Based on the IPC South Sudan Technical Working Group results:
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5).
As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions.
The highest proportions of populations in Crisis, Emergency and Catastrophe are observed in Northern Bahr el Ghazal (61%) and Unity (61%) States.
People facing famine or risk of famine are located in Leer, Mayendit, Koch and Panyijar counties of Unity State.
The most affected populations are Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) who are dispersed and the host communities affected by the on-going conflict.
Conflict and insecurity are the main drivers of acute food insecurity compounded by the coming lean season and resulting in devastating effects on livelihoods and the nutrition situation. In conflict areas, humanitarian assistance has become people’s main source of food and it is now insufficient to meet all their needs, mainly due to severe humanitarian access restrictions. Acute malnutrition is a major public health emergency in the country. Evidence shows that, in the Southern part of Unity State, one in three children is acutely malnourished. This represents an unprecedented situation requiring immediate action.
FAMINE DECLARATION: Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. The South Sudan IPC Technical Working Group has reached these conclusions in consideration of all currently available data, including planned humanitarian response and based on the professional judgment of the IPC Emergency Review Committee (ERC) but not in full accordance with the minimal evidence requirements of the IPC standard protocols. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
Projection Period for Most Likely Scenarios: June-July 2017
Food security in South Sudan has further deteriorated due to armed conflict, economic crisis, and below average harvests that were exhausted well before the ongoing lean season. An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan
More than 6 million people now facing hunger driven largely by conflict
21 June 2017, Rome/Juba - Famine has eased in South Sudan after a significant scale up in the humanitarian response, according to new analysis released today. However, the situation remains dire across the country as the number of people struggling to find enough food each day has grown to 6 million - up from 4.9 million in February - and is the highest level of food insecurity ever experienced in South Sudan.
KAMPALA, 21 June 2017 - The Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO) has contributed 2 million Euros – 8 billion Uganda shillings - to UNICEF’s emergency nutrition and education response to the South Sudanese refugee crisis in Uganda.
“With over 2,000 South Sudanese refugees arriving in Uganda every day since July 2016, Uganda is now host to the fastest growing refugee crisis in the world,” said Isabelle D'Haudt, ECHO’s Humanitarian Advisor for Uganda.
WFP has assisted a total of 2.4 million people with 23,500mt of food commodities across South Sudan in May. This is the highest quantity of food distributed in one single month by WFP in South Sudan.
The WFP Urban Food Insecurity and Nutrition Assessment conducted in Bor, Jonglei state, indicates very high levels of food insecurity and critical levels of malnutrition amongst households surveyed.
WFP has completed the planned prepositioning of food commodities in preparation of the rainy season.
Kampala – The international response in Uganda is failing refugees and must prioritise life-saving supplies such as food and water to prevent a medical emergency, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) said ahead of a major refugee summit.
Over 20 million people in north-east Nigeria, South Sudan, Yemen and Somalia are already at or over the tipping point of famine. Thanks to the generosity of its donors, CERF has released $117.5 million for early action and life-saving operations in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen. In north-east Nigeria, an allocation of $22 million is reaching an estimated 2.9 million people affected by Boko Haram related violence and food insecurity. In Somalia, CERF has allocated $33 million to help vulnerable people in severe drought areas in Puntland, Somaliland and South Central.
Over 1.9 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance and protection in South Sudan and neighboring countries. Since the beginning of the conflict in December 2013, CERF has allocated nearly $263 million. With CERF support, UN agencies and partners have delivered $97 million worth of live-saving assistance in South Sudan and nearly $165 million to South Sudanese refugees in neighboring countries.
Urban food insecurity in South Sudan has been of increasing concern in recent years since the outbreak of the conflict and the economic crisis causing hyperinflation and thus making many urban households vulnerable to food insecurity and malnutrition. After the studies in Juba, this assessment was conducted in order to understand the household food security and nutrition situation in the urban areas of Bor. The assessment is based on a survey of 625 households in 29 enumeration areas provided by the National Bureau of Statistics.
Ahead of World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought, the African Development Bank (AfDB) announced that it would work with partners to accelerate the implementation of the Drought Resilience Sustainable Livelihood Support Programme (DRSLP) in the Horn of Africa.
3,000 Acres of land allocated to refugees in Pamir camp by host community in May 2017.
14,639 Refugees and IDPs received non-food items assistance from UNHCR across South Sudan in May 2017.
40,000 Fruit seeds sowed in Ajuong Thok, Pamir and Yida camps as of 31 May 2017.
5,7760 Fruit trees planted in May 2017.
WORKING WITH PARTNERS
South Sudan - An estimated 5.5 million people in South Sudan are facing severe food insecurity and malnutrition due to conflict and a collapsing economy. Families’ coping mechanisms are declining as many communities face multiple displacements and reduced access to crops, markets and basic services.
The Government of Japan is providing USD 1 million to support IOM’s efforts to mitigate the impact of severe food insecurity on families across South Sudan through lifesaving health and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) assistance.
Nairobi - While students in North America and Europe get ready to celebrate the school holidays, 1.4 million children in East Africa are desperate to resume their education. As the continent commemorates the 2017 Day of the African Child, the focus on protecting children and creating equal opportunities for all, in line with the Sustainable Development Goals, could not be more apt for millions of East Africa’s children today.
Rainfall continues over most of West Africa and northern East Africa
Below-average rainfall since late February has resulted in moisture deficits throughout many parts of southern South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia, and northern Tanzania.
Limited rainfall since March has led to developing moisture deficits across parts of Liberia, Cote d’Ivoire, and southern Guinea.
The rains are now falling, but on a country where people cannot work their fields because of fighting and where food prices are escalating beyond their reach
Gethin Chamberlain in Abiriu
The tape measure wound around the arm of two-year old Apiu tells its own story. Under the traffic light system for measuring undernutrition, green means healthy, amber is for “at risk”. Apiu is deep in the red zone: seriously malnourished. South Sudan is grappling with famine and severe hunger.
Inconsistent rainfall, extreme heat, flooding, and low crop yields have led to severe food insecurity for more than 20 million people in east Africa. In response, the American Red Cross has contributed $650,000 to help people struggling to feed their families in two countries, Kenya and South Sudan. The financial contribution is aiding local Red Cross teams in their efforts to save lives.
“My crops were last full four years ago,” says Adumasu Lulalu, one farmer affected by the severe drought. “Since then, there has been almost nothing. It comes and goes.”
REACH calculated the areas more likely to have WASH needs basing the estimation on the data collected between April and May 2017 with the Area of Knowledge (AoK) approach, using the following methodology.
The indicator was created by averaging the percentages of key informants (KIs) reporting on the following for specific settlements: