On 10 February the Government declared a national drought emergency, with 23 of 47 counties affected. The number of food insecure people more than doubled – from 1.3 million to 2.7 million. Some 357,285 children and pregnant and lactating mothers are acutely malnourished. The latest nutrition surveys show that three sub-counties (Turkana North, North Hor (Marsabit), Mandera) have GAM rates above 30 per cent. Six sub-counties (Turkana Central, Turkana South, Turkana West, Laisamis, East Pokot (Baringo), Isiolo) have GAM rates between 15 and 29 per cent.
Maize production in the coastal areas decreased by 99 per cent compared to the long term average. People have to travel further to access water, for example in Baringo, household walk three times longer than normal. Pastoralist communities in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL) counties are losing their livestock - with reports of large numbers of animal deaths in Turkana, Marsabit, Samburu and Mandera counties. Data collected by UNICEF from 10 affected counties indicates that close to 175,000 children are not attending early pre-primary and primary schools, primarily due to the drought’s impact. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
As of mid-April, the rate of malnutrition is above emergency levels in some areas while other parts have serious acute malnutrition levels. The drought has also had a major impact on water resources, where 30 per cent of rural water points are nonfunctional resulting in a five-fold increase in water prices. Households are largely – and unseasonably – dependent on boreholes in drought-affected areas, with most other water sources having run dry. Since the launch of the Flash Appeal in March, almost USD 30 million has been mobilised against the total requirement of USD 166 million. Over 1.2 million people were reached in March through WFP, and Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) food and cash programmes. (OCHA, 13 April 2017)
More than 2.6 million Kenyans are severely food insecure as of 26 May 2017 — and this number is rapidly rising. High levels of malnutrition are prevalent across the arid and semi-arid lands. Three sub-counties report Global Acute Malnutrition rates of 30 per cent, double the emergency threshold. Severe drought has dried up water resources in half of Kenya’s 47 counties and an estimated 3 million people lack access to clean water. Recurrent droughts have destroyed livelihoods, triggered local conflicts over scare resources and eroded the ability of communities to cope. Families are on the move, which poses protection risks for women and children. More than 1.2 million children are in need of education assistance. Kenya is experiencing multiple disease outbreaks including cholera/Acute Watery Diarrhea and measles. An estimated 2.9 million people require lifesaving medical interventions and community-based primary health outreach. (OCHA, 26 May 2017)
Today I announce that the Australian Government will provide further assistance to the millions of people across Africa forced from their homes, with more than ten million estimated to be on the verge of starvation due to ongoing conflict and widespread drought.
An additional $19.3 million in support will provide emergency food, healthcare, water and sanitation to people in South Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Nigeria and Kenya.
Earlier this month, a 4×4 vehicle loaded with scales, a height measure, upper arm circumference tapes and food supplies departed from a hospital. Its destination was a Doctors of the World outreach clinic in Isiolo county, Kenya where the reported cases of malnutrition have risen quicker than anywhere else in the country.
In early May, long rains arrived in parts of Kenya after a 2-month delay, as long rains usually begin in March. Heavy rainfall caused flooding in some areas of the country. The food security needs remain, since not all parts of the country received rain. The prognosis is that the long rains will have minimal impact on crop production.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS HUMANITARIAN SITUATION OVERVIEW
Vulnerable populations in Somalia, southeastern Ethiopia, and northern Kenya continue to face life-threatening acute food insecurity, following delayed and erratic seasonal rains across the Horn of Africa, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET).
Drought-like conditions continue across Kenya, Somalia, and southern Ethiopia
Below-average rainfall since late February has resulted in moisture deficits throughout many parts of southern South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia,
Somalia, and northern Tanzania.
Several consecutive weeks of below-average rainfall has led to early season moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions in parts of Ghana.
Emergency Appeal start date:19 April 2017
covered by this update: 19 April to 12 May 2017
FEWS NET projects elevated risk of Famine in Somalia, despite mitigating impact of humanitarian assistance
UN releases revised 2017 HRP for Somalia, requesting $1.5 billion to respond to humanitarian needs through December
USG announces more than $64 million in new humanitarian assistance for Somalia and Somali refugees in the Horn of Africa
The last native speaker of the Elmolo language reportedly died sometime in the 1970s. By then, only a few hundred Elmolo remained, eking out a living on Kenya’s southern waters of Lake Turkana as they always had, drinking its brackish waters and fishing for catfish, tilapia, and Nile perch.
Read more on IRIN.
WFP urgently needs a total of USD 719.3 million for operations in Ethiopia (USD 398.4 million), Somalia (USD 290.7 million) and Kenya (USD 30.2 million) from May to October for the drought response.
Food security situation continues to deteriorate. In Ethiopia, the Government revised the number of HRD relief beneficiaries up from 5.6 million to 7.8 million. In Somalia, the number of people facing crisis and emergency (IPC 3 and 4 food security levels) has increased from 2.9 million to 3.2 million.
Six per cent of the 42,017 children screened during the reporting period were identified as severely malnourished and over 29.4 per cent as moderately malnourished, in Turkana, Marsabit, Wajir, Isiolo, Kilifi and Laikipia counties.
From January to April, a total of 23,700 children with SAM and 51,537 children with MAM have been admitted for life-saving nutrition treatment.
Highlights - The nutrition situation remains of concern across Kenya’s northern pastoralist and southeastern marginal agricultural areas. Surveys conducted in January and February report a Global Acute Malnutrition rate of up to 30 per cent in three sub-counties.
Depressed rainfall is reported over most of the country, especially eastern areas, during the March to May long rains season.
The long rains assessment is scheduled for the end of June and may lead to a revision of the Kenya Flash Appeal.
Author Note: This is the second in a series of three fact files that is part of a special project exploring the impact of climate change on the food security and livelihoods of small-scale farmers in Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal and Zimbabwe
PARIS, 22 May 2017 More frequent and severe droughts, floods, and storms associated with climate change mean the livelihoods of the world’s roughly half a billion smallholder farmers are growing ever more precarious.
Humanitarian needs & response
2.6 million people severely food insecure
343,559 children acutely malnourished
3 million people need drinking water
2.9 million people need health assistance
1.2 million children need education assistance
2.6 million livelihoods affected
520,000 people need support for early recovery
$165.7 million required
The International Rescue Committee predicts imminent famine in Somalia, Yemen, and northeastern Nigeria
The IRC scales up emergency response across the region, calls for urgent increases in funding
New York, NY, March 11, 2017 — The International Rescue Committee today described looming famines facing Somalia, Yemen and Nigeria, as well as the already declared famine in South Sudan, as a “catastrophe that has already arrived.”
3,234 Somali refugees returned to Somalia
927 core relief items distributed to 695 households (2,920 returnees)
1,199 newly enrolled students
2,632 returnees provided with reinstallation grants
92 shelters and 63 latrines constructed
2,425 beneficiaries enrolled in community-based projects
UPDATE ON ACHIEVEMENTS
Mixed migration flows within, from and to the East Africa and Yemen region continued to be affected by a number of complex dynamics, including conflict, drought and economic reasons among others. Migrants, asylum seekers and refugees continued to be at a significant risk of harm, ranging from abduction, physical abuse and death on land and at sea. Policy considerations remained focussed on limiting irregular migration, particularly to Europe.
Irregular Movement from East Africa and Yemen
Northward (through Egypt into Israel)