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In Somalia, western donors made famine more, not less likely

Report
Guardian

Despite early warnings, the Somalia famine was allowed to happen. Why? Because of politics, al-Shabaab and donor fears

The 2011 famine in Somalia, which the famine early warning systems network (Fewsnet) and the food security nutrition and analysis unit (FSNAU) estimate in a report published on Thursday to have killed almost 260,000 people, was avoidable.

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Somalia + 1 other
When it comes to Somalia's displaced, don't mistake ambition for achievement

Report
Guardian

Somalia's new government is beginning to build confidence in its ability to progress the country's recovery. The UK opened its new embassy – a collection of shipping containers painted white – in Mogadishu last week, and other European countries are following suit. Somalia's progress raises an immediate question: is it now time for hundreds of thousands of refugees and displaced people living in the region to return?

Read the full report

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Kenya + 2 others
Fear and flight in Nairobi's Eastleigh as police accused of harassing refugees

Report
Guardian

Refugees who once fled to Kenya for safety claim extortion and threats rife since government ordered them to move to camps.

Read the full report on the Guardian.

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Kenya + 1 other
Kenya's Dadaab finds innovative ways to educate knowledge-hungry refugees

Report
Guardian

New university campus near Dadaab complex aims to improve life for Somali refugees and prepare them for returning home.

Read the full report on the Guardian.

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Kenya + 1 other
Insecurity rises in Dadaab as Kenya reveals plans to 'round up' urban Somali refugees

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Guardian

People living in the Dadaab refugee complex are nervous over Kenya's plans to relocate Somalis there from urban areas

Bishara Mohamed cradles her six-month-old son in a hospital in Dagahaley, one of five camps that make up the enormous Dadaab refugee complex in north-eastern Kenya.

Read the full report on the Guardian.

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Somali NGOs call for help to ease burden of Mogadishu street children

Report
Guardian

Overlooked by the state, children shining shoes for a living in the Somali capital are vulnerable to drugs, crime and militia gangs.

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Somalia's journey from disaster to resilience a test case for development

Report
Guardian

Local head of Food and Agriculture Organisation wants co-ordinated aid approach to helping Somalia be self-sufficient

Read the full report on the Guardian.

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Somalia facing aid shortfall after al-Shabaab bans Islamic Relief

Report
Guardian

Decision by Islamist insurgents to exclude aid agency from areas under its control could leave more than a million vulnerable

Read the full article in the Guardian.

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Somalia's fishermen struggle to make a living from pirate-infested seas

Report
Guardian

Fishermen face uphill battle to ply dwindling catch for low prices at Mogadishu market, with some succumbing to the offer of well-paid work for pirate chiefs

Read the full article in the Guardian.

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World + 5 others
Helping Africa manufacture its own emergency and disaster relief supplies

Report
Guardian

David Dickie set up Advance Aid when he questioned the sense in flying supplies for people affected by Africa's humanitarian crises from China, say, when they could be made on home soil

Read the Full Report by Mark Tran

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Berbera port and pastoralism prove livestock's worth in Somaliland

Report
Guardian

With its stretches of wasteland covered with rubbish and dotted with rubble and ruined buildings, its scruffy vendors' shacks and broiling heat, the coastal town of Berbera is no beauty spot.

A former British protectorate, Somaliland was created in the 1880s to ensure supplies of meat for troops in the British Indian outpost in Aden, hence its nickname, "Aden's butcher's shop". These days, millions of animals are shipped every year from Berbera's port, built by the Soviet Union during the cold war, and it provides an economic lifeline for Somaliland.

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Somalia famine a year on: effects of al-Shabaab conflict and hunger persist

Report
Guardian

Fighting and displacement are devastating Somalia, but projects to create longer-term resilience are slowly bearing fruit

Read the full article in the Guardian.

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Kenya + 1 other
IT entrepreneurs find surprise success in Kenya's Dadaab refugee camps

Report
Guardian

Two decades on, Dadaab is home to many resourceful refugees who feel unable to return to Somalia

Dann Okoth in Dadaab, Kenya

Mohammed Bashir Sheik was four when he arrived at Dadaab refugee camp with his mother and sister 18 years ago. The family, along with tens of thousands of others, had fled the civil war in Somalia, looking for refuge over the border in north-east Kenya. His mother died when he was 14 and he grew up in the care of his sister.

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Somali tale of two cities as Mogadishu's vulnerable miss out on progress

Report
Guardian

Somalia's capital is enjoying something of a boom after more than two decades of conflict and chaos, but many displaced Somalis are still living in camps and on the streets.

Read the full article in the Guardian.

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Control and dignity: making the case for social protection in Somalia

Report
Guardian

The success of a pilot project offering people cash transfers in Puntland and Somaliland suggests that social protection could be key to Somalia's recovery

Read the full article in the Guardian.

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Somalia's private sector can help rather than hinder development

Report
Guardian

Somalia's business community can support aid efforts – but humanitarian agencies must better understand how

Despite – or perhaps because of – more than 20 years of war, Somalia has a remarkably strong private sector, particularly in the money transfer, telecommunications and livestock spheres. Yet, as the 2010 Inter-Agency Standing Committee evaluation of the humanitarian response in Somalia points out, aid agencies have failed to engage systematically the Somali private sector and disapora in their work.

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Burkina Faso + 9 others
Extreme hunger in east Africa and the Sahel

Report
Guardian

Pictures of starving children give donors an instant justification to release aid. Predictions of starvation, however accurate, do not

After the hunger crisis that engulfed east Africa last summer, there was plenty for the world to think about. After all, we'd been warned it was coming – the first alerts of a potential crisis came the previous year. But not enough was done to avert it, and we now know that failure cost tens of thousands of lives and millions of dollars in aid money.

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Somalian capital struggles to provide mental healthcare

Report
Guardian

Years of warfare in Mogadishu have taken a toll on the mental health of many citzens, but appropriate care facilities are limited

Read the full article in the Guardian.

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Somalia: a failed state where intervention carries its own risks

Report
Guardian

As the world wonders how to put Somalia on an even keel, there are warnings that outside interference could make things worse

Read the full article in the Guardian.

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How we responded to the famine in Somalia - get the data

Report
Guardian

The UN formally declared famine 20 July 2011. We used data on aid, media coverage and public engagement to explore how the world reacted

Read the full article in the Guardian.