Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Funding
- Djibouti Appel global 2013
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements 2013
- Kenya Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan 2013
- Somalia Consolidated Appeal 2013-15
NAIROBI, 22 janvier 2013 (IRIN) - Selon une étude de l'Institut international de recherche sur les politiques alimentaires IFPRI, l'Afrique pourrait réduire son niveau de pauvreté plus rapidement en privilégiant la production d'aliments de base plutôt que les cultures d'exportation.
*Economywide perspectives from country studies *
Above normal rainfall is expected for the remainder of the season.
Dry conditions in late 2012 have led to late planting, raising concerns that agricultural production could be negatively impacted.
Localized storm damage has been reported in Malawi, Angola, Zambia and Mozambique.
A Cholera outbreak has hit Zambia.
Madagascar has declared an emergency to address the locust invasion threatening food security in the south.
Torrential rains continued for a second week across northern Mozambique, Zambia and Malawi.
Locally heavy daily rains impacted parts of Kenya.
- November dryness caused a delay in the start of season in many areas across the region.
- Poor rains during the 2011/12 agriculture season and low rainfall in November have resulted in persistent below-average vegetation conditions and reduced water availability.
- Good rains in early December could help reduce moisture deficits.
- Zambia has reported army worm infestations in several provinces and efforts to control the worms and replant crops are underway.
A global review of the literature with a focus on the application of integrated pest and vector management in East Africa and Uganda
No child should be denied their right to immunisation – but millions still are
One child in five misses out on basic vaccinations.
Immunisation for All identifies country-level strategies to reach the unreached. And it identifies factors at the global level that will help to create a more conducive environment for countries to achieve and sustain universal immunisation coverage.
The 2012/2013 rainfall season is starting normally in most areas in the region.
Several areas in the region are starting the season with below-average vegetation conditions.
Forecasts call for below-normal rains in several of the areas affected by last season’s drought.
Increased rainfall during the last week helped to improve mid-season dryness across Kenya and Somalia, however moderate seasonal deficits remain for many local areas.
1) Even with a reduction of precipitation last week, several weeks of above-average rainfall has led to significant moisture surpluses. An elevated potential for moderate to heavy rainfall may trigger additional flooding, damage local infrastructure, and negatively impact cropping activities throughout Uganda, Kenya, northern Tanzania,
Rwanda and Burundi.
Most households in Southern Africa depend on maize as their main source of food and energy, given the high volumes and ease with which it is produced. Alternative food crops that are consumed as substitutes include rice, wheat, sorghum, millet, and tubers such as cassava and potatoes. Consumption of these substitutes occurs mainly when maize is not available or among those households in areas where such substitutes are more easily available (for example, cassava in northern Mozambique).
Kim Lewis Last updated on: November 15, 2012 6:38 AM
A 7.8 million dollar grant offered through the Bill and Melinda Gates foundation will help an American university work with eight African countries to improve their farming techniques.
Michigan State University, through funding from the Gates Foundation Global Development Program, says the research aims to intensify farming methods that meet the agricultural needs of Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Zambia, Ethiopia and Tanzania.
Heavy rains continue across eastern Kenya and Tanzania, while a mid-season cessation of rains bring developing moisture deficits to portions of Somalia and neighboring regions of Ethiopia and Kenya.
Heavy, but not well-distributed rains received in parts of Kenya, Somalia.
By Geoffrey Kamadi
RONGAI, Kenya (AlertNet) - Small farmers across sub-Saharan Africa are turning to simple, affordable techniques to increase harvests and help them cope with climate extremes - from growing trees on their land, to keeping their soils healthy and making their own fertiliser.
Read the full article on AlertNet
JOHANNESBOURG, 25 octobre 2012 (IRIN) - Dans les pays africains, des chercheurs tentent de trouver des moyens d'améliorer la production de blé nationale afin de faire face à des conditions sous-optimales et à une concurrence internationale féroce.
JOHANNESBURG, 24 October 2012 (IRIN) - Researchers in Africa are identifying ways to improve domestic wheat production in the face of sub-optimal conditions and stiff international competition.
For example, in Somalia - a country better known for conflict and famine than agricultural research - postgraduate volunteers are exploring ways to reduce the country’s wheat import bill, a subject discussed in one of several research abstracts released at the recent Wheat for Food Security in Africa conference in Addis Ababa.
Feed the Future is the President’s global hunger and food security initiative and the U.S. Government’s contribution to the common approach to agricultural development and global food security agreed to at the G-8 Summit in L’Aquila, Italy in July 2009; reiterated and expanded by G-20 leaders at the Pittsburgh Summit that September; and ultimately endorsed by 192 countries at the United Nations at the World Food Summit in Rome that November. The initiative is a whole-of-government effort that joins resources and expertise from the U.S. Agency for International Development, the U.S.
Sixty-seventh General Assembly
6th Meeting (AM)
Efforts in Agriculture, Energy, Disaster Risk Reduction Also Highlighted
The international community must launch a “fully fledged war” to eradicate poverty, the world’s greatest challenge, the representative of the Dominican Republic told the Second Committee (Economic and Financial) today, as it concluded its general debate.
Agricultural experts are meeting in Addis Ababa (10/8-12) to discuss ways of making sub-Saharan Africa a major wheat producer. The region traditionally has played a small role in wheat production, but that could change in the coming years.
Tue, 9 Oct 2012 00:01 GMT
By Alister Doyle
OSLO, Oct 9 (Reuters) - Wheat production in sub-Saharan Africa is at only 10 to 25 percent of its potential and nations can easily grow more to limit hunger, price shocks and political instability, a study showed on Tuesday.
Read the full article on AlertNet