South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
In South Sudan’s Lol State, Nidier Atak sought to flee from the violence that swept through her village of Wanalel, where people already suffered from serial crop failures due to a persistent drought. Her husband had left the parched village in 2016 to look for work, but he didn’t return. “He used to be a farmer, but for several years there has been no rain when we needed it. So he went looking elsewhere for work, but we haven’t heard from him. He finds it painful to return home empty-handed,” she said.
- Tanzania’s ban on maize grain exports to assure the country’s food security and to encourage value addition through exports of flour, would likely move regional cross-border trade to informal channels because of porous borders, and increase the maize export prices because of additional of costs of circumventing the ban.
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Development Cooperation Alexander De Croo has released a budget of 10.5 million EUR for six humanitarian projects of Belgian NGOs in Yemen, Uganda, South Sudan and Nigeria. The aid is part of the promise of Minister De Croo to double donations to the Famine 12-12 campaign.
ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL
2017 SESSION, 49TH & 50TH MEETINGS (AM & PM)
The Economic and Social Council adopted seven resolutions and one decision on issues ranging from Haiti’s long-term development, to the economic and social repercussions of the Israeli occupation, and support for Non-Self-Governing Territories, as it launched the third round of its 2017 Coordination and Management Meetings today.
The UN Humanitarian Coordinator allocated US$44.7 million through the OCHA managed Ethiopia Humanitarian Fund (EHF), to address the most life-saving and time critical needs. All eligible partners are encouraged to consult respective clusters and submit their project proposal online on the Grant Management System not later than 8 August 2017.
An estimated US$30 million required to assist the most vulnerable Ethiopian returnees from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
July 2017, Juba, South Sudan - To respond to the grave food security and address the alarming nutritional emergency in children, WHO has intensified its response focusing on inpatient therapeutic nutrition programs, through the distribution of essential medicines. In June 2017, WHO distributed 50 sever acute malnutrition (SAM) kits, to treat over 2 500 children suffering from SAM with medical complications.
Dong Boma, South Sudan – When the war reached her village in early 2014, Adhieu Deng and her husband grabbed their seven children and headed for several islands in the middle of the White Nile River. The treacherous currents and featureless swamps around the islands have long provided cover for displaced families hiding from men with guns. And Deng and her husband knew how to get there. After being displaced by another war in 1991, they hid in the islands until returning home in 2003.
Famine has been declared in parts of South Sudan and the food security situation is of grave concern in 7 other countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda, and Yemen. In these countries, 42.5 million are in need of humanitarian assistance and 41.8 million are in phase 3-5 Integrated Phase Classification between June and September 2017.
The reality of the escalating famine lingers among some of the world’s most vulnerable groups of people in Eastern Africa, and beyond. Having already endured the effects of civil war, poverty, and terrorism, the intensifying need for humanitarian assistance continues to increase throughout Somalia, South Sudan, Yemen, and northern Nigeria.
IOM rehabilitates congested areas of the Wau PoC site
IOM responds to the cholera outbreak across country
Insecurity in Bentiu PoC site temporarily affects service delivery
Escalated conflict and security restrictions have significantly affected UNICEF’s ability to reach many areas with critical assistance in 2017. In response, the Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) was scaled up at the beginning of the year in an effort to reach the most vulnerable populations in hard to reach locations. Since January, 27 RRM missions have taken place reaching 498,461 people with live-saving support.
“He’s waking up.” Rebekka, one of our nurses, beams at me, as she removes her cap and fans herself with it.
We’re standing in our Cholera Treatment Centre, in the middle of a camp for displaced people in Mingkamen, South Sudan. Forty-five minutes earlier, a man rushed into the tent with his son, Daniel* – who was having a seizure in his arms.
Seeing the little boy convulse was one of the most frightening things I’ve ever witnessed. I felt helpless, and could only imagine what his father was going through.
I met nine-month-old Abas in Medair’s nutrition clinic in Yusuf Batil camp. He was playing on his mother’s lap, waiting for check-up with the nutrition officer.
Abas’ smile was so contagious. His enthusiasm and the big sparkle in his eyes put a wide smile on all our faces.
Abas’ mother Noti had been bringing him to the nutrition clinic for the past three weeks. He had been diagnosed with moderate acute malnutrition and was receiving a high-protein, high-energy peanut paste that helps children quickly recover from malnutrition, called Plumpy’Sup.
This weekly bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. WHO AFRO is currently monitoring 42 events. This week, two new events have been reported: outbreaks of cholera in Burundi and CrimeanCongo haemorrhagic fever in Senegal. This week’s edition also covers key ongoing events in the region, including the:
• Grade 3 humanitarian crises in South Sudan;
• Grade 2 outbreaks of necrotizing cellulitis/fasciitis in Sao Tome and Principe, and cholera in Tanzania;
9,437 South Sudanese refugees arrived in Uganda between the 5 th and 18th of July at an average daily rate of 674. The number of South Sudanese refugees in Uganda now stands at 990,761 and is expected to reach one million within the next few weeks if current arrival rate continues.