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Another Humanitarian Crisis in Somalia? Learning from the 2011 Famine

A new paper highlights several findings of an on-going study of the 2011-12 famine in the region that are relevant to the current humanitarian situation in Somalia, and provides several policy considerations.

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Kenya + 7 others
Food for the Hungry Supporting Africa’s Small Businesses

Training Africans to increase sales and grow small agricultural businesses

PHOENIX (August 5, 2014) – President Barack Obama spoke to 50 African leaders at the U.S.-Africa Business Forum in Washington D.C. from Aug. 4-6, to promote Africa’s economic growth in business and foreign investment. President Obama rallied support for Africa’s upcoming generation in creating business opportunities.

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Somalia + 2 others
Lessons Learned from the Somalia Famine and the Greater Horn of Africa Crisis 2011-2012

Report
Tufts University

On July 20, 2011, the UN declared a famine in South Central Somalia, which killed some 260,000 people (Checchi and Robinson 2013). Though Somalia was the worst affected country, the crisis was region-wide in its impact. This Desk Review covers the contents of some 180 documents on the crisis that were reviewed in detail, out of a total of over 500 documents initially screened. These include reports, evaluations, assessments, and in some cases, peer-reviewed journal articles and books.

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Somalia + 8 others
Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) Horn of Africa (ECHO/-HF/BUD/2014/91000) Last update: 31/07/2014 Version 2

AMOUNT: EUR 94 000 000

0. MAJOR CHANGE SINCE THE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP

In Somalia, the humanitarian situation today shows many parallels to the period ahead of the devastating 2011 drought that triggered a declaration of famine, which caused the excess deaths of 258 000 people the majority of them being children under five.

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Kenya + 2 others
Aide-mémoire - Regional Pastoral Livelihoods Resilience Project (RPLRP-P129408), Kenya and Uganda

Work plan Harmonization for RLRLP cross-border project activities in the Karamoja Cluster June 29th – 4 th July, 2014

I. Introduction

  1. The IGAD team, in collaboration with the project preparation teams of the Regional Pastoral Livelihoods Resilience Project (RPLRP), from Kenya and Uganda held a Work plan harmonization workshop in Eldoret, 30th June – 4 th July 2014.

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Somalia 2012-2015: Long Term Planning Framework Version 2

In 2001-2012, Somalia was affected by famine. The complex humanitarian situation in Somalia triggered by the collapse of the Somali state in 1991 continues. Protracted conflict, coupled with cyclical drought, floods and disease outbreaks, continue to place half of the country`s 8 million people in need of humanitarian assistance or livelihoods support. Somalia remains a failed state, and public service infrastructure, including health and education is either weak or non-existent.

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Djibouti + 2 others
Djibouti: l'ONU et ses partenaires lancent un plan d'intervention stratégique de deux ans pour casser le cercle vicieux des crises humanitaires

(Genève, le 12 Juin 2014): L'ONU et ses partenaires ont lancé un plan stratégique d'intervention humanitaire d’une durée de deux ans pour répondre aux besoins de 250 000 personnes à Djibouti et les aider à se remettre sur pieds. Parmi la population ciblée, 162 500 sont des ressortissants de Djibouti, 27 500 sont des réfugiés et 60 000 sont des migrants principalement originaires de Somalie et d'Ethiopie.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Djibouti + 2 others
Djibouti: UN and partners launch two-year strategic response plan to break vicious cycle of humanitarian crises

Strategic Response Plan to respond to the needs of 250,000 people. Of these, 162,500 are Djibouti nationals, 27,500 are refugees and 60,000 are migrants mainly from Somalia and Ethiopia.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Ethiopia on Threshold of Food Self-Sufficiency: PM Hailemariam

Addis Ababa May 28/2014 Ethiopia is on the threshold of becoming food self-sufficient as it has been bolstering production and productivity during the past two decades, Prime Minister Hailemariam Dessalegn disclosed.

Speaking at the concluding ceremony of the 23rd Anniversary of the Victory of May 28 held at the Addis Ababa Stadium, the premier said the success was made possible as the programs designed to ensure food security at household level have been realized during the last two decades.

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World + 2 others
Adaptation in Retrospect: Perspectives from Successful Community-Based Adaptation Interventions, Southasiadisasters.net Issue no.110, April 2014

So what do community based adaptation look like? And how do we think about them? This issue offers exactly this from global to local and East to West directions.

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Somalia + 13 others
Humanitarian Assistance in Review East and Central Africa | Fiscal Year (FY) 2004 – 2013

Chronic conflict, cyclical drought, floods, disease outbreaks, environmental degradation, rapid population growth, and limited government capacity present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the ECA region. Between FY 2004 and FY 2013, USAID’s Office of U.S.

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World + 2 others
Factors Affecting the Cost-efficiency of Electronic Transfers in Humanitarian Programmes

Led by Oxford Policy Management (OPM) with support from Concern Worldwide, this research aims to answer the key question: Are electronic transfers more cost-efficient than traditional manual based cash delivery methods, and under what conditions?

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World + 21 others
Shelter Projects 2011-2012

The fourth edition of ‘Shelter Projects’, is launched at a time when shelter is more relevant than ever as an instrument of humanitarian response. The case studies in this edition reflect the on-going challenges posed by responses to complex emergencies such as Haiti and Pakistan as well as new challenges derived from unprecedented level of population displacement in Africa, Asia and in the Middle East.

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Ethiopia + 1 other
Ethiopia: Drought - Emergency appeal n° MDRET010 Final Report

Summary: On 5 August 2011 IFRC and ERCS launched the Preliminary Drought Emergency Appeal for CHF 10,978,250 to assist 165,000 beneficiaries with humanitarian assistance over 6 months. To address increasing needs at the time, the appeal was revised on 26 September 2011 to 28,408,085 CHF (25,408,085 CHF plus 3,000,000 CHF for bilateral emergency response support) to assist approximately 570,000 beneficiaries over 12 months in Oromia, Afar and Somali regions.

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Kenya + 6 others
East Africa faces up to drought threat

By Denis McClean

NAIROBI, March 31 - UNISDR today welcomed the outcome of East Africa’s Second Drought Resilience Summit as an important contribution to next month’s Africa Regional Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction and preparing for a future in which climate change will amplify existing stress on water availability in Africa.

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World + 11 others
DEC Annual Report and Accounts 2012–13

This year the DEC has launched an extremely important appeal for Syria, and continued its work in three major responses: East Africa, Pakistan and Haiti, each of which was amongst our very largest appeals.

In East Africa, where a lethal combination of drought, conflict and environmental failure caused the first famine of the 21st century, DEC funded work has reached over 2.3m people. The huge humanitarian effort in the region has been broadly successful but the crisis has highlighted serious issues with the world’s ability to respond to very clear early warnings of disaster.

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Yemen + 6 others
Water in the Arab world: From droughts to flood, building resilience against extremes

Report
World Bank

The Middle East and North Africa is the most water scarce region in the world, and its water stress is likely to worsen. Governments are now under pressure to implement disaster risk management plans.

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Kenya + 1 other
Dadaab refugees making our lives a misery

In Summary

  • The sprawling settlements that dot the landscape of Dadaab area, and the ever-burgeoning number of refugee communities that populate them, has over the years, negatively affected the host communities.

  • The UNHCR has shown great irresponsibility by keeping quiet as the destruction has been going on. Ironically, it has one of the biggest offices at Dadaab.

By Abdullahi Diriye