Following a prolonged dry period during the 2012/13 cropping season (November-June), Namibia's main cereal crop output for 2013 is expected to suffer a severe decline. In some parts, the cumulative rains between January and March were approximately one-third of the average and a 50 per cent below average cereal production is expected. Livestock conditions are also deteriorating due to lack of water. (FAO, 15 Apr 2013)
On 17 May, the President declared an emergency situation in the country as a result of drought and appealed to the international community for assistance (Govt of Namibia, 17 May 2013). Over 300,000 people were classified as food insecure and over 4,000 livestock had died (New Era, 20 May 2013).
On 28 Jun, IFRC launched an emergency appeal of 1,215,010 Swiss francs (1,284,959 US dollars) to assist to assist 55,000 people in four northern regions (Kavango, Ohangwena, Oshikoto and Kunene) severely affected by the drought.
The National Drought Emergency Response Plan (July 2013 - March 2014), developed by the Directorate of Disaster Risk Management with inputs from the relevant government line ministries, the Namibia UN Country Team and CSOs, was shared with the stakeholders on 15 Aug and targeted 463,581 food-insecure people. (UNICEF, 22 Aug 2013)
In 2014, pasture and livestock conditions improved in most parts of the country. However, in the northwestern region of Kuene water deficits continued to negatively impact on pasture development. (FAO, 19 May 2014)
According to annual vulnerability assessments for 2014/15, crop production had improved significantly, which resulted in a significant reduction of vulnerable people. The total population at risk was estimated at 577,936 people of whom about 117,662 were facing survival deficits. (Food Security and Nutrition Working Group, 22 Jul 2014).
KATIMA MULILO – The completion of the N$35 million Katima Mulilo/Ngoma water pipeline in the Zambezi Region will bring relief for tens of thousands of people.
This was the view of the Minister of Agriculture, Water and Forestry, John Mutorwa, during a meeting held last Friday with contractors building the pipeline.
The meeting was called to assess the progress of the project.
This Emergency Appeal was launched on 28 June 2013 for CHF 1,390,816 to support the Namibia Red Cross Society`s response towards 55,000 beneficiaries (11,000 households) in four northern regions (Kavango, Ohangwena, Oshikoto and Kunene) severely affected by drought for 12 months.
Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF): CHF 150,000 was allocated from the International Federation’s DREF to support the National Society in its initial response.
Reduced crop harvest by 20-50%
Reduced agricultural Labour employment Opportunities by 40-65%
Limited draft power owing to poor livestock conditions(Oxen)
Less resilient households due the cumulative impact of floods and drought over the years.
Temporary relocation of livestock
Increased sale of livestock
Increased migration by young people in search of labor in urban areas and mines.
Snapshot 13-19 August
Yemen: The 9 August Al Jawf ceasefire has been broken. Access to people affected by the conflict in Al Jawf is extremely limited due to persistent insecurity, and it is very difficult to obtain information. Almost 3,000 people have died in violence since the National Dialogue Conference took place on 25 January.
Snapshot 30 July–5 August
OPt: As a 72-hour truce begins, 1,179 civilians have been reported killed since Operation Protective Edge started. A third of the population of the Gaza Strip – 485,000 people – have been displaced, an increase of 270,000 since last week. Most IDPs are staying in schools, which are severely overcrowded. The health system is overwhelmed.
Snapshot 16–22 July
oPT: 583 have been reported killed and over 100,000 displaced since Operation Protective Edge began on 8 July. There are urgent needs for essential drugs, shelter, water, and food assistance in the Gaza Strip, requiring greater humanitarian space.
Regional Update (updated 15th of July 2014)
By Loide Jason
OMAGALANGA – Although farmers in the north last year survived on government drought relief as their main source of food because of recurring droughts, this year some farmers have cause to celebrate good harvests.
One of them is Timoteus Paulus a farmer from Omagalanga Village in Oshikuku Constituency, Omusati Region. He is over the moon with his good mahangu harvest this year compared to the previous three years’ low returns.
Pakistan: Water, sanitation, and health services are urgent needs among the 780,000 registered displaced from North Waziristan (government figures). The data is being cleaned to check for duplication.
Iraq: Access to areas within the governorates of Anbar, Babylon, Diyala, Salah al Din, Kirkuk, and Ninevah remains difficult due to ongoing violence clashes, disruption of communication and transportation routes, and a widespread shortage of fuel.
WINDHOEK – Last year’s debilitating drought may have left its scars on the Namibian agricultural landscape, but millers have bounced back strongly to post impressive production results.
This is according to the Managing Director of Namib Mills, Ian Collard, on the eve of the milling season that will start at the end of June.
Namibian white maize producers exceeded all expectations with this year’s vastly improved total expected harvest in the so-called Maize Triangle and other productions areas, which ends in July.
Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone: The Ebola outbreak that started at the beginning of 2014 has resurged, with more than 635 cases recorded, including 399 deaths, as of 23 June. WHO is urging a wider, inter-country response to the subregional crisis.
South Sudan: SAM was found to be at 6% from a screening of 500,000 children. In Bentiu UN base, the under-five mortality rate has passed the emergency threshold. 2,300 cases of cholera have been reported.
Namibia is the driest country in sub-Saharan Africa and is increasingly suffering from droughts.
The north of the country is home to a number of disparate tribal groups. Some depend on crops for their livelihoods, others on cattle farming.
The Red Cross is working with these communities to help prepare them for natural disasters by providing them with relevant training and cash grants while they recover from the effects of drought.
National state of emergency
Iraq: 1.2 million people have been displaced by the ISIL June offensive and the Anbar crisis. Humanitarian access to militant-held areas remains a challenge. The security situation in Anbar, Ninevah, Salah al Din and Diyala is volatile and unpredictable. Host communities are facing difficulties assisting new IDPs and over 226,000 Syrian refugees.
Pakistan: The military offensive against the Taliban in North Waziristan has reportedly killed up to 30 Taliban and displaced at least 300,000 people to neighbouring provinces as well as Afghanistan.
Camp coordination and camp man agement was defined as a new sector under the Humanitarian Reform process in 2005. Since the CCCM Cluster’s creation, it has been activated in a number of humanitarian crises. The cluster has invested signifcant efforts in emergency responses and has begun working closely with national authorities in disaster and conflict-prone countries to build their capacity to respond to the needs of the displaced. Presently the CCCM Cluster missions are active in 19 countries worldwide.
CAR: The security situation in Bangui has reportedly deteriorated; 25 have been killed in renewed clashes. Violence has disrupted the April–May planting season, which will likely lead to below-average 2014–2015 harvests.
Syria: 241,000 people are estimated to be living under siege, 196,000 besieged by government forces, and 45,000 by opposition forces. Nearly 2,000 civilians are reported to have been killed in air strikes on Aleppo this year. Humanitarian access to both government and opposition controlled areas dropped significantly in May.
Regional: Despite an erratic and delayed start to the rainy season, the regional consumption season is expected to be better than last year in terms of cereal supplies. Most rural households across the region will maintain Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food insecurity outcomes between April and September.
Regional Update (updated 16 of May 2014)
Despite an erratic and delayed start of season, the overall regional perspective reflects that the 2014/15 consumption season in terms of cereals supplies is much better than last year’s with bumper harvests being recorded in Zambia, South Africa and an improvement in Zimbabwe compared to last season.Malawi and Mozambique are expecting good production despite late onset of rains and localized mid-season dryness. Angola and Namibia were more negatively affected by adverse weather conditions during the season.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
• Expected recovery in cereal production in 2014 following last year’s poor crop
• Large volumes of maize imported in the 2013/14 marketing year (May/April) to compensate for the drought-reduced output in 2013
• Food security conditions expected to improve with new harvest, following the sharp deterioration in the previous year, where approximately 464 000 people were in need of assistance
Hansika Bhagani, IFRC
As Namibia’s drought has persisted over the last year, Manner Tjambiru has endured along with it. The 89-year-old mother of seven, and grandmother of 10 has survived, although all of her cattle have died.
“The drought has created immense problems here,” she explains. “Our villages and most of our livestock have died. We have no small livestock left because, as you can see, there is no grass for the cattle to feed on.”
To project food security outcomes, FEWS NET uses scenario development. In this methodology, an analyst uses current evidence to develop assumptions about the future and compare their possible effects. The following report outlines assumptions at the regional level. Assumptions are also developed at the country level; these are likely to be more detailed. Together, the regional and national assumptions are the foundation for the integrated analysis reported in FEWS NET’s Food Security Outlooks and Outlook Updates. Learn more about our work here.