In Haiti, about 200,000 families (1 million people) have been affected by drought conditions since the beginning of 2015, especially in Sud-Est, Nord-Ouest and Artibonite regions. These prolonged conditions aggravated the situation of 3.8 million food-insecure people in the country. (ACAPS, 21 Jul 2015)
In July 2016, (OCHA) reported that 2015-2016 drought has caused losses of up to 70 percent of local production and has worsened the situation of food insecurity. It also highlighted that of the 193 million US dollars requested in April 2016 as part of the Humanitarian Response Plan, about 105 million (nearly 60 percent) were allocated to the sector, although about 30 percent (31 million) of the total amount requested were received at the time.
An assessment conducted by the CNSA and WFP in December 2016 shows the number of people facing hunger and food insecurity in Grande-Anse and Sud - the most affected areas - has declined steadily from approximately 1 million to 400,000. However, in the North West, Artibonite, Nippes and La Gonave, although the impact of Hurricane Matthew was smaller, its effects coupled with three years of drought and severe flooding have led to a hike in the levels of food insecurity with one million people affected. In total, more than 1.5 million people are food insecure in those six areas following this series of shocks. (CNSA/WFP/FAO 18 Jan 2017)
In late January 2017, FEWS forecasted that emergency food assistance needs will remain high until "Printemps" harvests in July 2017, further claiming that unless agricultural assistance is provided, many in southwestern Haiti will likely be unable to cultivate, limiting improvements from the harvest. (FEWS 25 Jan 2017)
As of March 2017, UNICEF informed that 20 communes and localities have been selected and validated, in conjunction with OREPA/DINEPA, to benefit from the WASH/USAID drought project in the departments of South and Grand’Anse was carried out in conjunction with the Southern Prioritization Matrix. The project will cover 90,000 individuals of which almost 38,000 are children. (UNICEF, 7 Mar 2017)
From March to June 2017, FAO-Haiti has been implementing some activities of cash-for-work in the South, South East and Grand'Anse departments, as response to the effects of Hurricane Matthew. More than 2 000 temporary jobs in plant nurseries for the production of 1.8 million seedlings are expected. In addition, 3 670 temporary jobs will be also created by cleaning primary, secondary and tertiary irrigation canals (33 km), agriculture land and watershed. (FAO, 12 Apr 2017)
In Cuba, the water crisis is the most severe since 2004, with 144 municipalities affected and some 100,000 people depending on water delivered by tanks. (OCHA, 6 Oct 2015)
By February 2016, 27% of the Cuban territory was affected by water deficits. (Gov't of Cuba, 8 Feb 2016)
In August 2016, the DREF operation was extended for 3 months as the Cuban Red Cross continued to have difficulties accessing drinking water in the province of Santiago, and the risk was increasing because the levels in the dam and the tributaries continued to decrease. (IFRC, 26 Aug 2016)
As of 28 October 2016, WFP declared that despite the heavy rains brought by Hurricane Matthew, hydraulic drought continues to represent a challenge to public water supply and agricultural production. (WFP, 30 Oct 2016)
On 2 December, the IFRC DREF operation was extended by 15 additional days as the Cuban Red Cross (CRC) continues to have difficulties accessing drinking water in the province of Santiago. (IFRC, 2 Dec 2016)
In January 2017, WFP highlighted that the Cuban Institute of Hydraulic Resources recently stressed that drought continues to represent a challenge to public water supply and agricultural production in the whole country, particularly in the eastern region. (WFP, 31 Jan 2017)
WFP is providing food and logistical assistance to the populations affected by Hurricane Matthew in eastern Cuba.
WFP supports the strengthening of drought-related early warning systems at provincial level and the use of vulnerability indicators for food security and nutrition in drought risk assessments.
WFP continues strengthening the bean value-chain stakeholders through trainings, technical support and equipment.
An independent team is conducting an evaluation of WFP Cuba Country Programme.
Rainfall remains well below-average during peak rainy season in the Horn of Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Light, uneven rainfall since late February has resulted in moderate to locally strong moisture deficits in many parts of southern South Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia, southern Somalia, and northern Tanzania.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Uncertain prospects for 2017 cereal production
Cereal imports forecast at high level for 2016/17 marketing year
Prices of cereals remain relatively unchanged in most markets in March, prices in south remain at high level
FAO’s Response to Hurricane Matthew
Uncertain prospects for 2017 cereal production
Dryness remains in the Greater Horn of Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Below-average and erratic rainfall since December has resulted in strong moisture deficits and degraded ground conditions. However, above-average rainfall since March has helped to alleviate seasonal dryness.
Despite an increase in moisture following the passage of Tropical Cyclone Enawo during early March, long- term moisture deficits remain due to very poor rains earlier in the season throughout central and eastern Madagascar.
Résultats clé pour les zones les plus touchées (Grand-Anse, bas Nord-Ouest, Haut Artibonite, Sud)
Consommation alimentaire : Au niveau des zones en situation crise les ménages peuvent avoir une consommation alimentaire encore inadéquate.
Situation in numbers
3,200,000 total people affected (OCHA-HNO)
1,100,000 # of children in need of humanitarian assistance (UNICEF)
1,600,000 # of adults in need of humanitarian assistance (OCHA-HNO)
41,421 suspected cholera cases and 447 fatalities (MSPP – 1 Jan to 31 Dec 2016) (UNICEF)
12,000 # of children in situation of vulnerability (UNICEF, OCHA-HNO)
1,400,000 # of people in need of WASH assistance (OCHA-HNO)
Santiago de Cuba, 7 abr (ACN) La compleja situación que presenta la provincia de Santiago de Cuba, debido al déficit de lluvias, exige del estricto monitoreo de las fuentes de abasto de agua para el suministro con calidad a la población y organismos.
Especialistas del Instituto Nacional de Recursos Hidráulicos (INRH) en este territorio oriental precisaron que ese control también se realiza a las subterráneas que así lo requieran, como sucede con las del municipio montañoso de Guamá debido a su cercanía a la costa, con una periodicidad mensual.
Port-au-Prince, 4 avril 2017 - Le 4 octobre 2016, l'ouragan Matthew de catégorie 4 a frappé Haïti. L'œil de l'ouragan a directement touché les départements du Sud, de la Grand'Anse, mais a aussi provoqué d'importants dégâts dans les Nippes et les zones côtières des départements du Nord-Ouest, de l'Artibonite et de l'Ouest. Cette catastrophe a frappé le pays à une période de grande vulnérabilité, suite à trois années de sécheresse sévère, liée au phénomène El Niño, entre autres aléas naturels récurrents.
Port-au-Prince, 4 April 2017 - On October 4th 2016, a category 4 Hurricane Matthew struck Haiti. The hurricane's eye directly affected the Sud and Grand'Anse departments, but also caused important damages in Nippes, Nord-Ouest, Artibonite and Ouest. This disaster struck the country during a period of great vulnerability, after three years of severe drought, linked to the El Niño phenomenon, among other recurrent natural hazards. The food insecurity situation, already worrying in 2015 with 47.5% of the families affected in the drought zones (CNSA, 2015), has significantly worsened.
UNDP’s cookbook highlights efforts to strengthen climate resilience & enhance food security across six countries
New York, 3 April 2017: UNDP launched a new cookbook looking at how climate change is affecting food security in developing countries and how communities are adapting their traditional recipes to survive.
The new cookbook, ‘Adaptive Farms, Resilient Tables’, was launched on Monday night in Brooklyn.
Le 4 octobre 2016, le passage de l'ouragan Matthew sur Haïti a laissé la population en état de choc. Les départements du Grand Sud, frappés directement par l'œil de l'ouragan, se relèvent difficilement après la catastrophe, qui a causé près de 500 morts et 246 blessés, et détruit un nombre considérable d'infrastructures.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year
La información precisa y esclarecedora de los delegados a sus electores sobre las acciones en marcha para mitigar los efectos de la prolongada sequía en la provincia de Santiago de Cuba, debe caracterizar el venidero proceso de rendición de cuenta.
Téngase en cuenta que el miércoles último -22 de marzo- los embalses estaban al 40,6 por ciento de su capacidad de llenado, y que las precipitaciones que muchos vimos caer el fin se semana en algunas localidades, en modo alguno beneficiaron los reservorios de agua.
Situation d'urgence dans la Grand'Anse: près de 43 pour cent de la population serait touchée.
La Grand' Anse n'a eu de cesse d'interpeler plus d'un, quant à la situation qui y a prévalu depuis le passage de Matthew. La sécurité alimentaire s'est détériorée drastiquement au point que le département en entier a été classé en phase trois (Crise), suivant l'analyse IPC (classification intégrée de la sécurité alimentaire) réalisée en janvier dernier par la CNSA, en collaboration avec ses partenaires nationaux et internationaux.
Le monde doit aujourd’hui répondre à un appel à la mobilisation sans précédent face à la situation de quatre pays menacés par la famine, et à la demande croissante d’aide humanitaire et de résilience. Dans ce contexte, il est de la plus haute importance d’informer la communauté de la sécurité alimentaire à l’échelle mondiale et nationale, quant au risque de crises alimentaires et à la sévérité de ces crises. Les parties prenantes ont largement investi dans l’analyse de la sécurité alimentaire et les systèmes d’alerte précoce afin de mieux prévenir et répondre aux crises alimentaires.
The European Union, FAO and WFP have joined forces with FEWS NET, UNICEF and regional organisations like CILSS, IGAD and SICA to coordinate needs assessment to increase the impact of humanitarian and resilience responses through the preparation of the “Global Report on Food Crises”. This Global Report aims to enhance coordination and decision making through a neutral analysis that informs programming and implementation.
Erratic and below-average rainfall continues in East Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Below-average and erratic rainfall since December has resulted in strong moisture deficits and degraded ground conditions across parts of northeastern Mozambique.
Despite a robust increase in rainfall following the passage of Tropical Cyclone Enawo during early March, considerable long-term moisture deficits remain due to well below-average rains earlier in the season throughout northern Madagascar.
Sancti Spíritus, 30 mar (ACN) Con tres mil 105 hectáreas plantadas en la actual campaña tabacalera, los vegueros de la provincia de Sancti Spíritus no renuncian a sus planes productivos pese a la sequía que los ha obligado a ir detrás del agua y potenciar a quienes aún tienen reservas del líquido.