While Ethiopia battles the residual needs arising from the El Niño-induced drought, below average rains in the southern and eastern parts of the country caused by the negative Indian Ocean Dipole and La Niña have led to new symptoms of drought. Livestock deaths and water shortages are already reported from the affected areas. In addition, disease outbreaks and, food and nutritional insecurity persist in pocket areas.
The Government and humanitarian partners are recalibrating the nationally-led response to address residual and emerging needs. It is anticipated that 5.6 million people will require food assistance; 1.2 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding; 9.2 million people will be without safe drinking water and 2.4 million households will need livestock support. Partners also estimate that 300,000 children will become severely malnourished in 2017. (OCHA, 05 Dec 2016)
• Many countries across the African continent face recurrent complex emergencies, frequent food insecurity, cyclical drought, and sudden-onset disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and storms. In FY 2016, as in previous years, USAID/OFDA not only responded to urgent needs resulting from disasters, but also supported DRR programs that built resilience and improved emergency preparedness, mitigation, and response capacity at local, national, and regional levels.
Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) is a large-scale social protection intervention aimed at improving food security and stabilizing asset levels. The PSNP contains a mix of public works employment and unconditional transfers. It is a well-targeted program; however, it took several years before payment levels reached intended amounts.
Global harvests strong but hunger persists amid chronic conflict zones
Food security emergencies are likely to increase
2 March 2017, Rome - Global food supply conditions are robust, but access to food has been dramatically reduced in areas suffering civil conflicts, while drought conditions are worsening food security across swathes of East Africa, according to the new edition of FAO's Crop Prospects and Food Situation report.
La faim persiste dans les zones de conflits chroniques malgré de bonnes récoltes mondiales
Les urgences liées à la sécurité alimentaire sont appelées à augmenter
Cross-border Murle attack in Gambella region, at least 3,714 displaced
At least 228,000 children out of school in drought- hit Oromia and Somali regions
Government and partners continue rationing water to drought-affected areas, but the need remains high
Staple Food Markets in East Africa: White maize is the main staple grain consumed in Tanzania, Kenya, and Ethiopia. In Uganda, white maize is grown mainly as a commercial crop for export in the region. Imported rice is a major staple for Djibouti and Somalia, which mainly consume belem—the imported red rice. Tanzania is also a major producer and source of rice in the region while Kenya and Uganda are minor producers. Both red and white sorghum are produced and consumed in the region.
Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action:
The emergency appeal was launched in December 2015 seeking 2.2 million Swiss Francs to support Ethiopian Red Cross Society provide assistance to 35,371 people affected by drought in Afar and Somali Regions, through the distribution of supplementary food, malnutrition screening and referral, improved access to safe water, hygiene promotion and protection of their livelihoods.
Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) in collaboration with the Netherlands Red Cross launched Partners for Resilience phase II (PFR II) disaster risk management project which will be implemented for the coming four years in Ebinat and Simada districts, in Amhara region. The Project is an extension of PFR phase I project.
Food insecurity and poverty pose major challenge to goal of ending hunger by 2030 in sub-Saharan Africa
FAO report stresses need to increase agricultural productivity
24 February 2017, Freetown - Some 153 million people, representing about 26 percent of the population above 15 years of age in sub-Saharan Africa, suffered from severe food insecurity in 2014-15, according to a new FAO report.
Facts & Figures In 2017:
5.6 million people in need of food assistance
3.9 million people in need of water trucking
3 million acutely malnourished children & women including 300 000 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition
1.9 million households need support to keep livestock alive
Almost 10% of the population chronically vulnerable to food insecurity
This report has been developed collectively with humanitarian partners in the region to inform preparedness and advocacy efforts to mitigate and manage humanitarian risk in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region*. It presents a three-month trend analysis from October to December 2016 and a humanitarian outlook from January to March 2017. It is the sixth report in the series and updates the previous scenario report which was published in October 2016.
Regional Trends: October-December 2016
By Rebecca Beauregard
GASHAMO, SOMALI, 15 February 2017 – Mutas does not look at his mother. He is not looking anywhere, rather he lays still, his unfocused pupils covered occasionally by heavy eyelids. While we talk, his mother, Bedra Dek, keeps her eyes entirely on him. Her one-year-old son is suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and despite the food and water shortage and her two other children, she explains that all her thoughts are focused on him improving.
Since November 2016, 578 schools have closed and the education of 228,000 children is disrupted in drought-affected areas, mainly due to non-availability of food and water in schools. Parents and children are moving to places where food and water are available.
At the moment, there are 163,000 internally displaced school-aged children in drought affected areas.
UNSOM welcomes the following joint declaration from Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia in response to the current drought:
MOGADISHU DECLARATION ON REGIONAL COOPERATION ON THE CURRENT DROUGHT
An obscure climate phenomenon in the Indian Ocean is contributing to an East Africa drought that is threatening the lives of millions of people, as famine looms.
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