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24 Jun 2016 description

Dundgobi, southeast Mongolia: From late 2015 to April 2016, Mongolia suffered from what is locally known as a dzud – a very hot and dry summer followed by an extremely harsh winter. The result of dzud can be devastating to animals on which many Mongolians rely for food and income. Ganbold, 40, has been looking after animals since he was a small child. This year’s dzud took a heavy toll on his animals, making them weak and prone to disease. "I am usually prepared well for winter and spring,” he says.

23 Jun 2016 description

Highlights

  • Since January, 1.1 million of the total 56 million national livestock have perished, affecting 41 per cent of the population who rely on livestock for their main source of food and cash.

  • National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) has confirmed 6,426 new cases of sheep pox in 37 soums and six aimags this year. Quarantine measures are in place in 16 soums and five aimags. As of 6 June, 314,886 animals have been vaccinated, 78% of the 430,000 livestock targeted for vaccination.

21 Jun 2016 description

What is El Niño?

El Niño is the warming of sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific, which occurs roughly every two to seven years, lasting from six to 24 months.

13 Jun 2016 description

Summary

At the end of April, nightly temperatures were around 0 degrees Celsius in the north-western part of Mongolia and several degrees higher during the day. At the same time the provinces of Bayan-Ulgii, Uvs, Govi-Altai, Zavkhan, Khuvsgul, Arkhangai, Uvurkhangai, Bulgan, Orkhon, Selenge, Darkhan-Uul, Tuv, Khentii, Dornod and Dundgovi had various levels of precipitation and heavy storm.

07 Jun 2016 description

IASC Regional Network for Asia-Pacific

The ongoing humanitarian impact of extreme weather events caused by El Niño, which began in 2015, are likely to continue in many cases in the Asia-Pacific region until the third quarter of 2016. While emergency needs in many countries are waning due to recent rainfalls, in many areas longer-term engagement, in particular around resilience and early recovery is still needed.

03 Jun 2016 description

The humanitarian impact of the 2015-2016 El Niño remains deeply alarming, now affecting over 60 million people. Central America, East Africa (particularly Ethiopia), the Pacific and Southern Africa remain the most affected regions. The El Niño phenomenon is now in decline, but projections indicate the situation will worsen throughout at least the end of the year, with food insecurity caused primarily by drought not likely to peak before December. Therefore, the humanitarian impacts will last well into 2017 .

03 Jun 2016 description
report UN Population Fund

Ulaanbaatar, June 3, 2016 -Warmer weather has signalled the arrival of summer in Mongolia, but the lingering effects of the Dzud disaster that came earlier this year will continue to affect the lives of as many as 63,000 nomadic households in the country for days to come.

Ulaanbaatar, June 3, 2016 –Warmer weather has signalled the arrival of summer in Mongolia, but the lingering effects of the Dzud disaster that came earlier this year will continue to affect the lives of as many as 63,000 nomadic households in the country for days to come.

23 May 2016 description
report UN Population Fund

Asia-Pacific is the most disaster-prone region in the world. It is also home to a number of long-running conflicts that exact a human toll. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) places women and girls at the center of humanitarian response. Every year the number and frequency of disasters (whether natural or conflict-related) is increasing, with millions of people displaced from their homes.

18 May 2016 description

Highlights

  • The National Emergency Management Authority has officially declared the winter dzud over; however, spring conditions remained variable and harsh, with snowfall occurring in some parts, and dry conditions anticipated.

  • The consequences of the recent winter dzud are linked to El Niño, and may negatively impact livestock health and place additional strain on herder households in spring and during the summer months. Average temperatures for May will be higher than average in western territories.

16 May 2016 description

MONGOLIA

The Government of Mongolia has officially declared the winter dzud over; however rains and unseasonal snow continue to impact vulnerable herders by putting stress on their livelihoods due to additional livestock deaths. Since January, some 1.1 million animals (up to 5.8 per cent) of the national livestock total have perished. Cash grants and cash-for-work interventions have begun as part of early recovery efforts. In March, CERF allocated $2.4 million to jumpstart health and nutrition, agriculture, protection and early recovery activities.

10 May 2016 description

Mongolia Humanitarian Forum

International Humanitarian Relief & Collaboration for Dzud affected Herders

Remarks by Ms. Beate Trankmann, UN Resident Coordinator in Mongolia

Humanitarian Partners, Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen,

09 May 2016 description

Mongolia
• The UN reports that 41% of the country’s herder population is seriously affected by the dzud (225 000 people). Most affected were the provinces in the eastern and western parts of the country.
• The HCT updates the Dzud Response and Preparedness plan on 25 April for 12 months.
• Several UN agencies, international and national NGOs and the Red Cross are assisting the government’s response efforts.

04 May 2016 description
report Taiwan Red Cross

Extreme winter “dzud,” a Mongolian term for an exceedingly harsh winter, has killed millions of animals since last December. Mongolian nomadic herders now face a desolate future in the face of losing all of their livestock before the winter is over.

25 Apr 2016 description

Background and purpose

The impact of the 2015‒2016 El Niño weather phenomenon has been one of the most intense and widespread in the past one hundred years. The agriculture, food security and nutritional status of 60 million people around the globe is affected by El Niño-related droughts, floods and extreme hot and cold weather. While the El Niño itself has passed its peak and is now declining, its impact is still growing. Harvests in several parts of the world have already failed and are forecast to fail in other areas.

25 Apr 2016 description

BACKGROUND

Dzud is a cyclical slow onset disaster unique to Mongolia. It consists of a summer drought, resulting in insufficient production of hay, followed by a very heavy winter snow (10 to 350 cm), winds and lower than normal temperatures (-40° C to-50° C). During this time an excessive number of livestock die causing basic services, and in the longer term, livelihoods to collapse in vulnerable herder communities.

22 Apr 2016 description

KEY MESSAGES

The current El Niño started in Asia and the Pacific region from as early as March 2015. It reached strong levels in some countries in July 2015. In many countries the effects of the phenomenon remained strong throughout the first quarter of 2016. However, the humanitarian impacts have now become critical in many countries and humanitarian response have been ramping up.

20 Apr 2016 description

No. 090/2016 dated 20 April 2016

By Mely Caballero-Anthony and Jonatan A. Lassa

Synopsis

Millions of people are at risk of hunger, starvation and diseases as a result of the onset of the unusually strong El-Nino since 2015 till now. But efforts in disaster risk preparedness and climate change adaptation have been haphazard. There is urgency for action to avert more catastrophic consequences of new climate patterns.

Commentary