South Sudan: Food Insecurity - 2015-2017Ongoing
3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
South Sudan, Burundi and DRC Refugee Response Plans
REFUGEES IN NEED (by end 2017) 1,497,126
EXPECTED new INFLUX in 2017
SOUTH SUDAN RRP
SOUTH SUDAN – UGANDA REFUGEE RESPONSE PLAN
1,986,025* Total South Sudanese refugees in the region as of 31 July (pre and post Dec 2013 caseload)
560,688* South Sudanese refugee arrivals in 2017, based on field reports as of 31 July
275,187 Refugees in South Sudan and 2 million IDPs as of 31 July
Majority of IDPs intend to stay in their current place of displacement
There are no health facilities in Pading center or the three IDPs sites
2 functional boreholes in Pading center. No boreholes in the three IDPs sites
Use of stagnant water for drinking, cooking and washing across the three IDP sites
No schools accessible to IDPs living in Pading center or the three IDPs sites
17,367 IDPs registered in Ajio, Kerwa and Logo sites
79% of IDPs intend to stay in their current place of displacement
21% of IDPs intend to return to their place of origin
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) conducted a biometric verification exercise in the Malakal Protection of Civilians (PoC) site from 1 – 11 August 2017, covering four sectors and 48 blocks of the PoC site. A total of 24,402 individuals, or 9,184 households, were verified.
The previous verification was conducted in February 2017, with 30,551 individuals, or 10,230 households, verified, indicating a significant decrease of approximately 6,000 individuals.
(Juba, 18 August 2017): On the eve of World Humanitarian Day, the Humanitarian Coordinator ad interim (a.i.) for South Sudan, Serge Tissot, called for an immediate end to attacks against civilians and aid workers as conflict continues in South Sudan. “We continue to witness increasing, deliberate and unprovoked attacks against civilians and aid workers in South Sudan. This should not be accepted as the norm,” said Mr. Tissot. “We urge the public make an overarching call to action: Civilians and Aid workers are #NotATarget.”
Tens of millions of children caught up in armed conflict must be protected from life-threatening attacks and violence.
Around the world, conflict is exacting a devastating toll on millions of children. With increasing frequency, children are being deliberately and indiscriminately attacked and denied life-saving humanitarian assistance in breach of international humanitarian law. On World Humanitarian Day on 19 August, join the United Nations and its partners in standing together to demand that children are #NotATarget.
• Insecurity and poor rains threaten harvests from the current cropping season.
• Food insecurity reported in Mvolo, many people surviving on wild food.
• Youth hard hit by the South Sudan violence and humanitarian crisis.
• Fighting and insecurity disrupt provision of humanitarian assistance and displace thousands in Upper Nile.
• Looting of humanitarian compounds and supplies increased in July.
In this issue
UN Security Council acknowledges conflict as a major cause of famine
17 August 2017, Rome - The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) welcomes the UN Security Council's recognition of conflict as a major cause of famine, and the call to enhance longer-term recovery and resilience of conflict-affected countries. FAO's response comes after the UN Security Council adopted a presidential statement acknowledging the link between conflict and famine.
• The majority of the refugees rely on food assistance for their livelihood. In total, 58% are not participating in any economic activity while 24% are engaged in farming activities by renting out land from the host communities. Meanwhile, 75% of the host communities depend on agricultural production as their primary economic activity, and 10% are involved in petty trade. Most people lack access to capital to expand businesses.
Juba (ICRC) - The president of the ICRC arrived in South Sudan today to view the devastating effects that the country's continued violence is having on the millions of residents on the brink of extreme hunger.
The numbers associated with South Sudan's violence reveal the level of brutality being carried out against civilians. Of the country's population of 12 million, one in three residents has been displaced, while one in two is severely hungry and in need of food assistance.
For years, South Sudan has struggled with the instability brought on by conflict. Displacement, lack of access to education, sexual gender-based violence, inflation—the list goes on. On top of that, in February 2017, the United Nations announced a famine in South Sudan. One affecting upwards of 50% of the population, including a million children.
One million South Sudanese have fled for their lives across Uganda’s border seeking safety since the start of the war in 2013. About a third of this number arrived since January 2017, highlighting that conflict continues to rage in South Sudan.
WAU, 15 August 2017
The Catholic cathedral in Wau, South Sudan’s second largest city, is now a sanctuary for more than 10,000 people who have fled the country’s vicious civil war, but with insecurity rife and markets collapsed, help is scarce and food in short supply.
Africa’s humanitarian crises have continued to worsen in 2017. Twenty million Africans have been displaced from their homes and 44 million are acutely food insecure
Mary Kuol carries water home from a well dug by the ACT Alliance in Yang Kuel, a village in Lol State, South Sudan where the persistent drought has destroyed crops and forced people to eat wild leaves to survive. Kuol is seven months pregnant with her third child.
The well was drilled in 2016 by a local partner of ACT member Christian Aid. The organization has also distributed food vouchers to hungry families in the region.
Increased influx of new arrivals to South Darfur observed in July.
Acute watery diarrhea outbreaks in East Darfur refugee camps have been contained.
Inter-agency mission visited Al Lait, North Darfur to monitor response, verify new arrivals and identify remaining gaps and needs.
16,172 Total new arrivals in July 2017
176,524 Total new arrivals in 2017 so far