climb through mid-2017. The situation for children is especially grave. The GAM prevalence is above the critical (< 15 per cent) threshold in 13 out of 27 rural and displaced groups. There are more than 3.2 million people in urgent need of WASH assistance, but it is estimated that the number will rise to 4.5 million. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Somalia is ranked first in the 2016 fragile states index. According to the UN, out of 12 million inhabitants, more than half are food insecure and in need of humanitarian assistance. 363 000 children are acutely undernourished and 1.1 million Somalis are internally displaced, under constant threat of insecurity and armed conflict.
Introduction and background to the drought
The Shelter Clusters’ main target population was previously restricted to the internally displaced populations. However, since the beginning of the year 2016, the refugee return component has been added to the cluster coordination system. There remain an estimated 1.1 million protracted IDPs in Somalia, which has remained static for more than three years. Since the end of 2014 until August 2016, in total 50,152 Somalia persons have returned from both Yemen (28,458) and Kenya (21,694). 135,000 Somali refugees are projected to return to Somalia by the end of the year 2017.
Without massive and urgent scale-up of humanitarian assistance in the coming weeks, it is likely that famine will hit some of the worst drought-affected areas in Somalia by mid-2017.
WFP requires USD 374 million in order to provide immediate relief assistance and lifesaving nutrition services to the most vulnerable people in drought affected areas for the next six months.
Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan del Sur y Yemen presentan una situación de inseguridad alimentaria alarmante.
Acción contra el Hambre, presente en todos ellos desde hace varios años, lanza un llamamiento a los donantes para poder seguir atendiendo las necesidades más urgentes de estas poblaciones.
Madrid, 23 de febrero de 2017
Humanitarian agencies in Somalia have been implementing Cash Transfer Programs (CTP) since at least 2003 and routinely consider cash interventions, as an option for meeting beneficiaries needs with varied programmatic and operational approaches.
Somalia’s Food Security Cluster (FSC) has a strong cash transfer programming history which, over time, has allowed it to accumulate a wealth of knowledge regarding good/bad practices and lessons learned.
More than 20 million people in North-East Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen are facing famine or a credible risk of famine over the coming six months. With access to people in need and sufficient funding, the United Nations and its partners can avert famine and provide the necessary relief and support where famine already exists.
UNSOM welcomes the following joint declaration from Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia in response to the current drought:
MOGADISHU DECLARATION ON REGIONAL COOPERATION ON THE CURRENT DROUGHT
More than 20 million people in North-East Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen are facing famine or a credible risk of famine over the coming six months.
With access to people in need and sufficient funding, the United Nations and its partners can avert famine and provide the necessary relief and support where famine already exists.
To avert a humanitarian catastrophe in the four countries over the coming months, the United Nations and its partners will continue to scale up humanitarian operations.
Letter dated 31 January 2017 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council
An obscure climate phenomenon in the Indian Ocean is contributing to an East Africa drought that is threatening the lives of millions of people, as famine looms.
Read more on IRIN
In response to the UK Government’s announcement to give an additional £200 million in aid to help prevent famine in South Sudan and Somalia, Oxfam’s Chief Executive, Mark Goldring, said: “We welcome this additional funding which will certainly make a difference to the dire humanitarian crises in South Sudan and Somalia.
The International Development Secretary Priti Patel has today announced new packages of life-saving UK aid for South Sudan and Somalia and issued a call to action to the international community to step up their support before it is too late.
The revised hotspot woredas list (December 2016) classified 34 additional hotspot woredas as compared with the last classification which took place in July 2016. Of the 192 hotspot woredas, 67 are found in the Somali region, 43 are in Oromia, nine are in SNNP and 23 are in Afar region.
UNICEF has procured 200,000 tubes of scabies treatment cream permethrin 5 per cent, and 200,000 more tubes are in the pipeline. A total of 750,000 tubes have been procured by UNICEF since early 2016.
SoSh (Somali shilling)-using areas: Consumer Price Index (CPI) generally exhibits increases (2-11%) in most of the SoSh using areas in December 2016 and January 2017 month-on-month due to increase in red sorghum prices. The CPI increased sharply compared to a year ago essentially for the same reason.
Lausanne, 21 February 2017 – East Africa, and in particular the Horn of Africa, has been in a state of crisis for a good part of the 21st century. However, the UN’s official announcement yesterday declaring a state of famine in several areas of South Sudan underlines the extreme severity of the humanitarian situation.
Medair has been active in East Africa for the past 23 years, delivering critical and emergency health and nutrition aid to South Sudan and Somalia.
100,000 people in Unity face Catastrophe (IPC 5) food outcomes between February and April 2017, up from 80,000 in January. Leer, Mayendit and Koch counties are most affected. Although pockets of famine were previously reported in August and September 2016, the food security situation has since significantly deteriorated, and this is expected to continue until the peak of the lean season in July 2017. Lack of humanitarian access to the affected areas is a further concern.
By Evelyne Karanja
NAIROBI, 21 February 2017 – Already grappling with an extended dry spell, countries in Greater Horn of Africa are bracing for an even deeper drought, with the approach of the traditional March to May rainy season offering little cause for comfort.
Exacerbated by the El Niño weather phenomenon, below-average rainfall is worsening food security and water availability, straining the resilience of communities across the region.