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Humanitarian crises, emergency preparedness and response: the role of business and the private sector - Kenya case study

This paper explores the role of the private sector in humanitarian action in Kenya. Kenya was selected as a case study because it has a vibrant and innovative private sector, a history of severe and repeated humanitarian crises, notably drought in the country’s arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs), and a track record of public–private partnerships for humanitarian action that have exploited new technologies and experimented with new models of fundraising.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Somalia: Humanitarian Dashboard - December 2013 (issued on 11 February 2014)

SITUATION OVERVIEW

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Better days ahead for the homeless of Hargeysa

The 2011 drought and famine affected approximately 4 million people across Somalia. As many as 260,000 people died and thousands of people were displaced within the country and across the borders. Istahil Ali Gamadid’s family was of those driven from their homes. Istahil, a mother of eight, hails from Libasagaale village in the Waqooyi-Galbeed region of Somaliland.

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UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Somalia: Humanitarian Dashboard - November (issued on 15 January 2014)

SITUATION OVERVIEW

The humanitarian crisis in Somalia remains one of the largest and most complex in the world with climatic shocks, armed conflict and protracted displacement. While over 3.2 million people still require humanitarian assistance, humanitarian access remains extremely challenging.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Somalia: Humanitarian Dashboard - October (issued on 27 November 2013)

SITUATION OVERVIEW

The humanitarian crisis in Somalia remains one of the largest and most complex in the world with climatic shocks, armed conflict and protracted displacement. While over 3 million people still require humanitarian assistance, humanitarian access remains extremely challenging.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Somalia + 3 others
Somalia Humanitarian Bulletin October 2013 | Issued on 18 November 2013

Highlights

  • Strong winds and heavy rains in Puntland leave an unknown number of people dead and thousands affected.

  • Outlook for food security remains cautious in parts of Somalia due to erratic rains.

  • Humanitarian air service seeks urgent funding to maintain its support to humanitarian activities.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Somalia: Humanitarian Dashboard (as of 30 October 2013)

For Hiraan in particular, which received poor rains from April to June, the situation could be worse as the harvest was only 35 per cent of the expected production.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Somalia: Humanitarian Dashboard (as of 30 September 2013)

SITUATION OVERVIEW

An estimated 870,000 people require urgent humanitarian assistance while an additional 2.3 million require livelihood support until the end of the year. This is the lowest number ever since famine was declared in 2011 according to a joint report by the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) and the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). This reduction is attributed to successive seasons of average to above average rainfall, low food prices and sustained humanitarian response.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Consolidated Appeal for Somalia 2012 End Year Report

1. Executive Summary

Famine conditions were still present in parts of southern Somalia when the 2012 humanitarian appeal for Somalia was launched in December 2011. On 3 February 2012, the famine was declared over, largely due to the delivery of aid under extremely difficult conditions and the exceptional harvest at the start of the year. With carry-over funding from 2011 and continued generous support in the months following the famine, humanitarian actors were able to build on the gains.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Somalia + 3 others
The Horn of Africa: 2011-2013 CERF allocations (as of 27 June 2013)

The 2011 drought in the Horn of Africa left 13.3 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. CERF funds have been used to address the crisis as rainfall levels diminished towards the end of 2010. More than US$128 million was allocated to drought-affected persons in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia in 2011. In 2012, another $20 million, followed by $21 million in 2013, was allocated to the region – mostly through the Underfunded Emergency window. Since 2011, CERF has disbursed a total of $169.8 million to the Horn of Africa.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Somalia + 3 others
The Horn of Africa: 2011 CERF allocations (as of 27 June 2013)

The 2011 drought in the Horn of Africa left 13.3 million people in need of humanitarian assistance. CERF funds have been used to alleviate the crisis as food insecurity increased due to limited rain fall at the end of 2010. More than US$128 million was allocated to drought-affected persons in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia in 2011.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Somalia + 2 others
Somalia Consolidated Appeal 2013-2015 Mid-Year Review 2013

1.Summary

The Somalia crisis remains one of the largest and most complex in the world. Moreover, a shortfall in funding jeopardizes efforts to build Somalis‟ resilience to shocks.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Central Emergency Response Fund allocates Somalia $20 million to support vital humanitarian aid

Despite improvements in overall food security, livelihoods and nutrition situation, 1 million Somalis, including 215,000 children, remain in crisis and need urgent life-saving interventions.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Somalia + 1 other
Somalia: Humanitarian Snapshot, June 2013 | Issued on 12 July 2013

Recurrent violence is compounding existing humanitarian access challenges. Logistical bottlenecks have increased as aid workers have not been able to use Kismayo's port for months due to insecurity.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Kenya + 2 others
Mid-Year Review of the Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan for Kenya 2013

SUMMARY

Kenya held its first general elections under the new Constitution in March 2013. The elections were generally peaceful with only isolated incidences of election-related violence. The Government and humanitarian partners had adequately prepared for potential post-election violence through contingency planning and pre-positioning of essential supplies in strategic locations.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Somalia Common Humanitarian Fund CHF - Annual Report 2012

Foreword by the Humanitarian Coordinator

Dear Colleagues and Humanitarian Partners,

I am pleased to share with you the 2012 Annual Report of the Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) in Somalia. This report provides an overview of donor contributions and funding allocations made during 2012 and presents a comprehensive set of achievements through the projects implemented by CHF Somalia partners.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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World + 41 others
United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund 2012 Annual Report

The UN's Central Emergency Response Fund dispersed US$485 million to projects in 49 countries and territories in 2012 – the highest amount since its inception.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Kenya + 10 others
Eastern Africa Humanitarian Bulletin, Issue 25, 22 April - 22 May

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Over 170 people have died and 225,000 displaced as a result of flash flooding

  • Food Security: Aid agencies urged to adopt ‘no regrets response’ to build on regional food security gains

  • Renewed attempts made to address cross border and incountry insecurity in eastern Africa, namely in Somalia, DRC and Kenya.

  • Regional Migration: An estimated 9.15 million people are currently displaced in the region: 2,012,531 are refugees and 7,141,442 are IDPs

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Somalia + 1 other
Somalia: Humanitarian Bulletin - April 2013, Issued on 10 May 2013

HIGHLIGHTS

  • New study shows that over a quarter of a million people died from food insecurity and famine between late 2010 and early 2012 and underlines the need to heed early warnings.

  • Seasonal rains bring relief, but localized flooding displaces 50,000 people and kills seven.

  • Somalis return home from neighbouring countries albeit at slow pace. About 16,000 people have returned from Kenya in 2013.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.