Based on the IPC South Sudan Technical Working Group results:
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5).
As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions.
The highest proportions of populations in Crisis, Emergency and Catastrophe are observed in Northern Bahr el Ghazal (61%) and Unity (61%) States.
People facing famine or risk of famine are located in Leer, Mayendit, Koch and Panyijar counties of Unity State.
The most affected populations are Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) who are dispersed and the host communities affected by the on-going conflict.
Conflict and insecurity are the main drivers of acute food insecurity compounded by the coming lean season and resulting in devastating effects on livelihoods and the nutrition situation. In conflict areas, humanitarian assistance has become people’s main source of food and it is now insufficient to meet all their needs, mainly due to severe humanitarian access restrictions. Acute malnutrition is a major public health emergency in the country. Evidence shows that, in the Southern part of Unity State, one in three children is acutely malnourished. This represents an unprecedented situation requiring immediate action.
FAMINE DECLARATION: Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. The South Sudan IPC Technical Working Group has reached these conclusions in consideration of all currently available data, including planned humanitarian response and based on the professional judgment of the IPC Emergency Review Committee (ERC) but not in full accordance with the minimal evidence requirements of the IPC standard protocols. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
83,714 * South Sudanese arrivals since 8 July 2016, based on field reports
933,506* Total South Sudanese refugees as of 31 July (both pre Dec 2013 caseload and new arrivals)
973,000 Total South Sudanese expected by 31 December 2016 (RRP Planning Figure)
264,204 Refugees in South Sudan
1.61 M Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in South Sudan
FUNDING (as of 02 August)
USD 608.8 M Requested by UNHCR for the situation
Relief operations in countries hosting South Sudanese refugees are overstretched, and critically underfunded, as refugee population edges toward 1 million.
ADJUMANI, Uganda – When gunmen stormed her village in South Sudan, shooting at random and harassing residents, Regina and her disabled son ran for their lives.
“They came to my house and told me they would shoot me if I didn’t give them what we had,” said Regina. “It took us four days to come to Uganda through the bush without food.”
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR FEBRUARY 2017
By Emmanuel Kenyi
Today the world celebrates International Youth Day but South Sudan is on the brink of losing its entire young population. Engulfed by violent conflict, South Sudanese children are now forced to make desperate journeys to find safety instead of attending school. Since 2013, 1.61 million people have been internally displaced over 720,000 refugees in neighbouring countries.
Refugees received second hand clothes in Maban
Exercise books handedover to schools in Maban
IDP families received assistance at Don Bosco compound in Juba
Refugees and key actors received protection training from UNHCR
General food distribution resumes in Gorom - In Gorom settlement, UNHCR in cooperation with WFP and CRA carried out General Food Distribution (GFD) on 28 July for more than 2,000 refugees, after negotiations with authorities to ensure safe passage for the food convoy dispatched from Juba. ¡
UNHCR participates in a joint protection assessment at the UN House – Following the fighting which erupted between SPLA and IO on July 8 2016 causing massive displacements in the Juba city residential areas including Gudele, Jebel Checkpoint, Atlabara, Munuki and Lologo, UNHCR joined a joint protection assessment at the UN House (POC 1 and POC 3) on 17 July. During the exercise, UNHCR identified 71 persons with specific needs including elderly at risk, Widows with small children and single mothers.
330 IDPs have relocated from the UNMISS base in Tong Ping to UN House since movements began on 28 July. Approximately 55 cholera cases have been reported at both sites, with case incidence declining at the UNMISS base in Tong Ping.
OCHA reports that approximately 12,500 people remain displaced due to the recent fighting in Juba. 11,338 people are seeking shelter at the UNMISS bases in Tong Ping and UN House and a further 1,250 IDPs are seeking shelter at the Don Bosco collective center in Gumbo.
• The 2016 Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) was launched on 12 July, requesting US$952 million to support 4.6 million people targeted for humanitarian assistance. The plan is 22 per cent funded, with a further US$741 million still needed to support the 2016 humanitarian response.
• Sudan became the first country in the African meningitis belt to introduce meningitis A as part of routine immunisations. This will prevent vulnerable children from contracting the disease and reduce outbreaks.
Deng Mou/Filip Andersson
When UNMISS patrols noticed the alarming levels of food insecurity in the Aweil area, the World Food Programme (WFP) stepped up to the plate. Since last week, the UN agency has been airlifting food to more than 4,000 vulnerable households in Aweil Town alone.
Cholera response continues. 901 households, covering 5,564 people reached with cholera prevention messages in Nyankuron, Munuki, Mahad, Lologo, Kor William, Kator, Gurei and Gumbo.
In UN House POC 1 and 3, 1,164 latrines in have been cleaned and disinfected to help prevent the spread of cholera.
4,345 girls and boys have now participated in psychosocial support activities in the POCs and urban Juba.
Early July violence in Juba displaced thousands of people and resulted in hundreds of deaths
USAID/FFP partner WFP increases food assistance to communities in Northern Bahr el Ghazal
More than 900 suspected cholera cases recorded in South Sudan
To mark World Humanitarian Day on 19 August, eight team members from the World Food Programme share their stories about working in their own countries to help end hunger. The first in the series, this is Lucy’s story from South Sudan.
Most of my life was spent in the camps, from Bombo refugee camp in Uganda to the displaced people’s camps of Khartoum. My career was not a surprise choice. My sincere belief is that emergency food is the only hope for most refugees and displaced people.
This Humanitarian Snapshot provides an overview of the humanitarian situation in Sudan, as of 30 June 2016, using information obtained from UN agencies and partners, including the Government of Sudan. People living in protracted displacement in Darfur since 2003 and those displaced or affected by conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile States since 2011 account for most people in need of humanitarian aid.
South Sudan gained its independence in July 2011 after more than 50 years of conflict. It has an estimated population of 11.63 million (52 per cent males and 48 per cent females), of which 51 per cent is aged below 18 years and 72 per cent under 30 years. Women of childbearing age (15-49 years) constitute 20 per cent of the population.
The total fertility rate is 5.0 and 6.7 for urban and rural areas respectively. Life expectancy at birth is 53 years for males and 55 years for females; 81 per cent of the population lives in rural areas.
Since the founding of the nation of South Sudan five years ago, its citizens have gone from a brief moment of exhilaration and promise to the cruel reality of tribal violence, depredation and despair. Their leaders have failed them, and so has the United Nations Security Council, which is once again scrambling for a solution to end rampant killing and other abuses. One move the Council could make immediately is to impose a long-overdue embargo on arms shipments, especially to the government forces that have been largely responsible for the bloodshed.
UN Humanitarian Chief visits South Sudan and calls on all parties to uphold their responsibilities to protect civilians.
Since fighting erupted in Juba in mid-July, tens of thousands of people have fled South Sudan to neighbouring countries.
Cholera has been confirmed in Juba and Terekeka in Central Equatoria and the Duk Islands in Jonglei.
Malaria cases exceed 2015 levels.
• Administration of cholera vaccination continued in several locations vulnerable to the outbreak with UNICEF supporting intensive community awareness creation. 807 cases and 21 deaths have been reported by 5 of August.
• Although UNICEF and partners are providing education services in Tomping and UN House, attendance is low. Many parents are unwilling to send their children to school out of fear of family separation in the event of further violence.
203 IDPs have relocated from the UNMISS base in Tong Ping to UN House since movements began on 28 July. Several cholera cases have been reported at both sites with three confirmed positive by culture at Tong Ping (one) and UN House (two). In response, Health and WASH partners have increased their efforts at the sites in order to mitigate and prevent the spread of cholera.