Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Funding
- Djibouti Appel global 2013
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements 2013
- Kenya Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan 2013
- Somalia Consolidated Appeal 2013-15
A preliminary emergency appeal was launched on 19 October 2011 for 27,618,017 Swiss franc (plus an estimated 3,050,000 Swiss franc for emergency response units) to assist 60,000 beneficiaries for 12 months.
Kenya is a disaster-prone country in need of strengthened emergency preparedness and response capacities.
The number of food insecure people has increased from 1.3 million in the beginning of 2014, to now 1.5 million. This is due to the two successive poor rain seasons compounded by localised conflict and high food prices.
Insecurity and the associated disruption of markets and income earning opportunities are likely to further worsen the food security and nutrition situation.
Training Africans to increase sales and grow small agricultural businesses
PHOENIX (August 5, 2014) – President Barack Obama spoke to 50 African leaders at the U.S.-Africa Business Forum in Washington D.C. from Aug. 4-6, to promote Africa’s economic growth in business and foreign investment. President Obama rallied support for Africa’s upcoming generation in creating business opportunities.
Work plan Harmonization for RLRLP cross-border project activities in the Karamoja Cluster June 29th – 4 th July, 2014
The IGAD team, in collaboration with the project preparation teams of the Regional Pastoral Livelihoods Resilience Project (RPLRP), from Kenya and Uganda held a Work plan harmonization workshop in Eldoret, 30th June – 4 th July 2014.
By Denis McClean
NAIROBI, March 31 - UNISDR today welcomed the outcome of East Africa’s Second Drought Resilience Summit as an important contribution to next month’s Africa Regional Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction and preparing for a future in which climate change will amplify existing stress on water availability in Africa.
The sprawling settlements that dot the landscape of Dadaab area, and the ever-burgeoning number of refugee communities that populate them, has over the years, negatively affected the host communities.
The UNHCR has shown great irresponsibility by keeping quiet as the destruction has been going on. Ironically, it has one of the biggest offices at Dadaab.
By Abdullahi Diriye
By Fred Oluoch
Somali refugees began voluntarily going home recently after an agreement between the government of Kenya, Somalia and UNHCR. Fred Oluoch talked with the country representative Raouf Mazou about their resettlement in Somalia.
Do you think the tripartite agreement between the governments of Kenya and Somalia; and the UNHCR to repatriate Somali refugees was timely?
This paper explores the role of the private sector in humanitarian action in Kenya. Kenya was selected as a case study because it has a vibrant and innovative private sector, a history of severe and repeated humanitarian crises, notably drought in the country’s arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs), and a track record of public–private partnerships for humanitarian action that have exploited new technologies and experimented with new models of fundraising.
Education was interrupted and school time lost in areas affected by disasters such as conflict, floods and drought in Kenya. These disasters put many children at risk, exposing them to dangerous and rapidly changing situations. The education cluster was reactivated in 2013, and carried out several activities to strengthen emergency preparedness and response so as to ensure continuity of education in emergencies
Kenya’s ‘Turkana-Pokot Drought Management Initiative (DMI)’ was a three-year programme implemented by a consortium of NGOs which aimed to mitigate the effects of climatic shocks among pastoralist communities in north-western Kenya. Oxfam GB was responsible for implementing the livestock component of this programme in three of the most remote pastoralist communities in the northern part of Turkana County. These full and summary reports document the findings of a quasi-experimental impact evaluation carried out in July 2012.
Period covered by this Final Report: June 2012 until June 2013.
Appeal target (current): CHF 20,419,397
Appeal coverage: 5%
· This Emergency Appeal was initially launched on 11 June 2012 for CHF 20,419,397 for 12 months to assist 465,844 beneficiaries.
· A DREF (MDRKE022) of CHF 314,208 was allocated in May 2012 from the IFRC DREF to support provision of immediate support to 20,892 persons displaced by floods in West Kenya, Rift Valley and Coast.
Into moving boxes went two of my grandmother’s delicate china teacups, family photographs, and our wedding gifts—all the little keepsakes that make a house my home. When my husband and I moved in Nairobi we debated over where we would hang the lovely blue portrait from our favorite Kenyan artist, Michael Musyoka. We walked the grounds and thought about what flowers we might plant. We organized the kitchen and decorated the walls. We unpacked the tea cups, the photographs, the gifts.
Baltimore, October 21, 2013 — The Dadaab refugee camps in Kenya are currently home to more than 470,000 people. That’s down slightly from the nearly 500,000 living there at the height of the East Africa drought and food crisis two years ago, but still vastly more than the 90,000 people it was built to accommodate.
The shift away from in-kind aid as the preferred mechanism for humanitarian assistance has contributed to the rise of cash transfers in Kenya. In 2008, the World Food Programme (WFP) for the first time shifted strategically from a food aid to a food assistance strategy, recognizing new and diverse ways in which the organization could address global hunger.
Dadaab, the world’s largest refugee camp, presents an immensely complex information environment. Research carried out by Internews in 2011 identified major communications gaps. A comprehensive baseline survey conducted in 2013 by Internews in Dadaab found that radio is the most trusted source of information in Dadaab and Star FM is the most popular local radio station.
What do goats have to do with poverty? To Susan Leshore and her fellow Samburans from rural Kenya, who were affected by the 2011 East African drought, goats can mean the difference between having enough food and potentially losing everything.
By Luke Sypkes, Humanitarian and Emergencies Group, Caritas Australia
Susan, like many people in rural Kenya, doesn’t know how old she is – she guesses about 50 years. She measures the past according to memories of events like ‘the big drought’ that hit in 2011, the worst in the region for 60 years.
The Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) started its first phase of operations in the IFO 2 Dadaab Refugee Camp as a lead agency offering health services and camp management services from 27th October 2011. Initially, the KRCS set up temporary clinics with outreach services. In 2012, the Society with funding from the African Union, the German Red Cross and Rotary Germany started the construction of a Level 5 Hospital in IFO 2 East which would serve as a referral hospital for all the five existing camps that currently serve close to 500,000 refugees. This brings care much closer.
Created on July 27, 2013 by Anahi.