Based on the IPC South Sudan Technical Working Group results:
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5).
As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions.
The highest proportions of populations in Crisis, Emergency and Catastrophe are observed in Northern Bahr el Ghazal (61%) and Unity (61%) States.
People facing famine or risk of famine are located in Leer, Mayendit, Koch and Panyijar counties of Unity State.
The most affected populations are Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) who are dispersed and the host communities affected by the on-going conflict.
Conflict and insecurity are the main drivers of acute food insecurity compounded by the coming lean season and resulting in devastating effects on livelihoods and the nutrition situation. In conflict areas, humanitarian assistance has become people’s main source of food and it is now insufficient to meet all their needs, mainly due to severe humanitarian access restrictions. Acute malnutrition is a major public health emergency in the country. Evidence shows that, in the Southern part of Unity State, one in three children is acutely malnourished. This represents an unprecedented situation requiring immediate action.
FAMINE DECLARATION: Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. The South Sudan IPC Technical Working Group has reached these conclusions in consideration of all currently available data, including planned humanitarian response and based on the professional judgment of the IPC Emergency Review Committee (ERC) but not in full accordance with the minimal evidence requirements of the IPC standard protocols. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
Julie Reversé was the Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) deputy head of mission for South Sudan in 2016 and 2017. Here she describes the situation in Wau, and the challenges of providing medical to the backdrop of ongoing violence.
The Commissioner of Lobonok County, Lt. Col. Hon. Severino Gwerit Kose on Wednesday appealed to humanitarian actors for emergency relief aid for the displaced communities in Karpeto Buma, an area south of Yapa.
Hon. Severino Gwerit said that Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are facing a number of challenges which include lack of shelter, food and medicine.
“I am now appealing to humanitarian organizations to come and assist these people who have been displaced recently because they left their gardens; they fear to go back to cultivate because they have trauma.”
By: Filippo Grandi, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees | 21 June 2017
The New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants: Pathways for a Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework for Refugees in Africa
Director of Political Affairs,
KENYA, SOMALIA, ETHIOPIA, SOUTH SUDAN, UGANDA REGIONAL WASH GROUP FEBRUARY 2017
• WHO, UNICEF and others are supporting Federal Ministry of Health in responding to acute watery diarrhea cases across Sudan.
• Aid organisations are mobilising resources to meet the needs of the new IDPs in Um Dukhun town, Central Darfur.
• Sudan Humanitarian Fund allocates $1 million for IDPs and refugees in El Lait, North Darfur.
• A recent survey conducted in the Jebel Marra area has identified critical levels of acute malnutrition.
Response to acute watery diarrhoea (AWD)
Conflict in Unity State broke out in late December 2013, only days after the current conflict began in Juba. Since then, the state has been one of the worst affected by the conflict, and currently hosts the highest reported numbers of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the country. Many areas in Unity are largely inaccessible to humanitarian actors due to insecurity and logistical constraints. As a result, only limited information is available on the humanitarian situation outside major displacement sites.
RUBKONA OVERVIEW AND DISPLACEMENT DYNAMICS
Rubkona County is an administrative division of Northern Liech State and formerly part of Unity State in South Sudan. It borders Guit County to the east, Southern Kordofan State (Sudan) to the north, Abiemnhom County to the northwest, Mayom County to the west and Koch County to the south.
June 21, 2017 (JUBA) – The South Sudanese government welcomed and commended, on Wednesday, the joint national and international efforts collaboratively exerted to avert famine from occurring in the east African country.
These efforts were the result of the immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the population in the conflict-affected areas where the government is fighting opposition armed groups since over three years.
(Juba, 22 June 2017): The Humanitarian Coordinator for South Sudan, Eugene Owusu, today welcomed the findings of the latest Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) data which highlight that early warning and the mobilization of a large-scale, multi-sectoral humanitarian response, have eased famine in Leer and Mayendit counties, and prevented it in Koch and Panyijiar counties, in South Sudan.
Despite efforts made to contain famine, 6 million people are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance - the greatest number of food insecure people ever recorded in South Sudan
How Many & When
21 juin 2017 – Un chiffre record de 141 millions de personnes dans 37 pays a besoin d'une aide humanitaire aujourd'hui, alors que les programmes d'intervention coordonnés par l'ONU ne sont financés qu'à hauteur de 25%, a déclaré mercredi le Bureau des Nations Unies pour la coordination des affaires humanitaires (OCHA).
FACTIONALIZATION AND GROUP GRIEVANCE FUEL RISE IN INSTABILITY
J. J. MESSNER
Your Excellency Vice President Schultz,
Distinguished delegates, ladies and gentlemen,
Mr. Vice President, thank you very much for your opening remarks and for your leadership in overseeing the Humanitarian Affairs Segment of ECOSOC. I also thank the President of ECOSOC and its Bureau members for their support. And I take the opportunity to acknowledge the co-facilitators of this year’s ECOSOC humanitarian resolution - the Philippines and Switzerland - for their stewardship.
The Vatican announced a donation from Pope Francis to Caritas for its work in South Sudan, along with support to two other Catholic groups working in the country.
South Sudan has been declared free of famine, but almost 2 million people are on the brink of starvation and an estimated 6 million people will face extreme food insecurity in the coming weeks, according to reports by the government and the United Nations.
Renewed fighting between government and opposition forces renewed in Western bank of Upper Nile contributed to increased displacement. An estimated 25,000 people have fled their home heading to Aburoc, many of them crossing the border to Sudan seeking refuge. In addition, S-NFI supplies valued at over USD 100,000 were looted when partners were evacuated by late April. The Cluster partners returned to Aburoc are currently reassessing the situation to respond to the remaining caseload.
From Global Affairs Canada
The conflict in South Sudan has had a debilitating effect on the ability of communities to access basic services and meet their most basic food needs. Canada’s announced $86 million in funding will target the most vulnerable populations, particularly women and children.
Health Pooled Fund for Saving the Lives of Women and Children
Department for International Development, United Kingdom
$64.5 million over three years
South Sudanese arrivals in 2017, based on field reports as of 31 May
Total South Sudanese refugees as of 31 May 2017 (pre and post Dec 2013 caseload and new arrivals)
Refugees in South Sudan (31 May)
Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in South Sudan, including 230,482 people in UNMISS Protection of Civilians site
Ambassador Leendertse, Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen.
It is a real pleasure to be here today. I would like to thank Germany for co-hosting this important event on a topic that has been front and centre on our agenda over the past few months. We have a diverse panel from the humanitarian and development communities, each of them representing organizations that are deeply involved in the ongoing response and averting famine.
In response to the new IPC figures that show that famine has been pushed back in the two counties of Leer and Mayendit (which have now gone from being in famine to humanitarian crisis), Sara Almer, Oxfam South Sudan Country Director, says:
JUBA, South Sudan—(June 21, 2017)-- According to an early warning famine report released today, areas of South Sudan in famine have improved; but the country is experiencing the most alarming levels of food insecurity in its history. In June and July, the number of people suffering from extreme hunger will rise to six million from 4.9 million in January. That is half of the population in South Sudan – the highest number ever recorded in the country. People who are displaced within South Sudan due to the conflict and the host communities where they sought safety are the most affected.