Based on the IPC South Sudan Technical Working Group results:
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5).
As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions.
The highest proportions of populations in Crisis, Emergency and Catastrophe are observed in Northern Bahr el Ghazal (61%) and Unity (61%) States.
People facing famine or risk of famine are located in Leer, Mayendit, Koch and Panyijar counties of Unity State.
The most affected populations are Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) who are dispersed and the host communities affected by the on-going conflict.
Conflict and insecurity are the main drivers of acute food insecurity compounded by the coming lean season and resulting in devastating effects on livelihoods and the nutrition situation. In conflict areas, humanitarian assistance has become people’s main source of food and it is now insufficient to meet all their needs, mainly due to severe humanitarian access restrictions. Acute malnutrition is a major public health emergency in the country. Evidence shows that, in the Southern part of Unity State, one in three children is acutely malnourished. This represents an unprecedented situation requiring immediate action.
FAMINE DECLARATION: Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. The South Sudan IPC Technical Working Group has reached these conclusions in consideration of all currently available data, including planned humanitarian response and based on the professional judgment of the IPC Emergency Review Committee (ERC) but not in full accordance with the minimal evidence requirements of the IPC standard protocols. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
Total people displaced in country
Cluster target population (IDPs and host)
Sites or site-like settings
Total funding required:
A World Food Programme (WFP) initiative involving the advance positioning of food is cutting delivery times dramatically. The Global Commodity Management Facility allows WFP to deliver 1.4 million metric tons of food in an average of 45 days, a 63 percent reduction compared to the previous year.
Graziano da Silva: 20 million people could starve to death in next six months
24 April 2017, Rome - Urgent action is needed to save the lives of people facing famine in northeastern Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen, FAO Directory-General José Graziano da Silva said today at the opening of the UN agency's Council.
Agriculture is essential for survival of people in South Sudan. Tending to crops is a long term process that takes time and dedication.
When fighting erupts forcing people to flee agricultural cycles get disrupted and farmers can no longer produce food. The result of this is severe food insecurity that some parts of the country are facing.
When fighting erupts agricultural cycles get disrupted
Education indicators in South Sudan were extremely concerning prior to the outbreak of the current civil war. According to the South Sudan Ministry of Education’s 2011 Statistical Yearbook and 2013 Education and Management Information System (EMIS):
73% of men and 84% of women above 15 years of age were illiterate.
60% of teachers were untrained or their qualifications were not known.
Three out of five school-age children were not enrolled in primary school.
A severe food crisis is advancing across East Africa, Nigeria and Yemen. In this interview, Xavier Duvauchelle, Handicap International’s desk officer for the East African region, explains the scale of the disaster and how our teams on the ground are responding.
Children hunting rodents for food. Mothers boiling coconut skins to eat. Life in famine is a life of desperation.
More than 20 million people face starvation across the Horn of Africa, Nigeria and Yemen. But nowhere is the situation more dire than South Sudan, where the world’s only official famine has taken root.
This emergency is a grave humanitarian crisis — but it also threatens to get worse. Without humanitarian access, an additional 1 million people will be on the brink of starvation in the next three months.
South Sudanese arrivals since 3 September 2016, based on reports from Gambella (as of 12 April 2017)
Total South Sudanese refugees and asylum-seekers in Ethiopia (both in Gambella and Assosa as of 12 April 2017)
FUNDING (as of 29 March 2017)
USD 160.8 M
Requested by UNHCR for the South Sudan Situation in Ethiopia
829,925 refugees registered in the country
38,434 refugees newly registered so far in 2017
20,515 refugees newly registered in March
44,453 unaccompanied and separated children
WORKING WITH PARTNERS
The Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs (ARRA) is UNHCR’s main government counterpart with which close cooperation is maintained to ensure the protection of refugees in Ethiopia.
More than 20 million people in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen are experiencing famine or the risk of famine over the coming six months. UN agencies and their humanitarian partners are ready to scale up the response to avert a catastrophe, but the necessary funds and access to do so are required immediately.
Arrivals from South Kordofan Continue: From 1 to 15 April, UNHCR registered 588 new arrivals to South Sudan through Yida settlement. Cumulatively, 4,370 new arrivals have been registered since the beginning of the year 2017.
- The rate of new arrivals in to Uganda has increased, with a total of 27,930 South Sudanese refugees received in Uganda between the 1st of April and 15th of April, compared to 15,474 in the last two weeks of March. A daily average of 1,862 refugees crossed the border from South Sudan into Uganda.
Maban, 21 April 2017 - We are devastated by the recent turn of events here in South Sudan.
After five long decades of war with the north, South Sudan became independent in 2011. Soon after that, in December 2013, the current conflict, a full scale civil war this is threatening the very existence of the youngest nation in the world.
Rainfall remains well below-average during peak rainy season in the Horn of Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Light, uneven rainfall since late February has resulted in moderate to locally strong moisture deficits in many parts of southern South Sudan, Kenya, Ethiopia, southern Somalia, and northern Tanzania.