Based on the IPC South Sudan Technical Working Group results:
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5).
As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions.
The highest proportions of populations in Crisis, Emergency and Catastrophe are observed in Northern Bahr el Ghazal (61%) and Unity (61%) States.
People facing famine or risk of famine are located in Leer, Mayendit, Koch and Panyijar counties of Unity State.
The most affected populations are Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) who are dispersed and the host communities affected by the on-going conflict.
Conflict and insecurity are the main drivers of acute food insecurity compounded by the coming lean season and resulting in devastating effects on livelihoods and the nutrition situation. In conflict areas, humanitarian assistance has become people’s main source of food and it is now insufficient to meet all their needs, mainly due to severe humanitarian access restrictions. Acute malnutrition is a major public health emergency in the country. Evidence shows that, in the Southern part of Unity State, one in three children is acutely malnourished. This represents an unprecedented situation requiring immediate action.
FAMINE DECLARATION: Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. The South Sudan IPC Technical Working Group has reached these conclusions in consideration of all currently available data, including planned humanitarian response and based on the professional judgment of the IPC Emergency Review Committee (ERC) but not in full accordance with the minimal evidence requirements of the IPC standard protocols. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
The Crisis Overview 2015: Humanitarian Trends and Risks for 2016, outlines the countries considered to be in greatest humanitarian need as we approach the end of 2015.
Snapshot 2-8 December 2015
Jordan: 11,400 Syrian asylum seekers are currently stranded at the border with Jordan, after a recent surge in violence has driven new displacement, doubling the number at the border since October. They face urgent humanitarian and protection needs. The Jordanian Government has increasingly restricted movement across the border since 2013.
Simona Foltyn in Yambio
Despite a peace deal signed in August, fighting has continued along complex tribal divisions, with young people mobilising to protect their families
Faustino Kusara was working his fields in Birisi, near the state capital of Western Equatoria, Yambio, when he heard gunshots coming from the direction of his son’s house. When he ran to see what had happened, he found the dead bodies of his son and three grandchildren lying in the dirt.
Les perspectives sont sombres pour 2016. Des millions de civils, arrachés de chez eux par des conflits violents et prolongés, continueront à avoir désespérément besoin de protec - tion et d’assistance humanitaire.
Wau Shilluk West Primary School reopened after eight months of closure due to insecurity. There are now 865 children (52 per cent girls) registered and 15 volunteer teachers and 3 support staff on board.
- Smallholders’ marketing choices in Rwanda and Burkina Faso pgs. 1-3
- Rome-Based Agency Collaboration in Zambia pgs. 3-4
- South Sudanese Farmers Progress Despite Conflict pg. 5
- Innovative Initiatives To Achieve Zero Hunger pgs. 6-7
- News, updates and contacts pg. 8
FAO’s latest forecasts for global supply and demand of cereals continue to point to a generally comfortable 2015/16 marketing season, with world inventories by the close of seasons in 2016 expected to fall only slightly below their record opening levels.
Conflict continues to be one of the principal drivers of food insecurity in the region. More than 4.8 million people have been displaced by the conflicts Yemen, South Sudan, and Burundi, while others who remain in areas directly impacted by conflict have limited access to their livelihoods and humanitarian assistance. In eastern Ethiopia, El Niño-related dryness has led to a severe drought in many areas, which is expected to contribute to a large-scale food security Emergency in 2016.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing usersto compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
Christian Aid is deeply concerned at the deteriorating humanitarian and security situation in Western Equatoria, South Sudan, in which one of its long-term partners, Mundri Relief & Development Association (MRDA) has been attacked.
The agency’s training centre and guesthouse in Mundri County were looted last week with virtually everything removed, including beds, solar panels and records.
Staff members fled into hiding in the bush and although all have now been accounted for, it’s not known when it will be safe enough to reopen the centre.
Emergency (IPC Phase 4) persists in Greater Upper Nile
The monthly influx of internally displaced persons (IDPs) into the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) protection of civilians (PoC) site in Bentiu, the capital of Unity State, showed an increasing trend over the last three weeks. The increase is related to food shortages and sporadic clashes between Government and opposition forces that led to the withdrawal of humanitarian partners from different areas of the state.
• In efforts to combat malnutrition in the country, the Government of Sudan joins the Scaling up Nutrition movement.
• In East Darfur, 13,200 displaced people return to Labado village.
• In Central Darfur, 24,000 Sudanese nationals return to Um Dukhun locality from Chad.
• In Darfur, 469 suspected cases of viral haemorrhagic fever (VHF)—including 120 deaths—have been reported in 27 localities.
• Over 198,314 South Sudanese refugees have arrived in Sudan since midDecember 2013.
Update on Achievements
IGAD summit postponed: the regional peace summit of East African heads of state and Governments originally intended for early November and postponed until 23 November has been further put on hold, due to competing priorities in the concerned states, including the visit of the Pope to the region.
UK will help South Sudan avoid a famine as conflict, droughts and poor harvests have created one of the world’s worst humanitarian crises.
The UK will provide new support to help South Sudan avoid a famine as conflict, droughts and poor harvests have created one of the world’s worst humanitarian crises, International Development Minister Grant Shapps has announced.
Internally displaced persons (IDPs) continued to arrive at the UN Mission in South Sudan’s protection of civilians (PoC) site in Bentiu, the capital of Unity State at the same pace as the week before though marked variation was noted in their places of origin.
While the key push factor continued to be food insecurity, the recent fighting in the southern part of Rubkona County also contributed to the change in trend.
In many parts of South Sudan, during the wet season, grass growth is rapid, creating extra feed for livestock herds. However this is not the case in the dry season and which usually leads to seasonal migration and long distant movements in search of grazing resources. These coping strategies are no longer a solution for Maban’s agro-pastoral community in Upper Nile State, South Sudan, due to environmental changes and protracted socioeconomic unrest in the country.
Western Equatoria state is experiencing one of its worst crop harvests in recent history. The State Minister Agriculture, Joseph Natale Sabuni said the state is experiencing what he calls a ‘drastic drop’ in agricultural production this year.
“During the first planting season there was steady rainfall, but in June we had a relative dry spell. The situation became worse when we started having rampant insecurity. “
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT