The September IPC Food Security and Nutrition Analysis estimated that 2.4 million people would remain in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3), primarily in Unity, Upper Nile, and Jonglei States. Similarly, FEWS NET’s own analysis finds the same areas of concern. (FEWS NET, 30 Nov 2015)
South Sudan is facing unprecedented levels of food insecurity, as 2.8 million people — nearly 25 percent of the country's population — remain in urgent need of food assistance, and at least 40,000 people are on the brink of catastrophe, three UN agencies warned today. (WFP, FAO, UNICEF, 8 Jan 2016)
Civil strife and unfavourable rains have further reduced crop production in South Sudan, contributing to a cereal deficit of 381,000 tonnes -- 53 percent greater than in 2015 -- and aggravating the already severe food shortages, two UN agencies warned today...The crisis in South Sudan is marked by alarming levels of hunger. Some 5.8 million people, or nearly half of the country's population, are unsure where their next meal will come from, while the rate of severe food insecurity has now reached 12 percent, double the rate of one year ago. (FAO, WFP, 5 Apr 2016)
In parallel to the increasing insecurity, the economic situation has severely deteriorated, with a dramatic drop in the value of the South Sudanese pound and inflation estimated at close to 300%. The rising costs of goods is exacerbating food insecurity, with the recent IPC update suggesting that up to 4.8 million people are food insecure. Child malnutrition is a key concern; UNICEF and partners have already admitted about 108,000 for treatment of severe acute malnutrition (SAM), representing over 60% of the 2016 projected caseload. (UNICEF, 14 Jul 2016)
An increasing number of South Sudanese will continue to face difficulty in meeting daily food needs in the coming months despite harvests, the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization has warned. The end of the lean season and start of harvests in South Sudan are traditionally associated with a reduction in food insecurity due to more food stocks and lower food prices in the markets, bringing much needed relief. According to recent FAO assessments, the number of severely food insecure people at this time is 3.7 million people – 31 percent of the country’s estimated population and an increase of an overall 1 million people compared to the same period last year.
Though harvests have provided some reprieve, FAO experts warn that the benefits will be short lived as local stocks will deplete rapidly. Following seasonal patterns food insecurity levels in 2017 is destined to rapidly deteriorate to massive proportions. The risk of famine is increasingly real, especially for South Sudan’s most vulnerable communities. (FAO, 7 Nov 2016)
A total of $781.8 million * requested for the period January ‐ December 2017, including:
- $**9.8 million** for CAR
- $**30.3 million** for the DRC
- $**157.7 million** for Ethiopia
- $**40.5 million** for Kenya
- $**171.7 million** for South Sudan
- $**68 million** for Sudan
- $**283.8 million** for Uganda
- $**476,251** for HQ & Regional Coordination
* All dollar signs in this document denote United States dollars. This total includes support costs (7%)
Insecurity in Greater Equatoria continues to aggravate the already fragile humanitarian situation, with recent military activity around Yambio causing mass population displacement. Humanitarian access in the region is severely restricted.
For the first time during the dry season there has been a resurgence of cholera cases. Between 1 and 12 January, 33 new cases were reported at the UN Protection of Civilians (PoC) site in Juba, but no deaths reported. UNICEF is re-engaging with partners to respond.
- 6,544 refugees relocated from Yida to Pamir camp as of 31 December 2016
- 16,791 refugees and IDPs received non-food items assistance from UNHCR across South Sudan in December
- 1,792 asylum seekers hosted in South Sudan as of 31 December 2016
- 3,164 refugee ID cards including renewals issued in 2016 across South Sudan
- WFP’s latest food security estimates indicate that 3.6 million people are facing severe food insecurity, with this number expected to grow to 4.6 million people in the first quarter of 2017.
- Successful test road convoys indicate improving road conditions with the onset of the dry season.
- WFP and World Vision launched the Juba urban poor cash response pilot project to provide cash based assistance and skills training to vulnerable households.
Famine (IPC Phase 5) possible in South Sudan during 2017
Although the prices of most commodities decreased in week 4 of December 2016, prices remained higher compared with the previous month. Month-on-month prices remained higher within the ranges of 8 – 61%. Food commodity prices were 16 – 56% higher than the previous three months. The prices were 196 – 347 % and 207 – 362 % compared to last year and the past four year average respectively.
By Casie Tesfai and Jeanette Bailey
In South Sudan, an acutely malnourished child may have to travel up to eight hours along unpaved roads, through swamps and mud, under threat of violence, to reach a medical clinic where treatment can be administered. To complete a full course of treatment, this journey must be repeated once a week for three months or longer.
“La Résolution 46/182 des Nations Unies reste aussi pertinente et fondamentale aujourd’hui qu’en décembre 1991 et les principes d’humanité, de neutralité, indépendance et d’impartialité qu’elle contient continuent de guider une assistance humanitaire stratégique, coordonnée et efficace aux personnes qui en ont besoin”
South Sudan: Continued impunity following grave human rights violations in July 2016
GENEVA/JUBA (16 January 2017) – A UN report published today details the grave human rights violations and abuses – including killings and gang rapes – as well as serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in Juba during and after the fighting that occurred between 8 and 12 July 2016. Six months after the violence there remains widespread impunity, as violations continue unabated.
• Fighting in Yambio has displaced over 7,000 people.
• The South Sudan Humanitarian Fund has allocated nearly $11 million to support dry season response in the Greater Equatoria region.
• Malaria topped all diseases in 2016 as the leading cause of death and morbidity.
• The 2016 cholera outbreak has spread to 10 counties, with cases confirmed in Panyijiar.
• Clashes between refugees and host community in Maban County displaced civilians and disrupted humanitarian operations
1.83 million internally displaced people (OCHA)
1,291,294 South Sudanese refugees (UNHCR)
212,071 seeking shelter with the UN (UNMISS)
4.6 million people projected to require food assistance from January—April 2017 (WFP estimate)
Fighting and insecurity continue to displace thousands of South Sudanese.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JULY 2017
2016 was a year of challenges and upheaval across the globe. The ongoing migration and refugee crisis has uprooted nearly 50 million children worldwide, leaving them vulnerable to violence and exploitation. Conflict and natural hazards continue to take a toll on children, with nearly 1 in 4 living in areas affected by crisis.
In 2014 and 2015, IOM teams worked tirelessly to provide humanitarian assistance to displaced and conflict-affected populations across South Sudan. Efforts focused on addressing the needs of the most vulnerable through assistance in the fields of camp coordination and camp management, health, logistics, shelter and non-food relief items, protection, and WASH.
I. Programme rationale
On 15 December 2013, a violent conflict erupted over access to power and resources, plunging the country into a deep political, socio-economic, and humanitarian crisis. It resulted in devastating losses of human lives and livelihoods, and ravaged the delivery of basic services and the social fabric in a country with an already fragile social cohesion.
One of the strongest El Niño events ever recorded has affected more than 51 million people and placed more than 26.5 million children at risk of malnutrition, water shortages and disease in 10 countries in the region.In 2016, more than 1 million children were targeted for treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM), and water shortages, protection concerns and the deterioration of basic social services remain key concerns.
After the SOS Children's Village in Juba, South Sudan, had to be evacuated in July 2016, the SOS families are settling in at their temporary homes in the South Sudanese capital. Life has slowly returned to normal for the children despite the ongoing security challenges in the country.
The SOS Children’s Village in Juba, which opened in early 2015, was evacuated on 11 July 2016 as fighting gripped the capital. The children were quickly moved to safety, leaving behind nearly everything they had.