While Ethiopia battles the residual needs arising from the El Niño-induced drought, below average rains in the southern and eastern parts of the country caused by the negative Indian Ocean Dipole and La Niña have led to new symptoms of drought. Livestock deaths and water shortages are already reported from the affected areas. In addition, disease outbreaks and, food and nutritional insecurity persist in pocket areas.
The Government and humanitarian partners are recalibrating the nationally-led response to address residual and emerging needs. It is anticipated that 5.6 million people will require food assistance; 1.2 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers will require supplementary feeding; 9.2 million people will be without safe drinking water and 2.4 million households will need livestock support. Partners also estimate that 300,000 children will become severely malnourished in 2017. (OCHA, 05 Dec 2016)
The Menschen für Menschen charity has said 5.7 million Ethiopians could die of a lack of food. Part of the problem is that other countries are faring even worse and thus getting most of the publicity.
Some 6 percent of Ethiopia's population of 98 million suffers from food shortages resulting from a catastrophic drought in the eastern African country. But that doesn't qualify as a risk of famine for the United Nations, which defines the term as 20 percent of a country's population having fewer than 2,100 kilocalories of nutrition per day.
Data analyzed from various partner reports show that drought and conflict in the region has had a negative impact on families, with women and girls bearing a heavier brunt because of prevailing gender roles and practices. Women in parts of Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya are struggling to keep their families alive amidst devastating drought caused by cyclical below-average rains. Conflict and displacement in the region has led to an increase of gender-based violence, especially among women and girls.
In Somalia, 110 people died in two days at the start of March as a result of the ongoing drought, according to the Somali Prime Minister. These deaths should have been entirely preventable. Droughts don’t kill people, droughts don’t have to become a famine or a crisis. What kills people in a drought is a lack of food or water. We can’t make it rain, we can’t change the weather, but we can stop people going hungry and thirsty. It is simply a matter of political will, resources and funding.
A negative Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) resulted in below average rainfall over East Africa and led to drought situations in Somali, Oromia and SNNP regions. The humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate and more than 4.2 million people in these regions are targeted to receive food aid in 2017 (out of a total of 5.6 million people estimated to require food assistance in Ethiopia in 2017). These people are also in critical need of emergency water, health and nutrition services.
Recent meteorological data shows a stronger likelihood for a weak belg/gu/ganna rains
Frost damages perennial crops in eight zones of Oromia region
Ethiopia continues to receive Somali refugees; malnutrition continues to be a challenge
Our understanding of the constraints holding back Africa’s women farmers and entrepreneurs is improving – thanks to an ICARDA-managed wheat initiative working across sub-Saharan Africa.
Gender inequality is a recurring feature of many agricultural production systems across the wheat-growing regions of Africa, and women farmers often lack access to credit, land, and other inputs. The result: limited adoption of new innovations, low productivity and income, and a missed opportunity to enhance household food security and prosperity.
Almost 13 million people across the Horn of Africa need aid due to drought
By Katy Migiro
NAIROBI, March 6 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Millions of drought-stricken Ethiopians needing food, water and emergency medical care are not receiving it due to funding shortages, the United Nations said, warning the crisis will worsen if spring rains fail as predicted.
Some 5.6 million people need food aid in the Horn of Africa nation, which has been hit by a series of back-to-back droughts.
As of 28 February, United Nations Coordinated Appeals and Refugee Response Plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require $22.6 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 95.3 million crisis-affected people in 33 countries. Needs and financial requirements have increased due to finalization of the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) requesting around $2.1 billion and together the appeals are funded at $1.6 billion, leaving a shortfall of $21.0 billion.
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 01 January to 28 February 2017.
(Nairobi, 3 March 2017) – On a visit to one of the driest areas in northern Kenya today, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Stephen O’Brien, saw the devastating impact of drought on rural communities and called for international support for communities affected by conflict and drought in Kenya and the Horn of Africa.
The third consecutive year of drought in the Horn of Africa is causing thirst and hunger, decimating livestock, destroying livelihoods, spreading disease and triggering large scale population movements.
(02/03/2017) In Africa, a hunger crisis is unfolding of even greater proportions than the one of 2010/2011 in the Horn of Africa. Welthungerhilfe is therefore providing 500,000 euros of emergency aid to help the victims of the drought. The money will be used for emergency assistance measures in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somaliland. These three countries in the Horn of Africa are currently suffering a severe drought that is threatening the lives of more than 11 million people. According to UN figures, more than 20 million people in Africa are dependent on humanitarian assistance for survival.
Both large moisture surpluses and deficits continue to significantly impact different parts of Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Since December, an increased locust numbers and breeding have been reported in western Mauritania, Western Sahara, and northeastern Sudan according to the Food and Agriculture Organization.
Below-average and erratic rainfall since December has resulted in strong moisture deficits, degraded ground conditions, and poor crop prospects across parts of northeastern Mozambique.
By Ayuko Matsuhashi
BALTIMORE, MD/NAIROBI, February 27, 2017 – Catholic Relief Services (CRS) is mounting an emergency response to assist some of the 23 million people facing hunger in South Sudan, Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia.
A combination of violence, insecurity and weather upheavals made increasingly worse by climate change has brought on this crisis to East Africa, with some areas of South Sudan now facing a famine. In Somalia, the hunger crisis has reached a new high, with millions of people on the brink of famine.
Nairobi, 3 March, 2017
Political instability, war, and dry weather has pushed food production systems to the breaking point in several countries in the Greater Horn of Africa.