While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Increasing number of refugees in the Horn of Africa
by LKO, 2017/02/03
There is not enough water, more and more cattle is dying and food supplies are already short: for years now it has not rained sufficiently in the Horn of Africa and the fear is growing that this will lead to a recurrence of the latest famine, which claimed the lives of 260.000 people in 2011.
SAN FRANCISCO, 7 February 2017
For those forced to live through them, droughts are less an unusual event than a way of life that constantly tests your resilience and resourcefulness.
To be a farmer, or make a living from livestock in Ethiopia, where my organisation, Mercy Corps, has been working for many years, you need to be innovative in the face of ever-changing weather patterns.
Addis Ababa February 9,2017 National Disaster Risk Management Commission disclosed that the government has allocated 47 million USD to mitigate drought in pastoral areas.
Severe drought has hit citizens in 9 zones of Somali Regional State, West Gujji, Borena, lowlands of Bale, South Omo and Segen this year.
Recalling that 10.2 million citizens needed assistance last year, the commission said the total number of compatriots that need relief support has declined to 5.6 million.
Training of surge capacity staff working on Targeted Supplementary Feeding Programmehas increased the reporting capacity in Afar and Oromia regions.
In November, there were slight improvements in actual beneficiary figures, compared to October. In most regions, the increase is mainly due to new screening figures. Only in Oromia did the beneficiary figures decline, due to the likely impact of Belgand Meherharvest in some of the areas.
Four Mobile Health Nutrition Teams (MHNT), in Dalefage, Hadellela, Dulechaand Semurobi, were trained in screening for malnutrition, admission and treatment.
Treatment of target beneficiaries with specialized nutritious food continued in November, with increased admissions mainly due to new screening figures.
In November, the MHNTs reported 85% cure rate and 15 % default rate for children under five. For pregnant and lactating women cure rate of 81% and default rate 5% were reported.
Treatment activities of the moderately acutely malnourished cases continued as usual in November.
The increase in planned and actual beneficiary numbers can mainly be attributed to new screening figures.
The November performance indicators show 98% cure rate for children under five and, 100% cure rate for pregnant and lactating women. Invariably, death and default rates for both groups have remained low.
Following low level TSFP activities in October due to delayed submission of screening figures, treatment activities for moderately acute malnourished (MAM) cases picked up in November in both regular TSFP woredasand through the Mobile Health and Nutrition Teams (MHNTs).
The MHNT program performance indicators reported 97% cure rate for children under five, and 96% cure rate for pregnant and lactating women. Death and default rates remained low for both groups.
Treatment of a Moderately Acute Malnutrition cases continued as usual in November, with Targeted Supplementary Feeding Programmeactivities reported in all the targeted woredas.
The number of actual beneficiaries reached in November has remained relatively stable compared to October 2016.
Implementation of treatment activities for moderately acute malnutrition cases continued in the month of November.
The beneficiary numbers in Oromia continued to decline due to the likely impact of Belgand Meherharvest in some areas.
The performance indicators show a 99% cure rate for children under five, and 100% cure rate for pregnant and lactating women. Meanwhile, death and default rates for both groups remained low.
Treatment of moderately acute malnourished cases continued in November, with new screening figures resulting in increased admission rate.
In November, the performance indicators reported 94% cure rate, 3% default and non-cure rates for children under five. For pregnant and lactating women, it was reported 99% cure rate and 1% default rate.
The Drought Situation
The Logistics Cluster has been supporting the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) with the rehabilitation of the three key government logistics hubs in Adama, Kombolcha and Dire Dawa. On 2 February 2017, the last of these hubs, Adama, 250 m2 of space rehabilitated, was officially inaugurated.
Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Round 1, carried out between September and October, had identified 167,688 persons (30,676 households) who have been displaced in 2016 and remain in situation of displacement in 135 sites across 6 regions (Afar, Gambela, Harari, Oromia, Somali, and Tigray). Of these 33% were as the result of communal conflict, 23% from drought and 44% due to flooding. The majority of displaced population were in Somali, Gambela and Afar regions.
As of 31 January, United Nations Coordinated Appeals and Refugee Response Plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require US$22.5 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 93.5 million crisis-affected people in 33 countries. Needs and financial requirements have increased due the finalisation of five additional Humanitarian Response Plans (HRPs). Seventeen HRPs have been published so far. Together the appeals are funded at $77.2 million, leaving a shortfall of $22.4 billion.
A roadmap to reduce drought risk in Ethiopia
Wetlands International and partners working in the Somali Regional State of Ethiopia published the Atlas of the Upper Fafan Catchment. The Atlas consists of a series of vegetation cover and water resource maps over time and provides a fundamental understanding of the challenges and opportunities for conservation.
Ecosystem restoration is the “process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that has been degraded, damaged or destroyed” (SER Primer 2004). Which combination of ecosystem restoration interventions is most effective in a certain area depends on the landscape’s characteristics.
This manual aims to support capacity building and advocacy activities focusing on ecosystems restoration in the Upper Fafan Catchment. It describes where and when to implement protection and management, soil and water conservation, off-stream water storage and in-stream water storage interventions.
The drought in the Horn of Africa is generating a humanitarian crisis in Somalia, with urgent needs also in Kenya and Ethiopia. The number of people in crisis and emergency food insecurity levels (Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) 3 or above) now stands at 11.2 million people, with 2.9 million in Somalia, 5.6 million in Ethiopia, and 2.7 million in Kenya.
Livestock are central to the livelihoods of the millions of pastoralists and agropastoralists living in southern and southeastern areas of Ethiopia, who now face the serious effects of a long dry spell following the failure of the October–December rains. Protecting livestock-based livelihoods is FAO’s number one priority in affected areas of Somali, Oromia and SNNP regions.