Based on the IPC South Sudan Technical Working Group results:
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5).
As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions.
The highest proportions of populations in Crisis, Emergency and Catastrophe are observed in Northern Bahr el Ghazal (61%) and Unity (61%) States.
People facing famine or risk of famine are located in Leer, Mayendit, Koch and Panyijar counties of Unity State.
The most affected populations are Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) who are dispersed and the host communities affected by the on-going conflict.
Conflict and insecurity are the main drivers of acute food insecurity compounded by the coming lean season and resulting in devastating effects on livelihoods and the nutrition situation. In conflict areas, humanitarian assistance has become people’s main source of food and it is now insufficient to meet all their needs, mainly due to severe humanitarian access restrictions. Acute malnutrition is a major public health emergency in the country. Evidence shows that, in the Southern part of Unity State, one in three children is acutely malnourished. This represents an unprecedented situation requiring immediate action.
FAMINE DECLARATION: Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. The South Sudan IPC Technical Working Group has reached these conclusions in consideration of all currently available data, including planned humanitarian response and based on the professional judgment of the IPC Emergency Review Committee (ERC) but not in full accordance with the minimal evidence requirements of the IPC standard protocols. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
Following the declaration of famine in Leer and Mayendit Counties, Unity State, South Sudan, REACH calculated the areas more likely to be food insecure basing the estimation on the data collected between December and January 2017 with the Area of Knowledge (AoK) approach, using the following methodology.
A simple, composite food security measurement was created by averaging the percentages of key informants (KIs) reporting on the following indicators for specific settlements:
Staple Food Markets in East Africa: White maize is the main staple grain consumed in Tanzania, Kenya, and Ethiopia. In Uganda, white maize is grown mainly as a commercial crop for export in the region. Imported rice is a major staple for Djibouti and Somalia, which mainly consume belem—the imported red rice. Tanzania is also a major producer and source of rice in the region while Kenya and Uganda are minor producers. Both red and white sorghum are produced and consumed in the region.
People severely food insecure (IPC February-April 2017)
People facing famine in the former Unity State
People displaced by conflict
Requested under the 2017 South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan
Authors: Nhial Tiitmamer, Augustino Ting Mayai, Nyathon Hoth Mai
Dates : March 1, 2017
Land tenure systems have implications for food security, access to water, natural resources, pastures and settlement during droughts and flood disasters. Although the South Sudanese Land Act 2009 recognizes both formal and customary land tenure systems, little is known in practice about the extent to which these systems promote climate change resilience in the country. Drawing upon prior work and primary data, we found the following:
The United Nations has declared a famine in parts of South Sudan and has raised deep concerns about Somalia, which is on the brink of famine.
In South Sudan, more than seven million people require humanitarian assistance. Over one million children under five and nearly 340,000 women are acutely malnourished.
In Somalia, more than six million people require assistance. The risk of famine in Somalia is high and there are similarities to the conditions that led to famine in 2011.
A protection cluster led assessment was carried out in Kajo-Keji on 23 February 2017 by UNHCR, UNICEF, OCHA and ARC. In conjunction with previous assessment and reports, the findings and recommendations are as follows:
(LWI) – “This is the largest refugee crisis in Africa, and the third largest in the world. How many thousands have to come, how many people have to die until the international community wakes up?” – Jesse Kamstra, country representative of The Lutheran World Federation (LWF) in Uganda, asks angrily.
Over 30,000 South Sudanese refugees have arrived in Sudan since the beginning of 2017. This is half of the UNHCR’s influx prediction for the whole of 2017. This is likely a result of both famine affecting Unity state in South Sudan, and renewed fighting between government and opposition forces in Upper Nile, which resulted in high levels of displacement, notably towards Sudan. This is likely to further strain resources in the southern states of Sudan, most of which are conflict-affected areas and have limited access to aid.
Switzerland - Over 20 million people in South Sudan, Somalia, Yemen and northeast Nigeria are facing extreme levels of food insecurity. Severe drought conditions, conflict, insecurity, extreme violence and/or economic degradation, have led to famine in certain areas of each country, putting millions of people’s lives at risk and forcing millions to move in search of food and water.
IOM is working with partners – including other UN agencies, NGOs and governments – to respond with life-saving support in each of the affected countries.
Across South Sudan, more than 3 million people have been forced to flee their homes and nearly 7.5 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance and protection (OCHA, Humanitarian Response Plan 2017) as a result of multiple and deepening crises, including conflict, inter-communal violence, economic decline, disease, and climatic shocks, which have led to displacement, distress, destitution and death.
February 28, 2017, Juba – Save the Children strongly condemn the looting of is compound and warehouse in Waat former Jonglei State, allegedly by both armed groups and members of the community in the area.
Insecurity forces relocation of 28 aid workers from famine-hit Mayendit
(Juba, 28 February 2017): A week after localized famine was declared in parts of South Sudan, the Humanitarian Coordinator, Mr. Eugene Owusu, has appealed to all parties to ensure immediate, safe and unhindered access across the country.
International Development Minister James Wharton reaffirms UK support for refugees in Uganda as Africa’s largest refugee hosting nation.
During the week that famine has been declared in some parts of South Sudan, Minister Wharton saw the life-saving impact of UK aid in Uganda when he visited a centre where refugees are registered and longer term refugee settlements near the border with South Sudan. Uganda now hosts over one million refugees, with the vast majority from South Sudan.
Parts of South Sudan face famine due to an ongoing civil war, collapse of law and order and drought. William Okot de Toby is the managing director of a diocesan Caritas, Caritas Torit, in the south-eastern part of the country. He answered our questions. Caritas plans to get more help to the affected area as more emergency funds are raised.
What is the humanitarian situation like in Torit?
The humanitarian situation in Torit is getting to a catastrophic stage. Hunger is the order of the day and the worst is expected.
Birungi Machrine/Henry Lokuri
Thousands of people hit by hunger in Leer County in the Unity region turned up at Thonyor Payam on Saturday to register for food aid, following last week's declaration of famine in parts of South Sudan.
Women and men, including children and elderly people, endured the long trek and braved the heat to get to the nearest registration centres. Sitting on the dry, cracked land, they waited for their turn to register for the food.
“We are coming here to look for food because we are suffering from hunger,” said one of the women.
Food insecurity and poverty pose major challenge to goal of ending hunger by 2030 in sub-Saharan Africa
FAO report stresses need to increase agricultural productivity
24 February 2017, Freetown - Some 153 million people, representing about 26 percent of the population above 15 years of age in sub-Saharan Africa, suffered from severe food insecurity in 2014-15, according to a new FAO report.
UNMISS “Protection of Civilians” (PoC) Sites
- As of 23 February 2017, a total of number of civilians seeking safety in six Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites located on UNMISS bases is 223,895 including 118,851 in Bentiu, 33,191 in Malakal, 38,942 in Juba UN House, 1,976 in Bor, 681 in Melut and 200 in Wau, in Western Bahr El Ghazal adjusted area 300,54.
1.89 million internally displaced people (OCHA)
1.5 million South Sudanese refugees (UNHCR)
223,926 seeking shelter with the UN (UNMISS)
4.9 million people facing severe food insecurity from Feb-April 2017 (IPC, Feb. 2017)
Latest IPC update warns that as many as 5.5 million people—about half the population—could face severe food insecurity over the coming months.
South Sudanese families caught up in famine are hiding from marauding gunmen in the swamps and islands of the river Nile.
THONYOR, South Sudan, Feb 26 (Reuters) - Like thousands of other South Sudanese families caught up in famine, Sara Dit and her 10 children are hiding from marauding gunmen in the swamps and islands of the river Nile.
Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation
INSIDE SOUTH SUDAN
260,868 Refugees in South Sudan
1.853 M IDPs in South Sudan, including 223,994 people in UNMISS Protection of Civilians site US
$172 million Funding requested for comprehensive needs in 2017
US $125 million Funding requested for priority needs in 2017
OUTSIDE SOUTH SUDAN