Based on the IPC South Sudan Technical Working Group results:
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5).
As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions.
The highest proportions of populations in Crisis, Emergency and Catastrophe are observed in Northern Bahr el Ghazal (61%) and Unity (61%) States.
People facing famine or risk of famine are located in Leer, Mayendit, Koch and Panyijar counties of Unity State.
The most affected populations are Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) who are dispersed and the host communities affected by the on-going conflict.
Conflict and insecurity are the main drivers of acute food insecurity compounded by the coming lean season and resulting in devastating effects on livelihoods and the nutrition situation. In conflict areas, humanitarian assistance has become people’s main source of food and it is now insufficient to meet all their needs, mainly due to severe humanitarian access restrictions. Acute malnutrition is a major public health emergency in the country. Evidence shows that, in the Southern part of Unity State, one in three children is acutely malnourished. This represents an unprecedented situation requiring immediate action.
FAMINE DECLARATION: Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. The South Sudan IPC Technical Working Group has reached these conclusions in consideration of all currently available data, including planned humanitarian response and based on the professional judgment of the IPC Emergency Review Committee (ERC) but not in full accordance with the minimal evidence requirements of the IPC standard protocols. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
The Security Council would organize its work in March around the theme “Preventing conflict in Africa”, Matthew Rycroft (United Kingdom), its President for that month, said at a Headquarters press conference today.
Outlining the Council’s priorities, he said it would first dispatch a mission to the Lake Chad Basin area, where members would visit Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria from 2 to 7 March. The objective was to examine the threat posed by Boko Haram and the humanitarian crisis in the subregion, he added.
by Umberto Bacchi | @UmbertoBacchi | Thomson Reuters Foundation
Friday, 3 March 2017 18:53 GMT
"Humanitarian assistance has kept many people alive so far but their food security situation has continued to deteriorate"
By Umberto Bacchi
ROME, March 3 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The number of people facing severe hunger worldwide has surpassed 100 million and will grow if humanitarian aid is not paired with more support for farmers, a senior United Nations official said.
Famine declared in two counties in South Sudan’s Unity State
UN calls for improved humanitarian access amid ongoing insecurity
Health actors record more than 5,300 suspected cholera cases
(Nairobi, 3 March 2017) – On a visit to one of the driest areas in northern Kenya today, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Stephen O’Brien, saw the devastating impact of drought on rural communities and called for international support for communities affected by conflict and drought in Kenya and the Horn of Africa.
The third consecutive year of drought in the Horn of Africa is causing thirst and hunger, decimating livestock, destroying livelihoods, spreading disease and triggering large scale population movements.
“South Sudan’s political leadership needs to support its own citizens, who are in desperate need across the country and cease hostilities,” the United Nations Special Representative to the Secretary-General for South Sudan, David Shearer, said today.
United Nations humanitarian agencies declared a famine situation affecting around 100,000 people in parts of the former Unity State on 20 February.
by Yves Daccord | https://twitter.com/ydaccordicrc | International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) - Switzerland
Famine has been declared in some parts of South Sudan on February 20. This declaration is based on the highest level on the IPC scale* of food insecurity. It is only called out in the worst case scenario, where more than 20% of the families face acute food shortage and the death rate of children under five is higher than four deaths per 10,000 children a day. In some other parts of South Sudan, humanitarian actors talk of deaths of starvation and the urgent need of food and agricultural assistance.
BALTIMORE, MD/NAIROBI, February 27, 2017 – Catholic Relief Services (CRS) is mounting an emergency response to assist some of the 23 million people facing hunger in South Sudan, Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia.
A combination of violence, insecurity and weather upheavals made increasingly worse by climate change has brought on this crisis to East Africa, with some areas of South Sudan now facing a famine. In Somalia, the hunger crisis has reached a new high, with millions of people on the brink of famine.
Q&A with Kate McMahon, Mercy Corps food security advisor
Right now, an estimated 20 million people are facing life-threatening hunger due to drought and conflict in four regions around the world. The United Nations recently declared famine in some parts of South Sudan and warned that famine could soon hit in Nigeria, Somalia and Yemen. Mercy Corps is meeting the urgent needs of tens of thousands of people in all four of countries and is working hard to prevent catastrophe in the coming weeks and months.
Political instability, war, and dry weather has pushed food production systems to the breaking point in several countries in the Greater Horn of Africa.
• Many countries across the African continent face recurrent complex emergencies, frequent food insecurity, cyclical drought, and sudden-onset disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and storms. In FY 2016, as in previous years, USAID/OFDA not only responded to urgent needs resulting from disasters, but also supported DRR programs that built resilience and improved emergency preparedness, mitigation, and response capacity at local, national, and regional levels.
Aid organisations are scaling up assistance to thousands of people in need in Golo town in Jebel Marra.
About 4,000 people in Golo are in need of shelter and essential household supplies, according to DRC.
About 118,000 people returned to various locations in West Darfur between 2013 and 2016, according to IOM.
Sudan Humanitarian Fund allocates US$21 million for humanitarian interventions in 2017.
FIGURES 2016 HRP
In a quick response to the famine crisis in South Sudan, Qatar Red Crescent (QRCS) has activated its Disaster Management Information Center (DMIC) to closely monitor the situation. Preparations are underway to send a relief mission to the country for damage and needs assessment.
Global harvests strong but hunger persists amid chronic conflict zones
Food security emergencies are likely to increase
2 March 2017, Rome - Global food supply conditions are robust, but access to food has been dramatically reduced in areas suffering civil conflicts, while drought conditions are worsening food security across swathes of East Africa, according to the new edition of FAO's Crop Prospects and Food Situation report.
La faim persiste dans les zones de conflits chroniques malgré de bonnes récoltes mondiales
Les urgences liées à la sécurité alimentaire sont appelées à augmenter
Andrew Edward Tchie, Conflict Advisor, Ph.D. candidate and Associate Fellow, University of Essex
The rate of new arrivals in to Uganda remains very high, with a total of 9,286 South Sudanese refugees received in Uganda between the 22nd and 28th of February. This brings the total new arrivals in February to 65,373. The average daily rate of new arrivals this week was 1,327.
Following the declaration of famine in Leer and Mayendit Counties, Unity State, South Sudan,
REACH calculated the areas more likely to be food insecure basing the estimation on the data collected between December and January 2017 with the Area of Knowledge (AoK) approach, using the following methodology.
A simple, composite food security measurement was created by averaging the percentages of key informants (KIs) reporting on the following indicators for specific settlements:
On 20 February, famine was officially declared in parts of Unity state.
This is the first time in six years that a famine has been declared anywhere in the world. Approximately 100,000 people are currently facing starvation, with an additional one million close to famine.
A recent assessment mission by UNICEF, WFP and Oxfam to Kapoeta,
Eastern Equatoria found that drought has significantly affected water access and food security. A multilateral response is planned and underway.