3.9 million people – nearly one in every three people in South Sudan – were severely food insecure and 3.6 million were considered to be ‘stressed’, in September 2015. An estimated 30,000 people were facing catastrophic food insecurity (IPC Level 5) in Unity State, leading to starvation, death, and destitution. (OCHA, 5 Jan 2016)
At the height of the lean season in July 2016, some 4.8 million people – more than one in every three people in South Sudan – were estimated to be severely food insecure. This number is expected to rise as high as five million in 2017. The food security situation is at the most compromised level since the crisis commenced in 2013 - the combination of conflict, economic crisis and lack of adequate levels of agricultural production have eroded vulnerable households ability to cope. More than one million children under age 5 are estimated to be acutely malnourished, including more than 273,600 who are severely malnourished. (OCHA, 13 Feb 2017)
As of January 2017, 3.8 million were estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). As of February-April 2017, the number of people estimated in need of humanitarian assistance (IPC phase 3 and above) has increased to almost 5 million, out of which 100,000 are facing famine conditions...Famine is declared in Leer and Mayendit counties of Greater Unity State. Famine is likely to happen in Koch County and can be avoided in Panyijiar County only if the humanitarian assistance is delivered as planned. (IPC, 20 Feb 2017)
An estimated 6.01 million (50% of the population) people are expected to be severely food insecure in June-July 2017, compared to 5.5 million (45% of the population) people in May 2017. This is the greatest number of people ever to experience severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3, 4 and 5) in South Sudan. Famine is no longer occurring in Leer and Mayendit counties, and further deterioration was prevented in Koch and Panyijiar counties of former Southern Unity State as a result of immediate and sustained multi-sector humanitarian assistance delivered to the affected population since March 2017...However, in June-July 2017, approximately 45,000 people will still be facing Humanitarian Catastrophe in Leer, Koch, Mayendit in former Unity State and Ayod County in former Jonglei state based on most likely assumptions of continued armed conflict, food shortages associated with seasonality, and humanitarian assistance delivery constraints...Of great concern is former Greater Jonglei State, where food security is rapidly deteriorating, predominantly in the counties of Ayod, Canal/Pigi, Duk, Nyirol and Uror, which are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, with Ayod having an estimated 20,000 people experiencing Humanitarian Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) at least through July 2017. (IPC, 31 May 2017)
1,951,514 Total South Sudanese refugees in the region as of 30 June (pre and post Dec 2013 caseload)
520,399 South Sudanese refugee arrivals in 2017, based on field reports as of 30 June
274,920 Refugees in South Sudan and 2 million IDPs as of 30 June
63% of the South Sudanese refugee population are children (under the age of 18 years old)
Gesture aims to encourage governments to support FAO's emergency response
21 July 2017, Rome - In an unprecedented move, Pope Francis has symbolically donated €25,000 to FAO's efforts supporting people facing food insecurity and famine in East Africa.
Pope Francis said the funds are "a symbolic contribution to an FAO programme that provides seeds to rural families in areas affected by the combined effects of conflicts and drought."
7,311 Seedlings of eucalyptus and Markhamia lutea trees transplanted in Upper Nile during the reporting period.
2,434 Refugees and IDPs received nonfood items assistance from UNHCR across South Sudan during the reporting period.
554 Persons received capacity building trainings from UNHCR during the reporting period.
INSIDE SOUTH SUDAN 274,920 Refugees in South Sudan as of 30 June 2017.
2 million IDPs in South Sudan including 216,956 in UNMISS Protection of Civilian sites.
• Federal Minister of Health and senior UN delegation visits Kalma IDP camp to see AWD response.
• Heavy rains and flash floods affect over 10,000 people in North and South Darfur.
• In 2017, an estimated 15,000 people have returned to their home areas in the Rokoro area, North Jebel Marra locality.
• Humanitarian needs in the Rokoro area include food, emergency household supplies, water, health and education assistance.
As the rainy season begins in South Sudan, hundreds of thousands of people in the country are at risk of contracting malaria, one of the leading causes of sickness and death, especially among children. In 2016, Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) treated more than 300,000 cases of malaria in South Sudan, most of which occurred during the annual three-month “malaria peak” over the rainy season.
I would like to take this opportunity to thank Chairman Young, Ranking Member Merkley, and the members of this subcommittee for holding this important and timely hearing today. Refugees International (RI) is a non-profit, non-governmental organization that advocates for lifesaving assistance and protection for displaced people in parts of the world impacted by conflict, persecution and forced displacement. Based here in Washington, we conduct fact-finding missions to research and report on the circumstances of displaced populations in countries such as Somalia, Iraq, Uganda, and Turkey.
Juba, South Sudan, 19 July 2017: The World Health Organization (WHO) received 500 000 doses of oral cholera vaccine (OCV) on 17 July 2017. WHO is working with the Republic of South Sudan’s Ministry of Health and partners to scale up cholera vaccination campaign from 28 July to 3 August 2017.
Cumulatively, a total of 17 785 cholera cases including 320 (CFR 1.8%) deaths have been reported from 24 counties in South Sudan since the outbreak in June 2106.
WASHINGTON D.C., 18 July 2017 – This is a summary of a prepared statement by Justin Forsyth, UNICEF Deputy Executive Director – to whom quoted text may be attributed – today to the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutional Economic, Energy and Environmental Policy.
The statement came as UNICEF released its annual Humanitarian Action Study, highlighting UNICEF’s global response in 2016. Last year, UNICEF responded to 344 humanitarian situations in 108 countries, more than ever before.
Nutrition and entrepreneurship training helps families stay healthy and build businesses
“The cash we receive has helped me a lot. When I receive the money, I buy food and sugar for the family, and it has supplemented my modest income from plaiting women’s hair.”
6 million People severely food insecure (IPC June-July 2017)
45 000 People facing famine conditions
>3.8 million People displaced by conflict
$70 million Requested under FAO Emergency Livelihood Response Plan
An outbreak of fall armyworm has been reported by the Government of South Sudan in the Equatoria region including Magwi, Yei and Juba, Northern Bahr el Gazal and parts of Jonglei area. Fall armyworm is a new pest in Africa, preferring maize plants, but feeds on sorghum, millet, vegetables and other crops as well. As maize and sorghum are staple foods in the country, the infestation is putting an increasing number of people at risk of hunger.
• FAO led monitoring assessments of crop, rainfall, market price and livestock conditions ongoing.
• Food Security and Nutrition Monitoring System Round 20 is underway targeting all counties in preparation for next IPC release (planned for September).
• Preparation is underway for 50 Farmer Field Schools, and Junior Farmer Field Schools to take place in Eastern Equatoria throughout July and August.
The number of forcibly displaced people has grown from 33.9 million persons in 1997 to 65.6 million persons in 2016 due in large part to significant conflicts in the Middle East and Sub-Saharan Africa. As shown in the infographic by the Aid and International Development Forum (AIDF), 55% of all displaced persons in 2016 were from Syria, Afghanistan or South Sudan - also named the fastest growing refugee crisis. The rise in conflict globally has resulted in the occurrence of 20 displacements per minute last year and a new record high for the total number of people affected by displacement.
As South Sudan is grappling with a hunger crisis, volatility and violence, Cordaid constantly adapts its response to levels of insecurity and seasonal challenges. “When violence forces thousands to move to the middle of nowhere, we move with them”, Enkas Chau, Cordaid Emergency Program Manager, explains.
From famine to severe food emergency
The Khartoum government, Juba and the United Nations have signed a one-year deal to facilitate the flow of relief aid to the victims of famine in South Sudan until July 2018.
The three partners signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Monday in Khartoum for the agreement that aims to deliver 90,000 metric tons of aid, especially to the Upper Nile and Unity states.
The Sudanese Aid Commissioner, Mr Ahmed Mohammed Adam, said Khartoum was committed to the food delivery to the neighbouring state, adding that they would open more corridors this year.
WFP assisted a total of 2.8 million people with 27,000mt of food and nutrition commodities across the country in June. This is the highest number of people served in one single month by WFP in South Sudan, exceeding the previous highest number of 2.4 million people assisted in May 2017.
Preparations are underway for Round 20 of the Food Security and Nutrition Monitoring System (FSNMS) survey. This survey round will interview nearly twice as many households as previous surveys across the country.
Samuel Totten, Professor Emeritus, University of Arkansas
Notable decrease of new arrivals with the onset of the rainy season across many states.
Ongoing response to cases of suspected acute watery diarrhea affecting Sudanese and refugee communities in many states.
Approvals granted for expansion of White Nile refugee camps to ease congestion.
160,082 Total new arrivals in 2017
8,162 New arrivals in June 2017