While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
Vienna, Austria, April 24, 2017. The OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID) has signed loan agreements totaling US$111m with partner countries Bolivia, Ethiopia and Guinea on the sidelines of the World Bank Spring Meetings held April 21-23 in Washington, DC. The agreements were signed by OFID Director-General Suleiman J Al-Herbish and ministers from the beneficiary countries.
More than 5.6 million people in Ethiopia are in desperate need of food and water. The current drought hit the country before the population could recover from the devastating El Niño-induced drought in 2015 and 2016, which affected more than 10 million people.
The Government has since implemented an effective response plan, but millions of vulnerable Ethiopians are still facing severe drought conditions. The Somali and Afder regions in Ethiopia have been the worse affected. The lack of water, loss of harvests and livestock has resulted in mass displacement.
In March 2016 the Logistics Cluster was activated in Ethiopia to support the Government and the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) in their response to the worst drought in 50 years.
10.2 million people needed urgent relief assistance, so the Government of Ethiopia, with WFP, as the lead agency for Logistics Cluster, took immediate action to coordinate the logistics response and augment the available logistics capacity.
Rainfall remains well below-average during peak rainy season in the Horn of Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Light, uneven rainfall since late February has resulted in moderate to locally strong moisture deficits in many parts of southern South Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia, southern Somalia, and northern Tanzania.
In 2017, so far, 51,184 children have been admitted for treatment of severe acute malnutrition (SAM). There is an 18 per cent increase in SAM admissions from January (23,523) to February (27,661). Drought affected areas show a worrying level of SAM admissions.
Freelance journalist based in Addis Ababa and regular contributor to IRIN
DOLO ADO, 19 April 2017
Dead camels rot on the outskirts of informal settlements in Ethiopia’s rain-starved Somali region as their owners, once proudly self-sufficient pastoralists, turn to government aid to stay alive.
Read more on IRIN.
WFP urgently needs a total of USD 378.7 million for operations in Somalia (USD 242.1 million), Kenya (USD 43.8 million) and Ethiopia (USD 92.8 million) from April to September for the drought response.
Nutrition screening results indicate a deterioration in the situation across the region.
In Somalia, WFP has increased the number of beneficiaries reached by 400 percent since January, with 1.67 million people assisted in March.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 41 events: two Grade 3, six Grade 2, two Grade 1, and 31 ungraded events.
This week, one new event has been reported: an outbreak of hepatitis E in Niger.
NGOs encouraged to redirect EHF allocations to AWD response in Somali region
Partners to distribute ES/NFIs to displaced people in Gog and Jor woredas of Gambella region
Government and partners to launch water chlorination campaign in Somali region
Dryness remains in the Greater Horn of Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Below-average and erratic rainfall since December has resulted in strong moisture deficits and degraded ground conditions. However, above-average rainfall since March has helped to alleviate seasonal dryness.
Despite an increase in moisture following the passage of Tropical Cyclone Enawo during early March, long- term moisture deficits remain due to very poor rains earlier in the season throughout central and eastern Madagascar.
Pest is a food security risk in a region already struggling with worsening drought
ADDIS ABABA, April 13 (Reuters) - Crop-eating caterpillars known as fall armyworms have damaged crops across southern Ethiopia, the latest country to be struck by the pests in a region already struggling with widespread drought and hunger, authorities said on Thursday.
Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation
Rainfall performance: March 2017
Horn of Africa
Affected areas Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan
Cause of displacement Disaster (Drought, food insecurity and conflict)
Figures More than 464,000 new displacements between 1 November 2016 and 24 March 2017
Abidjan/Nairobi, 12 April 2017 – The lives and futures of more than 18 million people are at risk in the Greater Horn of Africa and in Nigeria, as a result of one of the worst hunger crisis in recent history. This unfolding humanitarian crisis will be repeated again and again without concerted efforts to build resilience on the continent, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) warned today.
Purpose: To identify and share key lessons and recommendations on the role played by the Ethiopia Shelter & NFIs Cluster in the Humanitarian response from 2015 to 2016. Lessons learnt and recommendations will be used for improving and informing future shelter cluster responses, by evaluating the impact and effectiveness of the coordination services.
Background & Context
Weather insurance, water harvesting, diverse cash crops, land management, new technologies and community-based approaches enhance Ethiopia’s resilience to climate change
Rain-fed agriculture is becoming risky business for farmers in Ethiopia. Droughts have become more frequent and nowadays Ethiopia contends with one of the most serious climatic shocks in recorded history.
Dozens of hospitals have been hit by airstrikes since February 2017 - the Idlib governorate, where a recent chemical attack killed 89, has been particularly affected.
Many hospitals have stopped being functioning due to damage and health care personnel being killed or fleeing - putting an additional strain on the health system.
Some of those injured in the chemical in Idlib attack had to be transferred to hospitals in Turkey for treatment.
A product of the Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group (DRMTWG)
This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 01 to 31 March 2017.