Caribbean: Drought - 2015-2017
In Haiti, about 200,000 families (1 million people) have been affected by drought conditions since the beginning of 2015, especially in Sud-Est, Nord-Ouest and Artibonite regions. These prolonged conditions aggravated the situation of 3.8 million food-insecure people in the country. (ACAPS, 21 Jul 2015)
In July 2016, (OCHA) reported that 2015-2016 drought has caused losses of up to 70 percent of local production and has worsened the situation of food insecurity. It also highlighted that of the 193 million US dollars requested in April 2016 as part of the Humanitarian Response Plan, about 105 million (nearly 60 percent) were allocated to the sector, although about 30 percent (31 million) of the total amount requested were received at the time.
An assessment conducted by the CNSA and WFP in December 2016 shows the number of people facing hunger and food insecurity in Grande-Anse and Sud - the most affected areas - has declined steadily from approximately 1 million to 400,000. However, in the North West, Artibonite, Nippes and La Gonave, although the impact of Hurricane Matthew was smaller, its effects coupled with three years of drought and severe flooding have led to a hike in the levels of food insecurity with one million people affected. In total, more than 1.5 million people are food insecure in those six areas following this series of shocks. (CNSA/WFP/FAO 18 Jan 2017)
In late January 2017, FEWS forecasted that emergency food assistance needs will remain high until "Printemps" harvests in July 2017, further claiming that unless agricultural assistance is provided, many in southwestern Haiti will likely be unable to cultivate, limiting improvements from the harvest. (FEWS 25 Jan 2017)
As of March 2017, UNICEF informed that 20 communes and localities have been selected and validated, in conjunction with OREPA/DINEPA, to benefit from the WASH/USAID drought project in the departments of South and Grand’Anse was carried out in conjunction with the Southern Prioritization Matrix. The project will cover 90,000 individuals of which almost 38,000 are children. (UNICEF, 7 Mar 2017)
From March to June 2017, FAO-Haiti has been implementing some activities of cash-for-work in the South, South East and Grand'Anse departments, as response to the effects of Hurricane Matthew. More than 2 000 temporary jobs in plant nurseries for the production of 1.8 million seedlings are expected. In addition, 3 670 temporary jobs will be also created by cleaning primary, secondary and tertiary irrigation canals (33 km), agriculture land and watershed. (FAO, 12 Apr 2017)
In Cuba, the water crisis is the most severe since 2004, with 144 municipalities affected and some 100,000 people depending on water delivered by tanks. (OCHA, 6 Oct 2015)
By February 2016, 27% of the Cuban territory was affected by water deficits. (Gov't of Cuba, 8 Feb 2016)
In August 2016, the DREF operation was extended for 3 months as the Cuban Red Cross continued to have difficulties accessing drinking water in the province of Santiago, and the risk was increasing because the levels in the dam and the tributaries continued to decrease. (IFRC, 26 Aug 2016)
As of 28 October 2016, WFP declared that despite the heavy rains brought by Hurricane Matthew, hydraulic drought continues to represent a challenge to public water supply and agricultural production. (WFP, 30 Oct 2016)
On 2 December, the IFRC DREF operation was extended by 15 additional days as the Cuban Red Cross (CRC) continues to have difficulties accessing drinking water in the province of Santiago. (IFRC, 2 Dec 2016)
In January 2017, WFP highlighted that the Cuban Institute of Hydraulic Resources recently stressed that drought continues to represent a challenge to public water supply and agricultural production in the whole country, particularly in the eastern region. (WFP, 31 Jan 2017)
In March 2017, WFP stated that it continues assisting the populations affected by hurricane Matthew in eastern Cuba through rice, beans, and vegetable oil distribution. Furthermore, WFP has also been strengthening food storage capacities in the hardest-hit municipalities with mobile storage units and lightning. (WFP, 31 Mar 2017)
In the Dominican Republic, planting of the main 2017 first season rice crop concluded in March 2017, while planting of the main 2017 maize crop is underway and will be completed in May. Although official planting data is not yet available, preliminary reports point to a normal start to the season with some localized dryness. (FAO, 8 May 2017)
Haiti remains the only low-income country in the Americas. Three quarters of the population lives on less than $2 per day, making Haiti extremely vulnerable to price spikes in the global food market.
In addition to experiencing its third consecutive year of drought, Haiti was hit by Hurricane Matthew—the strongest registered hurricane in a decade—in October 2016. More than six months later, the storm’s impact continues to drive elevated levels of food insecurity in the worst-affected communities.
KINGSTON, Jamaica, Aug 7 2017 (IPS) - Since 2013, Jamaica’s Met Office has been using its Climate Predictability Tool (CPT) to forecast ‘below average’ rainfall or drought across the island. The tool has allowed this northern Caribbean island to accurately predict several dry periods and droughts, including its most destructive episode in 2014 when an estimated one billion dollars in agricultural losses were incurred due to crop failures and wild fires caused by the exceptionally dry conditions.
Un 43 por ciento del territorio cubano padeció de escasez de lluvia durante el primer semestre del año, informó en esta capital el Boletín de vigilancia del clima, del Instituto de Meteorología.
El siete por ciento de las áreas con sequía recibió la categoría de severa a extrema, el 15 de moderada y el 21 de débil, según especialistas de la institución en su publicación más reciente.
This bulletin examines trends in staple food and fuel prices, the cost of the basic food basket and consumer price indices for 69 countries in the second quarter of 2017 (April to June). The maps on pages 6–7 provide impact analysis dis-aggregated to sub-national level.
Haiti continues to be affected by a convergence of humanitarian needs further worsened by hurricane Matthew. UNICEF and its partners continue to respond to humanitarian needs including in hurricane-affected areas.
Achievements in the first half of 2017 include the following:
Full title of the project:
Renforcement de la résilience des communautés rurales affectées par la sécheresse dans les communes d’Anse Rouge, Terre Neuve et Ennery à travers la relance de leurs activités agricoles
Les communes d’Anse Rouge, Ennery et Terre Neuve
Contribution: USD 500 000
Project code: OSRO/HAI/603/BEL
A pesar de que en los primeros 19 días del mes de julio el comportamiento es favorable, durante el período húmedo ha continuado el déficit de lluvia en el país.
La sécurité alimentaire devrait s’améliorer avec les récoltes de printemps en juin/juillet
La sécurité alimentaire en Haiti devra s'améliorer dès juin/juillet avec les récoltes de printemps et la baisse des prix qui y est associées. Entre juillet et septembre 2017, le pays sera en insécurité alimentaire Minimale (Phase 1 de l’IPC) et dans les zones affectées par l’ouragan Matthew, en Stress (Phase 2 de l’IPC).
Rice, black beans, maize, and cooking oil are among the most important food items for poor and middle income households in Haiti. Roots and tubers are also important, but not currently monitored. All cooking oil is imported and rice imports account for about 80 percent of national needs. Large quantities of beans and maize are also imported, but over half of the national needs are domestically produced. Rice is consumed by even the poorest households, and imported rice is generally cheaper than locally produced rice.
Project code: OSRO/HAI/604/USA
Donor: United States of America
Contribution: USD 1 million
Target areas: Departments of Nord-Ouest and Sud-Est
Trained 90 members of GPAS (15 members/GPAS) on seed and planting material production techniques and seed packaging and storage.
Trained 25 members of the GPAS management committees (three members/GPAS) on the management of small-scale seed companies and the use of accounting management tools.
A pesar de ser la provincia con mayores posibilidades de embalse en el país, Sancti Spíritus apenas acumula en sus represas 164,9 millones de metros cúbicos de agua, el 13 % de su capacidad
En lo que debiera ser la primavera tradicional, la provincia espirituana, la de mayor capacidad para almacenar agua en el país, mantiene sus represas solo al 13 % del llamado volumen normal, un indicador que se agrava día tras día con la ausencia de las precipitaciones y la sostenida evaporación que imponen las altas temperaturas.
En Santiago de Cuba se implementa en los últimos meses el proyecto “Suma tu gota”, para el fortalecimiento de la resiliencia de familias y grupos vulnerables afectados por la sequía en el territorio. Su objetivo es mejorar el acceso al agua segura, así como a la seguridad alimentaria y nutricional en la provincia, con prioridad en la comunidad del centro urbano Abel Santamaría.
A la rencontre des vétérinaires ambulants qui aident les familles d’agriculteurs à se relever
Le passage de l’ouragan Matthew a causé des dégâts très importants aux infrastructures (routes, écoles, centres de santé), aux abris, au secteur productif (agricole/pêche/petit commerce), etc. dans les zones rurales de la Grand’Anse, affectant très sévèrement les ménages y résidant (nombre estimé à 72 000 ménages, soit plus de 360 000 personnes).
WFP is providing food and logistical assistance to the populations affected by Hurricane Matthew in eastern Cuba.
WFP supports the strengthening of drought-related early warning systems at provincial level and the use of vulnerability indicators for food security and nutrition in drought risk assessments.
WFP continues strengthening the bean value-chain stakeholders through trainings, technical support and equipment.
WFP is implementing Food Assistance for Assets activities targeting 17,000 participants and malnutrition prevention activities targeting 27,000 children and 25,000 women in the hurricane-affected areas.
With the beginning of the hurricane season, which runs from 1 June to 30 November, WFP has prepositioned 3,240 tons of food to enable rapid response.
Recovery interventions in Hurricane affected areas
Meet FAO’s mobile vets who are helping farming families get back on their feet.
Over 75,000 people in eight countries will benefit; includes response to extreme hunger in South Sudan
Over 75,000 people in eight countries will benefit from nine projects totaling $2.3 million committed by Canadian Foodgrains Bank in May.
The projects are being implemented by Foodgrains Bank members ADRA Canada, Canadian Baptist Ministries, Mennonite Central Committee Canada, Presbyterian World Service & Development and World Renew, in collaboration with their local partners.