Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2017Ongoing
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
AS NEED GROWS, INSUFFICIENT FUNDING LIMITS RESPONSE
Despite the urgency to increase nutrition support in areas affected by the failed belg (mid-February-May) season, funding shortfalls are limiting partners’ capacity to expand their operation. Food insecurity is expected to deepen and malnutrition to rise in the coming months given the on-going El Niño phenomenon negatively affecting rainfall patterns throughout the year and through the first half of 2016.
In West Africa, market availability was adequate in May, with supplies from recent 2014/15 harvests and international rice and wheat imports. Staple food prices were stable or declining, except in areas directly and indirectly affected by the conflict in northeastern Nigeria. The recent opening of borders among Ebola-affected countries contributed to improved trade flows in some areas, following disruptions over the second half of 2014.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
The objective of this overview is to support the development of national-level response and preparedness plans and facilitate joint priority actions in the areas of advocacy, resource mobilization, and coordinated engagement in cross border areas.
There has been a step change in the threat level in the region in 2015. There is an increasing concern about the confluence and compounding impacts of these threats, both at the national and the regional level. The outlook presented here will be updated on a bi-monthly basis.
More support needed to address the deteriorating humanitarian context in the country. The net 2015 HRD requirement is still at 41 per cent funded. The relief food caseload is likely to increase following the mid-year review
Limited truck availability to move relief food supplies continue to delay the relief operation
Poor households in central SNNPR and northeastern Amhara to enter Crisis in July
Despite some Belg rainfall in May, after starting late, the cumulative March to May Belg rains were well below average. As a result, planted area was low, and many crops have not developed as early as is typical. During dry spells in March and April, a significant proportion of Belg crops wilted .
Well below average Belg harvest likely in central SNNPR
Insufficient February–June belg rains in parts of Ethiopia have contributed to deteriorating levels of food security, according to the UN. The USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) forecasts that belg-reliant households in some parts of Amhara and Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP) regions will move from Stressed—IPC 2—to Crisis—IPC 3—levels of food security in July.4
NAIROBI, 17 June 2015 - World leaders will gather in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, next month to focus on the issue of global development financing. The Third International Conference on Financing for Development (FfD3) is another key milestone in the post-2015 development agenda aimed at reducing extreme poverty by 2030.
This post was written byJerome Bossuet of ICRISAT leading up to the World Day to Combat Drought and Desertification on June 17.
At 3,500 meters above sea level, the Yewol watershed in the Northern Ethiopian Highlands offers stunning mountainous landscape but harsh conditions for farming. “Four years ago, this land was a disaster; I could barely grow my barley. Our fields were feeding the Nile down in the valley” says Ali Ahmed, a farmer living in the watershed whose farm soils were being eroded away.
Funding shortfalls are limiting partners’ capacity to meet nutrition intervention needs in hotspot woredas.
The cross-border relief operation to South Sudan is interrupted since 6 June due to intensified conflict.
The air deliveries are most affected as the drop zone sites are inaccessible.
DRMFSS and WFP, with relevant partners, will discuss the various obstacles causing delays in relief food distribution. An action plan will be developed to rectify the problem.
The humanitarian situation in Ethiopia is quickly deteriorating due to an expanding drought following poor belg/gu/ganna/sugum raining season. Increasing water and pasture shortages were reported in parts of the country, leading to deteriorated livestock production and productivity, deepening food security and raising levels of malnutrition.
Mexico - Tropical Depression THREE
• Tropical Depression THREE formed in the eastern Pacific Ocean, off the coasts of Oaxaca and Guerrero states, on 10 June.
• On 11 June, at 9.00 UTC, its approximate centre was 410km of Acapulco in Guerrero.
• Over the next 48h, THREE is forecast to intensify significantly. It is expected to move north-west and then turn north-northeast, towards Oaxaca and Guerrero.
• Very heavy rainfall and strong winds may affect the southern states of Mexico, particularly Guerrero, Oaxaca and Chiapas, on 11 June.
Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation - Thu, 11 Jun 2015 13:30 GMT
Author: Elias Gebreselassie
ZIWAY, Ethiopia, June 11 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) — Gebre Sire, a farmer from the village of Abine Germama in Ethiopia's Oromia regional state, has been paying into weather-index based crop insurance for over two years. While he's happy that he has recently received his first payout after drought ruined his corn crop about a year ago, he feels there are ways to better maximize the scheme's benefits.
The humanitarian community urged donors to bolster support to meet the increased humanitarian need in the country.
The number of nutrition hotspot priority 1 woredas almost doubled in May 2015.
The number of measles outbreak sites continues to increase with 173 outbreak sites reported this week compared to 165 sites two weeks ago
INCREASED HUMANITARIAN NEED EXPECTED IN THE SECOND HALF OF 2015
Some 6,129 South Sudanese refugees registered in May compared to an average of 1,000 new arrivals per month in the first quarter of the year.
The Ethiopia chapter of UNHCR’s regional refugee appeal is only at 14 per cent funded.
The mid-year belg/gu assessment will start in mid-June and inform the mid-year revision of the HRD.
Belg production likely to be far below average in June/July
Belg rains started late in most areas, and there have been several dry spells. Less land was prepared than normal, and planted area, in places, is as little as less than half of average.
The planting window for many crops, including maize, has closed. Moreover, some of the crops have already wilted.
The timely provision of short maturing improved varieties of wheat, sorghum, maise and teff seeds will be required for the upcoming meher season.
With some 1.6 million livestock require feed and water interventions in Arsi, West Arsi, Bale, East and West Hararge zones of Oromia region, 19.6 million quintals of emergency feed is required for the next two months.
Abnormal dryness continues to affect parts of Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Haiti
Africa Weather Hazards
Very poor rainfall since February, combined with six consecutive weeks of virtually no rainfall since midMarch, has led to large moisture deficits and rapidly deteriorating ground conditions in Ethiopia, Djibouti, and eastern Eritrea. The extended mid-season absence of rainfall is likely to adversely affect cropping activities for Belg-producing areas of Ethiopia.