Based on the IPC South Sudan Technical Working Group results:
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5).
As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions.
The highest proportions of populations in Crisis, Emergency and Catastrophe are observed in Northern Bahr el Ghazal (61%) and Unity (61%) States.
People facing famine or risk of famine are located in Leer, Mayendit, Koch and Panyijar counties of Unity State.
The most affected populations are Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) who are dispersed and the host communities affected by the on-going conflict.
Conflict and insecurity are the main drivers of acute food insecurity compounded by the coming lean season and resulting in devastating effects on livelihoods and the nutrition situation. In conflict areas, humanitarian assistance has become people’s main source of food and it is now insufficient to meet all their needs, mainly due to severe humanitarian access restrictions. Acute malnutrition is a major public health emergency in the country. Evidence shows that, in the Southern part of Unity State, one in three children is acutely malnourished. This represents an unprecedented situation requiring immediate action.
FAMINE DECLARATION: Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. The South Sudan IPC Technical Working Group has reached these conclusions in consideration of all currently available data, including planned humanitarian response and based on the professional judgment of the IPC Emergency Review Committee (ERC) but not in full accordance with the minimal evidence requirements of the IPC standard protocols. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
G7 leaders meeting in Taormina, Sicily, on 26-7 May should take the lead in fighting famine and immediately fund nearly half ($2.9 billion) of the UN’s urgent appeal to avoid catastrophic hunger and more deaths, Oxfam urged today. Without an immediate and sweeping response, this crisis will spiral out of control and cost more lives.
South Sudanese arrivals in 2017, based on field reports as of 30 April
Total South Sudanese refugees as of 30 April 2017 (pre and post Dec 2013 caseload and new arrivals)
Refugees in South Sudan (30 April)
Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in South Sudan, including 223,895 people in UNMISS Protection of Civilians site
Six per cent of the 42,017 children screened during the reporting period were identified as severely malnourished and over 29.4 per cent as moderately malnourished, in Turkana, Marsabit, Wajir, Isiolo, Kilifi and Laikipia counties.
From January to April, a total of 23,700 children with SAM and 51,537 children with MAM have been admitted for life-saving nutrition treatment.
143,000 people are facing Famine in Nigeria and South Sudan
9.9 million people facing Emergency food security outcome levels (IPC 4) in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen
Yemen and Somalia could face Famine (IPC 5), if no assistance is provided between May and August
Why are these countries affected by famine?
The International Rescue Committee predicts imminent famine in Somalia, Yemen, and northeastern Nigeria
The IRC scales up emergency response across the region, calls for urgent increases in funding
New York, NY, March 11, 2017 — The International Rescue Committee today described looming famines facing Somalia, Yemen and Nigeria, as well as the already declared famine in South Sudan, as a “catastrophe that has already arrived.”
Famine has been declared in South Sudan, and is looming in Somalia, Nigeria and Yemen. Here's what you need to know and how you can help.
March 11, 2017
Country has seen nearly a million incomers from South Sudan alone
Dazed and exhausted, Joyce Mori sits on the floor cradling her sleeping daughter as they wait to have their fingerprints taken. One of 1,600 refugees who have arrived at the Imvepi reception centre in the West Nile region of northern Uganda, she has finally made it out of South Sudan’s war but, like many others, is thinking about loved ones left behind.
Read more on The Guardian
1.8 million South Sudanese assisted by WFP (April)
2 million internally displaced people (OCHA)
1.7 million South Sudanese refugees (UNHCR)
231,537 seeking shelter with the UN (UNMISS)
5.5 million people facing severe food insecurity from May to July 2017 (IPC, Feb. 2017)
WFP conducted a successful test airdrop of Energy Biscuits (HEB), specialized nutritious food as well as water, blankets and medical kits.
Mixed migration flows within, from and to the East Africa and Yemen region continued to be affected by a number of complex dynamics, including conflict, drought and economic reasons among others. Migrants, asylum seekers and refugees continued to be at a significant risk of harm, ranging from abduction, physical abuse and death on land and at sea. Policy considerations remained focussed on limiting irregular migration, particularly to Europe.
Irregular Movement from East Africa and Yemen
Northward (through Egypt into Israel)
May 18, 2017. Written by: Olivia Akumu and Bram Frouws / RMMS
As famine takes hold in South Sudan and threatens to spread to northeastern Nigeria, Somalia, and Yemen, world leaders must immediately step up to fully fund the United Nations’ appeal for $6.3 billion. Of this amount, $4.9 billion is urgently needed by July for critical assistance, including health, food, nutrition, and water. If lives are to be saved, humanitarian agencies must be able to rapidly scale up and access people in need.
This Emergency Appeal is launched on a preliminary basis and seeks a total of 4,184,769 Swiss francs to enable the IFRC to support the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) deliver assistance and support 63,540 people (South Sudanese refugees) for 12 months. The response will focus on the following areas of interventions: health; water sanitation and hygiene (WASH); shelter (including Household non-food items); and National Society capacity building.
"They just slaughter you, whether you're a man, woman, or child," says Maria. "I lost all my brothers and my relatives. Life here is very difficult."
Humanitarian agencies are intensifying their efforts to provide clean drinking water to thousands of civilians fleeing fierce fighting in the Upper Nile region of South Sudan as the threat of a cholera outbreak looms.
By Nicholas Ledner, Communications Specialist, UNICEF
Despite recent seasonal rainfall, moisture deficits remain in central Kenya and Somalia
Following rains during early March, significant long-term moisture deficits remain throughout central and eastern Madagascar.
Inconsistent rainfall since late December has led to continued dryness across many parts of western Angola.
UN report exposes human rights violations and abuses against civilians in and around Yei, South Sudan
GENEVA/JUBA (19 May 2017) - A United Nations report published today released the findings of an in-depth investigation into human rights violations and abuses committed in and around Yei town, Central Equatoria (150km southwest of the capital, Juba) between July 2016 and January 2017.
Vanessa Cramond is a nurse from Auckland, New Zealand, who recently spent two months as emergency medical coordinator for Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in Uganda, where MSF is responding to an unprecedented influx of refugees from South Sudan. Here, she describes the situation.
Nola Aniba Tito, 27, is one of the medical translators working in MSF’s health centre in Ofua 3 zone of the Rhino refugee settlement. Originally from a town in the Equatoria region, she fled violence in South Sudan with her children in July 2016 and started working with MSF in March 2017. As 86 per cent of all South Sudanese refugees in Uganda are women and children, Nola is one of the many female heads of household.
A total of 12,221 South Sudanese refugees arrived to Uganda on 8-14 May, making a daily cross-border average of 1,746 refugees.
This week registered more than 50 per cent increase in the number of new arrivals crossing through the districts of Moyo, Adjumani and Lamwo, as compared to the previous week.