In Haiti, about 200,000 families (1 million people) have been affected by drought conditions since the beginning of 2015, especially in Sud-Est, Nord-Ouest and Artibonite regions. These prolonged conditions are aggravating the situation of 3.8 million food-insecure people in the country. (ACAPS, 21 Jul 2015)
The important crop losses resulted from severe drought affecting the country plunges the poorest population in a highly vulnerable situation. According to the latest bulletin of the National Food Security Coordination (CNSA), from July to December 2015, agricultural production has dropped by 50 percent. The most heavily hit areas are the South, the North-West, North-East, Northern Artibonite, and South-East. Forecasts indicate that others will see their situation worsen and reaching either “stress” (phase 2) or “crisis” levels in the coming months. (OCHA, 31 Aug 2015)
Haiti is forecast to continue experiencing extremely warm and dry conditions through to May 2016. Drought has resulted in a 50 percent decrease of the 2015 spring season harvest, which normally covers 60 percent of total agricultural production. (FAO, 26 Jan 2016) As most of the country has been affected by the drought, WFP is planning to scale up its food assistance programmes to address the most critical and immediate needs of drought affected persons between March to December 2016. (WFP, 17 Feb 2016)
An assessment conducted by the CNSA and WFP shows that drought was the major shock experienced during 2015 by more than half (60%) of households in the areas affected by drought. (OCHA, 30 Apr 2016)
As of July 2016, (OCHA) reports that the drought of the two last years has caused losses of up to 70 percent of local production and has worsened the situation of food insecurity in the last months. It also highlights that of the 193 million US dollars requested in April 2016 as part of the Humanitarian Response Plan, about 105 million (nearly 60 percent) is allocated to the sector, although about 30 percent (31 million) of the total amount requested were received so far.
As part of its Emergency Operation in response to the drought, WFP reached more than 160,000 people in August with unconditional cash transfers. August marked the launch of the second phase, which consists of FFA (food assistance for assets) activities to build resilience. (WFP, 31 Aug 2016)
In October, UNDP declared that the number of Haitians living in a state of acute food insecurity caused by the drought was most likely going to increase with the impact of Hurricane Matthew on the agricultural sector. (UNDP, 5 Oct 2016)
An assessment conducted by the CNSA and WFP in December 2016 shows the number of people facing hunger and food insecurity in Grande-Anse and Sud - the most affected areas - has declined steadily from approximately 1 million to 400,000. However, in the North West, Artibonite, Nippes and La Gonave, although the impact of Hurricane Matthew was smaller, its effects coupled with three years of drought and severe flooding have led to a hike in the levels of food insecurity with one million people affected. In total, more than 1.5 million people are food insecure in those six areas following this series of shocks. (CNSA/WFP/FAO 18 Jan 2017)
In late January 2017, FEWS forecasted that emergency food assistance needs will remain high until "Printemps" harvests in July 2017, further claiming that unless agricultural assistance is provided, many in southwestern Haiti will likely be unable to cultivate, limiting improvements from the harvest. (FEWS 25 Jan 2017)
In Cuba, the water crisis is the most severe since 2004, with 144 municipalities affected and some 100,000 people depending on water delivered by tanks. (OCHA, 6 Oct 2015) By February 2016, 27% of the Cuban territory was affected by water deficits. (Gov't of Cuba, 8 Feb 2016) In June, the European Union contributed 100,000 euros for relief assistance to some 2,000 families in the drought-affected province of Santiago de Cuba. (ECHO, 20 Jun 2016) In July 2016, WFP informed that the drought that has been affecting Cuba since 2014 still represents a challenge to public water supply and agricultural production. (WFP, 31 Jul 2016) In August 2016, the DREF operation was extended for 3 months as the Cuban Red Cross continued to have difficulties accessing drinking water in the province of Santiago, and the risk was increasing because the levels in the dam and the tributaries continued to decrease. (IFRC, 26 Aug 2016) As of 28 October 2016, WFP declared that despite the heavy rains brought by Hurricane Matthew, hydraulic drought continues to represent a challenge to public water supply and agricultural production. (WFP, 30 Oct 2016) On 2 December, the IFRC DREF operation was extended by 15 additional days as the Cuban Red Cross (CRC) continues to have difficulties accessing drinking water in the province of Santiago. (IFRC, 2 Dec 2016)
On 7 April 2016, WFP committed to both assisting 1.6 million people hit by droughts exacerbated by El Niño in Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and Haiti and building resilience against future climatic shocks. (WFP, 7 Apr 2016)
Cuba, 17 de Febrero 2017
Fuente: Prensa Latina
La Habana, 16 feb (PL) Desde noviembre de 2016 hasta enero del presente año, 120 municipios de los 169 en Cuba sufrieron afectaciones por la sequía, la cual mantiene tendencia ascendente, alertó hoy un experto nacional.
Argelio Fernández, especialista principal del Grupo de Servicio Hidrológico y Disponibilidad del Instituto Nacional de Recursos Hidráulicos (INRH), precisó además que de los 120 municipios golpeados por ese fenómeno, 31 se ubican en la categoría de sequía moderada, 38 severa y 51 extrema.
WFP is providing food and logistical assistance to the populations affected by Hurricane Matthew in eastern Cuba.
WFP supports the strengthening of drought-related early warning systems at provincial level and the inclusion of vulnerability indicators for food security and nutrition in drought risk assessments.
WFP continues strengthening the bean value-chain stakeholders through trainings, technical support and equipment.
Fuente: Juventud Rebelde
La intensa afectación de los recursos hídricos en Cuba preocupa e insta a las autoridades a una búsqueda de planes para resolver los problemas recrudecidos por la sequía, señala un informe sobre el tema, según informa este viernes PL.
Heavy rainfall was widespread across much of southern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Since December, increased locust numbers and breeding have been reported in western Mauritania, Western Sahara, and northeastern Sudan according to the Food and Agriculture Organization.
The humanitarian context in Haiti has been worsened by the hurricane Matthew, which violently struck Haiti on 4 October causing widespread damage, flooding and displacement. Nearly 2.1 million people were affected throughout the country (mainly in Grand’Anse, Sud and Nippes departments). It was estimated that 1.4 million people need humanitarian assistance. Cholera epidemic is still high with 41,421 cases registered between January and 31 December 2016.
Aurelio Ochoa Figueredo y Jorge Fresno Aguilera contribuyen a atenuar los efectos de la sequía en la masa ganadera
HOLGUÍN.–Aunque permanecen lejos de las vaquerías y áreas de pastoreo, Aurelio Ochoa Figueredo y Jorge Fresno Aguilera contribuyen a atenuar los efectos de la sequía en la masa ganadera. Ambos jóvenes son parte de la UEB Talleres Agropecuarios Holguín, que ha asumido con urgencia la reparación de pipas destinadas al abasto de agua en entidades pecuarias estatales y del sector cooperativo-campesino.
-Le Plan de Réponse Humanitaire 2017-2018 vise à sauver des vies tout en renforçant la résilience de la population et des institutions nationales face aux crises et aux catastrophes naturelles, et en ouvrant la voie vers le développement durable
-The Humanitarian Response Plan 2017-2018 aims to save lives while strengthening the resilience of the population and national institutions in the face of crises and natural disasters, and by paving the way towards sustainable development
LE PLAN DE REPONSE HUMANITAIRE EN BREF
OBJECTIF STRATEGIQUE 1
Renforcer la résilience des personnes affectées à travers une assistance vitale à temps, la protection, un meilleur accès aux services de base et à la restauration immédiate des moyens de subsistance.
OBJECTIF STRATEGIQUE 2
Assurer une réponse rapide et effective (eau, hygiène et assainissement, santé) aux flambées de choléra et autres maladies d'origine hydrique.
OBJECTIF STRATEGIQUE 3
HUMANITARIAN NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
THE HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE PLAN AT A GLANCE
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 1
Strengthen affected people’s resilience through timely life-saving assistance, improved access to basic services and immediate livelihood restoration.
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 2
Ensure a rapid and effective response to cholera outbreaks and other waterborne diseases
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 3
Situation in Numbers
3,200,000 total people affected (OCHA-HNO)
1,100,000 /# of children in need of humanitarian assistance (UNICEF)
1,600,000 /# of adults in need of humanitarian assistance (OCHA-HNO)
41,110 suspected cholera cases and 441 fatalities (MSPP – 1 Jan to 24 Dec 2016) of which approximately 50 children under five years old (UNICEF)
The impact of the 2015‒2016 El Niño weather phenomenon has been one of the most intense and widespread in the past one hundred years. The agriculture, food security and nutritional status of 60 million people around the globe is affected by El Niño-related droughts, floods and **extreme hot** and **cold weather**.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year
In West Africa, regional staple food production during the 2016/17 marketing year was similar to 2015/16 and well above average. International rice and wheat imports continue to support regional market supplies. Markets remained disrupted throughout the Lake Chad Basin. The depreciation of the Naira has led to price increases across Nigeria. A recent ban on Nigerian grain exports has had uneven impacts on trade flows along Nigeria’s long and porous borders.
This bulletin examines trends in staple food and fuel prices, the cost of the basic food basket and consumer price indices for 71 countries in the fourth quarter of 2016 (October to December).1 The maps on pages 6–7 disaggregate the impact analysis to sub-national level.
Los avileños no se cruzan de brazos en el intento por atenuar los efectos de la sequía, una de las mayores de los últimos años
CIEGO DE ÁVILA.–Jamás, en los últimos 25 años, se había visto tanto ajetreo con el tema de la sequía en la provincia. Reuniones van, reuniones vienen, estaciones de bombeo paralizadas, pozos que aportan el último suspiro y otros totalmente secos, sectores hidrogeológicos que colapsan…
Fuente: Juventud Rebelde
SANTIAGO DE CUBA.— Ante la poca disponibilidad de agua en las fuentes abastecedoras de los territorios de Guamá, Tercer Frente, Palma Soriano y Santiago de Cuba, se adoptan en esta provincia medidas emergentes como el trasvase, inversión en las redes, instalación de tanques y el montaje de una desalinizadora, según precisa la ACN.
The 2015-2016 El Niño phenomenon has been one of the strongest on record, affecting deeply the lives and livelihoods of more than 60 million people across 40 countries. It has devastated crops and killed livestock, in some cases dried up water-sources in others caused massive flooding, driven up malnutrition rates, increased disease outbreaks and caused significant migration.