Based on the IPC South Sudan Technical Working Group results:
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5).
As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions.
The highest proportions of populations in Crisis, Emergency and Catastrophe are observed in Northern Bahr el Ghazal (61%) and Unity (61%) States.
People facing famine or risk of famine are located in Leer, Mayendit, Koch and Panyijar counties of Unity State.
The most affected populations are Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) who are dispersed and the host communities affected by the on-going conflict.
Conflict and insecurity are the main drivers of acute food insecurity compounded by the coming lean season and resulting in devastating effects on livelihoods and the nutrition situation. In conflict areas, humanitarian assistance has become people’s main source of food and it is now insufficient to meet all their needs, mainly due to severe humanitarian access restrictions. Acute malnutrition is a major public health emergency in the country. Evidence shows that, in the Southern part of Unity State, one in three children is acutely malnourished. This represents an unprecedented situation requiring immediate action.
FAMINE DECLARATION: Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. The South Sudan IPC Technical Working Group has reached these conclusions in consideration of all currently available data, including planned humanitarian response and based on the professional judgment of the IPC Emergency Review Committee (ERC) but not in full accordance with the minimal evidence requirements of the IPC standard protocols. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
Written by Kristin Myers
Today, across South Sudan, millions of mothers are facing the dilemma of how to nourish their children when there is simply not enough food to go around.
Atuil Chok is one such mother. Atuil was already struggling to feed her family of six children, all under the age of 10, after her husband, Adim Garang, left to find work. But when her milk dried up and she was no longer able to breastfeed her newborn twins, her situation became much more desperate.
For around 20 million people from Africa to the Middle East, severe hunger is a daily reality.
For some, the risk of starvation is even greater. Since late 2016, conditions in Nigeria indicate that famine has occurred and might be ongoing. In South Sudan, famine has been declared, and in Somalia and Yemen there is a high risk of famine in 2017. Without immediate support, 1.4 million of those at imminent risk of death are children.
Following the declaration of famine in Leer and Mayendit Counties, Unity State, South Sudan, REACH calculated the areas more likely to have higher shelter needs basing the estimation on the data collected between December and January 2017 with the Area of Knowledge (AoK) approach, using the following methodology.
A simple, composite shelter indicator was created by averaging the percentages of key informants (KIs) reporting on the following indicators for specific settlements:
Shelter/NFI distributions target IDPs in Unity
IOM responds to influx of IDPs in Wau town
RRF partners respond to malnutrition in crisis-affected areas
Overview of WFP in South Sudan
Despite immense challenges, in 2016 WFP provided food and nutrition assistance to 4 million people across South Sudan—including lifesaving emergency assistance for 2.2 million people and non-emergency food assistance for a further 1.8 million people through our recovery operation. To do so, WFP dispatched more than 265,000mt of food commodities—56,000mt more than in 2015.
1 Introduction and research questions
■ Livelihoods were in a precarious state in South Sudan even before the outbreak of the current armed conflict in December 2013. The assumption was that conflict had been the factor driving vulnerability, and that after the civil war recovery would take off. But this recovery largely did not occur, especially in Jonglei, where localized conflict continued.
by Birungi Machrine
04 March 2017, South Sudan (UNMISS) -- "We are happy because the United Nations has arrived here to bring us food” said Martha Nyordit, a mother of five in Padeah county of Leer in Unity, one of the areas that has been worst affected by the latest wave of famine.
UK leads the charge by stepping up support and urges others to do the same before it is too late.
The International Development Secretary has set out a five point plan to deliver a more effective global response to the unprecedented number of crises the world currently faces.
Before last month, there had been only one certified famine globally since 2000. Parts of South Sudan are now in famine and in 2017 there is a credible risk of another three famines in Yemen, North East Nigeria and Somalia.
On 20th February, 2017 the Government declared famine in two Counties of South Sudan — Leer and Mayiandit More than 100,000 people in the two Counties of Unity state are confirmed to be experiencing famine and there are fears that the situation will spread as an additional 1 million South Sudanese may be affected in other areas. The calamity is the result of prolonged civil war and rising economic hardship that almost affected the entire country.
(Juba, 5 March 2017): Concluding a two-day visit to South Sudan – two weeks after localized famine was declared in Mayendit and Leer counties – the Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Stephen O’Brien, called for immediate and unhindered access to people in need of aid and urgent funding for the humanitarian appeal. “Yesterday, I visited Ganyiel, where I met with people who had fled fighting, fear and famine in Leer and Mayendit, as well as hunger and insecurity in Lakes,” said the Emergency Relief Coordinator.
WFP and the Ministry of General Education and Instruction celebrated the Africa Day of School Feeding.
WFP rapid response teams completed distribution of life-saving assistance for populations facing acute hunger in Koch County.
Emergency food distributions are ongoing in Leer where WFP has prioritized its air assets to ensure immediate delivery of required food.
The camp population as at 15th February 2017. The figure is inclusive of Kalobeyei population.
Number of South Sudanese new arrivals registered during the reporting period.
The population currently hosted at Kalobeyei Settlement.
The per capita water consumption per person per in Kakuma refugee.
The humanitarian situation in South Sudan has deteriorated dramatically due to the devastating combination of conflict, economic decline and climatic shocks. Insecurity and lack of access have left some 100,000 people facing starvation in parts of South Sudan, and famine was declared on 20 February. An additional 1 million people are on the brink of famine. By the height of the lean season in July, some 5.5 million people will be severely food insecure across the country.
WHO: Stephen O’Brien, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator
WHAT: Mission to South Sudan
WHEN: 4-5 March 2017
WHERE*: Ganyiel in Panyyijiar County and Juba