Horn of Africa Crisis: 2011-2012
The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Funding
- Djibouti Appel global 2013
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements 2013
- Kenya Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan 2013
- Somalia Consolidated Appeal 2013-15
Launched in 2005, the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) is one of the government of Ethiopia’s important policy initiatives to move millions of critically food-insecure people in rural areas from recurrent emergency aid into a more secure livelihood by smoothing consumption requirements and protecting and, to some extent, building assets through cash-based interventions. The PSNP was designed to assist chronically or “predictably” food-insecure households as opposed to households affected by transitory food deficits as a result of a specific event.
Two decades after the collapse of the Somali Republic, the country’s regions still suffer chronic political uncertainty, violence and high levels of displacement. Since 2006, protracted displacements that began in the 1990s have been overlaid by new crises associated with severe drought, political violence and governance failures. The current situation, which involves both internally displaced people (IDPs) and refugees, is widely acknowledged as among the worst in the world, both in terms of the number of people affected and the extent of their humanitarian and protection needs.
Humanitarian response in pastoral areas in the Horn of Africa has consistently been late. An enormous investment in early warning over a number of years has brought great improvements: mass human fatalities have become rarer in the past 25 years. However, humanitarian response now aims to prevent not only large-scale loss of life, but also the destruction of livelihoods. Our response has not kept up with this ambition.
Ethiopia Drought Situation
1.1 Weather Review in November 2011
• Highly enhanced rainfall was recorded over most parts of the country during November 2011.
• The rainfall was especially highly enhanced over the Northeastern, Northwestern, western Kenya and parts of central Highlands including Nairobi. Most Meteorological Stations in these areas recorded more than 125 percent of their Long-Term Means (LTMs) for the month.
• However, a few stations along the Coastal strip recorded depressed rainfall (< 75% of the LTMs). 1.2 The forecast for December 2011
This report provides examples of the work your generous support has made possible this year. As you read it, we are confident that the progress shown will fuel your optimism and determination. Thank you for being part of our community!
Period covered by this Final Report: 5 February 2010 to 5 August 2011.
Appeal target (current): CHF 30,579,088.
Appeal coverage: 17%;
This Emergency Appeal was initially launched on 5 February 2010 for CHF 30,579,088 for 12 months to assist 330,621 beneficiaries.
The Direct Aid Organization of Kuwait announced that they have recently completed a shipment of relief aid to Somalia worth $8 million dollars. Six thousand tons of food and relief items are to be distributed among victims of the famine. Nabil Al-Terkait, head of the Relief Committee, was in Somalia with a delegation from the aforementioned committee, where they all received the relief shipments at the port in Mogadishu.
GLIDE n° OT-2011-000154-ETH
Period covered by this Update: 15 to 29 November 2011;
Appeal target (current): CHF 623,771;
Appeal coverage: 21%;
• This Emergency Appeal was launched on 28 October for CHF 623,771 for 6 months to assist from 3,000 to 10,000 beneficiaries.
• Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF): CHF 185,000 was initially allocated from the Federation’s DREF to support the national society to respond.
Governments and aid experts are meeting in the Korean city of Busan this week to look for ways to make international aid more effective. Food assistance is a critical part of that discussion and WFP, which has 50 years of experience fighting hunger worldwide, is there to contribute what it has learned. From school meals to e-vouchers, here are eight examples of aid that WFP’s experience has shown to be effective.
1 . School meals help kids learn
U.N. needs access to famine victims, coordinator says
Al Shabaab has banned 16 aid organisations
By Stephanie Nebehay
GENEVA, Nov 30 (Reuters) - Al Shabaab rebels must lift their ban on 16 aid agencies to save lives in Somalia, the top U.N. humanitarian official for the country said on Wednesday.
Read the full story on AlertNet
By Laurie Goering
DURBAN, South Africa (AlertNet) – Equipping illiterate migratory herders with drought insurance in one of the driest regions of drought-prone East Africa might seem a big task, particularly in a region where claims adjustors, cell phone coverage and cash to pay for policies are nearly as rare as rain itself.
Read the full story on AlertNet
People must be able to access what they need through the market rather than indefinite quantities of international humanitarian aid.
I first met Omar Adan in August, not too long after he had lost more than 300 sheep, camels and donkeys to the on-going drought in Ethiopia.
As international leaders descended on the coastal city of Durban, South Africa to determine environmental restrictions on some of the world’s worst pollutants, Action Against Hunger has urged the UN’s 2011 Climate Change Conference to act swiftly to institute programs to stave off the catastrophic effects that climate shocks are already having on developing countries.
SILVER SPRING, Md. - Four months have passed since famine was first declared in Somalia. As the pictures coming out of the drought-stricken country show, the situation is distressing and aid remains desperately needed to avert human catastrophe. According to the United Nations, more than four million Somalis are living in famine zones, with 750,000 at risk of starvation over the next few months. The lingering drought has been made worse by decades of war, high food prices, and local militants blocking foreign aid to those who need it most.