Based on the IPC South Sudan Technical Working Group results:
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5).
As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions.
The highest proportions of populations in Crisis, Emergency and Catastrophe are observed in Northern Bahr el Ghazal (61%) and Unity (61%) States.
People facing famine or risk of famine are located in Leer, Mayendit, Koch and Panyijar counties of Unity State.
The most affected populations are Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) who are dispersed and the host communities affected by the on-going conflict.
Conflict and insecurity are the main drivers of acute food insecurity compounded by the coming lean season and resulting in devastating effects on livelihoods and the nutrition situation. In conflict areas, humanitarian assistance has become people’s main source of food and it is now insufficient to meet all their needs, mainly due to severe humanitarian access restrictions. Acute malnutrition is a major public health emergency in the country. Evidence shows that, in the Southern part of Unity State, one in three children is acutely malnourished. This represents an unprecedented situation requiring immediate action.
FAMINE DECLARATION: Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. The South Sudan IPC Technical Working Group has reached these conclusions in consideration of all currently available data, including planned humanitarian response and based on the professional judgment of the IPC Emergency Review Committee (ERC) but not in full accordance with the minimal evidence requirements of the IPC standard protocols. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
KEY HIGHLIGHTS HUMANITARIAN SITUATION OVERVIEW
Vulnerable populations in Somalia, southeastern Ethiopia, and northern Kenya continue to face life-threatening acute food insecurity, following delayed and erratic seasonal rains across the Horn of Africa, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET).
1.8 million people assisted by WFP (April) 2 million internally displaced people (OCHA)
1.7 million South Sudanese refugees (UNHCR) 217,622 seeking shelter with the UN (UNMISS)
5.5 million people facing severe food insecurity from May to July 2017 (IPC, Feb. 2017)
Joint Mission of WFP Executive Director and the Director General of FAO visited South Sudan
Since the beginning of the year WFP assisted a total of 2.8 million people
WASHINGTON — On Africa Day Thursday, about 3,000 young African leaders appealed to African heads of state to rescue South Sudan's 2015 peace agreement.
The Archbishop Tutu fellows said in a letter to the leaders that the conflict in South Sudan poses serious national security threats to neighboring countries.
JUBA – The European Commission has reaffirmed its commitment to saving the lives of conflict-affected people in South Sudan with a US$ 12.9 (€11.9) million contribution to the emergency operation of the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP). This is in addition to the US$ 32 (€30.4) million contribution that was already confirmed for 2017
Ongoing violence displaces an additional 200,000 people in April
Health actors report suspected cholera cases in Aburoc
USG announces $142 million in new humanitarian assistance
Violence across South Sudan displaced an additional 200,000 people in April, increasing the total number of displaced people to 3.8 million, including 2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) and 1.8 million refugees sheltering in neighboring countries.
Study Pinpoints Link Between Food Shortages and Attacks by Extremists, Insurgents
Wednesday, May 24, 2017 / BY: Ore Koren
Following are UN Secretary-General António Guterres’ remarks to the Security Council at the open debate on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, in New York today:
Thank you for this opportunity to address the critical issue of protection of civilians in armed conflict.
Over 28,000 South Sudanese refugees arrived in Sudan during first half of May 2017; total number of SS refugees since Dec 2013 is over 417,000.
Some 85,500 IDPs, refugees and returnees were registered by IOM in April in parts of Darfur and Kordofan.
Water supply level at Sortony IDP site, North Darfur increases to 12.5 from 8 litres per person daily following interventions by partners.
Classes in 15 schools in El Neem IDP camp in East Darfur are overcrowded, with 80-110 students per classroom.
Mr. President, Members of the Council,
Thank you for the opportunity to brief the Council on the situation in South Sudan and the deployment of the Regional Protection Force.
7940th Meeting (AM)
The national dialogue just launched in South Sudan by President Salva Kiir would only be credible if opposition groups genuinely participated, the senior United Nations official in that country said today, as he briefed the Security Council on the significant military, humanitarian and political challenges facing that nation.
The U.S. is deeply concerned about the famine in South Sudan, as well as the risk of famine in northeastern Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen. We are one of the largest donors of humanitarian assistance for the people of these countries and will continue to work with other international donors to provide the life-saving aid needed to avert famine and help people in need.
Despite the August 2015 peace agreement, ongoing armed conflict in South Sudan poses a direct threat to populations who are being targeted on the basis of ethnicity and presumed political loyalties.
by Suresh Babu | International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
- Any views expressed in this article are those of the author and not of Thomson Reuters Foundation.
During times of conflict, building robust food systems can improve access to food
About 20 million people face starvation in four countries: Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan, and Nigeria, the United Nations says. Armed conflict, combined with drought and natural resource degradation have led to the breakdown of resilience in the food system in these areas.
Uganda has welcomed more than 800,000 refugees from South Sudan. Upon arrival they are allocated a small plot of land. Here, they can build a future for themselves. The Danish Refugee Council assists the people who have sought refuge in Uganda
In April, WFP reached 1.9 million people, 62 percent targeted under the PRRO, including 1.5 million people with general food assistance, and 66,736 children under five and 29,267 pregnant and nursing women with nutrition assistance.
FAO's Graziano da Silva and WFP's Beasley call for urgent peace
24 May 2017, Juba, South Sudan - All parties to the conflict in South Sudan must cease violence and work together to ensure that food and other lifesaving support can reach people to end famine and severe hunger, the heads of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and of the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) said yesterday.
Hot, dry air blows in our faces as soon as the door of the plane opens. We’ve just landed on a small airstrip in an area where famine was recently declared by the UN.
I look around. The soil has deep cracks and the fields look yellow. I don’t see any crops, or even the remains of crops. Due to repeated displacement, people were unable to plant their crops; the few who did plant lost their harvest due to floods.