While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
While the final HRD number will be officially confirmed after the upcoming belg assessment, there is a need for a projection of needs in the second half of the year. This number may increase following the outcome of belg assessment
Despite increased rainfall in northern Ethiopia, Somalia and south-eastern Ethiopia remain dry
Africa Weather Hazards
- Below-average rainfall since late February has resulted in moisture deficits throughout many parts of southern South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia, and northern Tanzania.
- Limited rainfall since March has led to developing moisture deficits across parts of Liberia, Cote d’Ivoire, and southern Guinea.
Central Asia Weather Hazards
The month of May has failed to bring any reprieve to drought-ravaged parts of Ethiopia, with the humanitarian situation threatening to unravel quickly if urgent action is not taken, Save the Children warned today.
Food supplies are already on the brink of depletion due to funding shortfalls, with need rapidly outstripping supply and donors’ funding failing to keep pace.
The regional consensus climate outlook for the June to September 2017 rainfall season indicates that most of Somalia, Kenya, and southern Ethiopia will remain dry. Ethiopia’s Afar region and southwestern Uganda will likely experience near normal to below normal rains. Normal to above normal rainfall is expected across central and western Ethiopia, northern Kenya and central Uganda; while northern Ethiopia, parts of northern Uganda, coastal Somalia, coastal and western Kenya will likely experience above normal rainfall and floods.
Improved spring rains in most drought-affected areas have improved pasture and water availability for human and livestock.
The Food Cluster is projecting that all available relief food stock will be depleted by the end of June, leaving at least 7.78 million people without food assistance post-June.
The Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team endorsed the timeline for the roll out of the Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (PSEA) strategy on 26 May.
Methodology and limitations
• Time period covered: 17-28 March 2017
• The National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) collaborated in calling DPPB and other woreda officials in 261 priority 1 and 2 woredas
• Some woredas remain uncovered because of the telephone network and lack of information with DPPB officials
• Results presented here have had no further triangulation
Some major headlines:
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. The WHO Regional Office is currently monitoring 49 events: three Grade 3, six Grade 2, two Grade 1, and 38 ungraded events.
Today I announce that the Australian Government will provide further assistance to the millions of people across Africa forced from their homes, with more than ten million estimated to be on the verge of starvation due to ongoing conflict and widespread drought.
An additional $19.3 million in support will provide emergency food, healthcare, water and sanitation to people in South Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Nigeria and Kenya.
FIELD-LEVEL IMPLEMENTATION URGENTLY REQUIRED
The Call to Action on Protection from Gender-based Violence in Emergencies, a multi-stakeholder initiative launched in 2013 by the governments of the United Kingdom and Sweden, aims to fundamentally transform the way gender-based violence (GBV) is addressed in emergencies, so that every humanitarian response provides safe and comprehensive services for those affected by GBV and mitigates GBV risk from the earliest phases of a crisis.
The humanitarian situation in Ethiopia is worsening. By the end of April, 7.8 million people are in need humanitarian assistance a 39% increase.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS HUMANITARIAN SITUATION OVERVIEW
Vulnerable populations in Somalia, southeastern Ethiopia, and northern Kenya continue to face life-threatening acute food insecurity, following delayed and erratic seasonal rains across the Horn of Africa, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET).
7.8 million people in need of relief food assistance, inclusive of an additional 2.2 million people from Amhara, Oromia and SNNPR.
2.7 million children, and pregnant and nursing mothers in need of specialized nutritious food to treat moderate acute malnutrition. Of this number, 1.3 million live in Nutrition Hotspot Priority 1 woredas (districts).
ON 17 JANUARY 2017, THE GOVERNMENT OF ETHIOPIA AND HUMANITARIAN PARTNERS LAUNCHED THE HUMANITARIAN REQUIREMENTS DOCUMENT (HRD) FOR 2017.
The World Bank’s Enabling the Business of Agriculture Index (EBA) is a unique tool for measuring the ease of doing agribusiness. EBA data, coupled with contextual analysis and consultations with key stakeholders, can inform priority reforms and allow for transparent result tracking over time and across countries. The index scores, on a scale of 0-100*, the strength of the legal and institutional environment for agribusinesses across eight topics: seed, fertilizer, machinery, finance, markets, transport, water, and ICT.