The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Funding
- Djibouti Appel global 2013
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements 2013
- Kenya Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan 2013
- Somalia Consolidated Appeal 2013-15
U.N. needs access to famine victims, coordinator says
Al Shabaab has banned 16 aid organisations
By Stephanie Nebehay
GENEVA, Nov 30 (Reuters) - Al Shabaab rebels must lift their ban on 16 aid agencies to save lives in Somalia, the top U.N. humanitarian official for the country said on Wednesday.
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By Laurie Goering
DURBAN, South Africa (AlertNet) – Equipping illiterate migratory herders with drought insurance in one of the driest regions of drought-prone East Africa might seem a big task, particularly in a region where claims adjustors, cell phone coverage and cash to pay for policies are nearly as rare as rain itself.
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People must be able to access what they need through the market rather than indefinite quantities of international humanitarian aid.
I first met Omar Adan in August, not too long after he had lost more than 300 sheep, camels and donkeys to the on-going drought in Ethiopia.
As international leaders descended on the coastal city of Durban, South Africa to determine environmental restrictions on some of the world’s worst pollutants, Action Against Hunger has urged the UN’s 2011 Climate Change Conference to act swiftly to institute programs to stave off the catastrophic effects that climate shocks are already having on developing countries.
SILVER SPRING, Md. - Four months have passed since famine was first declared in Somalia. As the pictures coming out of the drought-stricken country show, the situation is distressing and aid remains desperately needed to avert human catastrophe. According to the United Nations, more than four million Somalis are living in famine zones, with 750,000 at risk of starvation over the next few months. The lingering drought has been made worse by decades of war, high food prices, and local militants blocking foreign aid to those who need it most.
GOV.cn Wednesday, November 30, 2011
China will continue to dispatch naval escort squads to the Gulf of Aden and Somali waters, a Defense Ministry spokesman said Wednesday.
Spokesman Geng Yansheng made the remarks at a monthly press briefing, adding that China will further boost cooperation with international escort missions in accordance with the spirit of the United Nations Security Council.
Drought and hunger are fuelling mass migration in this troubled region, increasing the risk that HIV will begin to spread in impoverished Somali communities.
“Currently the rate of HIV infection in Somaliland is estimated at one percent,” said Dr. Adele Cowper, Medair Health Project Manager in Somaliland. “This is not at crisis levels, but we have seen all over the world that when there is a high pattern of migration, HIV increases.”
At present Somaliland is ill-equipped to deal with the threat of HIV. Anti-retroviral drugs are in short supply.
NAIROBI (AlertNet) – A new exodus from famine-hit Somalia is likely following a ban by the al Shabaab rebel group on several major aid agencies, experts said on Wednesday.
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Brussels, 29 November 2011 - The European Commission strongly condemns the recent Al Shabaab announcement of the expulsion of 16 humanitarian aid agencies working in Somalia. This action will have disastrous effects on the capacity of humanitarian agencies to respond to the current emergency fuelled by prolonged conflict and drought.
In drought-plagued East Africa, the short October-to-December rains have started to fall. While they are welcome – bringing relief in increased water availability and pasture – the hardships for countless herders and farmers are far from over. For many of the more than 13 million people affected by the drought and food crisis, the rains signal a shift in need and are likely to lead to increased requirements for health; shelter; and water, sanitation, and hygiene services.
Les pluies insuffisantes et tardives de Heys/Dada dégraderont probablement la sécurité alimentaire des zones pastorales
29 Nov 2011 15:45
Bombs hit Mogadishu, killing soldiers, children
Relief agencies assess impact of al Shabaab ban
By Mohamed Ahmed
MOGADISHU, Nov 29 (Reuters) - A wave of roadside bombs in Somalia's capital killed seven people over two days, officials said on Tuesday, as government forces struggled to secure Mogadishu against attacks from Islamist rebels.
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The early onset of the October-to-December rains has improved water and browse availability in areas of the eastern Horn of Africa, the USAID-Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) reports. However, humanitarian agencies note that a single rainy season will not be sufficient to ensure a full recovery among vulnerable populations.
Famine has eased in three regions (Bay, Bakool and Lower Shabelle) following substantial humanitarian interventions and the deyr rains. However, most of the south is still in humanitarian emergency, while 250,000 people still face famine in three areas: Middle Shabelle, the Afgooye and Mogadishu IDP communities. Malnutrition and mortality remain at unacceptable levels in many regions.
TURKEY: KEEPING WARM
The distribution of 200 UMCOR-funded heaters came like a “miracle” to earthquake survivors in the villages of Ermisler, Akcift, and 17 remote settlements outside the city of Van in Turkey, according to UMCOR’s implementing partner there, International Blue Crescent (IBC).
Families who received the heaters had lost all their belongings, including livestock and harvests, when earthquakes rocked the region on October 23 and November 9. Most are living in makeshift barracks, tents, or prefabricated compounds near their destroyed or damaged homes.
This Emergency Appeal seeks CHF 26,154,197 in cash, kind, or services to support the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) to assist between 76,000-110,000 beneficiaries (the current population in the camps is 76,000 people, however this is likely to reach 110,000 beneficiaries in the coming 12 months). The appeal will be completed by 30 November 2012 and a final report will be made available by 28 February 2013.
Chronic conflict, cyclical drought, floods, disease out-breaks, environmental degradation, rapid population growth, and limited government capacity present signifi-cant challenges to vulnerable populations in the East and Central Africa region. Between Fiscal Year (FY) 2002 and FY 2011, USAID’s Office of U.S.