While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
FIELD-LEVEL IMPLEMENTATION URGENTLY REQUIRED
The Call to Action on Protection from Gender-based Violence in Emergencies, a multi-stakeholder initiative launched in 2013 by the governments of the United Kingdom and Sweden, aims to fundamentally transform the way gender-based violence (GBV) is addressed in emergencies, so that every humanitarian response provides safe and comprehensive services for those affected by GBV and mitigates GBV risk from the earliest phases of a crisis.
The humanitarian situation in Ethiopia is worsening. By the end of April, 7.8 million people are in need humanitarian assistance a 39% increase.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS HUMANITARIAN SITUATION OVERVIEW
Vulnerable populations in Somalia, southeastern Ethiopia, and northern Kenya continue to face life-threatening acute food insecurity, following delayed and erratic seasonal rains across the Horn of Africa, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET).
7.8 million people in need of relief food assistance, inclusive of an additional 2.2 million people from Amhara, Oromia and SNNPR.
2.7 million children, and pregnant and nursing mothers in need of specialized nutritious food to treat moderate acute malnutrition. Of this number, 1.3 million live in Nutrition Hotspot Priority 1 woredas (districts).
ON 17 JANUARY 2017, THE GOVERNMENT OF ETHIOPIA AND HUMANITARIAN PARTNERS LAUNCHED THE HUMANITARIAN REQUIREMENTS DOCUMENT (HRD) FOR 2017.
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Drought-like conditions continue across Kenya, Somalia, and southern Ethiopia
Below-average rainfall since late February has resulted in moisture deficits throughout many parts of southern South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia,
Somalia, and northern Tanzania.
Several consecutive weeks of below-average rainfall has led to early season moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions in parts of Ghana.
Emergency Appeal start date:19 April 2017
covered by this update: 19 April to 12 May 2017
The Ethiopian Humanitarian Fund (EHF) allocated some US$ 19.7 million to prioritized sectors of nutrition, WaSH, agriculture and health to bridge the response gaps in the last months of 2016 and the first quarter of 2017 in response to the residual needs from the El Niño induced drought and the negative Indian Ocean Dipole. The humanitarian context is rapidly evolving due to deepening drought, meher harvest loss from frost and the spread of disease outbreaks, including Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD).
FEWS NET projects elevated risk of Famine in Somalia, despite mitigating impact of humanitarian assistance
UN releases revised 2017 HRP for Somalia, requesting $1.5 billion to respond to humanitarian needs through December
USG announces more than $64 million in new humanitarian assistance for Somalia and Somali refugees in the Horn of Africa
The African Development Bank Group and Ethiopia signed loan and grant agreements to the tune of US $5.6 million on Wednesday for additional resources to Ethiopia’s One Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Program. The Bank’s support focuses on the rural and pastoralist areas and is timely in the light of the drought that is being experienced in the horn of Africa.
by Suresh Babu | International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
- Any views expressed in this article are those of the author and not of Thomson Reuters Foundation.
During times of conflict, building robust food systems can improve access to food
About 20 million people face starvation in four countries: Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan, and Nigeria, the United Nations says. Armed conflict, combined with drought and natural resource degradation have led to the breakdown of resilience in the food system in these areas.
Somali region is disproportionately affected by the current acute watery diarrhea (AWD) outbreak, accounting for about 91 per cent of the cases reported in Ethiopia since the beginning of the year.
UNICEF support has enabled 794,150 people to access safe water. This includes 149,150 people in Oromia, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples (SNNP) and Tigray regions, reached during the reporting period, through construction of new water supply schemes, rehabilitation of non-functional water systems and expansion works.
WFP urgently needs a total of USD 719.3 million for operations in Ethiopia (USD 398.4 million), Somalia (USD 290.7 million) and Kenya (USD 30.2 million) from May to October for the drought response.
Food security situation continues to deteriorate. In Ethiopia, the Government revised the number of HRD relief beneficiaries up from 5.6 million to 7.8 million. In Somalia, the number of people facing crisis and emergency (IPC 3 and 4 food security levels) has increased from 2.9 million to 3.2 million.
Food insecurity intensifies despite late Gu and Belg season rainfall
ETHIOPIA/Somali region: Local women defy drought and come together to start their own business, boosting the local community and enhancing economic independence.
In February 2017, the Iskaashatada Hila’a, a women’s cooperative association in Harta Sheik town, established a grinding mill business, serving residents of area communities.
Fatuma Kahin (40), a senior member of the Hila’a association and the overall operations and accounts manager of the grinding mill, is thrilled to see how the project unites the people in her community.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. The WHO Regional Office is currently monitoring 49 events: three Grade 3, six Grade 2, two Grade 1, and 38 ungraded events.