The Horn of Africa crisis of 2011-2012 affected 13 million people. The main focus of the crisis was across southern Ethiopia, south-central Somalia and northern Kenya. Regional drought came on top of successive bad rains and rising inflation. It ramped up a chronic livelihoods crisis into a tipping point of potential disaster by putting extreme pressure on food prices, livestock survival, and water and food availability. Armed conflict across the region compounded chronic ecological and economic vulnerability, which escalated the crisis and limited people’s survival and recovery choices. (IASC Real-Time Evaluation of the Humanitarian Response to the Horn of Africa Drought Crisis in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya - Synthesis Report)
Appeals & Funding
- Djibouti Appel global 2013
- Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements 2013
- Kenya Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan 2013
- Somalia Consolidated Appeal 2013-15
ATTACK ON UNCC
On 19 June, Al Shabaab carried out a deadly assault on the United Nations Common Compound in Mogadishu, killing one international staff member, three contractors and four Somali security guards. Several Somali civilians were also killed and wounded in the attack. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Somalia Nicholas Kay condemned the attack and reiterated the UN's commitment and resolve to keep up its support to the Somali government and people
Puntland is situated in the north east of Somalia, its administrative capital is Garowe. In the past, conflict, drought, tsunami, freezing rains and migration of people paralyzed most of the region's infrastructure and economic resources. While the security situation is fairly stable, Puntland remains critical; financial resources are limited, food security is a major concern and the vulnerable population is growing.
While the famine situation has eased, approximately 2.34 million people (31%of the population) still need life-saving assistance in Somalia, according to FSNAU report of 3 February 2012.
1.7 million people (73 % of people in crisis) are in southern Somalia. They need food, clean water, shelter, and other assistance to survive.
In Somalia, the situation is deteriorating with famine declared in six regions and threatening to expand throughout the south. Rates of malnutrition and mortality are increasing, and communicable diseases continue to spread.
Over 4.0 million people are still affected by drought and famine in Somalia with a quarter of the nation’s people displaced by the crisis.
Note: Map in 2 pages
Over 3.7 million people are still affected by drought and famine in Somalia with a quarter of the nation’s people displaced by the crisis.
Food insecurity remains at emergency levels across parts of the Horn of Africa, with Southern Somalia the most affected. Humanitarian organizations are struggling to cope with the influx of Somali refugees in Ethiopia and Kenya. Malnutrition and mortality rates are alarmingly high in many parts of the region.
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Over the past year, the eastern Horn of Africa has experienced two consecutive poor rainy seasons, resulting in one of the driest years since 1950/51 in many pastoral zones. The impacts of the drought have been exacerbated by high local cereal prices, excess livestock mortality, conflict and restricted humanitarian access in some areas