On 10 February the Government declared a national drought emergency, with 23 of 47 counties affected. The number of food insecure people more than doubled – from 1.3 million to 2.7 million. Some 357,285 children and pregnant and lactating mothers are acutely malnourished. The latest nutrition surveys show that three sub-counties (Turkana North, North Hor (Marsabit), Mandera) have GAM rates above 30 per cent. Six sub-counties (Turkana Central, Turkana South, Turkana West, Laisamis, East Pokot (Baringo), Isiolo) have GAM rates between 15 and 29 per cent.
Maize production in the coastal areas decreased by 99 per cent compared to the long term average. People have to travel further to access water, for example in Baringo, household walk three times longer than normal. Pastoralist communities in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL) counties are losing their livestock - with reports of large numbers of animal deaths in Turkana, Marsabit, Samburu and Mandera counties. Data collected by UNICEF from 10 affected counties indicates that close to 175,000 children are not attending early pre-primary and primary schools, primarily due to the drought’s impact. (OCHA, 17 Feb 2017)
By Evelyne Karanja
NAIROBI, 21 February 2017 – Already grappling with an extended dry spell, countries in Greater Horn of Africa are bracing for an even deeper drought, with the approach of the traditional March to May rainy season offering little cause for comfort.
Exacerbated by the El Niño weather phenomenon, below-average rainfall is worsening food security and water availability, straining the resilience of communities across the region.
- Low rainfall amount was received in some parts of the county during the third week of the month. It was a poor start of the off-season rains.
- Pasture and browse condition is poor in most areas. The condition is below normal.
- The state of water is inadequate in main water sources in most areas. The situation is below normal.
Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)
1. Brief description of the emergency and impact
20 février 2017 – La Directrice exécutive du Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM), Ertharin Cousin, et le Haut-Commissaire des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, Filippo Grandi, ont exprimé lundi leur préoccupation concernant les graves pénuries d'aide alimentaire qui affectent environ deux millions de réfugiés situés dans 10 pays africains notamment dans la Corne de l'Afrique
More than one million children in war-torn South Sudan risk starvation, Save the Children is warning, as a famine is declared in the country’s Unity State.
The latest government and Famine Early Warning Systems figures predict that 4.9 million people (nearly half the country’s population) will be in a food crisis across the country, many of them close to famine level, between now and April. This includes at least one million children. That figure is expected to jump to 5.5 million people at the height of the lean season in July.
Some 2.7 million people across half of Kenya's 47 counties have been affected by the drought, declared a national disaster By Anthony Langat
GARISSA, Kenya, Feb 20 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Along a dusty road between the northern Kenyan town of Garissa and the village of Kasha, the carcasses of dozens of cows and goats lie rotting in the heat.
The ground is bare and trees are losing their leaves due to a drought that has persisted for months. There is no pasture for livestock and the foliage they have been eating is becoming scarce.
Kenya has declared the drought a national disaster and requested for international assistance.
Number of acutely food-insecure Kenyans more than doubles to 2.6 million.
WFP urgently requires funding to support children with moderate acute malnutrition and school children.
WFP continues with ration cuts for refugees due to limited funding.
· The drought in the Horn of Africa is generating a humanitarian crisis of alarming proportions. The number of people in crisis and emergency food insecurity levels Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) 3 or above in Somalia (2.9 million), Ethiopia (5.6 million) and Kenya (2.6 million) now stands at over 11 million people.
· Global acute malnutrition (GAM) levels among children aged 6-59 months, pregnant women and nursing mothers remain a serious concern, with levels of over 25 percent GAM being reported in some parts of Somalia and Kenya.
The Executive Director of the World Food Programme (WFP), Ertharin Cousin and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi, are very concerned that critical shortages in food assistance are affecting some 2 million refugees in 10 countries across Africa.
The shortages could worsen in coming months without new resources to meet food needs.
By Abdimalik Hajir
Government has distributed relief food to schools in Garissa to cushion parents who are facing the burden of pay fees amid biting drought.
Speaking during the opening of Tumaini Secondary School in Garissa Township, National Assembly Majority Leader Aden Duale said the government has disbursed about 5,000 sacks of relief food to over 30 schools in Garissa Town.
14,162 Identified unaccompanied Minors and Separated Children
86 Households provided with cash grants
1,288,598 NFIs distributed
1,671 Shelters distributed
Population of Concern
Total of people of concern 496,420
USD 214,400,000 requested
Increased, unseasonal rainfall forecast in some drought-affected areas
Vegetation conditions remain very poor in much of East Africa, following very poor rainfall between October and January in many areas, particularly in Somalia, southeastern Ethiopia, northern Kenya, and northeastern Tanzania. Vegetations have continued to deteriorate into February, particularly in the Horn, as the dry season has continued.
$1.9 BILLION TOTAL REQUIREMENTS
2.3 MILLION REFUGEES
2.1 MILLION INTERNALLY DISPLACED PEOPLE
12.8 MILLION NUMBER OF SEVERELY FOOD INSECURE PEOPLE
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR AUGUST 2017
Five counties in the Mt Kenya region have set aside close to Sh770 million to buy relief food and supply water in areas worst hit by drought.
Officials said the decision to allocate the monies will speed up the process of responding to the disaster.
In Nyeri, the county government has increased funds set aside to mitigate drought by Sh100 million.
According to data released by the county, at least 30,000 people are affected by drought, especially in parts of Kieni Constituency.
By Martin Karimi — 15 February 2017
FAO and IGAD partnered together to conduct a rapid assessment from 12 to 18 January 2017, visiting 32 locations in cross-border areas of Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia to understand drought impact on livelihoods, food security and nutrition in order to inform appropriate and coordinated responses in affected areas.
Soaring cost of basic staples is an extra challenge for pastoralists as livestock prices fall
14 February 2017, Rome - Drought throughout East Africa has sharply curbed harvests and pushed the prices of cereals and other staple foods to unusually high levels, posing a heavy burden to households and special risks for pastoralists in the region.