Central America: Drought - 2014-2017Ongoing
The lack of rain since the middle of 2014 has resulted in the loss of staple grain crops and death of thousands of cattle in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and to a lesser extent in areas of Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. The most vulnerable population are families of subsistence farmers, labourers and landless farmers, who are characterized by low income, with limited access to land, basic health services and education, and difficulties in obtaining the basic food basket. Data from governments and assessments carried out by humanitarian actors indicate that about 2.5 million people are at risk of food insecurity. (OCHA, 10 Dec 2014)
Insufficient and erratic rainfall since the appearance of El Niño conditions in March 2015 has resulted in the loss of staple grain crops and the death of thousands of cattle in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras. This is the second consecutive year that the population in these areas is facing drought, destroying livelihoods and eroding their resilience. More than 3.5 million people in these three countries are food insecure and need immediate food assistance, health care, livelihood recovery, and activities that increase resilience. (OCHA, 31 Dec 2015)
The Humanitarian Response Plan for Guatemala and Honduras was officially launched on 13 Jan 2016, targeting 750,000 people and calling for a total of US$101.79 million in funding.
On 18 February, the Director of Operations for the Office of the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, John Ging, urged the international community to maintain support for Latin American countries facing the devastating impacts of El Nino. (OCHA, 18 Feb 2016)
Late February 2016, the IFRC launched a drought emergency appeal for El Salvador seeking 2,257,946 Swiss francs to deliver assistance and support to some 9,020 people (1,804 families). (IFRC, 29 Feb 2016)
By end of June 2016, the impact of the worst El Niño event ever recorded continued to be felt in the Dry Corridor, compounding the damage from two consecutive years of drought. As a result, some 3.5 million people were in need of humanitarian assistance with 1.6 million moderately or severely food insecure in the hard-hit countries of El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras. (FAO, 30 Jun 2016)
As of 30 June 2016, 2 million people are affected by drought in Honduras and 461,340 are in need of food assistance. (WFP, 30 Jun 2016)
In September 2016, strengthening moisture deficits have been observed throughout eastern Guatemala and southwestern Honduras, where both low weekly totals and a low number of rain days have persisted. (FEWS, 24 Sep 2016)
From June 2017 to January 2018, the Food Security Outlook predicts high accumulations of rain during June allowed for a recovery of soil moisture, and the excess would allow the availability of water for crops during the heatwave, even in the dry corridor. These conditions improve the agricultural outlook for the Primera season. The results for the Postrera cycle will depend on the temporal and spatial distribution of the expected rains. (FEWS, 31 Jun 2017)
Seasonal forecasts for Guatemala show that despite below-average cumulative precipitation in July in the dry corridor, good soil moisture and the absence of extended periods without rain have been favorable to the development of staple crops during the Primera season. Considering current forecasts, average staple harvests are expected for the season, which will improve food availability for producing households, as well as generate local employment opportunities. Considering current forecasts, average staple harvests are expected for the season, which will improve food availability for producing households, as well as generate local employment opportunities. (FEWS, 27 Jul 2017)
As for the areas of concern for cereal production in Honduras, El Salvador, and Nicaragua, the latest analysis shows that there are communities who experienced damages to both "Primera" and "Postrera" staple production in 2016 due to rainfall deficits and crop diseases. Although official estimates have not been finalized, available information indicates that the greatest damages to staple crops were experienced in municipalities of southwest Honduras that are prone to recurrent droughts, primarily in El Paraíso, Francisco Morazán, Choluteca, Valle, La Paz, and Intibucá. In these areas, the most affected households may enter Crisis (IPC Phase 3) prior to 2017 "Primera" harvests. However, these populations are not expected to be large enough to represent the IPC classification for any area within the country. (FEWS, 31 Jan 2017)
As for El Salvador, cereal production in 2016 has been preliminarily estimated at about 1.1 million tons, some 27 percent above the 2015 drought‑reduced level and close to its record 2012 level. The increase in cereal output mainly reflects the recovery in rainfall levels in 2016 after two years of reduced precipitations due to the El Niño phenomena and strong support from the Government as it continued to facilitate access to main inputs, such as seeds and fertilizers. (FEWS, 27 Apr 2017)
In El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua, white maize prices in May were significantly below their year-earlier levels reflecting ample supplies from the good 2016 harvests and adequate import levels. (FAO, 9 Jun 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Central America Sub-Regional Analysis - El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras : Humanitarian Needs Overview 2016
- Guatemala / Honduras: 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan
Heavy rainfall in the western Gulf of Guinea triggers flooding and damages to infrastructure
Africa Weather Hazards
Above-normal rainfall since July has elevated the risk for flooding in southeastern Sudan and parts of western Ethiopia. Heavy rainfall is forecast for mid to late August.
Despite increased moisture in early August, poorly distributed rainfall across parts of Eritrea, Ethiopia,
Djibouti, and western Somalia since early July have led to high seasonal moisture deficits.
Más de 658 millones de lempiras ha invertido el PMA en apoyo a las emergencias en Honduras
Con el propósito de respaldar y fortalecer las acciones que el PMA está realizando junto al Gobierno de Honduras en el tema de emergencias, llegó al país Denise Brown, Directora de Emergencias a nivel mundial del PMA, quien se reunirá con altos funcionarios del Gobierno para continuar fortaleciendo y proporcionar apoyo operacional, estratégico, sistemático y eficaz a las emergencias en Honduras.
Despite heavy rains in other parts of East Africa, dryness remains in northern Ethiopia and Eritrea
Africa Weather Hazards
Several weeks of above-normal rainfall has led to saturated ground conditions and increased the risk of flooding in Ethiopia, Sudan, and South Sudan. Heavy rainfall is forecast over the region during early August.
Por finalizar la temporada de Primera en Centroamérica
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP) Case Study
Drought in the central American region is characterised by a variation in rainfall distribution, manifested by a few rainy events among long periods without rainfall within the rainy season, among other aspects (GWP 2014). This situation severely affects production cycles of agricultural producers, who heavily rely on rain-fed agriculture and lack adequate technology to face droughts; negatively influencing overall economic and social stability, and wellbeing.
This bulletin examines trends in staple food and fuel prices, the cost of the basic food basket and consumer price indices for 69 countries in the second quarter of 2017 (April to June). The maps on pages 6–7 provide impact analysis dis-aggregated to sub-national level.
By Anastasia Moloney
BOGOTA, Aug 2 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A new weather monitoring system to better forecast drought in Central America could help the region's governments and farmers avoid major crop losses and boost resilience to recurring water shortages, the United Nations says.
The tool is based on existing warning systems, and uses satellite and geospatial data to map areas where crops could be affected by drought, according to the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
Primera season production is expected to be average to above average
Maize, beans, and rice are the main source of calories and protein in the diet in El Salvador. In times of acute stress, sorghum may also be consumed. Maize, beans, and sorghum are produced by smallholders and larger farmers in the country, but rice is almost entirely imported. Central Market at Gerardo Barrios in San Salvador, the capital city, serves both as the principal market in the country and as a regional market which can influence prices in Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Santa Ana and Ahuachapan are important markets in the West with strong trade connections to Guatemala.
Maize, beans, and rice provide over half the calories in the typical diet in Honduras. All three commodities are domestically produced, but Honduras has historically had a deficit of both maize and rice. Tegucigalpa, the capital, is the most populous city and an important market center. San Pedro Sula is the second largest city. San Pedro Sula and Santa Rosa de Copán are important markets in the northwest of the country with strong trade connections with Guatemala. El Paraiso and Danli are major regional markets in the East with strong trade connections with Nicaragua.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWSNET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
A nivel nacional, el precio del quintal de maíz disminuyó en un 5.98 por ciento de junio a julio de 2017, esto es anormal en esta época del año, en años anteriores durante julio se presentan los precios más altos del año. Algo importante de resaltar es que el precio del quintal de maíz cotizado en julio de este año, es el precio más bajo presentado en este mismo mes en los últimos cinco años.
- The Concept Note of the Country Strategic Plan (CSP) was discussed and approved by the s-PRP (Strategic Programme Review Process). The CSP draft will be send to the Regional Office on July 14.
The Ambassador of European Union in El Salvador, the Head of the European Cooperation and the Minister of environment visited the project “El Niño Response in the Dry Corridor of Central America” funded by the EU to witness firsthand the achievements reached in the first nine months.
In June, WFP El Salvador provided cash-based transfers to 7,625 families reaching some 39,000 beneficiaries across the most vulnerable areas of the country.
Flooding observed in Nigeria and heavy rain continues in Ethiopia, Sudan, and South Sudan
Below-average rainfall since mid-May has led to abnormal dryness across eastern Uganda and southwestern Kenya. Moisture deficits are likely to negatively impact cropping and Pastoral activities.
Repeated weeks of very heavy, above-normal rains have oversaturated the ground in parts of Ethiopia, Sudan, and South Sudan. More heavy rain during the next week is likely to cause further flooding.
En mi reciente visita el Presidente Varela me hizo una única pero importante petición
Por José Graziano da Silva
Panamá tiene todas las condiciones para erradicar el hambre para el año 2030. Además de una sólida economía, posee una riqueza natural extraordinaria y más de dos millones de hectáreas de tierras con capacidad productiva.