While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
• Between January and April 2017, 110,676 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) were admitted into the national Community Management of Acute Malnutrition programme. While overall SAM admissions in April decreased by 11 per cent compared to March, drought affected zones in Oromia, SNNP and Somali reported increasing admissions.
KENYA, SOMALIA, ETHIOPIA, SOUTH SUDAN, UGANDA REGIONAL WASH GROUP FEBRUARY 2017
Addis Ababa June 21, 2017 Ethiopia said it has the capacity to provide emergency food aid to the drought affected people by itself amid suggestion by the World Food Program that the emergency food aid will run out by the end of this month.
The National Disaster Risk Management Commission has denied the suggestion that the 7.8 million people affected by the drought would be left without food aid.
Commissioner Mitiku Kassa told ENA that the announcement made by WFP as if the 7.8 million people would be left without emergency assistance is erroneous.
Ethiopia was hit by one of the worst drought for the first time in history in 2015. The seasonal assessments that followed the occurrence of the drought were able to identify the needs in the various sectors including the precarious protection situation of vulnerable groups including women and children, persons with disabilities, the elderly, internally displaced persons etc. The various requirements including protection needs were subsequently highlighted in the 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document.
FACTIONALIZATION AND GROUP GRIEVANCE FUEL RISE IN INSTABILITY
J. J. MESSNER
The evolving negative impact of IOD has resulted into below-average rainfall and drought situation in Ethiopia. There is significant gaps in drinking water supply to households in the six most affected regions. Water scarcity in lowland areas of Oromia, part of SNNP, Somali and Afar region is critical. Approximately 3.9 million people needs immediate water supply in 195 woredas of the 4 regions.
1. SITUATION OVERVIEW AND RATIONAL FOR EDUCATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE STRATEGY
According to Central Statistics Authority, the total population of Ethiopia is estimated at about 92 million in 2016. Ethiopia has recorded one of the fastest growing economies (at an average of 10.5%) in the SubSaharan Africa in the last 10 years. However, it ranks 174 of 188 countries on the 2015 Human Development Index implying a long way to go.
Already unprecedented food assistance needs grow further; risk of Famine persist
Stephen O’Brien, Secrétaire général des Nations Unies aux affaires humanitaires et Coordonnateur des secours d’urgence
Ethiopia, one of the world’s fastest growing countries, continues to be affected by various natural disasters which impact its economic progress. The recent El Nino induced drought has affected the lives and livelihoods of many Ethiopians causing food insecurity, malnutrition and water shortages in the affected areas, forcing some into displacement. The consequent humanitarian needs have been documented in the 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD), jointly prepared by the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) and humanitarian partners.
The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region has accepted the advice of the Disaster Relief Fund Advisory Committee and approved from the Disaster Relief Fund a grant of $4.64 million to Amity Foundation, Hong Kong for providing relief to drought victims in Ethiopia.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Merima Musa is a mother of five children whose farm fields were in danger of lying empty. The family, already buffeted by the effects of both repeated poor rains and intercommunal clashes, had nothing to plant, but a donation of maize and sorghum seeds has the 55-year-old hopeful about an upcoming harvest.
"Had it not been for the supply, my farm would have remained idle," she said.
7.8 million people in need of relief food assistance, inclusive of an additional 2.2 million people from Amhara, Oromia and SNNPR.
2.7 million children, and pregnant and nursing mothers in need of specialized nutritious food to treat moderate acute malnutrition. Of this number, 1.3 million live in Nutrition Hotspot Priority 1 woredas (districts).
• A fall armyworm infestation is currently wreaking havoc on belg crops across six regions in Ethiopia and is spreading at an alarming rate.
• The Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources has called on additional stakeholders’ participation to protect major maize growing areas from complete damage.
• Led by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission, the National Flood Task Force is finalizing a flood alert and flood contingency plan for preparedness and response.
• Ethiopia to host World Refugee Day in Gambella town
Somalia: The significant reduction of rainfall across Somalia in the first week of June marks a possible end to the Gu rainy season. The reduction of rainfall within the Juba and Shabelle River basins in Ethiopia and Somalia has led to decreasing river levels which are expected to stabilize in the coming week.
The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Meteorological Organization have signed a memorandum of understanding to deepen cooperation to respond to climate variability and climate change, which, according to the agreement, "represents an urgent and potentially irreversible threat to human societies, natural ecosystems and food security."
In 2016, Ethiopia experienced the worst drought in the past fifty years which lead to a record level of humanitarian needs. The El Niño phenomenon severely affected food security and agricultural production in Ethiopia, with cascading effects on livelihoods, nutrition, health, water, sanitation, education and other sectors. This was due to the combined effect of drought, flooding, disease outbreaks and malnutrition, as well as the disruption of basic public services, including health and education.