The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Funding
- Djibouti Appel global 2013
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements 2013
- Kenya Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan 2013
- Somalia Consolidated Appeal 2013-15
31 Oct 2011 15:41 Source: Reuters // Reuters
Kenyan troops entered Somalia 16 days ago
Somalia, Kenyan call for ICC investigations
Kenyan PM says seeking U.N. backing for operation
Military says al Shabaab vehicle exploded in camp (Adds Somali, Kenyan PM, military comments, agreement)
By David Clarke and Sahra Abdi
Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) programs often represent vital components of the response by USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) to rapid-onset disasters and complex emergencies, as disaster-affected populations are more susceptible to illness and death from waterborne and communicable diseases. As a result, WASH interventions include latrine construction, provision of safe drinking water, and hygiene promotion—commonly focused upon improved hand-washing, water collection and storage, and sanitation practices.
- The early onset to the 2011 short‐rains season has been a respite for drought‐hit pastoral and marginal farm households who have experienced two to three successive failed seasons. Nevertheless, high levels of food insecurity remain for poor and very poor households with non‐self‐supporting livelihoods who attempt to meet substantial food gaps largely through destructive coping strategies and accessing aid interventions. An estimated 3.75 million people constitute the food insecure population in rural areas
The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 22 of Security Council resolution 1950 (2010) of 23 November 2010, in which the Council requested me to report on the implementation of that resolution and on the situation with respect to piracy and armed robbery at sea off the coast of Somalia. The report updates the assessment contained in my report of 27 October 2010 (S/2010/556), submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 1897 (2009), and is based on information received as at 3 October 2011.
The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 7 of Security Council resolution 1976 (2011), in which the Council requested me to report on the protection of Somali natural resources and waters and on alleged illegal fishing and illegal dumping, including of toxic substances, off the coast of Somalia. The Council noted its concern that allegations of illegal fishing and dumping of toxic waste have been used by pirates to justify their criminal activities.
Rainfall & WASH Update
Continuous heavy rain has not dampened the spirit of thousands of men who are now returning home from crowded camps where they sought refuge after being displaced by East Africa’s worst drought in decades. They leave, assured that SOS Children’s Villages teams across Somalia will continue to assist them and their families, who require on-going lifesaving support.
The Red Crescent Authority (RCA) has been paying great attention to the dire humanitarian conditions in Somalia, where great sector of people suffer from the drought, famine and thirst.
Although some local cereal prices declined slightly in August thanks to the arrival of new supplies from the Gu harvest, prices continue to be high. Moreover the slight reduction will not last long as local supplies continue to decrease.
An estimated 4 million people are facing food crisis in Somalia, with 750,000 people at risk of death in the coming four months. FSNAU has declared famine in six areas of the country.
This issue of Africa Informs covers disaster risk reduction (DRR) activities in Sub Saharan Africa at regional, sub regional and national level. It is intended to provide an advocacy platform, targeting regional and sub-regional fora, in order to increase the understanding and knowledge of DRR.
This issue includes:
“It's great to see the many areas in which the country has developed in recent years. On the other hand, development always needs a free civil society, and I hope that this will also take place here," said Heidi Hautala, Minister for International Development, during her visit to Ethiopia.
“What will you grow up to be?”, Heidi Hautala asked children in Lideta slum of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. “A doctor”, “a scientist” and “an airline captain”, said 13 and 14-year-old girls.
The two employees from the Danish Refugee Council's demining unit DDG who were kidnapped in Somalia are alive and well.
The Danish Refugee Council can confirm that there has been contact with the two kidnapped employees Poul Thisted from Denmark and American Jessica Buchanan today Sunday.
"I have been told that contact was established today, and I am pleased to announce that both Poul and Jessica are doing well given the circumstances," says Ann Mary Olsen, head of the Danish Refugee Council's International Department.
The sharp increase in staple food prices reached its record level in July leading also to considerable deterioration of terms of trade for pastoralists.
An estimated 3.75 million people are classified as food insecure. Major concerns are for the over 490,000 Somali refugees who are in dire need of emergency assistance.
Compte tenu de la gravité de la crise alimentaire sévissant dans la Corne de l’Afrique et en réponse aux besoins immédiats dans la région, la France reste mobilisée : le 29 octobre, un nouveau chargement quitte le Havre pour atteindre le port de Mombasa, au Kenya, un mois plus tard. Ce fret sera pris en charge, à son arrivée, par le Fonds des Nations Unies pour l’enfance (Unicef), puis distribué aux populations dans le besoin en Somalie et dans les autres pays de la région.
The Year to Year country level general and food inflation rate increased by 39.8% and 51.7% respectively. Cereal inflation rate increased by 63.1%.
The Ethiopian Grain Trade Enterprise has started the sale of subsidised wheat to the urban consumers at US $ 321/mt which is far below the import parity and private traders’ retail prices.