While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the 2015/2016 El Niño-induced drought, below average 2016 autumn rains in the southern and southeastern parts of the country have led to a new drought in lowland pastoralist areas, as well as in pocket areas across the country. As a result, some 5.6 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance in 2017. In addition, 2.7 million children and pregnant and lactating mothers require supplementary feeding, 9.2 million people need support to access safe drinking water, 1.9 million households need livestock support, and 300,000 children between 6-59 months old are targeted for the treatment for severe acute malnutrition in 2017. Drought conditions are expected to peak during the dry December to March jilaal season, which is likely to lead to a sharper deterioration in livestock body conditions, and impacting milk production and nutrition status of the families that depend on livestock for their food and income. During the dry season, the response will be complemented by supplementary food based on regular screenings to ensure the most vulnerable are reached. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 40 events: three Grade 3, seven Grade 2, five Grade 1, and twenty five ungraded events.
by Elias Gebreselassie
Insurance is only part of the answer, but it is easing losses from drought for herders in southern Ethiopia
ADDIS ABABA, 26 June 2017 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – For pastoralists like Jilo Datecha, the persistent drought afflicting southern Ethiopia’s Borena zone has made the prospects for earning a living grim.
The drought in the Horn of Africa continues to hit the south and south-eastern pastoral regions of Ethiopia following the poor performance of the spring rains. Parts of the drought-affected areas have fallen in IPC 4 (crisis) and 7.8 million people are currently receiving food assistance in the country.
An acute humanitarian emergency is unfolding in Doolo zone, in Ethiopia’s Somali region, as malnutrition reaches alarming levels, warns Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), whose teams are working in Doolo zone, the worst affected area.
“The numbers of young children with severe acute malnutrition in Doolo zone are the highest ever seen in this area by our teams in the 10 years we have worked in the region,” says Saskia van der Kam, MSF nutritional advisor.
Almost 50 percent of the Ethiopian highlands are eroded, with declining productivity costing Ethiopia 2 percent to 3 percent of its annual agricultural GDP.
An innovative approach to restoring degraded land combines security of tenure for Ethiopia’s farmers with better management of the country’s natural resources.
Over 266,000 households have been issued with legal, individual landholding certificates. About 15,000 youth, some of them single mothers, have been issued with legal, communal land tenure certificates.
Main season rainfall begins slightly earlier than normal over northern areas of East Africa
Drought and conflict continue to drive large assistance needs in East Africa
UN and AU host High-Level Partnership Mission to the Horn of Africa in June, garnering increased donor commitments for droughtaffected countries
Compared to the 2010/2011 drought in East Africa, FEWS NET reports the 2016/2017 drought is more widespread but less severe
1.1 What is ACCRA?
On World Refugee Day of 20 June, the United Nations High Commissioner for refugees, Fillippo Grandi, visited Ethiopia. Arriving from South Sudan, he started his visit in Gambella refugee camps where most South Sudanese refugees are hosted.
• Between January and April 2017, 110,676 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) were admitted into the national Community Management of Acute Malnutrition programme. While overall SAM admissions in April decreased by 11 per cent compared to March, drought affected zones in Oromia, SNNP and Somali reported increasing admissions.
KENYA, SOMALIA, ETHIOPIA, SOUTH SUDAN, UGANDA REGIONAL WASH GROUP FEBRUARY 2017
Addis Ababa June 21, 2017 Ethiopia said it has the capacity to provide emergency food aid to the drought affected people by itself amid suggestion by the World Food Program that the emergency food aid will run out by the end of this month.
The National Disaster Risk Management Commission has denied the suggestion that the 7.8 million people affected by the drought would be left without food aid.
Commissioner Mitiku Kassa told ENA that the announcement made by WFP as if the 7.8 million people would be left without emergency assistance is erroneous.
Ethiopia was hit by one of the worst drought for the first time in history in 2015. The seasonal assessments that followed the occurrence of the drought were able to identify the needs in the various sectors including the precarious protection situation of vulnerable groups including women and children, persons with disabilities, the elderly, internally displaced persons etc. The various requirements including protection needs were subsequently highlighted in the 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document.
FACTIONALIZATION AND GROUP GRIEVANCE FUEL RISE IN INSTABILITY
J. J. MESSNER
The evolving negative impact of IOD has resulted into below-average rainfall and drought situation in Ethiopia. There is significant gaps in drinking water supply to households in the six most affected regions. Water scarcity in lowland areas of Oromia, part of SNNP, Somali and Afar region is critical. Approximately 3.9 million people needs immediate water supply in 195 woredas of the 4 regions.
1. SITUATION OVERVIEW AND RATIONAL FOR EDUCATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE STRATEGY
According to Central Statistics Authority, the total population of Ethiopia is estimated at about 92 million in 2016. Ethiopia has recorded one of the fastest growing economies (at an average of 10.5%) in the SubSaharan Africa in the last 10 years. However, it ranks 174 of 188 countries on the 2015 Human Development Index implying a long way to go.