According to authorities in Tharparkar district, Sindh province, 99 children and 67 adults (43 men and 24 women) have reportedly died in Tharparkar since the beginning of 2014 due to a combination of chronic malnutrition, a lack of access to effective health facilities, lower than average rainfall in Chachro, Diplo, Khinser, Islamkot, Mithi tehsils (sub-districts), and an outbreak of sheep pox which has killed thousands of small animals.
Crop failure due to low rainfall, coupled with loss of small animals has greatly reduced the impoverished communities’ purchasing power. Poverty is endemic in the sparsely populated district with acute malnutrition rates in children as high as 20 per cent, well above the emergency threshold of 15 per cent. The outbreak of sheep pox has aggravated the situation in Tharparkar, possibly having killed thousands of small animals, critical to household food security. (OCHA, 20 March 2014)
More than 190 children have died and 22,000 have been hospitalised in Tharparkar district in 2016 because of drought-related waterborne and viral diseases. Tharparkar is facing severe drought for the fourth consecutive year, and access to health services is reported to be very difficult, with families travelling an average distance of 17km to reach the nearest health facility. (Assessment Capacities Project, 16 Feb 2016)
According to the Joint UN Needs Assessment, several districts have been severely affected by extreme water scarcity (62% in Jamshoro and 100% in Tharparkar), and it has resulted in reduced harvest by 34-53% and livestock by 48%. (UNICEF, 30 Jun 2016)
In Tharparkar District and the surrounding areas of Sindh Province, a third consecutive year of cereal production shortfalls due to drought, coupled with losses of small animals, has aggravated food insecurity and caused acute malnutrition. (FAO, 30 Nov 2016)
Since 2013, Tharparkar has been affected by a drought‐like situation impacting livelihoods, nutrition and health conditions. The total under‐ 5 deaths were reported at 234 in 2013, 326 in 2014, and 398 in 2015, rising from 173 in 2011 and 188 in 2012. According to media reports, the incidence of under‐five deaths in Tharparkar is still on rise during the first half of 2016 with 243 deaths recorded. This may suggest a worsening health and nutrition situation following the start of the drought period. (WFP, 19 Sep 2016)
At least nine more infants died due to malnutrition and the outbreak of various diseases in arid Tharparkar district over a two-day period in December, raising the toll to 476 for 2016, according to local media. (Alhasan Systems, 01 Jan 2017)
In Tharparkar and surrounding areas of Sindh Province, a below-average drought-affected cereal production for the third consecutive year, coupled with losses of small animals (in particular sheep and goats), has aggravated food insecurity and caused acute malnutrition. (FAO, 22 Feb 2017)
A joint UN observation mission took place in drought-hit Tharparkar, Umerkot and Sanghar districts from 13-17 February, 2017. The resulting mission report stated that the areas remain vulnerable and that the situation may become critical or deteriorate into a 'humanitarian emergency' if little or no rain falls during the coming monsoon, and if immediate needs are not met. The mission found that the vulnerabilities outlined in an August 2016 needs assessment remain, while recommendations from detailed assessments and missions conducted from 2015-2016 have not been put into practice. (UNCT, 17 Feb 2017)
HABIB KHAN GHORI
**KARACHI: Sindh Chief Minister Murad Ali Shah on Tuesday demanded of the federal government that the management of water distribution from the Mangla and Tarbela dams be given to Sindh and Balochistan on a rotational basis since the Water and Power Development Authority was not reliable as far as fair distribution of irrigation water was concerned.""
Speaking at a press conference, the CM said that the shortage of water would hit the province badly since early sowing took place in Sindh because of the weather conditions.
At least five infants lost their lives due to malnutrition and diseases at Civil Hospital Mithi — bringing this year's toll of infant deaths in Sindh's Thar desert to 64.
Talking to Dawn, the district health officer in Mithi informed that more than 11 thousand ailing children were brought to six different health facilities in the district for treatment since the beginning of this year.
Umerkot and Sanghar received less or limited rainfall during 2016 monsoon compared to 2015, while Tharparkar received more rainfall in 2016 compared to 2015.
The rains were not timely and did not prove adequate for agriculture activities to the required extent resulting in less yield per acre compared to normal year in Tharparkar and Umerkot.
Global harvests strong but hunger persists amid chronic conflict zones
Food security emergencies are likely to increase
2 March 2017, Rome - Global food supply conditions are robust, but access to food has been dramatically reduced in areas suffering civil conflicts, while drought conditions are worsening food security across swathes of East Africa, according to the new edition of FAO's Crop Prospects and Food Situation report.
La faim persiste dans les zones de conflits chroniques malgré de bonnes récoltes mondiales
Les urgences liées à la sécurité alimentaire sont appelées à augmenter
Start Network members have begun working with Pakistan’s disaster authority to develop a new way of funding preventative action, aimed at helping vulnerable families threatened by drought.
The initiative is the first of its kind involving aid agencies. The planned pilot facility will release funds based on scientific triggers of drought, using insurance tools and principles. Aid agencies would be able to draw on the new source of funding to intervene before the worst effects of a drought are felt, enabling farmers and their families to protect their livestock and other assets.
The Pakistan Food Security Bulletin is produced by the Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping (VAM) Unit of the World Food Programme as a contribution to periodic food security monitoring in the country.
Total national wheat crop production for 2015‐16 was reported at 25.6 million MT, slightly higher than the 2014‐15 level of 25.1 million MT, showing a positive growth of 2.18 percent.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Favourable prospects for 2017 wheat crop production
Paddy production in 2016 decreased slightly
Rice exports in 2017 forecast to remain close to last year’s level
Prices of wheat and wheat flour strengthened in recent months
Localized food insecurity persists
Favourable production prospects for 2017 wheat crop
Executive Summary and Key Recommendations
Avalanche kills seven near Lowari Tunnel
NDMA prepares framework for vulnerable, low-income communities
Wind, rain, heat: Health risks grow with extreme weather
Babies starving as food runs low in Pakistan's drought-hit Tharparkar district
CM approves shifting of eight ATCs from Clifton to Central jail
Sindh govt fails to provide adequate security in Sehwan, says MQM, PMLF
Punjab sends summary to federal government for Rangers’ deployment
Climate change, environmental health risks becoming greater causes of death
6.3 earthquake jolts parts of Balochistan
NDMA holds national workshop on disaster risk insurance framework for Pakistan
14 killed, over 100 wounded in Lahore blast
3 FC personnel martyred in explosion in South Waziristan
NACTA warned about blast in Lahore
FIA to issue red warrant for Altaf through Interpol
37-nation naval exercises begin in Pakistan
In West Africa, regional staple food production during the 2016/17 marketing year was similar to 2015/16 and well above average. International rice and wheat imports continue to support regional market supplies. Markets remained disrupted throughout the Lake Chad Basin. The depreciation of the Naira has led to price increases across Nigeria. A recent ban on Nigerian grain exports has had uneven impacts on trade flows along Nigeria’s long and porous borders.
Climate Change Adaptation Project to benefit 185 million population
Pakistan - Severe weather (NDMA, Local Media)(ECHO Daily Flash of 27 January 2017)
Sound Bytes: ‘Climate change is a bigger threat to Pakistan than terrorism’
Fourth generation war and the intelligence arm
Quebec attack, immigration and havoc
Scotland Yard not to reopen MQM’s money laundering case on Pakistan request
Govt to inaugurate 14 passport offices this year: Nisar
230 cases registered under anti-money laundering law
Inside this newsletter:
Food Security Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) 2017
In-Depth Survey on Food Security and Livelihoods of Returnees in FATA 2017
Food Security Humanitarian Strategic Plan (HSP) 2017
Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC)
Pre-Crises Market Analysis (PCMA) - Sindh