Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Funding
- Djibouti Appel global 2013
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements 2013
- Kenya Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan 2013
- Somalia Consolidated Appeal 2013-15
Summary: On 5 August 2011 IFRC and ERCS launched the Preliminary Drought Emergency Appeal for CHF 10,978,250 to assist 165,000 beneficiaries with humanitarian assistance over 6 months. To address increasing needs at the time, the appeal was revised on 26 September 2011 to 28,408,085 CHF (25,408,085 CHF plus 3,000,000 CHF for bilateral emergency response support) to assist approximately 570,000 beneficiaries over 12 months in Oromia, Afar and Somali regions.
Period covered by this Ops Update: 5 August 2011 to 5 February 2013 (initial 18 months of the operation).This update represents a eighteen-month summary of the operation (cumulative narrative and financial).
Appeal target (current): CHF 12,258,426
Appeal coverage: 85%
· A Preliminary Emergency Appeal was initially launched on 5 August 2011 for CHF 10,978,250 for 6 months to assist 165,000 beneficiaries.
This Revised Emergency Appeal shows a reduced budget from CHF 25,408,085 to CHF 12,258,425; in cash, kind, or services to support the Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) in assisting approximately 270,000 beneficiaries. The operational timeframe has been extended for 12 months; therefore the end of the operation will be on 31 August 2013. A final report will be made available by 30 November 2013 (three months after the end of the operation).
Nairobi, 6 th July. Last week, representatives from the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC), Red Cross/ Red Crescent Societies from the Horn of Africa and all over the world, met in Nairobi with the Secretary General from IGAD, the regional director of the African Development Bank and representatives from the donor community to agree on a way forward to build more resilient communities.
This report covers the period 01/01/2011 to 30/06/2011
Programme purpose: The programmes herein are aligned with the principles and priorities of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC). The Red Cross Society of Eritrea (RCSE) delivers its developmental services to the target communities through its core programmes of Community Based Health Development Programme (CBHDP), Disaster Management, Organizational Development (OD) and Humanitarian Values and Principles.
Summary: The intended early phasing-out of the five-year Exceptional Food Security Crisis appeal in May 2010, announced in Operations Update no. 3, was extended to the end of December 2010 to allow sufficient time for completion of pending activities in Ethiopia. As this operation was based on a holistic, long-term approach to address food security issues, it was impossible to cover the wide range of intended rehabilitation and recovery activities with the low funding received. Therefore, only a limited scope of activities has been implemented overall.